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冲刺2020年江苏高考英语——(书面表达题)高考冲刺专练(原卷版和...

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中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 冲刺2020年江苏高考英语——(书面表达题)高考冲刺专练 写在前面的话 书面表达历来是江苏高考英语中占据分值仅次于阅读理解的一大题型,25分的分值足可以拉开考生的英语差距。由此可见书面表达对于我们争取高考英语高总分的重要性毋庸置疑。但是书面表达的两条能力要求“根据特定的语境准确使用英语语法,选用恰当的词汇”和“使用一定的句型、词汇,清楚、连贯地传递信息和表达思想”却让不少考生望之而却步,谈之而色变,因而在高考中只好匆匆写上几句,得分不高,着实让人惋惜。如何扭转这种状况,本专题将助你一臂之力。 题组一 81.请认真阅读下列对话,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 Li Hua: Mom, do you know our favorite film star has got divorced? Mom: I don’t know. How did you get it? Li Hua: I read the news on my mobile phone. It is the first piece of news on all the major websites. Mom: What a terrible thing! Why do the media always care about famous people’s personal life? Li Hua: Maybe they just want to attract people’s attention and thus become well-known. Mom: I think so. But as wise readers, we can learn to pick out what news we should read. Li Hua: In terms of educational function, I think TV programs play a more important role. Mom: I can’t agree more. Han Dan: You’re reading news online. What’s new today? Lin Tao: Hello, Han Dan. Nothing exciting. Han Dan: You mean...? Lin Tao: I don’t understand why so much bad news is reported every day. Han Dan: Maybe some people prefer to expose the sad aspect of others’ life. Lin Tao: You know. The more bad news we read, the more we’re influenced. Han Dan: You should try to avoid reading news of this kind, if you’re easy to be infected. Lin Tao: I have tried, but it’s not so easy. Han Dan: Maybe our government should actively promote the report of some good news. Lin Tao: I think so. More positive energy of our society should be spread. 【写作内容】 1.以约30个单词概括上述两组对话的主要内容; 2.以约120个单词谈谈你对“网络负面报道”的看法,并用2~3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 以约30个单词概括上述上述两组对话主要内容;以约120个单词谈谈你对“网络负面报道”的看法,并用2~3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 第一段用约30个单词概括上述材料的主要内容:对话反映了一种常见的现象:网上报道的负面新闻过多。经常上互联网的人将更容易看到这些负面新闻。(过渡句)这些人应该明智地选择他们所读的内容。 第二段以约120个单词谈谈你对“网络负面报道”的看法和理由:政府应该对此负起责任来。政府应该制定相关法律法规禁止在互联网上发布负面新闻(举例),发布正面积极的新闻(让人们充满勇气和善意);鼓励人们学会抵制负面新闻(以让那些发布负面新闻人泄气);著名而权威的网站应该努力阻止负面新闻的传播等等。 第三段:总结概括,升华主题。 【参考答案】 The dialogues reflect a common phenomenon that more negative news is being reported online. Those who always surf the Internet will have easier access to it and they should wisely choose what they read. People always blame the government for the booming negative news online, and so do I. I think our government should make laws to forbid reporters to focus on such negative news, like famous people’s personal life, terrible accidents etc. On the contrary, positive news which can fill people with courage and kindness should be promoted. People should also learn to reject the negative news, which will help discourage the reporters. What’s more, those famous and authoritative websites should make efforts to stop the negative news from being spread. With all these efforts, I hope more room will be made for the positive news. Therefore, people will be affected by the positive energy through such kind of news. 题组二 81.请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 A post titled “Goodness, what have I done wrong to have to do homework with my kids!” caused a tremendous response in the society. After millions of views on Sina Weibo, parents flocked to social media to share their own frustrating stories and experiences screaming and shouting their way through homework with their kids. Now, millions of parents in China are calling for something that China’s tiger mothers would have considered unthinkable only a few years ago - a break from homework. Education chiefs are already fighting back against challenging workloads, with officials in the eastern Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, and also the northern Ningxia province, ruling that homework should not become “parental homework” or be set “above the level of the curriculum or the ability of the student”. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词概述上述信息的主要内容; 2.用约120个单词谈谈“父母陪孩子做作业”所带来的负面影响,内容包括: ①父母陪孩子做作业会带来哪些负面影响(至少两点); ②结合自身经历或见闻举例说明其负面影响。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 用约30个词概括上述信息的主要内容;用约120个单词谈谈“父母陪孩子做作业”所带来的负面影响。 内容包括:①父母陪孩子做作业会带来哪些负面影响(至少两点);②结合自身经历或见闻举例说明其负面影响。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 第一段用约30个词概述文字材料所反映的主要内容:①一篇帖子引起了数百万中国家长的共鸣,他们对陪孩子一起做家庭作业表示不满。②因此有三个省禁止学校布置家长作业。 第二段完成阐述父母陪孩子做作业会带来哪些负面影响(至少两点):可以从不利于培养孩子的独立性方面谈、从家长和孩子因此而产生的压力方面谈等等。 第三段结合自身经历或见闻举例说明其负面影响(需要围绕上文所说的负面影响来阐述)。 【参考答案】 Millions of Chinese parents roar disapproval at doing homework with kids, after a post strikes a chord with them. In response to it, three provinces have banned schools from setting out parental homework. I think it’s unnecessary for parents to do so. Doing homework with kids brings bad results, as opposed to doing both parties favors. The more involved in kids’ homework parents are, the more dependent on them the kids are, which will deprive kids of their self-reliance ability as well as independent thinking. What’s worse, not only does it multiply the risk of homework-connected argument but also it puts heavy pressure on kids mentally. No memory is more painful than that of my primary school, when my mother accompanied me when I did my homework. I was overwhelmed by frustration and insecurity in that once my homework failed to live up to my parents’ expectations, what awaited me was nothing but a scolding, which would trigger a bitter argument. 题组三 81.请认真阅读下面的图片及相关文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 Libraries in universities and scientific research institutes should be accessible to the public, according to a new law on public libraries adopted by the Standing Committee(常务委员会)of the National People’s Congress, China’s top legislature(立法机构). Beijing Youth Daily commented: Compared with their public counterparts, university libraries, the number of which is estimated to be at least 2,914, have a lot more books, but only students and teaching staff have access to them as most university libraries are not open to the public. Thirty?four university libraries in Beijing will accept visitors, and 12 of them have already begun to do so. Most of the dozen universities allow visitors to read in the library without the right to borrow books. However, it may still be a while before the public can visit some other university libraries in Beijing. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词概述文章信息的主要内容; 2.你是否赞成对公众开放图书馆,简要谈谈你的观点和理由(不少于两点); 3.你的建议。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 用约30个单词概述上述信息的主要内容;综合上述信息,用约120个单词说明你是否赞成对公众开放图书馆,简要谈谈自己的观点和理由以及自己的建议。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 第一段用约30个词概述文字材料所反映的主要内容:新的法律规定,高校和科研院所的图书馆应向公众开放。对此有些单位开始实施,而有些单位因为有具体的困难还没有实施。 第二段首先要明确表态赞成还是反对“对公众开放图书馆”;然后围绕“赞成”或是“反对”谈谈自己的观点和理由; 第三段简要谈谈自己的建议(要与“赞成”或是“反对”的观点相匹配)。 【参考答案】 Possible version one: According to a new law, libraries in universities and scientific research institutes should be open to the public. Although readers are accessible to some university libraries in Beijing, there’s still a long way to go. Personally, I agree with the policy. Above all, if resources in university libraries are not fully used it will be a big waste. Besides, one of the key social responsibilities of universities is to serve the society. Nowadays, fewer and fewer people are interested in reading books. You can always see many people playing games on their cellphones, instead of reading. Thus, the action is actually a way to encourage more people to pick up books. However, only depending on universities and the government will not ensure the sustainable development of the policy. Therefore, it’s necessary to absorb some social support, such as setting up community clubs that bring together resources of nearby universities and even middle schools. Possible version two: As a new law goes, libraries in universities and scientific research institutes should be open to the public. Some have begun to do so, while others still have difficulties for some reasons. Personally, I hold an opposite view. Firstly, even if university libraries open to the public, it’s still useless if people have no interests in reading. Secondly, opening universities to the public will add universities’ burdens in many aspects. Finally, outsiders may be causes of breaking laws and loosing morals. Therefore, we shouldn’t seek for a mere form, but put more emphasis on enhancing the quality of national citizens. My suggestions are as follows: The government should increase inputs to build many public libraries in society providing books for the public. It would be better for visitors to borrow books instead of reading in the library. To open university libraries to the public, we need a gradual process. 题组四 81.请阅读下面文字,并按要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 Matt: Have you seen the report about artificial intelligence (AI) from the World Economic Forum (WEF) ? Mathew: Oh, yes. It says that robots will create twice the number of jobs that they will destroy. Matt: Anyway, it is terrible news for the old generations with low-skilled jobs. Mathew: Exactly! But many middle-class roles are also at risk, such as financial analysis, accountants and lawyers. Matt:Then I think there will be a huge change in the structure of workforce. Mathew: Exactly. That’s why many managers expect a change from full-time work to flexible(灵活的) employment with a focus on productivity. Matt: Improving productivity. Mm...,brilliant idea. Mathew: Without doubt, all industries require their workers to reskill, especially travel and tuorism industries. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词概括上述信息的主要内容; 2.用约120个单词发表你的观点,内容包括: ①什么原因导致了这些变化?(不少于两点); ②面对即将到来的“智能时代”你所做的准备(至少两点)。 【写作要求】 1.阐述观点或提供论据时,不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不嫩出现真是姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 用约30个单词概括上述信息的主要内容;用约120个单词发表自己的观点,内容包括:①什么原因导致了这些变化?(不少于两点);②面对即将到来的“智能时代”自己所做的准备(至少两点)。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 第一段用约30个词概述文字材料所反映的主要内容:这是一段对话,主要分为两部分,第一部分:Robots are replacing human beings but are also creating twice as many jobs as they have destroyed。第二部分,Robots bring about great changes in the structure of workforce and requirements for reskilling.概括起来就是:机器人正在取代人类,但创造的就业机会是它们所破坏的就业机会的两倍,这给劳动力结构和接受再培训的要求带来了巨大变化。 第二段叙述是什么原因导致了这些变化?(不少于两点):围绕“科学技术、生产效率”等等方面说明。 第三段谈谈自己面对即将到来的“智能时代”所做的准备(至少两点):围绕学习新知识、培养创新思维和创新意识,以适应适应即将到来的“智能时代”等等方面阐述。 【参考答案】 Robots are replacing human beings but are also creating twice as many jobs as they have destroyed, bringing about great changes in the structure of workforce and requirements for re-skilling. Behind the phenomenon are various reasons. For one thing, great advances in science and technology make it possible for robots to be widely employed in many fields. For another, productivity has been greatly increased by using robots, which in turn helps promote the popularity of robots. Meanwhile, the widespread application of robots has generated great changes in the way people work as well as their choices of jobs. Feeling lucky to live in the intelligent age, I’d like to equip myself with relevant knowledge and enjoy the convenience it brings us. Besides, I will try to cultivate creative thinking and the sense of innovation so as to meet the urgent needs of the fast development of science and technology. 题组五 81.请认真阅读下面文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 A?good book can expose readers?to a weird(不可思议的) place — a place which you could call art or?fiction.?I call it?wonder,?for those moments where a?story — no matter how strange — has some semblance (样子)?of truth,?and then?you’re able to believe it.?It’s not just kids who can get there.?Adults?can too,?and we get there?when we read.?It’s why people will take the walking tour of Bloomsday and see everything that happened in?Ulysses.?Or people visit Baker Street to see Sherlock Holmes’ apartment.?We know these?characters aren’t real, but we?have real feelings about them. There is a?word called metafiction (超小说) and?that’s just stories?about stories.?And one metafictive?technique is breaking the fourth wall.?If I am going to break down the fourth wall,?I want fiction?to escape and come into the real world. ?I want a book to be a secret door that opens and lets?stories out into reality. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词概述上文的主要内容; 2.用约120个单词发表你对好书的看法,内容包括: ①好书的影响表现在哪些方面; ②就如何挑选一本好书,给出2-3个建议。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇规范,词数适当 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 用约30个单词概述上文的主要内容;用约120个单词发表你对好书的看法,内容包括:①好书的影响表现在哪些方面;②就如何挑选一本好书,给出2-3个建议。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 用约30个单词概述上文的主要内容:①一本好书可以打开一扇通往一个非同寻常而美妙世界的秘密之门;②在这个世界里,一个灵魂可以体验到现实世界中可能无法获得的东西,帮助读者成长。 第二段用约120个单词发表你对好书的看法,内容包括:好书的影响表现在哪些方面。可以用名言名句比如“Books are the ladder of human progress(书籍是人类进步的阶梯);Books are the quietest and most constant of friends; they are the most accessible and wisest of counselors; and the most patient of teachers.(书籍是人类最宁静很最永恒的朋友,也是最易接近和最具智慧的顾问,还是最有耐心的良师益友);Books are the ever-burning lamps of accumulated wisdom.(书籍是积累智慧的明灯)”等等引出话题;然后进行阐述(比如:书籍帮助人类扩展知识、扩大视野、赋予人类攻坚克难的力量等等)。 ?第三段就如何挑选一本好书,给出2-3个建议。 【参考答案】 A good book can open a secret door to a weird and wonderful world where a soul can experience what it might have no access to otherwise in the real world, helping readers to grow. The saying “Books are the ladder of human progress” clearly indicates how good it is to read a book.??For one thing, books are the heritage of mankind, which expands our knowledge, broadens our minds and shapes our character. For another, the mystery in books empowers and encourages readers to explore a new world and beyond, overcoming all challenges along the way. As to selecting an appropriate book, a high priority, personally, should be given to interest which could be reading motivation. Equally important is the help that a book can offer to those desire to have mental communication with great minds, their mind world thereby edified and purified. Let’s approach and open a secret door. 题组六 81.请根据你对以下漫画的理解,以“The Effects of AI on Our Lives”为题,用英语写一篇150词左右的短文。 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词描述上述漫画的内容; 2.结合实际谈谈人工智能对我们生活可能造成的影响(至少两点); 3.面对人工智能的发展,我们应该如何合理使用(至少两点)。 【写作要求】 1.可参照图片适当发挥; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 用约30个单词描述上述漫画的内容;结合实际谈谈人工智能对我们生活可能造成的影响(至少两点); 面对人工智能的发展,我们应该如何合理使用(至少两点)。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 第一段用约30个单词描述上述漫画的内容:①排队等候面试的人看起来很困惑和焦虑,因为其他求职者是机器人;②这显示了人工智能在就业市场上的激烈竞争。 第二段首先要从积极的方面人工智能对我们生活带来的影响;然后结合实际谈谈人工智能对我们生活可能造成的积极影响(至少两点):可以从节约成本、提高生产效率、减少人类从事危险工作的机会等等方面去谈;最后也要指出人工智能对我们生活可能造成的消极影响(比如:许多人可能会被机器人取代而下岗),为第三段论述“面对人工智能的发展,我们应该如何合理使用”埋下伏笔。 第三段面对人工智能的发展,我们应该如何合理使用(首先肯定“人工智能”对我们生活造成的积极影响;然后从就“如何合理使用人工智能”提出自己的建议)。 【参考答案】 The Effects of AI on Our Lives The person waiting in line for a job interview looks confused and anxious because the other applicants are robots, which shows the fierce competition in the job market caused by AI. Undoubtedly, AI does benefit us a lot. With the application of AI, the cost can be significantly reduced by employing fewer workers. The efficiency can be improved by accelerating the production process. Meanwhile, robots are used to undertake some dangerous jobs. Despite the convenience Al brings to human beings, many people are likely to be laid off with robots replacing them. With the fast development of AI, many people in the world today can’t live without it. However, we’d better take a cautious attitude towards it. For one thing, the use of AI should be placed under the authority of the government. For another, researchers are expected to further develop AI devices so that they can serve us better. 题组七 音乐丰富了人们的生活,不同的人喜欢不同风格的音乐。假如你最近对班上的同学进行了主题为“影响你选择音乐的因素”的调查,其结果如图表所示。请用英语为班级黑板报写一篇短文。 【写作内容】 1.简要说明调查及其调查的结果; 2.指出影响你选择的因素是哪些,并加以说明。 【写作要求】 1.词数150左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 本篇写作是典型的图表类作文。审题时,要注意文章内容表达上的层次和结构。如本题先写调查及其调查的结果,后写调查对象和人数,即“影响因素和比例”,这样层次感就有了。最后再给出你自己的观点。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 写作时特别要明确要点:在Friends, Radio, TV/Film, Parents等四个因素中,最具影响力的因素是哪一个。表达时注意图表上百分率的正确表达;思路应清晰、简洁和准确。在选择影响你的因素时要注意自己说明时有话可说。 【参考答案】 Recently I have carried out a survey among the students in our class. The survey was conducted to find out what influences the music we listen to. According to the survey, TV and films have the strongest effect on our choice of music, 50 percent of the students sharing the opinion. 30 percent of the students say they are influenced by friends when deciding what music to listen to. Radio comes third, with 20 percent of the students choosing it. Parents seem to have very little influence. Only 10 percent of the students say they listen to what their parents recommend. As far as I am concerned, what influences me most is TV and films. The reason is that the music on TV or in the films usually goes with beautiful pictures, or expresses certain feelings of my favorite heroes. Good TV or film music, as is often the case, can accompany a person’s entire life. 题组八 阅读下面文字和饼状图,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 上图是2019年某市消费者选择餐厅时的关注因素 【写作内容】 1.用约30个词概括上饼状图的内容; 2.请简要分析以上因素影响消费者选择的原因; 3.谈谈你就餐的关注因素,并用2至3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 用约30个词概括饼状图的内容;请简要分析以上因素影响消费者选择的原因;谈谈你就餐的关注因素,并用2至3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 第一段用约30个词概括饼状图的内容:①2019年,在某个城市进行了一项调查及其内容(影响食客选择餐馆的因素)。②(从饼状图中可以看出)影响食客选择餐馆较大的因素有:风味特色、服务和就餐环境。 第二段围绕三个较大的因素“风味特色、服务和就餐环境”进行原因分析。 第三段谈谈你就餐的关注因素(比如:食品和用餐环境的安全),并用2至3个理由或论据支撑你的看法(需要与你所持的观点相匹配)。 【参考答案】 A survey was conducted in a city in 2019 about factors contributing to diners’ preference of a restaurant. Flavor features, service and the dining environment made up the biggest proportion. What has resulted in this phenomenon? With living standards rising fast, people now focus more on the diversity of food. That’s why flavor features, which 36.3% of the respondents highlight, top the pie chart, while the price only accounts for 8.4%. Almost of equal importance are service and the dining environment. The reason, by and large, is that service and an inviting atmosphere can make people enjoy a meal to the fullest. If I choose to dine in a restaurant, I will be more concerned about the safety of the food and environment. Reports about the use of dirty cooking oil are often heard, which makes me worried. Besides, I think dining environment can reflect the service quality of the restaurant. 题组九 About a year or two ago, a couple of studies provided much needed encouragement to struggling book publishers. E-book sales had been relatively stable or even begun to drop, according to the Association of American Publishers. It was the only category(种类)to suffer a drop in the AAP survey. Another report revealed that 65 percent of children aged 6 to 17 agreed they would always want to read in print, up from 60 percent in 2012. Seventy-seven percent who had tried e-books said they tended to prefer print books.  In the digital age, people’s reading habits have greatly changed. Yet, a Pew Research Center survey found that print books have remained more popular among Americans than books in digital formats(including e-books and audio books) in the last 12 months. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个词概括上述材料反映的内容; 2.用约120个词发表你的观点,内容包括: ①你更倾向于哪一种阅读方式; ②用两到三个理由或论据支撑你的观点。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 用约30个词概括上述材料反映的内容;用约120个词发表你的观点,内容包括:①你更倾向于哪一种阅读方式;②用两到三个理由或论据支撑你的观点。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 第一段用约30个词概括上述材料反映的内容:要结合文字和图表数据进行概括。文字表述的主要内容为:美国的读者选择电子书、有声读物、纸质读物等多种阅读方式;图表中最为突出的数据是:纸质读物仍然在读者中占有一席之地。 第二段发表你的观点:为了写作的顺理成章,最好选择更倾向于纸质读物;用两到三个理由或论据支撑你的观点(仁者见仁智者见智)。 第三段围绕自己的观点和阐述的理由总结全文以升华主题,比如:不管怎么说,即使在数字时代,纸质阅读的体验也没有替代品。 【参考答案】 With the development of science and technology, while readers in America have various choices of reading methods, such as e-books and audio books, the print books still have a place among readers, especially the children under 18. As for me, I stand firmly as a fan of print books. For one thing, there’s nothing quite as satisfying to the brain and the heart as opening a new book for a few hours of entertainment. The scent of the paper and the elegant design of the cover give me a unique pleasure that is not gained from tapping or swiping a screen. For another, we cannot abandon some traditional methods easily in that they still offer us important values. For example, parents still view print books as excellent gifts for kids. Besides, we can’t add an e-book to our cherished bookshelf collection. Anyway, the experience of reading in print has no substitute even in the digital era. 题组十 81.请阅读下面文字和图表,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 Jack Ma is the founder and CEO of Alibaba.com, the biggest e-commerce company in China. The website is an English-language site, which aims to offer suppliers and consumers a direct means to communicate, and thereby save time and money. This model of business is referred to as B2B (business-to-business), and it has attracted millions of users worldwide. On the back of this success, Jack Ma and his team developed Taobao in 2001, a C2C(consumer-to-consumer)trading site which again attracted millions of users. Today, Alibaba.com is considered by many to be one of the best B2B sites, with over 0.6 billion users from more than 200 countries and regions. Jack Ma has become the first Chinese businessman to appear on the cover of the famous magazine Forbes in the past 50 years. Jack Ma is respected by people not just because of his success, but also because of his personality. Although modest, Jack Ma is a very ambitious man. When asked about his future plan, he once said, “I believe that in the next ten years, of the top three Internet companies in the world, one will be from China—and we want to be that company.” 【写作内容】 1.用约30个词概括上述信息的主要内容; 2.结合上述信息,简要分析马云创建阿里巴巴成功的主要原因; 3.结合自己的实际情况,谈谈你的理想职业是什么,并从学业知识和个人品格素质两个方面谈谈如何胜任自己的工作。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 【解析】 仔细审题,明确要求 用约30个词概括上述信息的主要内容;结合上述信息,简要分析马云创建阿里巴巴成功的主要原因;结合自己的实际情况,谈谈你的理想职业是什么,并从学业知识和个人品格素质两个方面谈谈如何胜任自己的工作。 提炼要点,谋篇布局 第一段用约30个词概括上述信息的主要内容:要结合文字和图表数据进行概括。文字表述的主要内容为:其创始人马云(Jack Ma)通过推动购物模式的创新,赢得了良好的声誉;图表中数据表明:随着网络消费的急剧增长,近几年来,阿里巴巴迎来了辉煌的繁荣。 第二段结合上述信息,简要分析马云创建阿里巴巴成功的主要原因:要有过渡句,比如:谈到成功的原因……;接下来谈谈原因(科技和互联网对人们生活的影响、网上购物的便利等等带来的机会、马云对事业的坚持和创新等等)。 第三段结合自己的实际情况,谈谈你的理想职业是什么,并从学业知识和个人品格素质两个方面谈谈如何胜任自己的工作(仁者见仁智者见智)。 【参考答案】 With a sharp increasing of the consumption online, the recent years have witnessed the glorious boom of Alibaba. Amazingly, its founder Jack Ma has earned a great reputation by promoting an innovation in shopping patterns. Talking about the factors giving rise to its success, it’s undoubtedly true that the development of the technology and the Internet has really changed people’s life and consumption patterns, especially shopping online, making it more convenient for people to do some shopping.At the same time, Jack Ma is the very person to seize this opportunity. Moreover, what’s worth mentioning is his persistence and innovation in his career, which is highly significant for him to make accomplishments. Confronted with the option of my job, becoming a doctor would be my dream career. I know the work itself is very challenging, so working hard to improve my professional knowledge and skill would be of great value to become a good doctor. Additionally, patience and kindness definitely make sense and I will be prepared. 招聘 PAGE 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 页 (共 2 页) 17 HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 冲刺2020年江苏高考英语——(书面表达题)高考冲刺专练 写在前面的话 书面表达历来是江苏高考英语中占据分值仅次于阅读理解的一大题型,25分的分值足可以拉开考生的英语差距。由此可见书面表达对于我们争取高考英语高总分的重要性毋庸置疑。但是书面表达的两条能力要求“根据特定的语境准确使用英语语法,选用恰当的词汇”和“使用一定的句型、词汇,清楚、连贯地传递信息和表达思想”却让不少考生望之而却步,谈之而色变,因而在高考中只好匆匆写上几句,得分不高,着实让人惋惜。如何扭转这种状况,本专题将助你一臂之力。 题组一 81.请认真阅读下列对话,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 Li Hua: Mom, do you know our favorite film star has got divorced? Mom: I don’t know. How did you get it? Li Hua: I read the news on my mobile phone. It is the first piece of news on all the major websites. Mom: What a terrible thing! Why do the media always care about famous people’s personal life? Li Hua: Maybe they just want to attract people’s attention and thus become well-known. Mom: I think so. But as wise readers, we can learn to pick out what news we should read. Li Hua: In terms of educational function, I think TV programs play a more important role. Mom: I can’t agree more. Han Dan: You’re reading news online. What’s new today? Lin Tao: Hello, Han Dan. Nothing exciting. Han Dan: You mean...? Lin Tao: I don’t understand why so much bad news is reported every day. Han Dan: Maybe some people prefer to expose the sad aspect of others’ life. Lin Tao: You know. The more bad news we read, the more we’re influenced. Han Dan: You should try to avoid reading news of this kind, if you’re easy to be infected. Lin Tao: I have tried, but it’s not so easy. Han Dan: Maybe our government should actively promote the report of some good news. Lin Tao: I think so. More positive energy of our society should be spread. 【写作内容】 1.以约30个单词概括上述两组对话的主要内容; 2.以约120个单词谈谈你对“网络负面报道”的看法,并用2~3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 题组二 81.请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 A post titled “Goodness, what have I done wrong to have to do homework with my kids!” caused a tremendous response in the society. After millions of views on Sina Weibo, parents flocked to social media to share their own frustrating stories and experiences screaming and shouting their way through homework with their kids. Now, millions of parents in China are calling for something that China’s tiger mothers would have considered unthinkable only a few years ago - a break from homework. Education chiefs are already fighting back against challenging workloads, with officials in the eastern Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, and also the northern Ningxia province, ruling that homework should not become “parental homework” or be set “above the level of the curriculum or the ability of the student”. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词概述上述信息的主要内容; 2.用约120个单词谈谈“父母陪孩子做作业”所带来的负面影响,内容包括: ①父母陪孩子做作业会带来哪些负面影响(至少两点); ②结合自身经历或见闻举例说明其负面影响。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 题组三 81.请认真阅读下面的图片及相关文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 Libraries in universities and scientific research institutes should be accessible to the public, according to a new law on public libraries adopted by the Standing Committee(常务委员会)of the National People’s Congress, China’s top legislature(立法机构). Beijing Youth Daily commented: Compared with their public counterparts, university libraries, the number of which is estimated to be at least 2,914, have a lot more books, but only students and teaching staff have access to them as most university libraries are not open to the public. Thirty?four university libraries in Beijing will accept visitors, and 12 of them have already begun to do so. Most of the dozen universities allow visitors to read in the library without the right to borrow books. However, it may still be a while before the public can visit some other university libraries in Beijing. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词概述文章信息的主要内容; 2.你是否赞成对公众开放图书馆,简要谈谈你的观点和理由(不少于两点); 3.你的建议。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 题组四 81.请阅读下面文字,并按要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 Matt: Have you seen the report about artificial intelligence (AI) from the World Economic Forum (WEF) ? Mathew: Oh, yes. It says that robots will create twice the number of jobs that they will destroy. Matt: Anyway, it is terrible news for the old generations with low-skilled jobs. Mathew: Exactly! But many middle-class roles are also at risk, such as financial analysis, accountants and lawyers. Matt:Then I think there will be a huge change in the structure of workforce. Mathew: Exactly. That’s why many managers expect a change from full-time work to flexible(灵活的) employment with a focus on productivity. Matt: Improving productivity. Mm...,brilliant idea. Mathew: Without doubt, all industries require their workers to reskill, especially travel and tuorism industries. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词概括上述信息的主要内容; 2.用约120个单词发表你的观点,内容包括: ①什么原因导致了这些变化?(不少于两点); ②面对即将到来的“智能时代”你所做的准备(至少两点)。 【写作要求】 1.阐述观点或提供论据时,不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不嫩出现真是姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 题组五 81.请认真阅读下面文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 A?good book can expose readers?to a weird(不可思议的) place — a place which you could call art or?fiction.?I call it?wonder,?for those moments where a?story — no matter how strange — has some semblance (样子)?of truth,?and then?you’re able to believe it.?It’s not just kids who can get there.?Adults?can too,?and we get there?when we read.?It’s why people will take the walking tour of Bloomsday and see everything that happened in?Ulysses.?Or people visit Baker Street to see Sherlock Holmes’ apartment.?We know these?characters aren’t real, but we?have real feelings about them. There is a?word called metafiction (超小说) and?that’s just stories?about stories.?And one metafictive?technique is breaking the fourth wall.?If I am going to break down the fourth wall,?I want fiction?to escape and come into the real world. ?I want a book to be a secret door that opens and lets?stories out into reality. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词概述上文的主要内容; 2.用约120个单词发表你对好书的看法,内容包括: ①好书的影响表现在哪些方面; ②就如何挑选一本好书,给出2-3个建议。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇规范,词数适当 题组六 81.请根据你对以下漫画的理解,以“The Effects of AI on Our Lives”为题,用英语写一篇150词左右的短文。 【写作内容】 1.用约30个单词描述上述漫画的内容; 2.结合实际谈谈人工智能对我们生活可能造成的影响(至少两点); 3.面对人工智能的发展,我们应该如何合理使用(至少两点)。 【写作要求】 1.可参照图片适当发挥; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 题组七 音乐丰富了人们的生活,不同的人喜欢不同风格的音乐。假如你最近对班上的同学进行了主题为“影响你选择音乐的因素”的调查,其结果如图表所示。请用英语为班级黑板报写一篇短文。 【写作内容】 1.简要说明调查及其调查的结果; 2.指出影响你选择的因素是哪些,并加以说明。 【写作要求】 1.词数150左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 题组八 阅读下面文字和饼状图,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 上图是2019年某市消费者选择餐厅时的关注因素 【写作内容】 1.用约30个词概括上饼状图的内容; 2.请简要分析以上因素影响消费者选择的原因; 3.谈谈你就餐的关注因素,并用2至3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 题组九 About a year or two ago, a couple of studies provided much needed encouragement to struggling book publishers. E-book sales had been relatively stable or even begun to drop, according to the Association of American Publishers. It was the only category(种类)to suffer a drop in the AAP survey. Another report revealed that 65 percent of children aged 6 to 17 agreed they would always want to read in print, up from 60 percent in 2012. Seventy-seven percent who had tried e-books said they tended to prefer print books.  In the digital age, people’s reading habits have greatly changed. Yet, a Pew Research Center survey found that print books have remained more popular among Americans than books in digital formats(including e-books and audio books) in the last 12 months. 【写作内容】 1.用约30个词概括上述材料反映的内容; 2.用约120个词发表你的观点,内容包括: ①你更倾向于哪一种阅读方式; ②用两到三个理由或论据支撑你的观点。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 题组十 81.请阅读下面文字和图表,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 Jack Ma is the founder and CEO of Alibaba.com, the biggest e-commerce company in China. The website is an English-language site, which aims to offer suppliers and consumers a direct means to communicate, and thereby save time and money. This model of business is referred to as B2B (business-to-business), and it has attracted millions of users worldwide. On the back of this success, Jack Ma and his team developed Taobao in 2001, a C2C(consumer-to-consumer)trading site which again attracted millions of users. Today, Alibaba.com is considered by many to be one of the best B2B sites, with over 0.6 billion users from more than 200 countries and regions. Jack Ma has become the first Chinese businessman to appear on the cover of the famous magazine Forbes in the past 50 years. Jack Ma is respected by people not just because of his success, but also because of his personality. Although modest, Jack Ma is a very ambitious man. When asked about his future plan, he once said, “I believe that in the next ten years, of the top three Internet companies in the world, one will be from China—and we want to be that company.” 【写作内容】 1.用约30个词概括上述信息的主要内容; 2.结合上述信息,简要分析马云创建阿里巴巴成功的主要原因; 3.结合自己的实际情况,谈谈你的理想职业是什么,并从学业知识和个人品格素质两个方面谈谈如何胜任自己的工作。 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 招聘 PAGE 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 页 (共 2 页) 6 HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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