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  • ID:4-8525553 [精]【备战2021】高考二轮复习 介词课件(共39张PPT)及习题

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/介词和连词

    (共39张PPT) 介 词 Preposition Lead in One day,Tom and Jerry wanted to meet each other. But they were in different countries, they decided to meet in Jilin--Jerry's home. They kept in touch with each other with phone. Let's see what they said. Lead in Hey Jerry, where are you? I have arrived at the airport! Oh sorry,I've just left my home. I got up late this morning because I felt tired. You know that I always feel bad in July. Lead in Are you OK? Take care of yourself. By the way, can you arrve in Jilin in the morning? Sure I can. I will get there by 9 :00 am.(最晚) Lead in That's OK. I will have a meeting on Sunday. Do you want me to buy some food for you? Thank you. I'd like every kind of food except (除了) noodle. I really don't like it. Lead in Why? I think it is delicious! It is just made from flour! Oh, I see a plane flying over the airport. You will get to Jilin at 8:00 am. And see you then. Lead in in on of for from by except at to 介词 (一)方位介词 1.图解常见的方位介词 Presentation 2.存在对应关系的几组介词 介词 意义 反义词 on 在……上(与物体表面有接触) beneath over 在……正上方(与物体表面没有接触) under above 在……斜上方(与物体表面没有接触) below into 进入 out of to 到……,向…… from 介词 用法 例句 along 表示“沿着” I saw them running together along the road yesterday. through 意为“穿过”,表示从内部空间通过 The Great Wall winds its way from west to east, across deserts, over mountains, through valleys, till at last it reaches the sea. across 表示“横穿”,强调从某一物体的表面通过 over 意为“越过”,表示从……上方过去 3.along, through, across, over Presentation 介词 用法 例句 at 其后一般接较小的地点。 She lives at 105 Jiefang Road. on 表示 接壤 Huadian is on the southeast of Changchun; Baicheng lies to the northwest of Changchun and all of them are in Jilin Province. to 表示范围之外 in 表示在范围之内 off 表示隔一段距离 I live ina flat just off the park。 4.at, on, to, in,off Presentation 5.between, among (1)between在……之间(指两者),常和and连用。 The building stands?between?the park and the river. (2)among在……之间(指三者或三者以上)。 Among the visitors, he is the oldest. Presentation   1.in, on,at   in后加年份月份等某段较长的时间;on后加具体的日期或特定的日子;at后加具体时刻。?  in 2021 in October on October 1st on a sunny day at 9:00 am (二)时间介词 Presentation   2.in, after   in表时间,常表示“在……之内”,有时in还有“在……之后”的意思, 其后要加断时间。after 也有“在……之后”的意思, 其后要加时间点。   My father will be back?in?three days.   My father will be back?after?three o’clock.    ?  Presentation 2.for, from, since Presentation for 后接段时间,表示行为延续的时间。 from 加点时间,表示时间的起始。 since后接点时间,表示“自从”,与现在完成时连用。 Mr. Brown enjoyed the country life and lived there for?almost fifteen years after his retirement. My younger sister began to learn dance?from?the age of five. Tom has been doing his homework?since?seven o’clock.       3.during, through, over   (1)during指某个动作或状态在某个时间段里或整个过程中断断续续地发生过多次,或在整个时间段里的某一点发生过,起止时间比较明显。     He swims every day during?the summer.  (2)through:在……期间;从……开头到结尾(所指时间包括在内,此时与throughout相同)。   Tom bore up well under the strain of supporting his family through his father’s illness.    Presentation   (3)over:在(做)……期间;此外,over还有“贯穿(一时间段)”的意思,相当于during。   We had a pleasant chat over a cup of tea.   我们一边喝茶一边愉快地聊天。   He will stay in Wales over/during Christmas and the New Year.   他将在威尔士度过圣诞和新年。 Presentation Presentation    (3)until和till的用法   until是比较正式的用法。多与否定形式词语连用,表示“直到...才”,till意义与until相同但不与否定形式连用。   I didn’t go to sleep until midnight.   He works from morning?till?night, day after day.   Presentation   1.by, in, on   三个词都可以表示旅行的方式。   (1)不涉及交通工具的名词前用by,名词前不带冠词。如:by sea, by water, by land, by air等。   (2)涉及交通工具的名词前用by,名词需用单数,其前面不加冠词和任何修饰语。如:by bike, by taxi, by plane, by ship/boat, by train, by spaceship等。 (三)表示工具、手段、方式的介词 Presentation   (3)步行、骑马、骑骆驼均用on。如:on foot, on horseback/on a horse, on a camel等。 (4)当交通方式前有特定词语修饰时,用on或in。如on this plan, on my bike 等。 Presentation   2.with, in,by    有形with无形by语言、单位、材料in We see with our eyes, hear?with our ears, and walk?with our legs. Please answer me in English. We study English by reading native books.   注意以下固定短语: on/over the telephone/radio通过电话/广播 in this/that way by this/that means with this/that method 用这/那种方式 Presentation 介词 用法 with 多用于表示情绪的形容词或身体动作或状态的动词之后,表示某种心理或心理状态的原因 for 多与表示感情的抽象名词或动名词及reason, famous等词连用 from 常接抽象名词,表示自然或间接原因 of 用于某些形容词后,后接与感情相关的人或事 over 常用于带有感情色彩的动词如:cry, quarrel, laugh, sigh等词之后,叙述所发生事情的原因 (四)表示原因的介词 Presentation Her face went red with?anger. The West Lake is famous for?its scenery. Presentation Presentation (五)其他常考的介词 介词 意义 用法 except 除……外 指整体里面排除部分,其宾语为前面的整体概念词的同类语(一类人或物) except for 除了…… 表示除去整体中的一部分,指对非同类事物的排除,它所叙述的事实或细节部分地修正了句子的主要意思 but 除……之外 常与nobody, none, no one, nothing, anything, all, who等连用,此时可与except换用。后接名词、代词或不定式 besides 除……外 (尚)有 句中常有other, others, also, else等词,相当于in addition to apart from 除……(别无), 除……外(尚)有 可用来替换besides, except, except for等 1.except, except for, but, besides, apart from Presentation Presentation 2.against的用法 Presentation 反对;违背; 与……相反 Are you for or against the plan? 触;碰;撞;紧靠;倚靠 Tired, Jim was fast asleep with his back against a big tree. 与……竞争 We will be competing against the best companies in Europe. 防备,抵御 They took measures against the fire. 以……为背景,衬托 The hill looks more beautiful against the blue sky. 超出;(指可能性、理解力、能力等)非……可及 The problem is beyond him. (在空间上)在……的那一边,远于 My home is 20 miles beyond the town. (时间)晚于;迟于 The noise went on until beyond midnight. Presentation (时间)不迟于,在……之前 The documents need to be ready by next Friday. (位置)靠近,在……旁边/附近 On a cold evening it is pleasant to sit by the fire. 表示“(标准、度量、数量)根据,按照,以……计算”,常用于结构“by+the+单数可数名词” Parcel post is charged by weight and mileage, without reference to contents. Presentation (表示程度、数量)相差 The price of oil fell by a further 2 dollars a barrel.油价每桶又下降了两美元。 经过,经由 He walked right by me without even saying hello.他径直从我身边走过,甚至连招呼都不打。 靠,用,通过(某种方式、手段) You can reserve the tickets by phone. 你可以通过电话订票。 Presentation 和……一起,和,同,跟 Put this bag with the others. 把这个包和其他的包放在一起。 (表示同时或同一方向)随着 Temperatures vary with the time of the year.温度随时节而变化。 具有,带有 The waiter arrived with a cup of coffee. 服务员端着一杯咖啡来了。 由于,因为 He trembled with fear.他吓得发抖。 (表示方式)用 What will you do with the tool? 你会用这件工具做什么? Presentation 实战演练 (2020全国II)This shop will be closed for repairs _______ further notice. until 解析:until意为直到。故填until。 (2019·全国Ⅰ) Modern methods ______?tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid-1980s. of 解析:“methods of doing sth.”意为“……的方法”, 构成固定结构;故填of/for。 (2018·全国Ⅲ) I was searching ________ these three western lowland gorillas I’d been observing. for 解析:search for寻找,为固定搭配。故填for。 (2019·全国II)I work not because I have to,?_______?? ?? because I want to. but 解析:not … but … 意为“不是……而是……”。 故填but。 谢谢 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源网站 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 欢迎加入21世纪教育网教师合作团队!!月薪过万不是梦!! 详情请看: https://www.21cnjy.com/help/help_extract.php

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  • ID:4-8524605 四川省资阳市2021届高三上学期第一次诊断性考试(12月)英语试题 Word版含答案(含听力音频无文字材料)

    高中英语/高考专区/模拟试题

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  • ID:4-8522998 宁夏隆德县中学2021届高三上学期第一次模拟(1月)英语试卷 Word版含答案(无听力音频有文字材料)

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  • ID:4-8522010 [精]12.备战高考写作之图画作文(教师版+学生版)

    高中英语/高考专区/三轮冲刺

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  • ID:4-8521969 [精]11.备战高考写作之图表作文(教师版+学生版)

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  • ID:4-8521962 [精]10.备战高考写作之提纲作文(教师版+学生版)

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  • ID:4-8521948 [精]09.备战高考写作之应用文(教师版+学生版)

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  • ID:4-8521535 统考版2021高考英语二轮专题复习专题一课件打包6套新人教版

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  • ID:4-8521511 2021届高考英语二轮复习模块1语法知识专题1语法填空课件新人教版

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  • ID:4-8521509 2021届高考英语二轮复习模块1语法知识专题1语法填空考法2无提示词类第1-3讲课件(3份打包)新人教版

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