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  • ID:4-6350982 2019-2020学年度高三英语阅读理解主旨大意专练(附解析)

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/各类题型专题/阅读理解

    ( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 2019-2020学年度高三英语一轮复习阅读理解主旨大意专练 A ??? Humans have launched themselves into the outer space. They've landed on the moon. They've built habitable space stations that orbit the Earth. The next giant leap for mankind is to reach another planet – specifically, Mars. ??? The problem is that it's no easy task. The planet is 586 times further away from the Earth than the moon, and it'll take around 180 to 220 days to reach Mars, depending on where each planet is in its orbit. Such long periods in space have suggested many potential health problems, including hormonal changes, skin conditions, and muscle and bone deterioration (损耗). ?? ?Here's where some furry friends come in. A wide range of animals have been in space, from fruit flies and spiders to cats, and dogs. Such experiments began as far back as the late 1940s in first tests to see if living things could withstand the extreme g-force (重力) of a rocket launch. ?? ?Mice continue to play a very important part in space experiments, mainly because the animals make excellent test subjects. They're small, which makes them inexpensive and easy to care for. In addition, their size and short life span make it possible to do the equivalent of several human years of tests in a much shorter time. Finally, because mice are mammals, they share many common characteristics with humans in terms of genetics, biology and behavior. ?? ?Astromice have hit the headlines recently, as a team of scientists led by Betty Nusgens, professor of biology at the University of Liege in Belgium, found that the mice suffered a 15 percent thinning of their skin after 91 days aboard the International Space Station (ISS). ??? This experiment was part of a wider NASA mission (任务) called the Mice Drawer System (MDS). The Italian Space Agency developed the facility, which allows six mice to be housed, monitored, and automatically fed and watered aboard the ISS, among which three survived during the mission. ? ??The mice have participated in 20 separate experiments, to study such effects as osteoporosis (骨质疏松症), anemia (贫血) and heart health. ? ??Results for the 20 experiments are coming in gradually. But it's clear that mice continue to play an important role in the ongoing quest to conquer the final frontier. (1)We can infer from Paragraphs 2-3 that ______. A.?Mars is the farthest planet away from Earth discovered so far?????????B.?animals that have been sent into space have mostly survived C.?it was in the late 1940s that animals were first sent to the ISS?????????D.?the journey to Mars could put humans' health at risk (2)The underlined word “withstand” in Para.3 means _________. A.?set up??????????????????????????B.?come across??????????????????????????C.?work out??????????????????????????D.?hold up (3)According to Betty Nusgens and her team, the mice aboard the ISS ______. A.?all survived for the duration(期间) of the mission????????? B.?suffered the loss of part of their skin?? C.?were fed and watered by the astronauts???????? ?D.?participated in 20 experiments that made great breakthroughs (4)The main purpose of the article is to _____. A.?analyze how mice could pave the way to Mars????????? B.?report on the results of the Mice Drawer System C.?describe the role mice play in scientific research????????? D.?change people's traditional attitudes toward mice B ??? Dictionaries are not closed books. There is still plenty of room for more words in these great vocabulary authorities. ??? Dictionaries are not closed books. There is still plenty of room for more words in these great vocabulary authorities. New words are continually being created and added to our language. And many of today's word experts can credit a famous mathematician with the creation of the method by which they develop many new words. The mathematician was an Englishman named Charles L. Dodgson. In addition to working with figures, Dodgson wrote books. His imaginative stories and poems have made Dodgson beloved to generations of readers. We know him, however, not by the name of Dodgson but by his pen name, Lewis Carroll. ??? Lewis Carroll has delighted countless readers, young and old, with Alice in Wonderland, Through the Looking Glass, and numerous poems. In these works, Carroll developed dozens of nonsensical words such as "chortle" and "galumph". Many of these words are combined naturally with more common words in the English language. Carroll referred to his made-up words as "portmanteau" words, named after a kind of leather suitcase that opens into two compartments. The name was well suited, because most of Carroll's words had two compartments. Rather than being entirely fabricated(虚构), they were usually made from the combined parts of two different words. A "snark", for example, clearly came from a snake and a shark. ??? Although Carroll died long ago, his technique continues to be used today. We clearly see his influence in such words as smog, brunch, and guesstimate. (1)What does the underlined sentence probably mean according to the passage? A.?Dictionaries are open to the public. B.?Dictionaries are helpful to the public. C.?Dictionaries are ready to welcome new words. D.?The vocabularies in dictionaries are limited. (2)Dodgson's made-up words ________. A.?are based on different words??????????????????????????B.?are borrowed from other languages C.?all come from his poems?????????????????????????????????D.?are still widely used (3)This passage is mainly about ________. A.?how Dodgson wrote his works????????????????????????B.?how English words are created C.?how a dictionary is written??????????????????????????????D.?how Dodgson created new words C ??? Most people agree that honesty is a good thing. But does Mother Nature agree? Animals can't talk, but can they lie in other ways? Can they lie with their bodies and behavior? Animal experts may not call it lying, but they do agree that many animals, from birds to chimpanzees, behave dishonestly to fool other animals. Why? Dishonesty often helps them survive. ??? Many kinds of birds are very successful at fooling other animals. For example, a bird called the plover sometimes pretends to be hurt in order to protect its young. When a predator(猎食动物)gets close to its nest, the plover leads the predator away from the nest. How? It pretends to have a broken wing. The predator follows the "hurt" adult, leaving the baby birds safe in the nest. ??? Another kind of bird, the scrub jay, buries its food so it always has something to eat. Scrub jays are also thieves.They watch where others bury their food and steal it. But clever scrub jays seem to know when a thief is watching them. So they go back later, unbury the food, and bury it again somewhere else. ??? Birds called cuckoos have found a way to have babies without doing much work. How? They don't make nests(鸟巢). Instead, they get into other birds' nests secretly. Then they lay their eggs and fly away. When the baby birds come out, their adoptive parents feed them. ??? Chimpanzees, or chimps, can also be sneaky. After a fight, the losing chimp will give its hand to the other. When the winning chimp puts out its hand, too, the chimps are friendly again. But an animal expert once saw a losing chimp take the winner's hand and start fighting again. ??? Chimps are sneaky in other ways, too. When chimps find food that they love, such as bananas, it is natural for them to cry out. Then other chimps come running. But some clever chimps learn to cry very softly when they find food. That way, other chimps don't hear them,? and they don't need to share their food. ??? As children, many of us learn the saying "You can't fool Mother Nature." But maybe you can't trust her,either. (1)A plover protects its young from a predator by______. A.?getting closer to its young??????????????????????????????B.?driving away the adult predator C.?leaving its young in another nest???????????????????D.?pretending to be injured (2)By "Chimpanzees, or chimps, can also be sneaky" (paragraph 5), the author means______. A.?chimps are ready to attack others??????????????????B.?chimps are sometimes dishonest C.?chimps are jealous of the winners??????????????????D.?chimps can be selfish too (3)Which of the following is true according to the passage? A.?Some chimps lower their cry to keep food away from others. B.?The losing chimp won the fight by taking the winner's hand. C.?Cuckoos fool their adoptive parents by making no nests. D.?Some clever scrub jays often steal their food back. (4)Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A.?Do animals lie??????????????????????????????????????????????????B.?Does Mother Nature fool animals? C.?How do animals learn to lie????????????????????????????D.?How does honesty help animals survive? D ? ??I suspect that the most basic and powerful way to connect to another person is to listen. Perhaps the most important thing we ever give each other is our attention, and especially if it's given from the heart. When people are talking, there's no need to do anything but listen to them. Just take them Just listen to what they're saying and care about it. Most times caring about it is even more important than understanding it. Most of us don't value ourselves or our love enough to know this. It has taken me a long time to believe in the power of the simply saying “I'm so sorry” when someone is in pain, and meaning it. ? ??One of my patients told me that when she tried to tell her story, people often interrupted to tell her that they had once had something just like that happen to them. Eventually she stopped talking to most people. She was just too lonely. We connect through listening. When we interrupt what someone is saying to let them know that we understand, we move the focus of attention to ourselves. When we listen, they know that we care. Many people with cancer can talk about the relief of having someone just listen. ? ??I have ever learned to respond to someone crying by just listening. In the old days I used to reach for the tissues(纸巾), until I realized that passing a person a tissue may be just another way to shut them down, to take them out of their experience of sadness and grief. Now I just listen. When they have cried all they need to cry, they find me there with them. (1)The author intends to tell us ?????????. A.?the art of listening????????????????????????????????????????????B.?the importance of listening to others C.?how to keep a talk going on???????????????????????????D.?how to ease a patient's pain (2)In the last paragraph, the author suggests that if a person is crying, you should ????????. A.?try to give him some comfort?????????????????????????B.?stop him from crying C.?cry with him??????????????????????????????????????????????????????D.?just keep listening to his crying (3)From the passage we can know that the author is probably a ???????????. A.?teacher??????????????????????????????B.?patient??????????????????????????????C.?speaker??????????????????????????????D.?doctor (4)What would be the best title for the passage? A.?care about it?????????????????????B.?Just listen?????????????????????C.?Don't interrupt?????????????????????D.?Mean it E ??? According to new research from the University of Cambridge in England, sheep are able to recognize human faces from photographs. ??? The farm animals, who are social and have large brains, were previously known to be able to recognize one another, as well as familiar humans. However, their ability to recognize human faces from photos alone is novel. ??? The recent study, the results of which were published in the journal Royal Society; Open Science, show the woolly creatures could be trained to recognize still images of human faces, including those of former President Barack Obama and actress Emma Watson. ??? Initially, the sheep were trained to approach certain images by being given food rewards. Later, they were able to recognize the images for which they had been rewarded. The sheep could even recognize images of faces shown at an angle, though their ability to do so declined by about 15 percent—the same rate at which a human's ability to perform the same task declines. ??? “Anyone who has spent time working with sheep will know that they are intelligent and individual animals who are able to recognize their handlers.” said Professor Jenny Morton, who led the Cambridge study. “We've shown with our study that sheep have advanced face-recognition abilities, close to those of humans and monkeys.” ??? Recognizing faces is one of the most important social skills for human beings, and some disorders of the brain, including Huntington's disease, affect this ability. ??? “Sheep are long-lived and have brains that are similar in size and complexity to those of some monkeys. That means they can be useful models to help us understand disorders of the brain, such as Huntington's disease that develop over a long time and affect cognitive (认识的) abilities. Our study gives us another way to monitor how these abilities change.” Morton said. (1)According to the new research, what's unusual about sheep? A.?They have large brains.????????????????????????????????????B.?They can recognize their owners. C.?They can tell animals from humans.???????????????D.?They can recognize human faces from photographs. (2)How did the researchers train the sheep? A.?By giving food rewards.???????????????????????????????????B.?By showing photos of famous people. C.?By guiding them to follow their handlers.?????????D.?By showing photos of humans and monkeys by tums. (3)What can be inferred from the passage? A.?Sheep have a higher face-recognition ability than monkeys.?????????B.?The new discovery is of great benefit to the study of cognitive ability changes. C.?The sheep's face-recognition ability may prevent some disorders of the brain.?????????D.?The sheep's face-recognition ability stays the same when shown photos at any angle. (4)What's the best title of the passage? A.?A Wonderful Scientist.?????????????????????????????????????B.?The Life of Sheep. C.?A New Discovery about Sheep.???????????????????????D.?How Sheep Recognize Each Other. F ??? Many people may not find the idea of visiting Beijing's Forbidden City just to see its cultural relics(遗迹)very exciting. But what if you got to see deer there too? That certainly sounds like a better day out. ??? Nine deer were introduced into the Forbidden City, also known as the Palace Museum, on Sept. 26 and would make it their home until February. The beautiful animals are part of an exhibition on deer-related relics, including furniture, clothes and artworks. In ancient China, deer patterns(图案)could be seen on lots of items since lu—deer—were considered to be a lucky animal because the Chinese word shares the pronunciation(发音)of the character that means “official salary(俸禄)”. ??? The deer in the Palace Museum are not only to be part of the exhibition, but also to act as ambassadors(大使)to attract visitors. “It's a better way to bring cultural relics closer to the people,”explained Wang Yamin, a deputy director at the Museum, according to ChinaDaily. ??? Turning itself into a zoo is the latest effort that the museum has made at introducing academic(学术的)art to ordinary people. ??? In 2014, for example, the museum's online store started to offer products such as T-shirts featuring the pattern of an emperor's coat, and earphones looking like the necklaces worn by ancient officials. These products soon gained popularity on social media because they allowed people to wear a piece of history. ??? Two years later, the TV series MastersintheForbiddenCity(《我在故宫修文物》)lifted the mysterious veil(面纱)on the experts who work in the museum—people whose job is to repair the relics within it. And while many of us may have imagined these workers to be old and boring, they're actually quite young and interesting. Some are even in their 20s. They lead a peaceful career, although it can sometimes be dull. Workers aren't allowed to wear any make-up or do their nails(指甲)because the chemicals(化学物质)may damage the relics they're working on, for example. ??? Little by little, the Palace Museum is shaking off the stereotypes(刻板印象)of being an old-fashioned academic institution. As Shan Jixiang, the museum's director, once said, “Academic research is not alien from the public's interest. We'd like to make visiting the museum a part of people's daily lives. ” ??? It looks like the Forbidden City isn't so forbidden after all. (1)What can be concluded about the deer in the Forbidden City? A.?They would stay in the museum for a whole year.????????? B.?They are part of an exhibition as lucky animals. C.?They have been introduced to help attract visitors.???? ?D.?They were brought to the museum for an artwork study. (2)Why did the online store's products become so popular? A.?They were cheap and of high quality.?????????????B.?They combined culture with everyday items. C.?They featured mysterious patterns.????????????????D.?They were advertised on social media a lot. (3)According to MastersintheForbiddenCity, experts working in the museum________. A.?think their job is boring???????????????????????????????????B.?are mostly old but experienced C.?must be careful with their work??????????????????????D.?enjoy working on their own (4)What's the article mainly about? A.?An interesting exhibition on animal-related relics.????????? B.?Popular products related to ancient Chinese culture. C.?What the Palace Museum does to protect cultural relics.????????? D.?The Palace Museum's efforts to change its image. G ??? How the Grand Canyon (大峡谷) was created remains one of the geology's greatest mysteries. Some evidence suggests that the process was a gradual one in which the Colorado River (which runs through the canyon) slowly cut deeper and deeper into the ground over millions of years. But volcanic rock samples taken from the canyon now suggest that the canyon was down-cut instead. ??? Down-cutting is when a flood of water rushes over a landscape (地形) with enough force to cut deeply into the ground and leaves behind a canyon. Such a flood is usually released when a natural or man-made dam (堤坝) bursts. ??? Robert Webb, a research geologist, says natural dams seem to have formed and broken across the Colorado River several times during the last million years. The dams were built when lava(熔岩) from the eruptions of nearby volcanoes flowed into the river. The lava hardened into hard rocks and blocked the river, causing it to back up and form a lake. Each time the lake grew so huge that it broke the rock dam, releasing a flash flood that furthered the down-cutting process and deepened the canyon. ??? Down-cutting is not just an earthly event. Satellite photos sent back from Mars suggest that the process has happened there, too, say many other researchers. ??? The photos, taken by the Mars Global Surveyor, indicate that an enormous lake existed on Mars 3.5 billion years ago. The lake spilled into a large nearby hole. One edge of the hole broke, releasing a flash flood that quickly carved out a grand canyon. ??? The existence of down-cutting on Mars is just one more piece of evidence that the cold, dry planet was once warm and wet. (1)In the past, deep canyons were believed to have formed _______. A.?as a result of a sudden break of volcanoes??????????B.?due to river flows over millions of years C.?owing to the burst of artificial dams??????????????D.?thanks to our ancestors' creative work (2)According to the passage, which of the following statements is TURE? A.?Several volcanoes broke out on Mars directly creating grand canyons.??????????B.?Several great lakes existed on the upper parts of the Colorado River. C.?People built high dams on the upper parts of the Colorado River.??????????D.?The Colorado River crossed the Grand Canyon to form down-cutting. (3)From the last three paragraphs we learn that _______. A.?there are great lakes on Mars?????????????????????????B.?there are active volcanoes on Mars C.?there might be cities on Mars?????????????????????????D.?there might be life on Mars (4)The passage can be titled as _______. A.?Lakes on Earth and Mars?????????????????????????????????B.?The Cause of Lake Formation C.?The Force of Dam Breaking?????????????????????????????D.?Canyons—Results of Flood Cutting H Does Fame Drive You Crazy? ??? Although being famous might sound like a dream come true, today's star, feeling like zoo animals, face pressures that few of us can imagine. They are at the center of much of the world's attention. Paparazzi (狗仔队) camp outside their homes, cameras ready. Tabloids (小报) publish thrilling stories about their personal lives. Just imagine not being able to do anything without being photographed or interrupted for a signature! ??? According to psychologist Christina Villareal, celebrities — famous people — worry constantly about their public appearance. Eventually, they start to lose track of who they really are, seeing themselves the way their fans imagine them, not as the people they were before everyone knew their names. “Over time,” Villareal says, “they feel separated and alone.” ??? The phenomenon of tracking celebrities has been around for ages. In the 4th century B.C., painters followed Alexander the Great into battle, hoping to picture his victories for his admirers. When Charles Dickens visited America in the 19th century, his sold-out readings attracted thousands of fans, leading him to complain (抱怨) about his lack of privacy. Tabloids of the 1920s and 1930s ran articles about film-stars in much the same way that modern tabloids and websites do. ??? Being a public figure today, however, is a lot more difficult than it used to be. Superstars cannot move about without worrying about photographers with modern cameras. When they say something silly or do something ridiculous, there is always the Internet to spread the news in minutes and keep their “story” alive forever. ??? If fame is so troublesome, why aren't all celebrities running away from it? The answer is there are still ways to deal with it. Some stars stay calm by surrounding themselves with trusted friends and family or by escaping to remote places away from big cities. They focus not on how famous they are but on what they love to do or whatever made them famous in the first place. ??? Sometimes a few celebrities can get a little justice. Still, even stars who enjoy full justice often complain about how hard their lives are. They are tired of being famous already. (1)It can be learned from the passage that stars today___________. A.?are often misunderstood by the public B.?can no longer have their privacy protected C.?spend too much on their public appearance D.?care little about how they have come into fame (2)What is the main idea of Paragraph 3? A.?Great heroes of the past were generally admired. B.?The problem faced by celebrities has a long history. C.?Well-known actors are usually targets of tabloids. D.?Works of popular writers often have a lot of readers. (3)What makes it much harder to be a celebrity today? A.?Availability of modern media.?????????????????????????B.?Inadequate social recognition. C.?Lack of favorable chances.???????????????????????????????D.?Huge population of fans. (4)What is the author's attitude toward modern celebrity? A.?Sincere.??????????????????????B.?Sceptical.??????????????????????C.?Disapproving.??????????????????????D.?Sympathetic. I ??? Many science fiction stories tell about explorers arriving in a new world. The explorers then use some kind of high-tech device to test for breathable air or signs of life. But here on Earth, science fiction is becoming reality through a new sampling technology called environmental DNA, or eDNA for short. Scientists can use it to identify rare species or estimate fish populations with just a little air or water. ??? Environmental DNA can be used in two ways. One is to identify the creatures that live in a certain place. The other is to confirm the presence or lack of a specific creature. ??? Caren Goldberg is one of the first biologists to take the technology from the testing stage to actually using it. She sees eDNA as a way to get answers more efficiently and with less destruction compared to traditional survey techniques. Until recently, scientists depended on snorkeling ( 潜水), netting or using an electric current to temporarily catch fish. ??? This newer way to identify what lives in the environment is becoming popular around the world. Animal experts in Vietnam are using the eDNA to find the last, wild Yangtze giant softshell turtles. One researcher on the Caribbean island of Trinidad is using the sampling technology to find endangered golden treefrogs. In Madagascar, it is being used to identify amphibian(两栖动物)diseases. ??? Ms Goldberg has used eDNA testing to confirm the local extinction (灭绝) of a leopard frog in the American state of Idaho. She has also been asked to document the spread of the New Zealand mudsnail in the state of Washington. The creature has been found in lakes and other waterways across the state. ??? Scientists working with the technology say they do not expect robots to replace field biologists anytime soon. But the old-fashioned field work could soon be more targeted. (1)Compared to traditional survey techniques, eDNA is more______. A.?complex??????????????????????B.?eco-friendly??????????????????????C.?dangerous??????????????????????D.?convincing (2)By using eDNA, Caren Goldberg has______. A.?succeeded in catching many fishes B.?found the existence of golden tree frogs C.?documented the spread of softshell turtles D.?confirmed the disappearance of the leopard frog in Idaho (3)What can we infer from the last paragraph? A.?Robots will replace scientists soon. B.?Some scientists are against using eDNA. C.?The old-fashioned field work may disappear. D.?Many biologists are unwilling to do the field work. (4)What is the best title for the text? A.?Science Fiction Becomes Reality for Species Surveys B.?Biologists Explore Space with the Help of eDNA C.?Scientists Found Methods to Test for Signs of Life D.?New Technologies Are Presented in Science Fictions J ??? According to Gallup's annual Global Emotions report, people all over the world are more stressed than ever before. Nearly 40 percent of adults from 146 countries reported having experienced worry or stress. And it isn't just adults experiencing these high stress levels; experts have also observed a rise in the number of children and youth. According to another study published in EurekAlert, one in five students are so stressed that they've considered self-harm or suicide. The immense stress they face has been proven to be harmful to their health. ??? It's no news that stress can trigger anxiety, depression and self-harming behaviors, and cause sleep problems, social withdrawal, angry outbursts and obsessive-compulsive behaviors. We are moving towards a society where an increasing number of us face mental health problems that stem from high stress levels. If stress increases rapidly, how can we fight it? ??? It might sound easier said than done but studies have shown that the best way to deal with stress is to change your perception(认识) of it. ??? The University of Wisconsin conducted a study of 30,000 Americans. Researchers asked them how much stress they'd experienced in the past year and whether they believed stress was harming their health. The researchers concluded that people in the study who were exposed to large amounts of stress and viewed stress as harmful had 43 percent higher risk of dying than people who viewed stress as a helpful response. ??? More interestingly, those with more positive perceptions of stress had the lowest risk of death out of all involved in the study, even lower than those experiencing very little stress. ??? A separate study conducted by researchers from King's College London and the University of Marburg showed students with more negative beliefs about stress experienced more physical symptoms, such as headaches, tension and tiredness during a stressful end-of-semester exam period, compared with students who had more positive beliefs about stress. ??? These two studies have proven that stress itself is not actually bad. It is the belief that stress is bad that is bad. (1)According to the passage, we can learn that ________. A.?more and more people suffer from higher stress levels B.?one in five adults in America has considered self-harm C.?30,000 children have experienced stress in the past year D.?youth are more likely to believe stress is helpful than adults (2)The research by the University of Wisconsin concludes ________. A.?stress generally benefits us???????????????????????????B.?stress leads to a higher risk of death C.?people under stress often perform better????D.?optimism cuts the risk of stress-related death (3)The separate study in Paragraph 6 is mentioned to ________. A.?put forward a new idea???????????????????????????????????B.?support the above findings C.?compare different findings?????????????????????????????D.?argue against the above point (4)What would be the best title for this passage? A.?Stress Affects People of All Ages B.?We Are Winning the Battle against Stress C.?Stress Damages Your Health if You Think So D.?Negative Beliefs about Stress Cause Tension 答案解析部分 A.【答案】(1)D(2)D(3)B(4)A 【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了在太空探索中,老鼠其中很重要的作用。尤其是在人类探索火星的时候,老鼠能够帮助我们铺平前进的道路。 ⑴考查推理判断题。根据第二段中的”Such long periods in space have suggested many potential health problems, including hormonal changes, skin conditions, and muscle and bone deterioration (损耗).“可知前往火星充满力量危险,人们也许会遇见很多健康方面的问题。故D项正确。 ⑵考查词义猜测。根据第二段中的”Such long periods in space have suggested many potential health problems, including hormonal changes, skin conditions, and muscle and bone deterioration (损耗).“可知在前往火星的太空中会有很多危险,人们可能会遇见很多健康方面的问题。所以人们选择先让老鼠这类的动物代替人类进入太空,检查它们是否可以承受太空中的危险。故D项正确。 ⑶考查细节理解。根据第五段中的”the mice suffered a 15 percent thinning of their skin after 91 days aboard the International Space Station (ISS).“可知人们发现老鼠在太空中91天以后,它们的皮肤有了问题。故B项正确。 ⑷考查主旨大意。本文属于科普说明文,介绍了在太空探索中,老鼠其中很重要的作用。尤其是在人类探索火星的时候,老鼠能够帮助我们铺平前进的道路。故A项正确。 【点评】本题涉及推理判断、词义猜测、细节理解和主旨大意四个题型的考查,要求考生在捕捉细节内容的基础上,运用逻辑思维能力,根据上下文联系进一步分析、推理、概括和归纳。 B (1)C(2)A(3)D 【解析】【分析】本文为介绍说明文。文章主要介绍了Charles L. Dodgson是如何创造新词的。 (1)句意理解题。根据下文的There is still plenty of room for more words in these great vocabulary authorities.可推知,词典并不是封闭的书,仍然可以添加新的词汇。故选C。 (2)细节理解题。根据第三段中的Rather than being entirely fabricated(虚构), they were usually made from the combined parts of two different words. A "snark", for example, clearly came from a snake and a shark.可知,Dodgson创造的词是以不同的词为基础的,而不是凭空想象出来的。故选A。 (3)主旨大意题。通读全文可知,本文主要介绍了Charles L. Dodgson是如何创造新词的。故选D。 【点评】阅读理解最常设的题目是细节理解题,做题关键是找出原文的根据,认真核查题干选项和原文的异同,常犯错误有:绝对化语言,范围扩大或缩小,以偏概全,张冠李戴等。考生首先要浏览短文后的小题题干,标出关键词(组),带着问题去阅读,能够做到心中有数,目的明确;然后再仔细阅读短文,完整了解信息,准确把握细节信息,并标出能得出答案的有效信息。如第2小题“Dodgson's made-up words____”属于细节理解题,通过第三段中的Rather than being entirely fabricated(虚构),they were usually made from the combined parts of two different words. A "snark", for example, clearly came from a snake and a shark.(不是完全地虚构,它们经常来自于两个不同的单词的组合。如snark,明显来自于snake和shark的组合)由此可知,Dodgson创造的词是以不同的词为基础的,而不是凭空想象出来的。其它选项如B. are borrowed from other languages(从其它语言中借来的),C. all come from his poems(都源自他的诗歌)与文章事实明显不符;D. are still widely used(仍然被广泛使用)在文章中也并没有提及他创造的词的使用情况,只提到了他的这种造词法仍然被使用(his technique continues to be used today)。同学们在做阅读理解题时,一定要细心,对有效信息做好标识,这样才能对自己的选择做到有理有据,这样才能提高自己的阅读理解的能力。 C【答案】 (1)D(2)B(3)A(4)A 【解析】【分析】文章通过举了一些鸟类和大猩猩的例子,说明动物有时会撒谎,这也是它们生存的需要。 (1)D细节理解题。根据第二段的第二句话:a bird called the plover sometimes pretends to be hurt inorder to protect its young.可知啄木鸟保护孩子不受猎食动物侵害是通过假装受伤,故选D。 (2)B细节理解题。根据第五段的最后一个句子:But an animal expert once saw a losing chimp take thewinner's hand and start fighting again.一个输了的大猩猩抓住获胜的大猩猩的手又开始打斗了,可知这句话的意思是大猩猩也可能不诚实,故选B。 (3)A细节理解题。根据文章第六段的句子:But some clever chimps learn to cry very softly when theyfind food. That way, other chimps don't hear them,? and they don't need to share their food可知一些大猩猩放低它们的叫声,这样让别的大猩猩得不到食物,故选A。 (4)A文章标题题。根据全篇文章的内容和第一段第二行的句子,Can they lie with their bodies and behavior?可知这篇文章讲的是动物也会撒谎,故选A。 D【答案】(1)B(2)D(3)D(4)B 【解析】【分析】本文是一篇议论文,讲述听别人说话的重要性。 (1)考查写作意图。根据主题段第一段中的“When people are talking, there's no need to do anything but listen to them.”,可知本文说的是听别人说话的重要性。故选B。 (2)考查细节理解。根据最后一段中的“I have ever learned to respond to someone crying by just listening.”可知作者建议如果一个人想要哭的话,你只需要听她/他哭就够了。故选D。 (3)考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“One of my patients told me that when she tried to tell her story”可知,作者是一位医生。故选D。 (4)考查主旨大意。根据第一段中的“When people are talking, there's no need to do anything but listen to them. Just take them Just listen to what they're saying and care about it. ”可知,文章介绍了听别人说话的重要性,故选B。 【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,写作意图和主旨大意三个题型的考查,要求考生在捕捉细节信息的基础上,进一步根据上下文的逻辑关系,进行分析,推理,概括和归纳,从而选出正确答案。 E【答案】(1)D(2)A(3)B(4)C 【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,新的研究表明绵羊能够从照片中识别人脸。 (1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“sheep are able to recognize human faces from photographs.“可知绵羊的不同之处在于它们能够从照片中识别人脸,故选D。 (2)考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“Initially, the sheep were trained lo approach certain images by being given food rewards.“可知研究人员通过给绵羊食物奖励来训练绵羊,所以选A。 (3)考查推理判断。根据最后一段中的“Our study gives us another way to monitor how these abilities change,“可推断出新的发现有益于对认知能力改变的研究,故选B。 (4)考查主旨大意。根据第一段“According to new research from the University of Cambridge in England, sheep are able to recognize human faces from photographs.“可知本文主要讲了新的研究表明绵羊能够从照片中识别人脸,故选C。 【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,推理判断和主旨大意三个题型的考查,是一篇科普类阅读,要求考生准确捕捉细节信息,并进一步根据上下文的逻辑关系,进行分析,推理,概括和归纳,从而选出正确答案。 F【答案】(1)C(2)B(3)C(4)D 【解析】【分析】本文是一篇新闻报道,讲述了故宫为了改变形象所做的努力,包括引进麋鹿吸引游客和售卖印有皇帝龙袍图案的T恤等物品。 (1)考查细节理解。根据第三段中的“The deer in the Palace Museum are not only to be part of the exhibition,? but also to act as ambassadors to attract visitors”故宫博物馆里的鹿不仅是展览的一部分,同时也作为大使来吸引游客,可知选C。 (2)考查推理判断。根据第五段中的“because they allowed people to wear a piece of history”以及上面的内容中印有皇帝龙袍图案的T恤和大臣上朝用的朝珠形状的耳机来判断, 可知选B。 (3)考查细节理解。根据倒数第三段中工人不能使用化妆品和涂指甲油, 因为化学物质可能会损害他们所修复的文物,可知选C。 (4)考查主旨大意。纵观全文可知, 引进麋鹿吸引游客和售卖印有皇帝龙袍图案的T恤等物品, 这些都是故宫为了改变形象所做的努力。故选D。 【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,推理判断和主旨大意三个题型的考查,是一篇新闻报道,要求考生在捕捉细节信息的基础上,进一步根据上下文的逻辑关系,进行分析,推理,概括和归纳,从而选出正确答案。 G【答案】(1)B(2)B(3)D(4)D 【解析】【分析】本文作者认为大峡谷的形成是洪水下切侵蚀造成的,主要是上游的湖泊泛滥下切侵蚀造成了峡谷,文章还介绍了在火星也有这种现象。 ⑴细节理解。从文章第一段的句子:Some evidence suggests that the process was a gradual one in which the Colorado River (which runs through the canyon) slowly cut deeper and deeper into the ground over millions of years.可知,一些证据表明深深的峡谷据相信是由于几百万年的河流冲刷造成的,故答案为B。 ⑵细节理解。从文章第三段的句子:The lava hardened into hard rocks and blocked the river, causing it to back up and form a lake.可知,熔岩形成坚硬的岩石,阻挡了河流,使河的上游形成湖泊,故答案为B。 ⑶细节理解。从文章最后一段的句子The existence of down-cutting on Mars is just one more piece of evidence that the cold, dry planet was once warm and wet.可知,火星上流水侵蚀地貌的存在证明了火星上原来是温暖湿润的气候,也就是适宜生命存活,故答案为D。 ⑷主旨大意。从文章的内容和第二段的句子Down-cutting is when a flood of water rushes over a landscape (地形) with enough force to cut deeply into the ground and leaves behind a canyon.可知,这篇文章讲的是峡谷是由洪水下切侵蚀造成的,故答案为D。 【点评】本文属于说明文,阅读时在文章首段确定文章的中心句,然后快速浏览文章内容。阅读问题,找到问题中的关键词。在文章中定位问题中的关键词,答案就在关键词附近。 H【答案】(1)B(2)B(3)A(4)D 【解析】【分析】文章讲述的是成名给名人们的生活带来的影响,以及处理这些问题的方法,并依此引发读者思考。 (1)B 推理题:根据第一段的“They are at the center of much of the world's attention. Paparazzi (狗仔队) camp outside their homes, cameras ready. Tabloids (小报) publish thrilling stories about their personal lives”他们是全世界关注的焦点,狗仔队在他们家外面扎营,小报上到处都是关于他们私人生活的惊悚故事。可知,他们的生活完全被媒体多报道,生活中的隐私已经处于了没有任何保护的状态了。故选择B项 (2)B 段落大意题:根据第三段的中心句,即第一句“The phenomenon of tracking celebrities has been around for ages”可知,该段落主要讲的是追踪名人已经有了很久的历史了。即B选项。 (3)A 细节理解题:根据第四段的“Superstars cannot move about without worrying about photographers with modern cameras. When they say something silly or do something ridiculous, there is always the Internet to spread the news in minutes and keep their “story” alive forever”可知,他们做任何事情都会被现代照相机、英特网等当代媒体捕捉到,因此,这些现代媒体让今天的人成为名人不容易。选A (4)D 态度意图题:通读全文可知,作者介绍了很多名人受成名所累,失去了生活的隐私,失去了自我,变得孤独、变得被世界隔离,因此可以推断出作者对他们抱有同情的态度。即选择D项,Sincere真诚的 Sceptical怀疑的disapproving反对的 Sympathetic同情的。 I【答案】 (1)B(2)D(3)C(4)A 【解析】【分析】这是一篇科普文章阅读,主要向读者介绍了科学界一项新的采样技术——环境DNA,利用一点空气或水识别罕见的外来入侵物种或研究生物的多样性。 (1)推理判断题。根据第三段中She sees eDNA as a way to get answers more efficiently and with less destruction compared to traditional survey techniques.可知,与传统的调查技术相比,eDNA更加环保。故答案选B。 (2)细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中Ms Goldberg has used eDNA testing to confirm the local extinction (灭绝) of a leopard frog in the American state of Idaho.可知,通过使用eDNA,卡伦·戈德堡证实了爱达荷州豹蛙的消失。故答案选D。 (3)推理判断题。根据最后一段Scientists working with the technology say they do not expect robots to replace field biologists anytime soon. But the old-fashioned field work could soon be more targeted.可知,从最后一段我们可以推断出“老式的田间作业可能会消失。”由此可知答案为C。 (4)主旨大意题。根据第一段中But here on Earth, science fiction is becoming reality through a new sampling technology called environmental DNA, or eDNA for short. Scientists can use it to identify rare species or estimate fish populations with just a little air or water.“但在地球上,通过一种名为环境DNA (eDNA)的新采样技术,科幻小说正在变成现实。科学家可以用它来鉴定稀有物种,或者用少量的空气或水来估计鱼类的数量。”由此可知,本文最佳主题是“Science Fiction Becomes Reality for Species Surveys”。故答案选A。 【点评】段落及文章整体的主题大意的理解  1)寻找主题句,确定文章主题:主题句在文章中的位置通常有三种情况:开头、中间、结尾(含在开头结尾同时出现、首尾呼应的主题句)。 2) 抓住文章段落大意,概括中心思想:寻找整篇文章的中心思想的方法是建立在寻找具体段落中心的基础上的。各段落中心句的整体归纳便是文章的中心思想。 3)抓住文章主线和关键词语,归纳文章中心:根据文章的细节来分析,概括出段落的主题,从而推导出文章的主旨。 J【答案】 (1)A(2)D(3)B(4)C 【解析】【分析】这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。文章主要讲了研究表明,如果你认为压力会损害你的健康,它就会损害你的健康。 (1)细节理解题。答案定位在第一段According to Gallup's annual Global Emotions report, people all over the world are more stressed than ever before.(根据盖洛普的年度全球情绪报告,世界各地的人们比以往任何时候都更紧张。)由此可知越来越多的人承受着更高的压力,故答案选A。 (2)推理判断题。答案定位在第四段The researchers concluded that people in the study who were exposed to large amounts of stress and viewed stress as harmful had 43 percent higher risk of dying than people who viewed stress as a helpful response.(研究人员得出结论,在这项研究中,与那些认为压力是一种有益的反应的人相比,那些暴露在大量压力下并认为压力有害的人死亡的风险要高43%。)由此推断出Wisconsin大学的这项研究得出结论,乐观可以降低与压力有关的死亡风险,故答案选D。 (3)推理判断题。第六段A separate study conducted by researchers from King's College London and the University of Marburg showed students with more negative beliefs about stress experienced more physical symptoms, such as headaches, tension and tiredness during a stressful end-of-semester exam period, compared with students who had more positive beliefs about stress.说伦敦国王学院和马尔堡大学的研究人员进行的另一项研究显示,对压力持消极看法的学生在期末考试期间会出现更多的身体症状,比如头痛、紧张和疲劳。由此推知第六段提到的研究是为了支持上述发现,故答案选B。 (4)主旨大意题。最后一段These two studies have proven that stress itself is not actually bad. It is the belief that stress is bad that is bad.(这两项研究证明,压力本身并不坏。认为压力不好的信念才是不好的。)是全文的主题句,结合全文内容,可知这篇文章主要讲了如果你认为压力会损害你的健康,它就会损害你的健康,故答案选C。 【点评】这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章,阅读时在首段可以确定文章的主题句, 答题时通过题干中的关键词在文章中定位,然后分析相关信息,从而确定与题干相符的选项。 ? ( 1 )

  • ID:4-6348599 高中英语一轮复习语法专题:非限制性定语从句专练

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/从句/定语从句

    ( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高中英语一轮复习语法专题:非限制性定语从句专练 一、单选题 1.(2013·辽宁)He may win the competition,?? he is likely to get into the national team. A.?in which case??????????????????B.?in that case??????????????????C.?in what case??????????????????D.?in whose case 2.(2015.福建)China?Today?attracts?a?worldwider readership?????????? shows that more and more people all over the world want to learn about China. A.?who??????????????????????????????????B.?whom????????????????????????????????????C.?that??????????????????????????????????D.?which 3.(2015·北京)Opposite is St. Paul's Church, ___you can hear some lovely music. A.?which??????????????????????????????????B.?that??????????????????????????????????C.?when??????????????????????????????????D.?where 4.(2015·湖南)It is a truly delightful place, ________ looks the same as it must have done 100 years ago with its winding streets and pretty cottages. A.?as????????????????????????????????????B.?where????????????????????????????????????C.?that????????????????????????????????????D.?which 5.She has many good friends,_________ are really kind to her and her parents. A.?most of them??????????B.?and most of whom??????????C.?but most of whom??????????D.?most of whom 6.He made another wonderful discovery; ________of great importance. A.?which I think is???????????B.?I think which is???????????C.?which I think it is???????????D.?which I think it 7.The fire, ???????occurred in Xinjian Village, Daxing District, was reported at 6:15 pm, according to the fire department. A.?where????????????????????????????????????B.?which????????????????????????????????????C.?that????????????????????????????????????D.?as 8.(2012·浙江)Ellen was a painter of birds and of nature, _____, for some reason, had withdrawn from all human society. A.?which?????????????????????????????????B.?who?????????????????????????????????C.?where?????????????????????????????????D.?whom 9.By 16:30, ???????was almost closing time, nearly all the paintings had been sold. A.?which???????????????????????????????????B.?when???????????????????????????????????C.?what???????????????????????????????????D.?that 10.After graduating from college,I took some time off to go travelling,______ turned out to be a wise decision. A.?that??????????????????????????????????B.?which??????????????????????????????????C.?when??????????????????????????????????D.?where 11.He used to study in a village school, ______was rebuilt two years ago. A.?which??????????????????????????????????B.?that??????????????????????????????????C.?where??????????????????????????????????D.?whose 12.We have launched another man-made satellite, ______ is announced in today's newspaper. A.?that???????????????????????????????????B.?which???????????????????????????????????C.?who???????????????????????????????????D.?what 13.He's a good actor, ____ a lot of comedians are not, and he's a good director and a good writer as well. A.?who??????????????????????????????????B.?what??????????????????????????????????C.?where??????????????????????????????????D.?which 14.They overcame some difficulties and completed the work ahead of time, ???????was something we had not expected. A.?that?????????????????????????????????????B.?which?????????????????????????????????????C.?it?????????????????????????????????????D.?what 15.I didn't become a serious climber until the fifth grade, _____ I went up to rescue a kite that was stuck in the branches of a tree. A.?when??????????????????????????????????B.?where??????????????????????????????????C.?which??????????????????????????????????D.?why 16.I would rather my brother were in beijing, in _______case he would accompany me to the bookstore. A.?that??????????????????????????????????B.?what??????????????????????????????????C.?which??????????????????????????????????D.?whose 17.John invited about 40 people to his wedding, most of ____________ are family members. A.?them??????????????????????????????????B.?that??????????????????????????????????C.?which??????????????????????????????????D.?whom 18.Teachers are those who use themselves as bridges, over ??????they invite their students to cross. A.?them?????????????????????????????????B.?which?????????????????????????????????C.?whom?????????????????????????????????D.?those 19.(2015·江苏)The number of smokers, _____ is reported, has dropped by 17 percent in just one year. A.?it??????????????????????????????????????B.?which??????????????????????????????????????C.?what??????????????????????????????????????D.?as 20.(2015·四川)The books on the desk, ? ? ? ? ?? covers are shiny, are prizes for us. A.?which??????????????????????????????????B.?what??????????????????????????????????C.?whose??????????????????????????????????D.?that 21.At last we came to a town and found a quiet hotel, ??????. A.?next to it was a thick wood?????????????????????????????B.?next to which was a thick wood C.?next to it a thick wood was?????????????????????????????D.?next to which a thick wood was 22.The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, ________ the sailing time was 226 days. A.?from which????????????????????????B.?for which????????????????????????C.?of which????????????????????????D.?since when 23.The first trials of Aspirin took place in 1899, ____ the company Hoffmann worked for ___distributing the medicine in powder form to physicians to use with patients. A.?when; began????????????B.?which; beginning????????????C.?when; beginning????????????D.?which; began 24.After the flooding, people were suffering in that area, ________ urgently needed clean water, medicine and shelter to survive. A.?which??????????????????????????????????B.?who??????????????????????????????????C.?where??????????????????????????????????D.?what 25.It is typical _______ him to be late for meeting, _____makes us very angry. A.?of;as???????????????????????????B.?for;as???????????????????????????C.?of;which???????????????????????????D.?for;which 26.The news came ______South Korea's Lotte Group has agreed to trade the land needed to host a planned missile shield despite China's recent warning, _________ made the headlines all over the world. A.?that; that??????????????????????B.?that; which??????????????????????C.?which; that??????????????????????D.?when; which 27.Edison made a lot of inventions, ___________of great importance. A.?which I think are????????B.?which I think they are????????C.?I think they are????????D.?that I think are 28.I keep the picture where I can see it every day,????? ?reminds me of the days in my hometown. A.?that???????????????????????????????????B.?which???????????????????????????????????C.?who???????????????????????????????????D.?when 29.In 1963 the UN set up the World Food Programme, one of _______ purposes is to relieve worldwide starvation. A.?which??????????????????????????????????B.?it's??????????????????????????????????C.?whose??????????????????????????????????D.?whom 30.The eighth annual Beijing International Film Festival lifted its curtain on April 15, ________ 659 films from 71 countries and regions have entered. A.?which??????????????????????????????????B.?when??????????????????????????????????C.?where??????????????????????????????????D.?that 二、翻译 31.正如我朋友们所能看到的,我母亲一直认为让我接受良好的教育很重要。 ________ all my friends can see, my mother always ________ great ________ ________ my receiving a good education. 32.这个乡间度假村至今还没有配备无线网络,这给游客带来诸多不便。(equip) 33.每日起床后,他都喝一杯水,他认为这样对他的身体有好处。 After ________ up, he always drinks a glass of water, ________he believes is good for his health. 34.汤姆提到几个演员的名字,他对他们评价不高。 Tom mentioned the names of a few actors, ________ he did not ________ ________ ________. 35.一年被分为四个季节,第一个季节是春季。(which引导的非限制性定语从句) 三、语法填空 36.He did an excellent job in the final exam, ________made his parents very happy. 37.You were very impolite to him, ________ you should apologize to him for. 38.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ________ are women. 39.He did not study hard, ________?led to his failure. 40.But the one million people of the city, ________ thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night. 41.The reason,________?she was late for the exam, was that she got stuck in a traffic jam. 42.Vancouver's appeal consists of comfort and security, making it what Andy Yan calls a "hedge city", ________ feature is social and political stability. 43.Yesterday he left for America, ________ he had visited twice before. 44.The film was ________ great success, ________ received several awards at home and abroad. 45.The lady with ________ we travelled all the way turned out to be a writer. 答案解析部分 一、单选题 1.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句。在非限制性定语从句中,用which, in which case 指代前面he may win the competition。故选A。 【点评】此题考查定语从句,首先可排除B,C,that不可引导非限制性定语从句,what不能引导定语从句.在定语从句中,只有which才能指代前面整个一句话,此题which指代“He may win the competition”。故选A。 2.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查限制性定语从句,根据句式结构来看出现了逗号,说明这是一个非限制性定语从句,首先that 不能引导非限制性定语从句,在引导非限制性定语从句的时候通常在从句中做主语和宾语,指人,而whom也指人,却只能做宾语,Which引导非限制性定语从句通常在从句中做主语或者宾语。关系词代指前面的中国日报,在定语从句中做主语,该句意思为中国日报有着全球的读者群,这说明全球越来越多的人想要了解中国,故选D。 【点评】关系词的选择,最关键的就是看先行词在定语从句中作什么成分,而不是看先行词是表示什么的单词,如表示地点的先行词之后未必用where,同样表示时间的先行词之后未必用when。Which在非限制性定语从句中通常是代指前面整个句子或者一个较长的词语,并且在从句中做主语。 3.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:对面是圣保罗教堂,在教堂里你能听到一些优美的音乐。这是一个定语从句。先行词是St. Paul's Church,从句主谓宾成分完整,去掉空后依然是完整的句子,可推断出引导词在从句中作的是地点状语。用where。故选D。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系副词where引导的非限制性定语从句。 4.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】根据分析,此句是一个非限性定语从句,先行词是place,在定语从句中是作主语的,所以用关系代词引导,as可指其前后主句提到的事实或情况,因此引导的非限制性从句位置比较灵活,which可以放在主句前后,也可插入主句之中;而which引导的非限制性从句只能位于主句之后 , 选用which句意:这真是一个令人愉快的地方,这里的蜿蜒的小路和美丽的小村庄一定和100年前看起来是一模一样的,故选D, 【点评】本题旨在考查定语从句中的关系词,要求学生掌握在什么情况下用关系副词,什么情况下用关系代词以及各自的意义。非限制性定语从句是先行词的附加说明,去掉了也不会影响主句的意思,它与主句之间通常用逗号分开。非限制性定语从句还能将整个主句作为先行词,?对其进行修饰,?这时从句谓语动词要用第三人称单数。关系代词that和关系副词why不能引导非限制性定语从句。 5.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:她有很多好朋友,他们大多对她和她的父母都很好。 _________ are really kind to her and her parents. 是一个非限制性定语从句,先行词是 good friends ,先行词在句中作of的宾语,故选D。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及whom引导的非限制性定语从句。 6.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句和插入语的用法。此题后句为which引导的定语从句,which在从句中作主语,I think是插入语,不影响句子结构,所以答案选A。 7.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】名意:据消防部门,发生在新建村、大兴区的火灾,在下午6:15被报道。本句中的the fire是定语从句的先行词,在从句中作occurred的主语,指物的,引导非限制性定语从句的关系词只能用which,故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词which引导的非限制性定语从句。 8.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:句意:埃伦是一个专画鸟类和大自然的画家。因为某种原因,她远离了人类社会。who引导非限定性定语从句,在从句中做主语,修饰先行词Ellen(人名)。选B。A.which修行先行词是物的定语从句;C.whom修饰先行词为人,且在从句中做宾语;D. where修饰先行词是地点名词,且在从句中地点状语,均不符合语境,故排除。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词who引导的非限制性定语从句。 9.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:直到临近结束的16:30,几乎所有的油画才售完。“____ was almost closing time”是个非限定性定语从句,且从句内缺少主语。所以用关系代词which. D项that不用于非限定性定语从句中。故选A。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词which引导的非限制性定语从句。 10.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:大学毕业之后,我花了些时间去旅游,结果证明是明智的选择。句中which引导非限定性定语从句,指代前面一件事。故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词which引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 11.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:他过去在一所乡村学校上学,那所学校两年前重建了。这里含有一个非限制性定语从句,先行词是a village school,在从句中作主语,指物,故用which。that不能用于非限制性定语从句,故选A项。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词which引导的非限制性的定语从句。 12.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:我们已经发射了另一颗人造卫星,这在今天的报纸上宣布了。 ______ is announced in today's newspaper.是一个非限制性定语从句,先行词代指前面整个句子,且是非限制性定语从句,需用which引导。,故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词引导的非限制性定语从句。 13.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查非限制性定语从句。句意:他是一个好演员,可是很多喜剧演员都不是。同时他也是个好导演,好作家。这是一个非限定性定语从句,修饰先行词good actor,其在从句中作表语,故选which,选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,准确掌握定语从句的相关知识。 14.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:他们克服了一些困难,提前完成了工作,这是我们没有预料到的。这是一个非限制性定语从句,先行词为前面的整个句子,从句缺少主语,应该用关系代词,所以应该用which。故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词which引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 15.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:一直到五年级我才成为一名认真的攀爬者,那个时候我为了拿回挂在树梢上的风筝而爬上了树。the fifth grade先行词,定语从句缺少状语,故用when来引导,故选A。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系副词when引导的非限制性定语从句。 16.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:我宁愿我哥哥在北京,假如那样的话,他就会陪我去书店了。非限定性定语从句中用关系代词which,指代前面一件事。故选C。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及“介词+which”引导的非限制性定语从句。 17.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:约翰邀请了大约40人去他的婚礼,大部分人是家庭成员。先行词为40 people,定语从句中of 后缺少宾语,故使用whom。介词之后不能用that,应予以排除;which指先行词为物;them为人称代词,应用于并列句中。故选D。 【点评】考查定语从句。注意考虑句子结构,并分析从句缺少的成分,确定需要填的关系词。 18.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:教师是这样的人,他们把自己作为桥梁,请学生横跨而过,并鼓励学生去修建自己的桥梁。bridges做先行词,指物,放在介词over后面引导非限制性定语从句,故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及which引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 19.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:据报道,吸烟者人数仅(过去)一年就减少了17%。as引导的非限制性定语从句位置灵活,可以置于主句的句首、句中或句末,指代的是整个一句话。故选D项。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及as引导的非限制性定语从句。 20.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:桌上的书是给我们的奖励,那些书的封面闪闪发光。本题考查定语从句的关系词,先行词为the books,和covers之间存在所有关系,故选择C,意为书的封面。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词whose引导的非限制性定语从句。 21.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句。and后有两个谓语动词,一个是found, 另一个是各选项中的was,故可推断空格处连词是必不可少。句意:最后我们来到一个小城,找到一家安静的旅馆,旅馆的旁边是一片浓密树林。可以判断出这是个非限制性定语从句,从句中介词短语放句首要到装,故答案选B。 【点评】考查非限制性定语从句,注意引导词的选用。 22.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:那个老水手花了九个月的航程去环游世界,其中的航海时间是226天 (在海上的时间是226天)。先行词是 nine months,我们可以把定语从句还原为the sailing time of the nine months was 226 days。这里的of which 相当于the sailing time of nine months.表示的是在九个月中的航海时间,也就是九个月中的一部分。故答案为C。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及of which引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 23.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:阿司匹林的第一次试验发生在1899年,当时霍夫曼供职的公司开始将这种粉末形式的药物分发给医生,供病人使用。此处1899是先行词,在后面的非限制性定语从句中作时间状语,所以第一个空填when;根据in? 1899,可知后面的非限制为性定语从句用一般过去时态,所以第二空填began。故答案选A。 【点评】考查定语从句中关系代词和关系副词的选用和时态。 24.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:洪灾之后,灾区的人们正在受难,急需净水,药品和帐篷。这是一个非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词people,在从句中充当主语,所以用关系代词who引导。故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词who引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 25.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:他经常开会迟到,使我们很生气。第一空It's typical of sb to do sth.为固定句式,意为“某人做某事是常有的 事情”;第二空引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面主句的内容,应用which。故选C。 【点评】考查介词及定语从句,以及固定句式It's typical of sb to do sth. 26.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查同位语从句和非限制性定语从句。句意:尽管中国警告,韩国的乐天集团已经同意交换一块土地用以布置导弹防御系统的消息还是传来,这成为全世界的头条新闻。第一空是that引导的同位语从句,说明the news的具体内容;第二空是which引导的非限制性定语从句,指代前面整个句子。故选B。 【点评】本题围绕同位语从句和非限制性定语从句设题,要求考生准确把握相关知识点。 27.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:爱迪生有很多发明,我认为很重要.Inventions是先行词,在从句中做主语.逗号隔开,说明非限制性,只能用which引导,I think是插入语,选A。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词which引导的非限制性定语从句。 28.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】考查非限制性定语从句。句意:我把照片放在每天都能看到的地方,照片让我想起了家乡的日子。分析句子可知,本空是指前面的先行词the picture,在定语从句中作reminds 的主语,指物,故答案选B。 【点评】首先确定能引导非限制性定语从句的关系词,判断先行词,然后确定关系代词还是关系副词。 29.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:1963年,联合国成立了世界粮食计划署,其目的之一就是缓解世界范围内的饥荒。这是一个非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词the World Food Programme,在非限制性定语从句作定语,修饰名词purpose,所以用关系代词whose引导。故选C。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词whose引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 30.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句关系词。句意:第八届北京国际电影节于4月15日揭幕,这里有来自71个国家和地区的659部电影。分析句子可知,该句为定语从句,句中先行词为,The eighth annual Beijing International Film Festival,在从句中作宾语,that不能引导非限制性定语从句,故用关系代词which。故答案选A。 【点评】考查非限制性定语从句的关系词选用。 二、翻译 31.【答案】 As;attaches;importance;to 【解析】【分析】本题含有一个as引导这个非限定性定语从句,表示“正如”;attach importance to固定短语,“重视”,因此答案为(1) As ;(2) 、attaches ;(3) importance ;(4)to。 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及as引导的非限定性定语从句,以及固定短语attach importance to。 32.【答案】 So far, the countryside resort has not been equipped with wireless network/wifi network, which brings much inconvenience to tourists. 【解析】【分析】至今“so far”;? 配备“be equipped with”,这给游客带来诸多不便which brings much inconvenience to。故翻译为So far, the countryside resort has not been equipped with wireless network/wifi network, which brings much inconvenience to tourists. 【点评】考查汉译英,以及固定短语短语so far,be equipped with及非限制性定语从句。 33.【答案】 getting;which 【解析】【分析】根据句意及句子结构可知,第一空处于介词after之后,应使用现在分词,第二空引导非限定性定语从句,关系词指代前面主句描述内容,应使用关系代词which引导。故填 (1). getting,(2). which。 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及动名词短语作介词宾语,以及非限制性定语从句。 34.【答案】 whom;think;highly/ well/ much;of 【解析】【分析】本题含有一个非限制性定语从句,先行词actors在从句中作think highly of的宾语,所以用whom ,think highly/ well/ much of表示“高度评价”。以此答案为(1) whom ;(2) think ;(3) highly/ well/ much ;(4) of 。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及非限定性定语从句,以及固定短语think highly of。 35.【答案】 A year is divided into four seasons, the first of which is spring. 【解析】【分析】分为四个季节用is divided into,第一个季节是春季the first of which is spring.因此答案为 A year is divided into four seasons, the first of which is spring. 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及 非限制性定语从句 的应用。 ? 三、语法填空 36.【答案】which 【解析】【分析】这里含有一个非限制性定语从句,关系 词在从句中作主语,指代整个主句内容,所以填which。 【点评】考查定语从句知识。非限定性从句中也要根据从句所缺少成分填连接词。 37.【答案】which 【解析】【分析】句意:你对他很没有礼貌,你应为此向他道歉。前面整个句子作先行词,后面用which引导非限制性定语从句,故答案为which。 【点评】考查whose引导定语从句的用法。理解句意,根据前后句之间的关系即可判断答案。 38.【答案】whom 【解析】【分析】句意:我们工厂有2000名工人,其中三分之二是妇女。此处workers是先行词,指人,介词后面指人用whom,指物用which引导定语从句,故填whom。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及“介词+which”引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 39.【答案】which 【解析】【分析】句意:他没有努力学习,这导致了他的失败。??????????? led to his failure是一个非限制性定语从句的应用,修饰前面整个句子,在从句中作主语,故填which。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及which引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 40.【答案】who 【解析】【分析】句意:然而,城市中的一百万人口没怎么考虑这些事件,都在那天晚上像往常一样睡着了。?????????? thought little of these events是一个非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词people,在从句中作主语,故用关系代词who,故填who。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及who引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 41.【答案】 why 【解析】【分析】句意:她考试迟到的原因是交通堵塞。“she was late for the exam”是非限制性定语从句,修饰the reason,引导词在从句中做原因状语,故用关系副词why引导该从句,填why。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系副词why引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 42.【答案】 whose 【解析】【分析】句意:温哥华的呼吁由舒适和安全组成,这使Andy Yan叫它为所谓的“对冲城市”,它的特征是社会和政治稳定。? ? ? ??feature is social and political stability是一个非限制性定语从句,先行词是hedge city,从句中feature与先行词hedge city是所属关系,所以引导词用whose。故填whose。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及whose引导的非限制性定语从句。 43.【答案】 which 【解析】【分析】句意:昨天他去了美国,他以前去过两次。考查定语从句。句中先行词为America,在非限定性定语从句中作动词visit的宾语,应用关系代词which,故填which。 【点评】考查非限制性定语从句中关系代词选用。 44.【答案】a;which 【解析】【分析】名词success表示“成功的事”时,为可数名词;which引导的是一个非限制性定语从句,且在从句中作主语。故答案为(1)a; (2)which. 【点评】考查抽象名词具体化和非限制性定语从句关系代词的选用。 45.【答案】whom 【解析】【分析】句意:我们一路走过的那位女士原来是一位作家。travel可用作不及物动词,后接宾语,需用介词with;先行词是The lady ,作定语从句travel with的宾语。故答案为:whom。 【点评】考查定语从句中的“介词+which/whom”的用法。 ( 1 )

  • ID:4-6347772 高中英语一轮复习语法专题:as和which引导非限制性定语从句的区别专练

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/从句/定语从句

    ( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高中英语一轮复习语法专题:as和which引导非限制性定语从句的区别专练 一、单选题 1.—Hello, is Mr. Smith in? —Sorry, there is ______person ______ you referred to in my office. A.?such no; that?????????????????B.?such no; whom?????????????????C.?no such; who?????????????????D.?no such; as 2.Shenzhou I, ________ many of you are old enough to remember, was launched in November, 1999. A.?what??????????????????????????????????????B.?that??????????????????????????????????????C.?as??????????????????????????????????????D.?one 3.____is known to all, good friends _________ happiness and value to life. A.?It; add????????????????????????????B.?As; add????????????????????????????C.?It; add up????????????????????????????D.?As; add to 4.Last night I saw a film, _____ was about the wild animals. A.?which???????????????????????????????????B.?that???????????????????????????????????C.?who???????????????????????????????????D.?whom 5.(2015·浙江)Creating an atmosphere ________ employees feel part of a team is a big challenge. A.?as????????????????????????????????B.?whose????????????????????????????????C.?in which????????????????????????????????D.?at which 6.(2015·湖南)It is a truly delightful place, ________ looks the same as it must have done 100 years ago with its winding streets and pretty cottages. A.?as????????????????????????????????????B.?where????????????????????????????????????C.?that????????????????????????????????????D.?which 7.The air quality in the city, ________ is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months. A.?it???????????????????????????????????????B.?that???????????????????????????????????????C.?which???????????????????????????????????????D.?as 8.______ is often the case with children, Amy was better by the time the doctor arrived. A.?It??????????????????????????????????????B.?That??????????????????????????????????????C.?What??????????????????????????????????????D.?As 9.__________ has already been pointed out, grammar is not a set of dead rules. A.?It?????????????????????????????????????B.?Which?????????????????????????????????????C.?As?????????????????????????????????????D.?What 10.___________ is known to everyone, the moon travels round the earth once every month. A.?It???????????????????????????????????????B.?As???????????????????????????????????????C.?That???????????????????????????????????????D.?What 11.(2015.江苏)The?number?of?smokers,?_____?is?reported,?has?dropped?by?17?percent?in?just?one?year. A.?it??????????????????????????????????????B.?which???????????????????????????????????????C.?what??????????????????????????????????????D.?as 12.__________ is known to us, the PRC was founded on October 1, 1949. A.?It??????????????????????????????????????B.?As??????????????????????????????????????C.?That??????????????????????????????????????D.?What 13.____is known to us all, April 14, 2010 was the day when Yushu earthquake happened. A.?Which????????????????????????????????????B.?As????????????????????????????????????C.?That????????????????????????????????????D.?Who 14.________ is mentioned above, the number of the students in senior school is increasing. A.?Which??????????????????????????????????????B.?As??????????????????????????????????????C.?That??????????????????????????????????????D.?It 15.— Dad, let's go white—water rafting! — Ok. But equip yourself first. It is not such an easy job _____it looks. A.?as?????????????????????????????????????B.?which?????????????????????????????????????C.?that?????????????????????????????????????D.?what 16.They have finished the work by themselves, ________ I told you. A.?what?????????????????????????????????????B.?as?????????????????????????????????????C.?that?????????????????????????????????????D.?when 17.My grandfather is fond of talking about the good old days, ___ is often the case with old people. A.?which??????????????????????????????????????B.?when??????????????????????????????????????C.?as??????????????????????????????????????D.?it 18._____ we all know, the Amber Room was missing. A.?As??????????????????????????????????????B.?It??????????????????????????????????????C.?Which??????????????????????????????????????D.?That 19.There is no simple answer, _____ is often the case in science. A.?as????????????????????????????????????B.?that????????????????????????????????????C.?when????????????????????????????????????D.?where 20.Do not talk about such things ________ you do not understand. A.?that????????????????????????????????????B.?which????????????????????????????????????C.?as????????????????????????????????????D.?where 21.I want to use the same tools________ used in your factory a few days ago. A.?as was?????????????????????????????B.?which were?????????????????????????????C.?as were?????????????????????????????D.?which 22.Due to the rising rents, the new graduate has decided to leave Beijing for his hometown, ????????have many other classmates. A.?so??????????????????????????????????????B.?as??????????????????????????????????????C.?which??????????????????????????????????????D.?nor 23.He is such a person???? always helps others without claiming a reward,???? makes him popular in the community. A.?that; that???????????????????????B.?that; which???????????????????????C.?which; which???????????????????????D.?as; which 24.He is good at English, ???????we all know. A.?that????????????????????????????????????B.?as????????????????????????????????????C.?whom????????????????????????????????????D.?which 25.A lot of language learning,??????? has been discovered, is happening in the first year of life, so parents should talk much to their children during that period. A.?as???????????????????????????????????????B.?it???????????????????????????????????????C.?which???????????????????????????????????????D.?this 二、语法填空 26.The number of smokers, ________is reported, has dropped by 17 percent in just one year. 27.There is no simple answer, ________ is often the case in science. 28.________ was reported in the paper, no people died in the accident. 29.________?is shown in the story, she is very clever. 30.The sun heats the earth, ________makes it possible for plants to grow. 31.Don't talk about such things________you are not sure of. 32.He changed his mind again, ________ made us all angry. 33.________?is often the case, she arrived at the school first. 34.________?we all know, Mo Yan is a famous writer. 35.There is a net bar around here, ________ I remember. 答案解析部分 一、单选题 1.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:—你好,Smith先生在吗?—抱歉,在我们办公室里没有你说的这样一个人。Such作为形容词+名词,no否定词放在前边,no such +名词“没有这样的…”。定语从句关系代词的选择要根据先行词来定,本句的先行词是such person,与as构成固定搭配such……as,故答案为D。 【点评】考查such和定语从句关系代词的使用。 2.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查连接词。句意:神舟一号,正如你们许多人记得的,是在1999年十一月发射的。as“正如……”,故选C项。 3.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】第一个空是as,引导定语从句,指代逗号后面整个句子;第二个空是add...to...短语,to是life前面的,所以,选择B. 4.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】 考查定语从句。句意:昨晚我看到一场电影,是关于野生动物的。Which代指a film,故选A项。 【点评】 考查定语从句 5.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:创造一种雇员感觉是其中一员的氛围是一个大的挑战。这是一个定语从句,in the atmosphere “在氛围中”是一个固定搭配。此处也可以是where. 分析句子结构和结合四个选项,知道在这里面所需要填的是连词。然后空格之前是一个名词,这种情况首先考虑的是定语从句。然后分析之后的句子是具备完整的结构(有了主语employees和宾语part of a team)所以这应该是需要一个充当状语的连词,如where, when , why. 由于when用于时间,Why用于原因,剩下的使用where,所以这里填where。但是答案没有这个选项,根据搭配介词+which="where" 及in atmosphere 是固定搭配,故选C。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及”in+关系代词which“引导的限制性定语从句。 6.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】根据分析,此句是一个非限性定语从句,先行词是place,在定语从句中是作主语的,所以用关系代词引导,as可指其前后主句提到的事实或情况,因此引导的非限制性从句位置比较灵活,which可以放在主句前后,也可插入主句之中;而which引导的非限制性从句只能位于主句之后 , 选用which句意:这真是一个令人愉快的地方,这里的蜿蜒的小路和美丽的小村庄一定和100年前看起来是一模一样的,故选D, 【点评】本题旨在考查定语从句中的关系词,要求学生掌握在什么情况下用关系副词,什么情况下用关系代词以及各自的意义。非限制性定语从句是先行词的附加说明,去掉了也不会影响主句的意思,它与主句之间通常用逗号分开。非限制性定语从句还能将整个主句作为先行词,?对其进行修饰,?这时从句谓语动词要用第三人称单数。关系代词that和关系副词why不能引导非限制性定语从句。 7.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:正如报道显示的那样,这个城市的空气质量在过去两个月大有改善。此处为非限定性定语从句,关系词指代The air quality in the city has improved over the past two months在从句中作主语,表示“正如……那样”,故选D。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及as引导的非限定性定语从句。 8.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:正如孩子们普遍的现象,当医生到来时Amy身体好多了。这是一个非限制性定语从句,先行词是整个主句,关系词在从句中作主语,意思是:正如,像……一样,用as,故选D。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词as引导的非限制性定语从句。 9.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:有人指出,语法并不是一套死规则。As has already been pointed out相当于as is known to all.选C。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及as引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 10.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:正如每个人都知道的那样,月球一个月绕着地球一圈。as指代后面一句话的内容,引导非限制性定语从句,在本句总做主语。故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及as引导的费限制性定语从句。 11.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:据报道,吸烟者人数仅(过去)一年就减少了17%。as引导的非限制性定语从句位置灵活,可以置于主句的句首、句中或句末,指代的是整个一句话。故选D项。 【点评】考生容易误选B项which,把逗号前面的the?number?of?smokers看成先行词,后面非限制性定语从句which引导。殊不知,这里关系代词指代的是“The?number?of?smokers has?dropped?by?17?percent?in?just?one?year。整个一句话。另外,as和which在定语从句都可以指代一句话,但前者有”正如.......“的意思,后者则没有。还可以抓住as is reported 这一常用结构,类似的还有as is known/espected/planned mentioned/said等。 12.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:众所周知,中华人民共和国成立于1949年10月1日。as is known to us固定短语,“众所周知”,故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及as引导的非限制性定语从句。 13.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:众所周知,2010年4月14日是玉树地震发生的日子。此处为非限定性定语从句,关联词指代后面整句话描述的内容,that不能引导非限定性定语从句,who指代人,which不能放于句首。故B选项正确。 【点评】考查定语从句。,本题涉及as引导的非限制性定语从句。 14.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:如上所述,高中生的数量正在增加。关系词指代后面的内容在非限定性定语从句中作主语,位于句首,表示“正如”,故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词as引导的非限定性定语从句。 15.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:—爸爸,去激流泛舟吧!—好啊。但要先装备自己。这不是一件像看起来这么容易的事。本题考查定语从句,这里such …as表示“像……这样的”,其中的 as 用作关系代词,引导定语从句,故选A。 【点评】考查定语从句的引导词。 16.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:正如我告诉你的,他们已经靠自己完成了工作。as引导定语从句,意思是“正如;就像”故答案为B。 【点评】考查as引导的定语从句。which和as引导非限制性定语从句时的区别: 1)语义的区别: 当主句和从句语义一致时,用as。He made along speech,as we expected. 当主句和从句语义转折不一致时,用which。He made along speech,which was unexpected. 2)位置的区别:看到句首一定用as,which 不可能放在句首. as we all know;as is mentioned above;as often happens;as is often the case;as is well known 3)含义的区别: as有“正如”的含义,which没有此含义. As is well known,Shanghai is a big city. Some of the roads were flooded,which made our journey more difficult. 4)否定句用which: Tom drinks a lot everyday,which his wife doesn't like at all. 17.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查固定句型。句意:就像老年人通常的情况那样,我的祖父喜欢谈论过去的美好时光。as is often the case with...是一个固定句型(非限制性定语从句),意思是“就像/正如……情况一样”。故选C。 18.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句。句意:众所周知,琥珀屋已经消失,as 代指琥珀屋已经消失这件事,故选A项。 【点评】考查定语从句 19.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:没有简单的答案在科学上这是常有的事。此处as引导定语从句指代整个主句内容,含有“正如”之意,定语从句部分译为“在科学上这是常有的事”。故选A。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词as引导的非限制性定语从句。 20.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:不要谈论你不懂的事情。such+名词+as+名词或从句,固定句式,as引导定语从句,代指先行词things,在定语从句中做understand的宾语。故选C。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及as引导的限制性定语从句。 21.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查as引导的定语从句。句意:我想用那些几天前在你们工厂使用的那些工具。as引导定语从句时通常构成such…as或the same…as固定搭配,其中such和same修饰其后的名词,as为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。as在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。本题中as作从句的主语。故选C。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握关系代词which引导的定语从句的用法。 22.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:由于租金上涨,这位新毕业的大学生决定离开北京回家乡,这正如许多其他同学做的。在句中,as为关系代词,"正如,就像“,在从句中作主语,代指整个主句。在形式上,从句与主句用逗号隔开。故选B。 【点评】考查as引导的非限定性定语从句。注意as在非限定性定语从句中作的成分及词义。 23.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句。句意:他是一个帮助他人不求回报的人,使得他在社区中十分受欢迎。第一空后always helps others缺主语,可知第一空应用as来引导定语从句;第二空明显引导的是非限制性定语从句,且在句中做主语,故应用which,故选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握as引导的定语从句和非限制性定语从句用法。 24.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查固定用法。句意:他擅长英语,我们都知道。as we all know,固定用法,“像我们知道的那样”,as引导的是非限制性定语从句。所以选B。 【点评】本题考查as引导的非限制性定语从句。 25.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:正如所发现的那样,大量的语言学习是在人的生命开始的第一年进行的。所以这段时期父母亲应该多和他们的孩子说说话。这是一个非限制性定语从句,故排除B、D选项。as和which都可以指代前面整个主句。如果有“正如,象”的含义,并可以放在主句前,也可以放在后面,那么用as;而which引导的从句只能放主句后,并无“正如”的意思。故答案选A。 【点评】考查定语从句,区分as和which引导的非限制性定语从句。 二、语法填空 26.【答案】as 【解析】【分析】句意:正如所报道,吸烟者的数量在短短一年里下降了17%。as引导的从句可位于主句前、中、后。as be+announced/expected/known/imagined/mentioned/said/shown/reported(正如所……)等。这些结构常放句首,偶尔也可以放句中或句末 。故答案为:as。 【点评】考查as和which引导非限制性定语从句的区别。 27.【答案】 as 【解析】【分析】句意:科学往往如此,它没有一个简单的答案。as引导定语从句指代整个主句内容 含有“正如”之意 。故填as。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及as引导的非限制性定语从句。 28.【答案】As 【解析】【分析】句意:正如报纸上所报道的,这次事故没有死人。as引导非限制性定语从句,表示“正如……”,故答案为As。 【点评】考查as引导定语从句的用法。理解句意,根据前后句之间的关系即可判断答案。 29.【答案】As 【解析】【分析】句意:如故事所示,她非常聪明。 ? ? ? ? is shown in the story是一个非限制性定语从句,修饰主句she is very clever,位于句首,故填As。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及as引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 30.【答案】as/which 【解析】【分析】句意:太阳给地球热,这使植物有可能生长。as 和which都可代表整个句子的内容或主句中的某一成分。故答案为:as/which。 【点评】考查?as 和which都可引导非限制性定语从句。 31.【答案】as 【解析】【分析】句意:不要说那些你不确定的事情。此处是as引导的定语从句,与such搭配,故答案为as. 【点评】考查语法填空。理解句意,掌握such……as引导定语从句的用法。 32.【答案】which 【解析】【分析】句意:他又改变了主意,这使我们大家都生气了。as 引导的从句表示说话人对话语的看法,态度,解释或评论。可以放在句首,句中或句末;which 表示“这一点,这件事”(指前面主句所提到的),主句与从句通常要用逗号隔开,只能位于被修饰的句子后面。故答案为which。 【点评】考查which 引导非限定性定语从句。 33.【答案】As 【解析】【分析】句意:情况总是这样:她总是第一个到学校。“___ is often the case”是非限制性定语从句,修饰“she arrived at the school first”,且该从句位于主句之前,故该从句应用as引导,不能填which。实际上,学生可以将as is often the case当作固定表达来记。,故填As。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及as引导的非限制性定语从句的应用。 34.【答案】As 【解析】【分析】As考查定语从句。句意:众所周知,莫言是一位著名的作家。as引导定语从句,指代整个句子,关系词在句首,并有“正如”之意。故答案为 【点评】考查定语从句关系代词的用法,确定先行词,根据从句与先行词的关系判断。 35.【答案】as 【解析】【分析】句意:我记得,这附近有个网吧。如果主句中叙述的事情与从句所涉及的意向一致,多用as,用以对主句的意义进行补充;如果不一致,就用which。故答案为as。 【点评】考查as/which引导非限制性定语从句的区别。 ( 1 )

  • ID:4-6341441 高中英语-定语从句语法点课件(共100张PPT)

    高中英语/高考专区/三轮冲刺

    (共100张PPT) 定语从句 The Attributive Clause 带定语从句的谚语: 1. God helps those who help themselves.自助者天助之。 2. He who laughs last laughs best. 谁笑到最后,谁笑的最好。 3. He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man. 不到长城非好汉。 关系代词的用法 关系代词在从句中可以: whom who which that whose √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 何时可以省略? 做宾语时可以省略 指人 指物 subject (主语) object (宾语) attribute(定语) 定语: 用于修饰名词或代词 He is a clever boy. 他是一个聪明的男孩。 He is a physics teacher. 他是一个物理老师。 Australia is an English-speaking country. 澳大利亚是一个讲英语的家。 Key words: 复合句 (含有从句的句子;从句在复合句中充当什么成分就叫什么从句) e.g. 1. When I came in ,he was reading a book. ( 时间状语从句) 2. I hope (that )you will give me a reply soon. (宾语从句) 定语从句: 由一个句子充当定语,即在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句 定语从句的位置: 在修饰名词或代词后 先行词: 引导词: 引导定语从句的词 关系代词 that, who, whom, whose, which, as 关系副词 when, where, why 被定语从句修饰的名词或代词 For example: This is a book which tells about space knowledge. 先行词 关系代词 定语从句 定语从句四步: 第一步,找出先行词; 第二,找出定语从句 第三,看先行词在定语从句中的语法功能(主语、宾语…) 第四,选择合适的关系词。 e.g. This is the car which he bought last year. 先行词 定语从句 引导词的作用: (1) 引导定语从句 (2) 在从句中作一成分 (3) 代替先行词在从句中的 位置 关系代词 that在从句中作主语或宾语,指人 和物 1)A plane is a machine that can fly. ( 主语) 2)The noodles that I looked were delicious.(宾语) This is the factory. The factory is near our school. This is the factory ___________________ which/that is near our school 1.This is the factory. 2.I visited the factory. This is the factory __________________ which/that I visited. Which 在从句中作主语或宾语,指物 1) They planted the trees which didn’t need much water. (主语 ) 2) The fish which we bought were not fresh. (宾语) This is the factory. The factory is near our school. This is the factory ___________________ which/that is near our school 1.This is the factory. 2.I visited the factory. This is the factory __________________ which/that I visited. who 在从句中作主语和宾语,指人 1) The foreigner who visited our school yesterday is from Canada.(主语) 2) Comrade Li is a man who we should learn from (宾语) I have a friend. I have a selfless friend. I have a friend _______________ who is selfless whom 在从句中作宾语,指人 3) The person to whom you just talked is Mr. Li. (宾语) 4) Mr. Read is the professor to whom you should write . (宾语) 2) This is the book whose cover is blue. whose 在从句中作定语,指人或物 1) Miss Flower is the teacher whose house caught fire last week. whose 引导的定语从句应注意以下几点: 1.whose 引导定语从句,在从句中作定语其后应紧跟名词 That’s the child whose drawing we looked at just now. 2. whose 引导定语从句,其先行词可指人,也可指物 I saw some trees whose leaves were black with disease. 3. whose 在定语从句中与它所修饰的名词一起可作介词宾语,可以与介词一起放在先行词与从句之间 Tom , on whose bike I went to school is a friend of mine. 4. Whose 的先行词指物时, 可用of which 代替whose.指人不可 whose + n = the + n + of which= of which+ the + n. He lives in the room whose window faces south. = He lives in the room, the window of which faces south. 1) Do you know the man ________is standing over there? 2) The girl ____________ we were talking about is Mary. who/that who(m)/that 3) The book _________ is about the USA has been lost. 4) Did you see the pen __________ I lost yesterday? that/which that/which 5)There are some people _______ faces you can’t forget. 6) I am sitting in the chair ______legs are broken. whose whose There are some people whose faces you can’t forget. There are some people of whom the faces you can’t forget. I am sitting in the chair whose legs are broken. I am sitting in the chair of which the legs are broken. 关系代词who, that作主语 1. Your friend came to see you yesterday. 2. Your friend studies in Beijing University. Your friend who/that studies in Beijing University came to see you yesterday. 关系代词whom, that 作宾语 1. He is the man. 2.You have been waiting for the man. He is the man (whom/that) you have been waiting for. 关系代词 which, that 作主语 1. It sounded like a train. 2. A train was going under my house. It sounded like a train which/ that was going under my house. 关系代词which/ that 作宾语 1. The earth is a big ball. 2. We live on the earth. The earth (which/ that) we live on is a big ball. 关系代词whose 作定语 1. Do you know the man? 2. The man’s watch is missing. Do you know the man whose watch is missing? where引导的定语从句修饰表示地点的名词,并在定语从句中作地点状语, 相当于“介词+ 关系代词(which)”。 where=in which=at which 1.This is the factory. 2.I worked in the factory. ★This is the factory ____________________ which/that I worked in. ★ This is the factory in _____ I worked. which = where 1.We visited the house. 2. Luxun once lived in the house. We visited the house __________ Luxun once lived. where = in which 1.This is the library _________ has many books. 2. This is the library __________ I visited. 3. This is the library __________ I read books. which/that which/that in which/where ^ the library ^ the library ^ in the library when引导的定语从句修饰表示时间的名词,并在定语从句中作时间状语,相当于“介词+关系代词(which)”。 关系副词 when=in which=at which=on which 1. I’ll never forget the day. 2. I joined the Party on the day. I’ll never forget the day _________ I joined the Party. when = on which We still remember that August ___________ we traveled together. ^ in that August in which/when This is the day ____________ we can’t forget. This is the day ____________ I was born. which/that on which/when the day ^ ^ on the day why引导的定语从句修饰表示原因的名词,并在定语从句中作原因状语,相当于“介词+关系代词(which)”。 why=for which 1. There are many reasons. 2. People like traveling for many reasons. There are many reasons _______ people like traveling. for which why = This is the reason ___________ he gave me. This is the reason ___________ he was late. for which/why which/that the reason ^ ^ for the reason as 引导定语从句常出现于the same…as…, such…as…, as…as…, so…as…中。As 引导的定语从句常用省略形式,as 在从句中既可指人或物,也可指整个句子,指整个句子时可位于句首,句尾或句中。As 引导定语从句时,在从句中常作主语,宾语,表语等。 Such people as have made great contributions to the world should be greatly respected. 那些对世界作出巨大贡献的人应受到极大的尊重。 (as与such连用,在定语从句中做主语)语,表语等。 Let’s meet at the same place as we did yesterday. 咱们在昨天见面的同一地方见面吧。 (as 与the same连用,在定语从句中做状语) Shakespeare is a famous writer, as everybody knows. 众所周知, 莎士比亚是著名的作家。 (as代替整个从句,做knows 的宾语,位于句尾) Shakespeare, as everybody knows, is a famous writer. (位于句中) 这类as引导的定语从句通常有固定表达。 As I can remember正如我所记的 As often happens 正如经常发的 As you see 这一点你明白 As is well known 众所周知 As is expected 正如预料的那样 As can be seen 看得出来 方式 关系副词 that = in which This is the way that( in which) he did it I don’t lie the way that(=in which) you laugh at her 提醒一:关系代词或关系副词的选择有两个原则:1)先行词是人还是物;2)先行词在从句中作什么成分。若先行词在从句中作主语,宾语,或定语,则选关系代词;若在从句中作状语,则选关系副词。 1We will remember those days that/which we spent together.(作宾语) 2we will remember those days when we played by the sea.(作状语) 提醒二:关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,根据先行词的单复数决定从句谓语动词的单复数。 1He is the only one of the students who knows French (the only one 为先行词) 2He is one of the students who know French (students 为先行词) 提醒三:关系代词的省略:在限制性定语从句中,关系代词作动词宾语或介词宾语(这时介词不能在关系代词前)时常可省略。 The boy (that/who/whom) we saw last night was Tom 提醒四:定语从句常见错误 1缺先行词:Is this school that you visited last year? 该句缺先行词,应在school后面 加上the one 2 缺引导词:Chinese eat a lot of sugar often have bad teeth 应在children后面加上who 关系代词作主语时不能省略 3成分重复:This is the house where I lived there years ago. Where 和there 句子成分重复,应去掉there 提醒五 关系副词和关系代词的判断方法 关系副词和关系代词的选择是根据先行词在定语从句中作的成分。若是做状语,则用关系副词或“介词+which” 若是作主语或宾语,则用关系代词。例如: I will never forget the days (that/ which) I spent with my teacher I will never forget the days when I played with you The factory (that/which) we visited yesterday was built last year The factory where he works was built last year This is the reason (that/which) she gave me for doing it Do you know the reasons why he came late? 但要注意在以下8种情况下,指物时用that 不用which, who 注意! 1.先行词是all, any, everything, anything, nothing ,something, much, little, few, none ,the one 等时 ① There is much that should be used. ② You can take any seat that is free. 2.先行词被all, any , no, only, little, much, very, every, some, few, none 等修饰时 ① I have read all the books (that) you gave me. ② Every dictionary that our library bought is good. 3.先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。 ① This is the most interesting book that I have ever read. ② The first lesson that I learned will never be forgotten. 4.先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时。 ① This is the very book that belongs to him. ② The Great Wall is the last place that Mr. Smith is going to visit before he leaves Beijing. 5. 在以 which, who作主语的特殊疑问句中的定语从句中 ① Who is the man that is reading a book there? ② Which is the magazine that you borrowed from the reading room? 6.当先行词既有表示人又有表示物的词时 ① We talked of the things and persons that we remembered. 7. 当先行词在定语从句中做表语时,无论先行词是人还是物 ① China is no longer the country that she was. 8.主句以there be 开头时 ① There is little that I can do to make up for the lost time. 不用that的场合如下: 1)非限制性定语从句中:是对所修饰的成分作进一步说明,通常和主句间用逗号隔开,将从句拿掉后其他部分仍可成立 Last night ,I saw a very good film, which was about the Long March . 2)介词放在关系代词之前时 This is the man from whom I learnt the news 3)句中出现了that,或先行词是that时 I have found that which I was looking for. 二、只用who的情况 One ____ has nothing to fear dares to tell the truth. The ones ____ laugh at the disabled are not good students. Anyone ____ fails to finish the task should be punished. Those ____ want to go to The Great Wall sigh up here. who who who who 先行词是one, ones, anyone, those时用who. 定语从句必须注意的特殊例子 1.先行词为situation , case , stage, point, position关系词要用where, in which eg. Can you imaging the situation where/ in which you can use the word. 2.先行词为way ,关系词要用that, in which 或省略 eg. Do you know the way (that/in which/--) he worked the problem. 3.定语从句的必须注意的两个句型。 Is this school the one we visited that year? Is this the school that we visited that year ? He is one of the students who are from the south. He is the (only) one of the students who is from the south. 限制性定语从句用来修饰和限制先行词,与先行词的关系非常密切,它所修饰的先行词代表一个(些)或一类特写的人或物,说明先行词的性质,身份,特征等状况。如果去掉,则意思含混不清。 A doctor is a person who looks after people’s health. 上边的例句如果去掉who looks after people’s health.就成了A doctor is a person(医生是人), 完全失去了原句的意义。 非限制性定语从句起补充附带说明作用,去掉也不会影响对全句的理解,在非限制性定语从句的前面往往有逗号隔开,如若将非限制性定语从句放在句子中间,其前后都需要用逗号隔开。 Yesterday Jimmy left for Canada, where he had stayed two years. 昨天,吉米动身到加拿大去了,他曾在那儿呆了两年。 Tom’s father, who is over sixty, still works hard day and night. 汤姆的父亲已经六十多岁了,但他仍然从早到晚辛勤的工作。 引导非限制性定语从句的关系代词如下表所示: 指代对象 指代人 指代物 主格 who which, as 宾格 whom which, as 所有格 of whom, whose(指代人) which, of which, whose(指代物) 注意:关系代词that 不引导非限制性定语从句。 关系副词why 不能引导非限制性定语从句 引导非限制性定语从句的关系副词主要有when, where She said she had finished her work, which I doubted very much. 她说她已经完成了这项工作,我对此深表怀疑。 As most people know, Fujian is famous for tea. 周所周知,福建以茶出名。

  • ID:4-6339142 湖南省永州市2020届高三高考第一次模拟考试英语试题(含听力文字材料无音频)

    高中英语/高考专区/模拟试题


    永州市2020年高考第一次模拟考试试卷
    英 语
    命题人: (宁远一中) (永州一中) (祁阳一中)
    审题人: (永州市教科院)

    第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
    第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

    A
    You can either travel or read, but either your body or soul must be on the way. The popular saying has inspired many people to read or go sightseeing. Traveling just like reading, is a refreshing journey from the busy world. Books, brain food, can keep you company on your travel.
    On the Road, 1957, by Jack Kerouac
    The book is a globally popular spiritual guide book about youth. The main character in the book drives across the US continent with several young people and finally reaches Mexico. After the exhausting and exciting trip, the characters in the book begin to realize the meaning of life. The book can be a good partner with you to explore the United States.
    Life is Elsewhere, 1975, by Milan Kundera
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau once said, “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.” The book tells a young artist’s romantic but miserable life, about how he reads, dreams, and has a relationship. Experience the artist’s passionate life in the book during a trip to Central Europe. The book invites you to deeply reflect on your current life.
    The Stories of Sahara, 1967, by Sanmao
    The book narrates the author’s simple but adventurous life in the Sahara Desert, which seems a desolate and dull place. The fancy natural scenery and life there, along with the author’s romantic and intensive emotion, will inspire you to explore the mysterious land. Reading the book is like participating in a dialogue with the author, who is sincere and humorous.
    Lotus, 2006 by Annbaby
    This novel set in Tibet, tells three people’s stories, each with their unique characteristics. It reveals modern people’s emotions and inner life, their confusion about love, and exploration of Buddhism.The book is a good partner to bring you to the sacred land Tibet.
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    压缩包内容:
    湖南省永州市2020届高三高考第一次模拟考试英语试题(含听力文字材料无音频).docx

  • ID:4-6337021 贵州省铜仁一中2020届高三上学期第二次模拟考试英语试题(含听力音频和文字材料)

    高中英语/高考专区/模拟试题


    铜仁一中2019-2020学年高三第二次模拟考试
    英 语

    阅读理解(共两节,每小题2分,满分40分)
    第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)
    A
    Here is a list of some of the best museums for children in America.
    Please Touch Children’s Museum
    This museum lies in Philadelphia. It offers Alice in Wonderland exhibits where young children can play with giant flowers and have tea parties. Kids can also play on musical instruments and babies can crawl on lily pads, which make musical sounds.
    The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis
    This museum lies in Indiana. It holds a fair share of dinosaur fossils (化石). There are many fossils like the teenage T. Rex, Bucky and many others in an 8,000-square-foot area. Around 10,000 man-made objects, including a 55-ton steam engine and a 33-foot-tall water clock, are there in the 365,000-square-foot area. It also offers activities like dinosaur building, camps and classes featuring space themes and other educational programs.
    Boston Children’s Museum
    This museum lies in Massachusetts. The exhibits here are of health, art, science, culture and environment. In this museum, children also learn about Japanese culture. Activities like Play Lab, New Balance Climb and The Recycle Shop bring out the creativity in children.
    National Museum of Play
    This museum, which lies in Rochester area of New York, has a wide collection of dolls, games, toys and other home crafts dating back to the 19th century. Here, educational tours include stories of machines and other toys. Kids can walk in Sesame Street exhibit and cook food at play or TV studios.
    Children’s Museum of Houston
    This museum lies in Texas. Termed as the best playground for mind, this museum offers scores of activities for kids of every age. It even offers free family adventure events where families with their kids are encouraged to work on maths activities and games. Children also learn about broadcasting activities and preserving ecosystems.
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    贵州省铜仁一中2020届高三上学期第二次模拟考试英语试题.doc
    贵州省铜仁第一中学2020届高三上学期第二次模拟考试英语听力.rar

  • ID:4-6336970 高三英语一轮复习语法专题三大从句精选精练

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/语法综合

    ( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高三英语一轮复习语法专题三大从句精选精练 一、单选题 1.The only one in our office that is familiar with the new system is Jimmy, in _____ absence, we had no choice but to wait. ? A.?whom??????????????????????????????????B.?whose??????????????????????????????????C.?who??????????????????????????????????D.?that 2.Go and get your coat. It's   you left it. A.?there??????????????????????????B.?where??????????????????????????C.?there where??????????????????????????D.?where there 3.(2018?北京)She and her family bicycle to work, _________ helps them keep fit. A.?which?????????????????????????????????????B.?who?????????????????????????????????????C.?as?????????????????????????????????????D.?that 4.I didn't know the exact address of the International Experimental School of Chifeng No. 2 Senior High School _______ I was outside its front gate. A.?when?????????????????????????????????B.?after?????????????????????????????????C.?until?????????????????????????????????D.?because 5.— How foolish I was! — ________ you have realized that, stop blaming yourself. A.?Now that????????????????????????????B.?Unless????????????????????????????C.?Although????????????????????????????D.?Even if 6.Our English teacher, as well as all the students,     we can only improve our reading by reading widely. A.?agree that??????????????????B.?agrees that??????????????????C.?agrees with what??????????????????D.?agree what 7.Was it through Mary _____ was working at a high school _____ you got to know Tom? ? A.?who; whom???????????????????????B.?that; which???????????????????????C.?who; that???????????????????????D.?that; who 8.There is no doubt _____ humans should protect the environment. A.?that????????????????????????????????????B.?which????????????????????????????????????C.?what????????????????????????????????????D.?why 9.(2016?北京)I really enjoy listening to music ___ it helps me relax and takes my mind away from other cares of the day. A.?because????????????????????????????????B.?before????????????????????????????????C.?unless????????????????????????????????D.?until 10.—How do you think I should receive the reporter? —______ you feel about him, try to be polite. A.?How??????????????????????????????B.?What??????????????????????????????C.?Whatever??????????????????????????????D.?However 11.Our teacher told us that there ________ no end to learning. A.?had???????????????????????????????????????B.?is???????????????????????????????????????C.?has???????????????????????????????????????D.?was 12.Something terrible _______ if Li Chang was not coming to eat in his restaurant ______ he always did. A.?must have happened; what?????????????????????????????B.?could have happened; as C.?must have happened; as??????????????????????????????????D.?could have happened; what 13.He asked me ______ with me. A.?what the matter is????????????????????????????????????????????B.?what the matter was? C.?what's the matter?????????????????????????????????????????????D.?what was the matter 14.—How long have you been studying at this school? —I have been studying here ________. A.?since I was thirteen years old??????????????????????????B.?when I was thirteen C.?at the age of thirteen??????????????????????????????????????D.?after I was thirteen 15.Facebook is a very famous social networking website founded in 2004 ________ millions of people interact with one another. A.?when??????????????????????????????????B.?that??????????????????????????????????C.?which??????????????????????????????????D.?where 16.Lily's drawing may not be excellent, ______ I know she has done her best. A.?so???????????????????????????????????B.?although???????????????????????????????????C.?before???????????????????????????????????D.?as 17.The new hospital will be located in???? used to be a wasteland and a huge shopping mall will also be constructed???? there used to be a school many years ago. A.?where; where?????????????????B.?what; in which?????????????????C.?what; where?????????????????D.?which; where 18.We can go on Tuesday or Friday, _______ you prefer. A.?whichever???????????????B.?whatever???????????????C.?no matter what???????????????D.?no matter whichever 19.The book has helped me greatly in my daily communication, especially at work ________ a good impression is a must. A.?which???????????????????????????????????B.?when???????????????????????????????????C.?as???????????????????????????????????D.?where 20.From time to time Jason turned round,??????? he was searching for someone. A.?as if?????????????????????????????????B.?even if?????????????????????????????????C.?if only?????????????????????????????????D.?what if 21.________ we may find interesting is that it usually takes more to be polite. A.?That?????????????????????????????????????B.?What?????????????????????????????????????C.?Which?????????????????????????????????????D.?/ 22.The man was disbelieved ______ evidence came to light _______ he was trapped by the murderers. A.?until, that?????????????????????B.?when, where?????????????????????C.?before, what?????????????????????D.?after, that 23.It has been pointed out ________ plays a vital role in driving away one's anxiety is one's sweet childhood memories. A.?what that??????????????????????????????B.?which??????????????????????????????C.?that??????????????????????????????D.?that what 24.This medicine is quite beneficial to your recovery after the operation, ________ you take it as told. A.?unless????????????????????????????B.?providing????????????????????????????C.?considering????????????????????????????D.?since 25.?????? you can learn to appreciate the challenges in life, you will find inner strength. A.?When????????????????????????????????B.?While????????????????????????????????C.?Before????????????????????????????????D.?Unless 26.It is confirmed that a person can not be actually pleased if ___ he appreciates doing is ignored by the company as of no value. A.?when???????????????????????????????????B.?that???????????????????????????????????C.?what???????????????????????????????????D.?where 27."I took it home with me." she said. →She said that ______ ______ _______ it home with her. A.?her; has; take???????????????B.?her; had; taken???????????????C.?she; has; take???????????????D.?she; had; taken 28.______ is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger, more prosperous economy. A.?Which?????????????????????????????????????B.?What?????????????????????????????????????C.?It?????????????????????????????????????D.?As 29.First-class players of football must have excellent ball control, but it is not just _____ they do with their feet _____ counts. A.?how; that??????????????????????B.?that; what??????????????????????C.?what; that??????????????????????D.?whether; what 30.The exact year ______ Angela and her family spent together in China was 2008. A.?when??????????????????????????????????B.?where??????????????????????????????????C.?why??????????????????????????????????D.?which 31.(2017?北京)Every year, ______ makes the most beautiful kite will win a prize in the Kite Festival. A.?whatever?????????????????????????B.?whoever?????????????????????????C.?whomever?????????????????????????D.?whichever 32.Located ____ the Belt meets the Road, Jiangsu will contribute more to the Belt and Road construction. A.?what????????????????????????????????B.?where????????????????????????????????C.?when????????????????????????????????D.?in which 33.People who can see with their eyes can't understand ????????practical use Braille can be of for the blind. A.?what??????????????????????????????????B.?how??????????????????????????????????C.?that??????????????????????????????????D.?whether 34.Last year the well-known actress did all ________ help the poor children in that mountain village. A.?she could do??????????????B.?she could to??????????????C.?what she could to??????????????D.?that she could 35.Evidence has been found through years of study _______ children's early sleeping problems are likely to continue when they grow up. A.?whether???????????????????????????????????B.?how???????????????????????????????????C.?that???????????????????????????????????D.?why 36.______ is often the case with children, Amy was better by the time the doctor arrived. A.?It??????????????????????????????????????B.?That??????????????????????????????????????C.?What??????????????????????????????????????D.?As 37.—When shall we set about doing our work? —______ all the group members are here. A.?Until????????????????????????????????B.?Since????????????????????????????????C.?Unless????????????????????????????????D.?Not until 38.Tony always works out development schemes faster than others. Is it ________ he graduated from a top university ________ counts? A.?because, that??????????????????????B.?that, which??????????????????????C.?that; that??????????????????????D.?why, what 39.(2015·湖南)It is a truly delightful place, ________ looks the same as it must have done 100 years ago with its winding streets and pretty cottages. A.?as????????????????????????????????????B.?where????????????????????????????????????C.?that????????????????????????????????????D.?which 40.It made our head teacher angry ________ Wang Lin,without the ________ from the school,was absent from class for a week. A.?that;permission???????????B.?which;permit???????????C.?which;permission???????????D.?that;permit 41.It was in this very town,____Tom was born thirty years ago,____he will build a new school,____excites everyone in the town. A.?that; that; which????????B.?where; that; which????????C.?where; when; that????????D.?that; where; that 42.(2015.四川)The?exhibition?tells?us ______ we?should?do?something?to?stop?air?pollution. A.?where??????????????????????????????????B.?why??????????????????????????????????C.?what??????????????????????????????????D.?which 43.(2016?北京)Your support is important to our work. ????????? you can do helps. A.?However?????????????????????????B.?Whoever?????????????????????????C.?Whatever?????????????????????????D.?Wherever 44.This restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere ______ many others are short of. A.?where???????????????????????????????????B.?when???????????????????????????????????C.?that???????????????????????????????????D.?what 45.Believe it or not,the young man,______disabled,managed to______a distance of 500 miles within 30 minutes. A.?as if; walk????????????????????B.?though; run????????????????????C.?even; cover????????????????????D.?though; cover 二、填空题 1.In the lab, you must do everything exactly ________ your teacher tells you. 2.Jim passed the driving test, ________ surprised everybody in the office. (填关系词) 3.This is the house ________ ________ I was born.(用“介词+关系代词”填空) 4.He is the student ________ ________ I borrowed this dictionary. (用“介词+关系代词”填空) 5.The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors (因素), most of ________ are beyond our control.(填关系词) 答案解析部分 一、单选题 1.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句。引导词在定语从句中做定语。in one's absence, 在某人不在的时候, 句意:我们办公室里对新系统熟悉的只有Jimmy, 他不在,我们只有等待他来,别无选择.故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句. 2.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】这里考查where引导表语从句。翻译成:去拿你的外套,就在你放的地方。 3.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:她和家人骑车去上班,这帮助他们保持健康。这是一个非限制性定语从句,空格处指代前面整个句子,所以用which引导非限制性定语从句,而且which在从句中作主语。who指人;that不引导定语从句;as通常翻译成“正如;就像”,所以此处可以排除,故答案为A。 【点评】考查引导定语从句的关系词,掌握定语从句的基本定义和关系词的基本用法即可判断正确答案。 4.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:我是在赤峰二中国际实验学校的前门外面才知道它的确切地址的。此处是not---until“直到---才”引导的时间状语从句,故选C。 【点评】考查时间状语从句,注意不同的从属连词引导时间状语从句的区别。 ? 5.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查连词。 A. Now that 既然;B. Unless除非;C. Although虽然;D. Even if 即使;句意:我多么愚蠢呀,既然你已经意识到了,别再责怪自己,故选A项。 6.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】这题考查主谓一致,主语由as well as、together with,along with,including,连接时,谓语的数和前面的主语一致,这题用单数。agrees 后面用that引导宾语从句。选B 7.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句及强调句。句意:你是不是通过正在高中工作的玛丽认识汤姆的?第一空引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词Mary,并在从句中作主语,故用who; 第二空用that,与Was it through Mary 一起构成强调句的一般疑问形式,被强调部分是作方式状语的介词短语through Mary.故C项正确。 【点评】考查定语从句及强调句. 8.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】 考查固定句型; 句意:毫无疑问人类应该保护环境。There is no doubt that 毫无疑问,故选A项。 【点评】 考查同位语从句。 9.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】题目考查原因状语从句。句意:我非常喜欢过听音乐,因为它能让我放松,使我不去想其它的事情。前后是因果关系,故选A。 【点评】引导原因状语从句的从属连词。主要的有because, as, since, seeing (that), now (that),considering (that) 等。如:He distrusted me because I was new.他不信任我,因为我是新来的。 10.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】根据语境可知不管你觉得他怎样,尽量礼貌地对他。however引导让步状语从句,在从句中作feel的表语。 11.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:老师告诉我们学无止尽。宾语从句的时态和主句一致,但如果宾语从句的内容是客观真理,宾语从句的时态都是一般现在时。故选B。 【点评】考查宾语从句的时态。 12.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:如果李畅没有像往常那样来他的饭店吃饭,那一定发生了什么糟糕的事。根据句意可知第一个空为对过去的肯定猜测,must have done一定做过某件事;第二个空为as引导的方式状语从句,意为“如同,按照”。故选C。 【点评】考查情态动词和状语从句,本题涉及must have done和as引导的方式状语从句。 13.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】这是一个宾语从句,从句要用陈述语序。而这里what做的是从句中的主语,was是系动词,the matter是表语。正好是一个主系表陈述句结构,故选D。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及宾语从句的应用。 14.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:—你在这所学校学习多长时间了?—从13岁开始我就一直在这学习。根据How long可知,回答应该是一段时间,只有A项表示一段时间,故选A。 【点评】考查时间状语从句。 15.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:成立于2014年的脸谱网是一个非常著名的社交网站,数以百万计的人在此上面相互交流。分析句子可知,句中先行词为website,在从句中作地点状语,故用关系副词where。故选D。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系副词where引导的限制性定语从句的应用。 16.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:莉莉的绘画可能不是优秀的,因为我知道她已经尽力了。此处用as引导原因状语从句,故答案为D。 【点评】考查连词,本题涉及as引导原因状语从句的应用。 17.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查名词性从句和状语从句。句意:这家新医院将坐落在过去是块废地的地方,一家大购物商场也将在许多年前是一所学校的地方建造。第一空What引导宾语从句作为in的宾语,并在句中做主语。第二空where引导状语从句修饰动词。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握各种状语从句和名词性从句的含义和使用环境,本题涉及宾语从句和地点状语从句。 18.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:我们可以周二或周五去,随你喜欢哪个时间。此处为让步状语从句,从句中prefer缺少宾语,根据前面提供的两个时间可知此处强调选择的范围,故选A。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及whichever引导的让步状语从句。 19.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:这本书对我的日常交际有极大的帮助,尤其在工作中,良好的印象是必须的。句中的先行词为work,在从句a good impression is must中作地点状语,故用关系副词where。故D正确。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系副词where引导的限制性定语从句。 20.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:贾森不时地转过身来,好像在寻找什么人。A. as if“似乎,好像”;B. even if“即使”;C. if only要是......多好”;D. what if“假使......会怎样”。根据句意可知,选A。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及as if引导的方式状语从句。 21.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:我们可能会发现有趣的是通常需要更多的礼貌。此处是主语从句做主语,从句没有引导词,缺少宾语,故答案为B。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及what引导的主语从句的应用。 22.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:直到证据大白于天下,人们才相信他被谋杀犯囚禁了。not…until…固定短语,“直到.....才.....”,引导的时间状语从句,其中的否定词not是以否定前缀dis…的形式出现。第二空中that引导同位语从句,作名词 evidence的同位语。故选A。 【点评】考查状语从句和名词性从句,本题涉及时间状语从句和同位语从句的应用。 23.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:有人指出,驱除焦虑所起着至关重要的作用是童年美好的回忆。本句时一个主语从句,it作形式主语,真正的主语为that what plays a vital role in driving away one's anxiety is one's sweet childhood memories.,主语从句中又有一个主语从句,且此主语从句中缺少主语,所以用what引导。故选D。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及what引导的主语从句。 24.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查状语从句。句意:这种药只要你按要求服用肯定有益于你手术后的恢复的。“providing…”可以用来引导条件状语从句表示“只要…”,符合语境,故B项正确。 25.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:当你学会欣赏生活中的挑战时,你就会发现内在的力量。A. When“当.....时候“;B. While“虽然,然而“;C. Before“在.....之前“;D. Unless“除非“。引导时间状语从句时,when中主句和从句动作可以是同时发生,也可以是不同时发生,while中主句和从句的动作必同时发生。故选A。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及when引导的时间状语从句的应用。 26.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:如果一个人所喜欢做的事情被公司认为是毫无价值的,确定他不会感到满意的。题干中if从句中包含的he appreciates doing主语从句,从句中缺少doing的宾语,故可知选C项。 【点评】考查主语从句引导词。 27.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:“我把它带回家。”她说→她说她把它带回家。直接引语变间接引语,直接引语中的第一人称I,一般转换为第三人称she,时态由一般过去时变为过去完成时,took-had taken,故选D。 【点评】考查直接引语变间接引语,注意人称和时态的变化。 28.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:医疗保健的进步将促进一个更强大、更繁荣的经济,这是我们的信念。that引导的是主语从句,故空格处应该用it作形式主语,代替真正的that引导的主语从句。故答案选C。 【点评】考查it的用法,以及主语从句的应用。 29.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:一流的足球运动员一定要有优秀的球技,但并不是能用脚踢球最重要。第一空是主语从句,what起连接从句作用并作do的宾语;第二空考查强调句型:it is +被强调部分 +that…。故C正确。“强调句型:it is +被强调部分 +that…”中,把it is 和that 去掉,剩下的部分仍能构成一个完整的句子就是强调句型。 【点评】考查主语从句及强调句型。 30.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:Angela和他的家人一起在中国度假确切是在2008年。______ Angela and her family spent together in China是一个限制性定语从句,先行词是the exact year,在从句中作动词spent后面缺少宾语,所以使用关系代词which引导这个定语从句,并在句中作宾语,故选D。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词which引导的限制性定语从句的应用。 31.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】每年.只要做的风筝是最漂亮的,都会获得风筝节的奖品.根据句式可知,考查主语从句.句子缺少主语成分,再结合具体意思,"无论谁做的风筝漂亮都会获奖",确定whoever.该句式等于Anyone who makes the most beautiful kite will win a…whomever在句子里不能充当主语;whatever是无论什么;whichever是无论哪一个都不符合题意. 【点评】考生在答题时要分析句子结构,来判断所缺成分并结合具体语境灵活使用. 32.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:位于一带一路交汇处,江苏会对一带一路建设做出更多贡献。本句中where引导地点状语从句,修饰形容词located,where在句中作状语,描述江苏所处的地理位置。故选B。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及where引导的地点状语从句的应用。 33.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:眼睛能看到的人无法理解盲用点字法对盲人的实际用途。根据句子分析,understand后接宾语从句,在宾语从句中充当宾语,应填入what,故选择what。故答案选A。 【点评】考查宾语从句连接词。 34.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:去年那个著名的女演员做她所能做的一切帮助那个山村里的穷孩子。本句中,all为先行词,在定语从句中做could的宾语,故用关系代词that。其后的that she could为定语从句,定语从句的主动词为do,因前面有do的形式(did),而承前省略。不定式to help the poor children…在句中作目的状语。all that she could do等于what she could do。故选B。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及all作先行词的限制性定语从句。 35.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:通过多年的研究已经发现了证据,孩子们早期的睡眠问题可能随着长大会继续。通过分析句子结构,可知这个句子中包含一个同位语从句,说明evidence的内容,用that连接同位语从句,that在同位语从句中不作任何成分,且没有实际意义,选C。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及that引导的同位语从句。 36.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:正如孩子们普遍的现象,当医生到来时Amy身体好多了。这是一个非限制性定语从句,先行词是整个主句,关系词在从句中作主语,意思是:正如,像……一样,用as,故选D。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系代词as引导的非限制性定语从句。 37.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:—我们什么时候开始工作?—直到所有的组员都来了。A. Until“在…以前”;B. Since“自…以来”;C. Unless“除非”;D. Not until“直到......才........”。故选D。 【点评】考查连词辨析,本题涉及not until引导的状语从句。 38.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:托尼总是比别人更快地制定发展计划。是他从一所顶尖的大学毕业的作用吗?此处强调主语,主语是由that引导的主语从句,故选C。 【点评】考查主语从句和强调句型。 39.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】根据分析,此句是一个非限性定语从句,先行词是place,在定语从句中是作主语的,所以用关系代词引导,as可指其前后主句提到的事实或情况,因此引导的非限制性从句位置比较灵活,which可以放在主句前后,也可插入主句之中;而which引导的非限制性从句只能位于主句之后 , 选用which句意:这真是一个令人愉快的地方,这里的蜿蜒的小路和美丽的小村庄一定和100年前看起来是一模一样的,故选D, 【点评】本题旨在考查定语从句中的关系词,要求学生掌握在什么情况下用关系副词,什么情况下用关系代词以及各自的意义。非限制性定语从句是先行词的附加说明,去掉了也不会影响主句的意思,它与主句之间通常用逗号分开。非限制性定语从句还能将整个主句作为先行词,?对其进行修饰,?这时从句谓语动词要用第三人称单数。关系代词that和关系副词why不能引导非限制性定语从句。 40.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查主语从句和名词。句意:王琳未经学校允许旷课一周,这使我们的校长很生气。it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的从句,而且引导词在从句中不作成分,故应用that引导。permission“允许,许可”;permit“许可证”。根据句意可知选A。 41.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句和强调句。句意:就是在汤姆30年前出生的小镇上,他打算建一所新学校,这一消息让镇上的每个人兴高采烈。第一个空前面有先行词town在定语从句中做地点状语,用where;第二个空是强调句,因为去掉被强调的部分“就是那个小镇”句型仍然完整。用that;第三个空指代前面“建新学校这件事”,并且有逗号,只能用which做主语。故选B。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握定语从句和强调句型的区别,以及它们各自的用法。 42.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】本句考查宾语从句的引导词,宾语从句中不缺少主语和宾语,故选项C错误,选项D是引导定语从句的,也错误,根据意思:这个展览告诉了我 们,我们为什么要停止空气污染而不是我们在哪儿停止空气污染,故选择B本题考查宾语从句的引导词。 【点评】本题考查宾语从句的引导词。通常情况下,宾语从句 如果是由陈述句变来时用that引导;如果由一般疑问句变来则用whether/if;而由特殊疑问句变来则用特殊疑问词。通过四个选项,排除1、2两种情况。而特殊疑问词的选择则要求对句子的结构内容有着全盘的掌握。此句中,主语、宾语、定语并不缺少,故选项C、D是错误的,再根据句意,只有B最为恰当。 43.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】题目考查主语从句。helps是谓语,“you can do”是主语成分,即主语从句,在主语从句中,do后缺少宾语,因此用whatever引导,故选C。 【点评】主语从句Subject Clauses? (在主语的位置上) ①从句的连接词可以是that, 也可以是特殊疑问词wh-。 That he is a famous singer is known to us.= It is known to us that… Whether we shall attend the meeting hasn’t been decided yet. Who will go makes no difference. It is known to us that he is a famous singer. It is not yet fixed when he will go to America. 本题中,whatever引导主语从句,同时作do的宾语。 ②wh和ever 连用的词引导的名词性从句和状语从句的区别 区分使用wh-和wh-ever:wh 有疑问的意思;wh-ever有肯定强调的意思 *Who will be invited hasn’t been decided. *Whoever comes here is welcomed. *A reward of $1,000 willbe given to whoever can provide any clues to the case. *The gift will be given to whomever I like. wh-ever 在引导名词性从句时不能用nomatter wh-来替换,但在引导状语从句时可以替换 Whateverhappened, he would not mind. = No matterwhat happened, he…… 44.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:这个饭店有其他很多饭店缺少的诱人的象家一样的氛围。这里使用了定语从句,先行词是an inviting, homelike atmosphere,在定语从句中many others are short of后面缺少宾语,所以用关系代词that引导定语从句,故答案选C。 【点评】考查定语从句关系代词的选用。 45.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查副词和动词辨析。句意:信不信由你,这个年轻人尽管身体残疾,他设法在30分钟完成了500里的路程。A. as if”好像“; walk”散步、走“;??? B. though”尽管“; run“跑”;C. even“甚至”; cover“覆盖”;??? D. though“尽管”; cover“覆盖,完成一定距离“。第一个空是尽管残疾的意思,第二个空是完成距离,故选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握英语让步状语从句的用法,准确区分选项中四个动词的含义和使用环境。 二、填空题 1.【答案】 as 【解析】【分析】句意:在实验室里,你必须完全按照老师说的去做。此处是as引导的方式状语从句,填as。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及as引导的方式状语从句。 2.【答案】 which 【解析】【分析】句意:吉姆通过了驾驶考试,这让办公室里的每个人都感到惊讶。分析句子可知,本空指代前面的“吉姆通过了驾驶考试”这件事,指代前面的整个句子要用which,故填which。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及which引导的非限制性定语从句。 3.【答案】 in;which 【解析】【分析】句意:这是我出生的房子。in the house固定短语,“在房子里”,此句先行词是the house ,在从句中作介词in的宾语,故填in which。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及in which引导的限制性定语从句。 4.【答案】 from;whom 【解析】【分析】句意:他是我向他借这本词典的那个学生。borrow sth. from sb.固定短语,“向某人借......”,本句的先行词是the student,在从句中作from的宾语,因此答案为(1)from; (2)whom。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及from whom引导的限制性定语从句,以及固定短语borrow sth. from sb. 5.【答案】 which 【解析】【分析】句意:植物的生长速度受多种因素的影响,其中大多数因素超出了我们的控制。本句是非限制性定语从句,其中的factors是先行词,在定语从句中作of的宾语,指物要用which,故填which。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及which引导的非限制性定语从句。 ( 1 )

  • ID:4-6336566 高考英语之建议信——课件( 共23张PPT)

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/各类题型专题/写作

    (共23张PPT) 书面表达 A letter of giving advice 一 Cross-question (审题)做到四确定 1体裁 ____________ (记叙文?议论文) 2主导时态 ____________ 3主导人称 第____人称(我?你?他?) 4 布局谋篇:________段 Para1__________________ Para2__________________ Para3__________________ 基本框架: 开头(beginning)---- 开门见山,向对方陈述自己的观点.(state your idea) 主体(body)---- 对所提出的问题进行分析并说明理由,接着提出自己的建议(reasons and evidence) 结尾(ending)---- 呼应开头,重申观点(restate your opinion.) 注意事项: 1)建议信要写出写信的原因,建议的内容,提出建议的理由,提出的理由要入情入理,语气一定要礼貌当先。因此建议信要写得简明扼要、目的明确、具有合理性和说服力 2)建议的角度要多样化,避免重复。可从政治、经济、文化、伦理、法律以及个人等多角度给出建议。 3)符合英文信件的基本格式 常用套语 A.建议信开头常用句式?(照应材料,表明写作意图) 1.After I read your letter in the newspaper, I am sorry to know that … 2.I am very glad to hear that you want to… 3.I know you have trouble in…after reading your letter 4.I am writing to you for the purpose of ----- 5. I am writing to share some advice with you. 6. You have asked me for my advice with regard to…and I’ll try to make some conductive suggestions. 7. You have asked me for my advice about English learning. B. 表达建议(body) 1.first,firstly,secondly….then,after that,in the end.finally.Meanwhile, what’s more... 2 .I think it would be more beneficial if you could … 3. I would like to suggest/recommend that… 4. If I were you, I would… 5. You may consider doing… 6. I would seem to me that you could… 7. In my opinion, it would be wise to take the following action. 8. I wonder if you have considered the following. 9. When it come to such a situation, I would like to suggest that you can… C.建议信结尾常用句式 1. I believe you will take my advice into account/consideration. 2. I hope you will find these proposals/suggestions /recommendations practical/useful/helpful. 3. I will be more than happy to see improvements in this regard. 4. I would appreciate it very much if you could consider my suggestions. 5. I feel that it would be beneficial if you stick to it. 6. In the end, I will be glad if you find my suggestions useful. 注意衔接词使用: 表先后次序: First, second, third….Finally Firstly, secondly,…eventually to begin with/ to start with, at last, last but not least 递进关系: furthermore;moreover; not only...but also...; not...but...;, besides; in other words;on the one hand...,on the other hand...; meanwhile; at the same time; 写作模板 模板一: Dear _____, You have asked me for my advice about_____(问题), and I will try to make some conductive suggestions here. In my opinion, you would be wise to take the following actions: ______(建议内容). …… I hope you’ll find these proposals useful, and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you about further details. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 模板二: Dear _____(对象), I am writing to express my views concerning ______(问题). My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows. First and for the most _______(建议一); in addition_____(建议二);what’s more _____(建议三). I hope you’ll find these proposals useful. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 纠错 1 语气错误 You must go to do some sports outdoors, such as playing football and so on. 2 从句错误 You can find a good friend can listen to you. 3 从句错误 If you do this, you will feel happy and forget something make you upset. 4 重复 As far as I am concerned, I think doing sports is good for you. 5 词汇错误 You could do some outdoors exercises. 6 成分 Be optimistic about life is very important. 7 词性和语序 You can easy calm down yourself. 8 单词拼写错误 It also could be a good idear if you do some sports. 9 单词核心用法错误 It is a good way to make you relax. 10 that理解错误 I am sorry to hear that. It is not good to lose your temper. 阅读以下考场作文,并进行必要的润色改写。 Dear Jack: I am sorry to hear that you are losing your temper recently. This seriously influences your normal life and study. Yes, it is bad. Don’t worry. I give you some advice. (1), I think you can find a friend to listen to your problems. You will feel relaxed. (2), I think you should go out to do sports like playing football. (3), you must be optimistic about life. If you do these, I am sure you will be happy again. I am waiting for you letter. 思考:1结构?2语言及符号?3可以得多少分? 书面表达如何写? 三个步骤 Step 1 List the key points Step 2 Make sentences Step3. Form a passage and polish 如何给阅卷人以好的第一直观印象 整体三部分 Heading 点题;一两个句子;概括性;暗示性 2. Body 中心记述部分;层次分明 3. Ending 小结;呼应主题 佳作欣赏 假定你叫李华,最近,你的好友林浩来信说他升入高中以后感到不太适应,不知道如何结交新朋友。请你用英语给他回一封信,提出一些建议。 提示:1、与人接触时要面带微笑、对别人又好。 2、关心同学、乐于助人。 3、学会倾听很重要,这样别人乐于和你相处。 4、积极参加班级活动并展示自己才能。 5、……(你的建议) 注意:1.词数130左右,信的格式已给出,但不计入总词数; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Lin Hao, I’m glad to receive your letter. From your letter, I know you have the problem of how to make new friends in high school. The following are my suggestions. First, you should smile and try to be friendly when you meet people. You should also care about your schoolmates. If you are always ready to help them, they will understand you better. Second, it is important for you to be a good listener. That way, when people are with you, they will feel comfortable and happy. Finally, it is better for you to take an active part in class activities where you can show your talent. I hope my advice will be helpful to you. May you be happy in your new school. Yours Li Hua Dear Li Ming, In your letter, you said you are not good at communicating with others and often feel lonely. I think you can just make it so long as you can follow the advice below. First, you should learn about your classmates’ likes and dislikes. Second, you should take an active part in the discussion held in your class and show your own opinion actively, and at the same time, learn to listen to others patiently. Then you can make friends with more people. Third, it will be a good idea to help others when necessary. With time going on, people will know you better and like to make friends with you if you can do the above. I hope you will find these ideas useful . Yours, Li hua 二、根据提示,写一篇150词左右的建议信。假如你是某报编辑,昨天收到一位学生来信。请根据来信的内容和所给的要点提示用英语写一封回信。(要注意写信的格式) Dear Editor, I am a hard-working girl and want to be the top student in my class. But in exams, I always make many careless mistakes. I really worry about it. What should I do to improve my performance in exams? Best regards Yours sincerely, Li Fang 要点提示: 1.收到来信,获悉信中所提到的有关情况; 2.不要压力太大; 3.如有问题请教老师或同学; 4.考试时合理分配(distribute)时间,并尽量抽出几分钟检查; 5.其它建议……………… Dear Li Fang, I read your letter yesterday. It's good that you have a high aim for yourself and you know what has prevented you from achieving high scores in exams. But you should remember that even the very best student can make mistakes sometimes. So don't put too much pressure on yourself. As far as I am concerned, learning from your mistakes in past exams is a quick way to stop making the same mistakes next time. To begin with, if there are questions that can't be solved by yourself, you should turn to your teachers or classmates for help. What's more, during the exams you'd better make a good plan to distribute your time according to the questions. Besides, try to leave a few minutes at the end to check your answers. Enjoy the challenge that each new exam brings to you. I believe a good learning habit will finally help you gain success. Best wishes Yours sincerely, Editor

  • ID:4-6314521 2020 上海市 高一英语 复习讲义——语法(简明版)

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/语法综合

    2020 上海市 高一英语 专题复习讲义——语法 语法知识 1. 完全倒装句的使用 课文原句 Unit 1 The Phantom of the Opera On this lake was an island. On that island , one hundred years ago , lived the Phantom. 相关习题练习; On a hook behind the door .(复旦附中期中考试) A. hangs his overcoat B. does his overcoat hang C. hanged his overcoat D. did hang his overcoat 解析; 选 A. 考查倒装句。表示方位的词或短语 here/there/on the desk 等位于句首作状语时,若句子中是一般现在时时态,通常要用全部倒装。 注意: hang 【多义词】 悬挂、绞死 当用来表示悬挂的时候过去式和过去分词是 hung hung 当用来表示绞死,上吊的时候过去式和过去分词是 hanged hanged 拓展题目练习 Just in the centre of our city with a history of 1000 years. A. stands a tall tree B. does a tall tree stand C. a tall tree is standing D. a tall tree stands 解析:选 A。考查倒装句。表示方位的词或短语 here/there/on the desk 等位于句首作状语时,若句子中是一般现在时时态,通常要用全部倒装。 In Switzerland, six miles west of Geneva, a collection of laboratory buildings. A. lie B. are lying C. lies D. lays 解析:选 C。考查倒装句。“six miles west of Geneva”为插入语,根据句子结构及句意,选 C 项。 2. 定语从句 课文原句 Unit 3 The interesting world of plants In Hangzhou, there is a kind of water lily whose pads are so huge that a person can stand on them. It has a long white root, in which where are many holes. Here are three plants which can decorate your home. You could keep it in your house, or plant it outside where it can grow to be more than 60 centimeters tall. ( 1 ) 相关习题练习; 复旦附中高一下期中考试 By receiving allowances, children learn a lesson about the market economy work is rewarded. A. that B. in which C. what D. which 答案: B 解析: 横线前the market economy 为先行词,在从句中做状语, work is rewarded in the market economy , 故填写 in which . 七宝中学高一下期中考试 Teachers should create an environment children are taught how to solve problem of learning by themselves. A. where B. why C. which D. whose 答案 : A 解析: 横线前 an environment 为先行词,在从句中充当地点状语, 故填写 where=in which 拓展题目练习 1. It is very different from the. situation in the wild, the vast majority of camels will die or be killed before they grow up. 答案: where 解析: 先行词为 situation, 在从句中充当状语,所以用 where 翻译: 这不同于野生的环境,大多数骆驼长大之前在这种环境中会死去或者被杀死。 According to a report from Shanghai, the city has about 800,00 pet dogs, _ more than half were unregistered. 答案: of which 解析: 8000,00 pet dogs 为先行词, more than half 表示这 800,00 中的一半数量;”…….的”的表达方式 “ of which ” More and more people come to realize that our environment is the natural foundation our economy is built. 答案: on which 解析: be built on sth , 所以应该是on which Newton is known as a gifted scientist with very human weaknesses who stood at the point in history magic ended and science began. 答案: where 解析: 先行词为 the point , 在从句中 充当状语, 所以用 where With more than 17000 islands only 6000 are inhabited, Indonesia is the world's largest island nation. 答案: of which 解析: 先行词为 17000 islands, 在后句中中表示“ 其中的只有 6000 是有居住者的” ,表示“……的” 所以用 of which As we all know, the days are approaching the 2012 Olympics will be held in London, 答案: when 解析: 先行词为 days, 后句修饰 the days, the days 在后文中做时间状语, 所以用 when Beer is the most popular drink among male drinkers, overall consumption is significantly higher than that of women. 7. 答案: whose 解析: 先行词为 male drinkers, 在后文中表示:“男性喝啤酒的的比重明显高于女性”,所以表示“….的” 意思,应该用 whose 3.宾语从句 课文原句 Unit 1 The Phantom of the Opera 1. She understood how lonely his life had been. He taught her how to sing and helped her get better roles in the Opera. Unit 2 Great minds He then asked a question so complex that Hans had no idea what he was talking about. Unit 3 More reading learn to care for plants If you have no idea what to grow, you could plant a golden ball cactus. 相关习题练习; 复旦附中高一下期中考试 The concert hall was built in was once a deserted construction site. A. that B. what C. which D. where 答案: B 解析: in 为介词,后接宾语从句,从句中缺少主语,故用 what 表示物 The phantom threatened to kill knew his real identity or had seen his face. A. anyone B. who C. whoever D. whomever 答案: C 解析: kill 后接宾语从句,缺少主语,根据句意得知表示“幽灵威胁要杀死任何知道他真实身份或者看过他的脸的人”,故此题填写 whoever(主语) --- Have you asked your boss for a promotion? --- To be honest, I don’t know good it will do to me. A. how B. whether C. what D. that 答案: C 解析: know 后接宾语从句; 关键词 good 为名词,what 修饰名词,引导感叹从句,起形容词作用七宝中学高一下期中考试 He has no special fault except he smokes too much. A. for B. when C. that D. what 答案: C 解析: except 为介词,后接宾语从句,且 that 不能省略。 拓展练习题: 1. I was grateful to the repairman for helping me get back was accidentally deleted by myself. 答案: what 解析: get back sth ,此句为 get back 引导的宾语从句 从句中缺少主语, 根据意思“ 我很感激那个修理工,因为他帮我修复了我之前不小心删掉的东西”,表示…..的东西,用 what A Belgian French-language daily has issued is thought to be Europe's first 3D newspaper —complete with cardboard viewing glasses. 答案: what 解析: 此句为 issued 引导的宾语从句, 从句中缺少主语,根据意思表示…..的东西,所以应该填 what After three years of preparation, Shanghai has presented the world many say is the greatest World Expo. 答案: what 解析: present sb sth 呈现给… 什么动词 分析此句为宾语从句,many say 插入语,从句中缺少主语,所以用 what His parents don’t care he manages his pocket money, but one thing is for sure: the money spent must be worthwhile. 答案: 此句为 care 引导的宾语从句 解析: care 表示在乎,关于; 横线后面的句子为完整的,根据句意: 他的父母不在乎他是不是能管理好零花钱,但是有一件事是肯定的: 花的钱一定要值得的。 表示“ 是不是,是否”, 所以应该填写 whether /if They refused to admit Paul to the performance because of he was wearing. 答案: what 解析: 此句为 of 引导的宾语从句, 从句中缺少 wear 的宾语,所以应该填写 what Research shows when people are shut up together, they're in is called a stress situation. 答案: what 解析: 此句是介词引导的宾语从句,in 后接的句子缺少主语,所以应该用what 4. 非谓语动词 课文原句 Unit 1 The Phantom of the Opera 1. Raoul tried to rescue Chritine, but the Phantom captured him and put him in a prison. Unit 2 Great Minds 不定式 1.Einstein says his only gift is a strong desire to find out about things. it 形式主语 It’s a pleasure to drive a genius like you. to give lecture is very tiring In fact, it is so easy that even my driver knows how to answer it. 过去分词做定语 1. At the university, Hans was guided to a platform, where he stood surrounded by professors and students. with 复合结构 1. They left the university, with Einstein driving. 相关试题 复旦附中高一下英语期中 Chinese smartphone owners spend nearly 8 hours looking at electronic screen each day, with smartphones and Laptops their “screen time”. A. have dominated B. are dominating C. dominating D. dominated 答案: C 解析: 此题考查 with 复合结构,后接非谓语动词,分析横线前的名词和动词之间的关系是主动还是被动, 手机和平板占据了他们的时间。主动,故选 C , a golden ball cactus can be raised properly indoors. A. Everything considered B. With everything considering C. Consider everything D. Having considered everything 答案: A 解析: 横线处做状语,分析四个选项,B 为 with 复合结构,其中的 everything 和 consider 之间的关系是被动,应该是 with everything considered C 动词原形开头为祈使句,后应该加 and 等连词; D having considered everything 做状语,表示和主语的关系是主动,后文中的主语是 cactus 应该是被动关系,故排除。 A port city in Guangdong Province, Zhanjiang was once leased to the French and as a base for oil exploration projects in the South China Sea nowadays. A. located…serves B. locating…is served C. was located…served D. being located…was served 答案 : A 解析; be located in 表示位于, 此句中已经有谓语动词 was, 故此处用非谓语动词根据短语 sth be located in sp ,故此处用被动 located serve as 主动表示充当,起…作用 I regret you that the insurance doesn’t the damage caused by force. A. telling…serve…expected B. to tell…capture…accident C. telling…suffer…unexpected D. to tell…cover…accidental 答案; D 解析; 此题考察 regret to do 遗憾去做某事(表示没有做) regret doing 后悔做过某事(表示已经做了)此句表示我很遗憾告知你…. 故选 to do cover 表示覆盖,涵盖的意思 accidental force 意外伤害。 七宝中学高一下英语期中 Some of the passengers appear in the accident. A. to be injured B. having been injured C. to have been injured D. being injured 答案: C 解析: appear to do 表示似乎发生了什么…. 但要注意 to do 不定式有时态的变化, to do 通常表示将来,表示的动作发生在appear 之后 to be doing ,表示似乎正在做某事 to have done,表示似乎已经做某事,表示的动作发生在appear 之前。 故理解句意“一些乘客在这个事故中似乎受伤了。”这里表示已经发生的事情,所以填写 C He insisted on Dr. Turner instead of Mr. Turner. A. his being called B. him to be called C. his calling D. him to call 答案: A 解析: insist on doing 坚持做某事 此题考察动名词的复合结构,即动名词有其主语,这里表示被动句意理解“他坚持被叫 Dr. Turner 而不是 Mr. Turner” When hearing that the first prize was awarded to him, Terry stood up, . A. surprised B. to be surprised C. surprising D. having surprised 答案: A 解析: surprise 表示使动用法的感情色彩的词语; 分析句子成分,此句中有谓语动词 stood ,故此处用非谓语动词这里修饰人的状态,故用 surprised 表示感到吃惊的 Teachers appreciate that parents are interested in their children’s progress. A. to know B. to be known C. knowing D. having known 答案: C 解析: 固定搭配 appreciate doing , 感激做某事 The idea for the new machine came to Mr. Baber while to his invention. A. devoting himself B. he was devoted C. devoted D. being devoted 答案: B 解析: While 为连词,后可以接句子 ,所以选 B I would love to the party last night, but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. going B. having gone C. to go D. to have gone 答案: D 解析: would love to do ,但是注意句子中时间状语 last night 故这里表示动作发生在之前,所以用 to have gone(即 go to the party 发生在过去) One of the earliest magicians on stage was a Frenchman, known as the Father of Modern Magic. A.to perform B. to be performing C. to be performed D. performed 答案: A 解析: 名词前如果有最高级修饰时, 后接不定式做定语 Fire insurance is meant to protect people and businesses from possible losses from unexpected fire. A. resulted B. to be resulted C. having resulted D. resulting 答案: D 解析: result from 表示起源于 分析句子成分,横线前有谓语动词 is meant to do,故此处用非谓语动词, 分析名词与result 之间的关系 sth result from sth 故主动,所以先 D The X is a diagram of two paths. This is why we call people exes, because the paths that cross in the middle end up at the end. A. separated B. to separate C. to be separated D. separating 答案: D 解析: end up doing 固定搭配

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  • ID:4-6314515 2020 上海高考英语考纲词汇新变化(含2019详解版)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

    2020 上海高考英语考纲词汇新变化(含2019详解) agenda /?'d?end?/ n.议事日程;日常工作事项 Does television set the agenda on foreign policy? 电视舆论对外交政策有影响吗? arrange /?'re?nd?/ vt. 安排;整理;(事先)准备,筹划 vi.作安排;作准备I've arranged to see him on Friday morning 我已安排好星期五上午见他。 court /k??t/ n. 球场;法院;法庭;宫廷;庭院;短街;陈列区,馆 food court <美> (购物中心内快餐店集中的)美食街 At this rate, we could find ourselves in the divorce courts! 照这样下去,我们会为离婚闹上法院! crazy /'kre?z?/ adj. 发疯的; 荒唐的; 不切实际的; 急切的; < 口> 狂热爱好的; 着迷的 (about,over) People thought they were all crazy to try to make money from manufacturing 人们认为他们简直是疯了,竟然想从制造业中赚钱。 discipline /'d?s?pl?n/ n.纪律;训练;处罚;学科 vt.训练;惩罚;控制 Order and discipline have been placed in the hands of headmasters and governing bodies. 维持秩序和纪律的工作已交接给了校长和管理机构了。 distress /d?'stres/ n. 痛苦;疼痛;贫困;不幸 (此外还可作 v. 使忧虑;使苦恼) Jealousy causes distress and painful emotions. 嫉妒会带来忧虑和痛苦。 document /'d?kj?m?nt/ n. 文件;证件; /'d?kj?ment/ vt. 用文件(或文献等)证明;用纪实材料构成(影片、小说等);纪实性的描述 The foreign ministers of the two countries signed the documents today. 两国的外交大臣今天签署了文件。 dot /d?t/ n. 点 vi. 打点于;散布于;布满;点缀 vt. 打点 Soon they were only dots above the hard line of the horizon. 很快他们就成了地平线上的几个小点了 drone /dr??n/ n. 无人驾驶飞机 Above him an invisible plane droned through the night sky. ( 上海高考英语考纲词汇新变化 ) ( 1 ) 在他头顶上一架隐形飞机嗡嗡地飞过夜空 dump /d?mp/ vt. 倾倒(垃圾等);(向国外)倾销 vi. 倾倒;倒垃圾;倾销 n. 垃圾(或废物) 堆;倾倒;倾销 We dumped our bags at the nearby Grand Hotel and hurried towards the market 我们把包扔在附近的格兰德酒店后就匆匆赶往集市。 edge /ed?/ n. 边,边缘;刀口,刃;优势 We were on a hill, right on the edge of town 我们在恰位于城镇边缘的一座小山上。 fail /fe?l/ vi.失败;不及格;衰退 vt.(后接不定式)不,不能;使失望;有负于;没有通过(考试等);使不及格 The Workers 'Party failed to win a single governorship 劳工党连一个州长职位也未能赢得 fake /fe?k/ vt. 伪造 n. 假货,赝品 adj. 假的,伪造的 The bank manager is said to have issued fake certificates. 据说那个银行经理曾出具伪造的凭证 fast /fɑ?st/ vi. 禁食;节制食欲 n.禁食;禁食期;节食 [注意:fast1 /fɑ?st/ adj., ddv. 快的(地);牢固的(地)] Brindley was known as a very, very fast driver 众所周知,布林德利是个喜欢飞车的人 feel /fi?l/ v.感受到,觉得;摸,触;摸索 n. 触,摸;触觉,手感;感觉,知觉;特有的气氛; 本能的鉴赏力 I am feeling very depressed 我觉得非常沮丧。 field /fi?ld/ n. 旷野;(一块)田;场地;实地,野外;领域;专业 They went for walks together in the fields. 他们一起在田野里漫步 fill /f?l/ vt. 装满;使充满;填满;积满;填补 vi.被充满 n. 足以填满的量;充分,足够 Fill a saucepan with water and bring to a slow boil 往平底锅里加满水,小火煮沸。 find /fa?nd/ vt.找到;发现;查明;感受到;认为 n. 发现;发现物 fit /f?t/ vt.(使)适合;(使)配合;(衣服)合 的身;安装 vi. 适配;(服装等)合身 adj. 适合的;健康的 n. 合身;合身的衣服 fix /f?ks/ vt. 使固定;修理;安装;使稳定;使集中;吸引;钉住;凝视;确定 flash /fl??/ n.闪光;闪现;刹那,瞬间 v. (闪)光;使闪光 A sudden flash of lightning lit everything up for a second 突然一个闪电瞬间照亮了一切。 foot /f?t/ n.脚([复数]feet /fi?t/;英尺[复数]foot 或 feet ) fry /fra?/ vt. 油煎,油炒,油炸 n. 油煎食品;[fries]油炸土豆 game /ge?m/ n. 游戏;运动;比赛;[总称]猎物 glance /glɑ?ns/ vi.瞥,看一眼;扫视(at,down,over,round,through);闪烁n.一瞥;扫视(at,into,over);闪烁 He glanced at his watch 他匆匆看了一下手表。 grill /gr?l/ n.烤架;烧烤店;烤炙vt. (在烤架等上面)烤炙 vi. 受炙烤 Place the omelette under a gentle grill until the top is set. 将煎蛋饼放在烤架下用文火烘烤,直到表面凝固。 ( /'h?p?/ adj. 愉快的;乐意的;满意的;幸福的;美满的 heart /hɑ?t/ n. 心;心脏;内心;心灵;心情 heroine /'her???n/ n. 女英雄;女主角;女主人公 )happy history /'h?st?r?/ n. 历史;过去;过去时间的记载;史;史册 hour /'a??/ n.小时;时间,时刻;钟点 inject /?n'd?ekt/vt. 注射;插(话);引入 She kept trying to inject a little fun into their relationship 她一直在设法为他们的关系增添一些情趣。 Invite /?n'va?t/ vt. 邀请;请求;征求;引起;招致;吸引 She invited him to her 26th birthday party in New Jersey 她邀请他去参加她在新泽西举行的 26 岁生日聚会 job /d??b/ n. 工作;灵活;职业;职责 King /k??/ n. 国王;君主;[口](某界)大王,巨子;(同类动物或事物中)首屈一指者 kingdom /'k??d?m/ n.王国;(某事物或某人)占统治地位的地方;领域 moral /'m?r?l/ adj. 道德(上)的;有道德的 n. 寓意;[-s]道德;品行 They have no morals. 他们没有一点品行。 orient /'??r??nt/ n. [the O-]东方adj. [诗]东的;东部的 /'??r?ent/ vt. 使适应;给......定向;以 为方向(或目的)(to,towards) You will need the time to orient yourself to your new way of eating. ( 38. pair /pe?/ n. 一双,一对 vt. 使成对 vi. 成对;配合,合作 pale /pe?l/ adj . 苍白的;灰白的 vi. 变得苍白;变得暗淡;显得逊色 vt . 室苍白;使暗淡 Phenomenon /f?'n?m?n?n/ ( (复) phenomenona /f?'n?m?n?/) n . 现象;奇观,奇迹;杰出人才( [ 美 ] (复) phenomenons ) This form of civil disobedience isn't a particularly new phenomenon. 这种形式的非暴力反抗并不是特别新的现象 )你还需要一些时间才能适应新的饮食方式。 practise /'pr?kt?s/ vt. 练习;实习;经常做,实践 练习;经常做;实践;从事职业(尤指律师或医生) Lauren practises the piano every day 劳伦每天练习钢琴。 print /pr?nt/ vt. 印刷;[计]打印;打上(印记等);铭记 印刷 n.印出的字;印刷字体;印刷(术、业、品) private /?pra?v?t/ adj. 私人(用)的;私有的;私立的;私下的 Bupa runs private hospitals in Britain 保柏在英国开办私立医院。 put off 脱掉;推迟;关掉,熄灭;使分心;使反感 quiet /'kwa??t/ adj. 安静的;平静的;轻声的;平静的 vt. 使安静;(使)平静 ( rain /re?n/ vi. 下雨;如雨般降下 vt. 下(雨);使如雨下 n. 雨 ( 水);雨天; ( 降雨般的)一阵 reading /'ri?d??/ n. 阅读(能力);朗读;读物;文选;(标度盘、仪表等上的)度数 receive /r?'si?v/ vt . 收到,接到;得到,领受;遭受,经受;(常用被动语态)接受 ... 为有理;接 待 ) They will receive their awards at a ceremony in Stockholm 他们会在斯德哥尔摩举行的仪式上接受颁奖。 received /r?'si?vd/ adj. 被普遍接受的;公认的 He was among the first to question the received wisdom of the time 他是那个时代首先质疑当时被普遍认可的处世之道的人之一 reserve /r?'z??v/ vt. 保留;储备;预订 vi. 预订,订座 A double room with a balcony overlooking the sea had been reserved for him 特地为他预留了一间带阳台的海景双人房 run across 穿越;偶然碰见 We ran across some old friends in the village. 我们在村里偶然碰见了一些老朋友 run away 跑开,逃走;离家出走 I ran away from home when I was sixteen 我 16 岁的时候离家出走了 run into (使)撞在 上;偶然碰见;遭遇(困难等) They agreed to sell last year after they ran into financial problems 陷入财政困境以后,他们于去年同意出售 run out of 用完;耗尽 They have run out of ideas 他们已经想不出任何办法了。 sculpture /'sk?lpt??/ n. 雕刻(术);雕刻作品;雕塑品;雕像 Both studied sculpture. 两人都学习雕刻 show off 展览,陈列;<口>炫耀;表现自己 All right, there's no need to show off 好了,没必要炫耀 show up 揭露;暴露;(使)显而易见;显得醒目;<口>来到,出席,露面 He wanted to teach her a lesson for showing him up in front of Leonov 她在列昂诺夫面前让他难堪,他要教训她一通。 stem /stem/ n. 茎;干 vi.起源于;基于,由于 造成(from)(此外作 vt. 遏制,封堵) All my problems stem from drink 我所有的问题都源于酗酒 ( / sw?? / v. (使)摆动;(使)摇荡;悬,挂;(使)剧变 n. 摆动,震动;(荡)秋 57.tap 1 / t?p / v., n. 轻拍;轻扣) tap 2 )Swing /t?p/ n. (煤气、自来水等管道上的)龙头,阀门 She turned on the taps. 她打开了那些龙头。 tip1 ( tip 2 / t?p / v. (使)倾斜 ,(使)倾侧;(使)翻到;(使)倾翻 n. 倾斜;倾侧 ) tip 3 )/t?p/ n. 顶端;尖端 /t?p/ vt. 给……小费 n. 小费;内部情报;指点,指导;忠告 The sleeves covered his hands to the tips of his fingers 袖子遮住了他的手,一直盖到指尖。 Thank you for your tip on how to get ink out of shirts. 感谢你对如何去掉衬衣上墨水迹的指点 upstairs /?p'ste?z/ adv. 在楼上;往楼上 adj.在楼上的 n.[用作单或复]楼层 virus /'va?r?s/ n. 病毒;毒害;[计]病毒 want /w?nt/ vt.要;想要;需要;n.缺乏,缺少 The men were daily becoming weaker from want of manners and charm 缺乏风度和魅力 work at 从事于;致力于 work on 继续工作;从事于,致力于;对 有影响 wrist /r?st/ n. 腕;腕部 ( 2019 上海高考英语考纲词汇新变化(详解版) (说明:黄色字体代表新增加的词汇及新语义;蓝色字体代表语义新变化;红色字体 ) 代表语义已删除。) about prep. 关于;在……周围;在……各处;在……附近;(时间上)在……前后(或左右) ad.在四周; 到处 allowance n. 津贴,补贴;零用钱 Many children first learn the value of money by receiving an allowance.(2013 嘉定一模) 很多孩子首先通过领取津贴来学习金钱的价值。 alphabet n.(一种语言的)全部字母,字母表; 初步,入门;基础知识V lies in U and W in the English alphabet. 在英语字母表中,V 位于 U 与 W 之间。 annual a. 每年的; 年度的 n. 年刊 She will help Wendy prepare her annual report. 她将帮助温迪准备她的年度报告。( 2017 普陀一模) King's College Summer School is an annual training program for high school students at all levels who want to improve their English. 国王学院暑期学校是一项针对各级高中生,希望提高英语水平的年度培训课程。(2017 金山中学) anymore ad.再也(不),(不)再 He noticed that he didn’t think about smoking anymore. 他注意到他不再考虑吸烟了。(2016 徐汇区二模) You won't have any excuse to skip class anymore. 你不会有任何理由再逃课了。(2018 奉贤二模) app n.(下载到智能手机或平板电脑等设备上使用的)应用软件;应用程序(application ( 的缩略) ) You may be surprised by how much you dish out on Starbucks after using the app for a while. 在使用该应用程序一段时间后,您可能会惊讶地发现星巴克的菜肴数量。(2018 徐汇 一模) applaud vt. 向…鼓掌;向……喝彩;称赞 vi. 鼓掌;喝彩 appliance n. 器具;器械 They will be able to collect real-time information on their energy use for each appliance. 他们将能够收集有关每个器械的能源使用情况的实时信息。(2013 闵行二模) application n. 应用;申请(表);(计)应用程序 I was actually hoping you could write me a reference letter for my law school application. 我实际上希望你能给我写一封我的法学院申请的推荐信。(2017 崇明一模) The robotic fly has been put into wide application. 机器人飞行已被广泛应用。(2013 上海高考) arouse vt. 唤醒;引起;使……奋发;使……行动起来 vi. 醒来;发奋 Welcome to a never-before-seen world of wonder where you can arouse the magical dream within your heart. 欢迎来到一个前所未有的奇迹世界,在这里您可以唤起内心的神奇梦想。(2017 虹口一模) But I strongly support this kind of activity which may arouse people's concern about the environment by using less power. ( 更多资源请关注微信公众号:上海高中教研教学 上海高考英语考纲词汇新变化 ) 但我强烈支持这种可能会通过减少用电来引起人们对环境的关注的活动。 (2011 普陀二模) arrive vi. 到达;到来;达成(at) Too many studies test too few subjects to arrive at firm conclusions. 太多的研究测试的受试者太少,无法得出确切的结论。(2018 徐汇二模) awake a. 醒着的; 意识到的;认识到的(to) vi. 醒;觉醒 vt. 唤醒;使觉醒 Perhaps keeping one side of the brain awake allows a sleeping animal to surface occasionally to avoid drowning. 也许保持大脑的一侧清醒可以使睡眠动物偶尔浮出水面以避免溺水。 (2011 交大附中) awaken vt. 唤醒;使意识到;认识到的(to) vi. 醒;觉醒;意识到;认识到(to) Not only does traveling force you to awaken your inner word bank, but it also teaches you about the large number of cultural quirks. 旅行不仅强迫你认识到你内心文字库,而且它还教你大量文化怪癖。(2017 复旦附中) We suddenly awakened to the realization that our friendship was over. 我们突然意识到我们的友谊结束了。 background n. 背景; 背景资料;出身背景 Success does not depend on family background, but depends on diligence and good family education. 成功不取决于家庭背景,而是取决于勤奋和良好的家庭教育。( 2017 七宝中学) bargain n. 协定,协议;特价商品;交易;廉价(品) vi. 讨价,讨价还价 The cost of tuition and the availability of financial aid are other considerations, with public institutions generally a better financial bargain than private ones. 学费和经济援助的可用性是其他考虑因素,公共机构通常比私人机构更便宜。 (2015 闵行一模) bed n. 床; 就寝时间;(河)床;(湖、海的)底 Your mind may start to connect your bed with work, which will make it harder for you to fall asleep. 你的思绪可能会开始将你的床与工作连接起来,这将使你更难入睡。 (2012 宝山一模) behalf n. 利益;方面;支持 on behalf of 代表......一方;作为......的代言人;为了 的利益 Many adults in counseling sessions still recall with gratitude the one time that a stranger stepped in on their behalf… 咨询会议中的许多成年人仍然感激地回忆起一个陌生人进来代表他们…(2018 徐汇一 模) MPAA is a nonprofit organization formed by six large studios to work on behalf of the film industry. MPAA 是由六家大型工作室组成的非营利组织,代表电影业工作。(2015 黄浦一模) behave vi. 举止端正;表现 vt. (∽ oneself)检点(自己的)行为 Parents must provide the best environment and behave themselves better. 父母必须提供最好的环境,让自己更好地行事。( 2010 十校联考) bonus n. 额外给予的东西;奖金;津贴 I have found that having male nurses is a real bonus, and they definitely have a place in our hospital. ( 上海高考英语考纲词汇新变化 ) ( 10 ) 我发现拥有男护士是一个真正的奖金,他们肯定在我们医院占有一席之地。( 2014 浦东一模) Parents and teachers are sometimes reluctant to offer a reward to a young person for doing something he or she "should" like for its own sake---a monetary bonus for reading a book, for example. 父母和老师有时不愿意为年轻人做出他或她“应该”喜欢的事情而给予奖励 例如, 读书的金钱奖金。(2017 八校联考) boom n. 低沉有回响的声音;隆隆声;嗡嗡声;(经济等思维)繁荣( 期);(价格等的) 暴涨;( 事业等的)突然好转 v. 发出低沉有回响的声音;发出隆隆声(或嗡嗡声);使繁荣;(使)迅速发展 Maybe the books boom has affected only the top of the educational pile. 也许书籍繁荣只影响了教育的最高层。(2012 吴淞中学) Websites about dieting would boom. 关于节食的网站将会迅速发展。(2017 普陀一模) botany n. 植物学;(一个地区的)植物生态 Workshops are very loosely organized and most represent discussions that have been held at Society for Economic Botany (SEB) meetings over a series of years. 研讨会组织得非常松散,大多数代表了多年来在经济植物学会(SEB)会议上进行的 讨论。( 2014 青浦一模) bow2 n. 狐状物;弓,弓形物 Practicingfighting with a sword and using a bow and arrow skillfully. 练习用剑战斗,巧妙地使用弓箭。 brochure n. 小册子; 情况介绍手册 People with Globe-trotter tickets can take any kind of the discounts listed in the brochure. 拥有 Globe-trotter 门票的人可以享受手册中列出的任何折扣。( 2015 长宁二模) buffet n. 餐具架( 或柜);自助餐,快餐 With sandcastle contests, Swedish buffet night, and family bingo, this classic northern Minnesota lodge is right out of Garrison Keillor. 这家经典的明尼苏达州北部小屋位于 Garrison Keillor 的对面, 提供沙堡比赛, 瑞典自助餐之夜和家庭宾果游戏。( 2018 静安一模) category n. 种类,类,类别 Common bacteria, which have been known to survive in many environments that support no other form of life, fall into this category. 已知在许多不支持其他生活形式的环境中存活的常见细菌属于这一类。 (2018 徐汇一模) caution n. 小心,谨慎;警告 ( 教育工作者在使用排名表时要求谨慎,并强调一个学生的更好选择可能与另一 个学生的选择截然不同。 ( 2015 黄浦一模 ) Cell phone users err on the side of caution until more definitive studies can be conducted. 手机用户在谨慎方面犯了错误,直到可以进行更明确的研究。 ( 2010 徐汇一模) )Educators urge caution in using a ranking table and emphasize that better choice for one student may be very different for another. centigrade a. 摄氏的; 百分度的 n. 摄氏 In Finland the temperature is sometimes40 degrees below zero centigrade. 在芬兰, 温度有时比零摄氏度低 40 度。(2012 虹口二模) chapter n. (书等的)章,回,篇 You are supposed to read the chapter about which I will be lecturing before you come to class. 在你上课之前,你应该阅读我将要讲授的章节。( 2015 静安一模) check 检查;核对;(使)突然停止 n. 检查;核对;(主美) 支票 ( Be sure to check ahead of time what you will need for each activity. 请务必提前检查每项活动所需的内容。( 2012 徐汇二模) People with destructive patterns should check their lives for signs of unresolved pain… 具有破坏性模式的人应该检查他们的生活是否有未解决的疼痛迹象 ……(2017 青浦二 ) 模) climate n. 气候;(某一社会、时期等的)风气;环境气氛 This, along with considerable leisure time plus favorable climate, all contributes to Australians‘ relaxed attitude. 这一点, 以及相当多的休闲时间和有利的气候,都有助于澳大利亚人放松的态度。 (2018 黄浦一模) The financial climate, the job market, family tensions, Obama moving into the Lincoln bedroom. 金融气候,就业市场, 家庭紧张局势,奥巴马搬入林肯卧室。( 2012 虹口分层) content2 vt. 使满意; 使满足a. 满意的; 满足的n. 满意;满足 Few of us are content to accept ourselves as we are. 我们很少有人满足于接受自己。(2010 徐汇二模) They are happy so long as their children are content. 只要孩子满意,他们就会很开心。( 2018 杨浦二模) crawl n. 爬,爬行;匍匐行进; 缓慢(或费劲)地行进 They may be so small that they can crawl along the edge of a coin. 它们可能很小,以至于它们可以沿着硬币的边缘爬行。(2013 奉贤一模) dinosaur n. 恐龙 A collection of more than 30,000 ancient fossils, including dinosaur skeletons, are facing the risk of destruction in Hebei Province, north China, unless effective measures are taken to protect them from further damage. 除非采取有效措施保护他们免受进一步破坏,否则包括恐龙骨骼在内的 3 万多件古代 化石的集合将面临中国北方河北省的破坏风险。 (2011 十三校联考) discourage vt. 使泄气, 使灰心;阻止, 阻挡 When conscientiousness takes the form of living up to expectations, it can discourage creativity. 当责任感采取达到期望的形式时,它可以阻挡创造力。(2018 闵行二模) Some people are discouraged by failure while others don't believe in this way. 有些人因失败而泄气, 而有些人则不相信这种方式。(2010 晋元中学) emergency ( n. 紧急情况;急症 (病人) When a call comes in, a worker in the emergency center answers the phone quickly, writes down the caller’s information, and then helps the caller contact the emergency agency. ) 当有来电时,紧急中心的工作人员会快速接听电话,记下来电者的信息, 然后帮助来电者联系应急机构。(2011 虹口二模) ever adv. 在任何时候,从来 Despite the great effort made by governments, more effective measures should be made to deal with the ever worsening problem of global warming. 尽管各国政府付出了巨大努力,但应采取更有效的措施来应对日益恶化的全球变暖问 题。(2010 闵行二模) full a.(充)满的;完全的;(口)饱的Take full advantage of what matters most. 完全利用最重要的事情。(2009 黄浦二模) The hospitals in Qatar were full at that time. 那时卡塔尔的医院已经满员了。(2016 奉贤二模) fundamental a. 基本的; 基础的;主要的 When it comes to investing in such staff training, however, there is a fundamental paradox. 然而,当涉及投资员工培训时,存在一个基本的矛盾。(2017 八校联考) The hill was a fundamental part of my childhood life. 山是我童年生活的主要的组成部分。(2013 七宝中学) genius n. 天才, 天赋;天才人物 If you wanted to picture how a typical genius might develop, you'd take a girl who possessed a slightly above average language ability. 如果你想描绘一个典型的天才如何发展,你会选择一个拥有略高于平均水平的 语言能力的女孩。(2018 闵行一模) grave2 a. 认真的, 严肃的;庄严的;严重的; 重大的 Nobody could have failed to notice the fact that drunken driving has been a grave problem with which we are confronted. 没有人能够注意到醉酒驾驶一直是我们面临的严重的问题。(2011 普陀一模) The manager was a grave, calm man. 经理是一个严肃,冷静的人。(2017 奉贤一模) kangaroo n. 袋 鼠 Thanks to special bacteria in their stomachs, kangaroo flatulence contains no methane and scientists want to transfer that bacteria to cattle and sheep who produce large quantities of the harmful gas. 由于胃里有特殊的细菌,袋鼠肠胃气胀不含甲烷,科学家们希望将这种细菌转移到产 生大量有害气体的牛羊身上。(2013 七宝中学) marathon n. 马拉松赛跑 One must be able to cover the Half Marathon within 3.5hours. 一个人必须能够在 3.5 小时内完成半程马拉松比赛。(2015 奉贤一模) modify vt. 修改,更改;缓和;( 语)修饰 I consider how I might modify some of the things that I’m doing. 我考虑如何修改我正在做的一些事情。(2012 七校联考) How do scientists modify a plant so that it makes more food than its parents did? 科学家如何修改植物以使其比父母更多地摄取食物?(2017 浦东二模) mutual a. 相互的, 彼此的;共有的 To promote mutual understanding, they should listen to each other and ask question. 为了促进相互理解,他们应该互相倾听并提出问题。(2018 浦东一模) Co-rumination is the mutual encouragement to discuss problems repeatedly going over the same problems, anticipating future problems and focusing on negative feelings. 共同反思是相互鼓励, 可以反复讨论问题,预测未来的问题并关注负面情绪。 (2018 徐汇二模) myth n. 神话;谎言;(美语事实根据的)虚构信念(或观点、理论) This workshop will expose the myth of a social change-maker. 本次研讨会将揭示社会变革者的神话。(2015 黄浦二模) The myth that shy people are less effective leaders than their outgoing fellows is just a misunderstanding. 害羞的人比那些即将离任的人更不有效的领导者的神话只是一种误解。 (2017 格致中学) nonfiction n. 非小说类文学作品, 写实作品 The degree of involvement of the ghostwriter in nonfiction writing projects ranges from minor to significant. 代笔作家在非小说写作项目中的参与程度从轻微到重要。(2009 黄浦二模) novel n. (长篇) 小说 I thought the novel was going to be really boring. 我觉得这部小说真的很无聊。(2003 上海春考) onion n. 洋 葱 Then he added two slices of onion. 然后他又加了两片洋葱。(2014 徐汇一模) prey n. 猎物,捕猎物;捕食vi. 捕食 Low prey population levels then provide inadequate food for the predators, causing the predator population to decrease. 较低猎物种群水平为捕食者提供的食物不足,导致捕食者数量减少。(2015 长宁二模) In the Jurassic and Cretaceous, they were prey as well as predator and often had to make a speedy exit as a result. 在侏罗纪和白垩纪,它们既是猎物也是捕食者,因此经常不得不迅速退出。( 2018 闵行二模) punctual a. 守时的; 准时的 Mr. Zhang said that he would be punctual for the appointment, but what if he were late? 张先生说他会准时约会,但如果他迟到怎么办?(2012 吴淞中学) The everyday signs of conscientiousness being punctual, careful in doing work, self-disciplined, and scrupulous in attending to responsibilities. 日常的责任心表现为准时,勤勉工作,自律,谨慎地履行职责。 (2018 闵行二模) rock2 n. 摇动,摇摆;摇滚乐( 或舞) (使)摇动,(使)摇摆;奏摇滚乐,跳摇滚舞 WhenI came back inside, light and air bursting in with me, Grandma, her hair up, would rock a little and smile. 当我回到里面时,光线和空气一起冲进来,奶奶,她的头发,会摇动一下,微笑。(2012 卢湾一模) What a wonderful performance! Your rock band has never sounded better. 真是太棒了!你的摇滚乐队从来没有听起来更好。(2017 浦东一模) subject n. 学科,科目;主题;题材 ( Because toys can be generally regarded as a kind of art form, they have not been subject to technological leaps that characterize inventions for adult use. 由于玩具通常被视为一种艺术形式, 因此它们并未受到成人使用发明特征的技术飞 跃。( 2012 十校联考) Many cyclists even believe that they are not subject to the basic rules of the road. 许多骑车者甚至认为他们不受道路基本规则的约束。( 2014 闵行一模) )adj. 易受……的,常受……的,易患……的(to) vt. 使服从; 使经受;使遭受;使易受( to) suspicion n. 怀疑,疑心 This gains from trade logic often arouses suspicion, because the benefits seem to come from nowhere. 贸易逻辑带来的收益往往引起怀疑, 因为好处似乎来自无处。( 2014 闵行二模) Because he wasn't very confident about his suspicion, he used a three-step process to search for the truth. 因为他对自己的怀疑不太自信,所以他用了三个步骤来寻找真相。(2013 杨浦二模) volcano n. 火 山 It was not plausible that a solo volcano could bring about such chaos. 单独的火山可能导致这种混乱,这似乎不合理。(2018 普陀二模) where adv. 在哪里; 到哪里 conj. 在……处;到……的地方 Don't waste time worrying about where your competition is. 不要浪费时间担心竞争对手的位置。(2013 七宝中学) Leaving situations that fail to bring you joy can leave you with sufficient time to explore where your heart is truly leading you. 离开无法带给你快乐的情境可以让你有足够的时间探索你的心灵真正引领你的地方。 (2017 宝山二模) wind2 ( But as my creativity wound down, a new thought popped up. 但随着我的创造力减弱,一个新想法突然出现了。 The insight into how whales hear might explain whether sonar testing by military ships is causing the animals to wind up on beaches. 对鲸鱼如何听到的洞察力可以解释军舰的声纳测试是否会导致动物在海滩 上结束。( 2011 崇明一模) )弯曲前进;迂回;(缠)绕;上发条vt. 绕;包; 裹;给……上发条 worse a. 更坏的, 更糟的;健康状况更坏的 adv. 更坏,更糟;健康状况更坏地 Unusual weather indicates that our living environment is getting worse, which is the warning to us from nature. 不寻常的天气表明我们的生活环境正在恶化,这是我们对大自然的警示。(2010 黄浦二模) A hot drink makes me feel much better and a cold drink would make me feel worse. 喝一杯热饮让我感觉好多了而冷饮会让我感觉更糟。(2018 崇明二模) worst a. 最坏的, 最糟的; 健康状况最坏的 adv. 最坏地, 更糟地;最有害地 This was the period of the worst deforestation. 这是最严重的森林砍伐时期。(2016 浦东二模) The worst time to look for a job is when you feel desperate and must have a new one immediately. 寻找工作的最糟糕时间是当你感到绝望并且必须立即换新工作时。 (2017 闵行二模) ( 20 )

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