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  • ID:4-4874849 [精]高考一轮复习学案 第13讲 并列复合句(解析版+原卷版)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

    第 13 讲 并列复合句(原卷版) 2018年高考英语考试大纲对语言知识的考查中明确规定:要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录1至附录5),其中附录2语法项目表第18个条目就是并列复合句。通过对近几年全国课标卷的研究发现,语篇型填空和短文改错中体现了对并列连词和并列句的考查。其中在语篇型填空中对其考查形式都为无提示词型填空。这就要求教师在学生备考阶段做出科学有效的指导,抓住考点、难点、易错点,有的放矢,针对性精讲精练。 Not only had Niu Lang lost his parents, but (also) [1]he was often bullied by his elder brother. What he only had was an old and weak cattle, but[2] he took good care of it. Other men at his age had children already, while[3] Niu Lang didn’t get married yet. One day, the cattle said unexpectedly, “I’d like to help you, for[4]you have attended me so carefully. Follow me, and[5]you will get a wife!” So Niu Lang went to the bank while several beautiful fairies were bathing in the river. Then he did as the animal told him, hiding the youngest fairy’s clothes away and[6] telling her, “I am afraid that you will either lose your clothes or[7]marry me.” As a result, the youngest fairy Zhinv became his wife. Both Niu Lang and[8]Zhinv lived happily. However, the Goddess of Heaven was angry with her granddaughter marrying a human, so[9]she said to Zhinv, “Go back to heaven, otherwise[10]I will punish you!” Hearing this, Zhinv was not delighted but[11]worried. Niu Lang was about to run after them anxiously when[12]the Goddess of Heaven was making the Milky Way with her hair adornment (发簪) to stop him. Neither Zhinv nor[13]Niu Lang was happy, as they missed each other so much. Seeing this, the Goddess of Heaven let them cross the Milky Way to meet once a year with the help of magpies. 【深思熟虑】 1. not only…but also表示“不但……而且……”,用于连接两个性质相同的词、短语或句子。为了强调,可将not only置于句首,此时其后的句子通常要用部分倒装。 2. but表示转折关系的并列连词,此处连接两个句子。 3. while表示对比,意为“而”。 4. for用作并列连词,表示“因为”。 5. and在“祈使句,and+主谓结构”中,祈使句表示一个条件,and后的句子表示结果。意为“那么”(暗示一种条件)。 6. and用于连接两个并列的现在分词短语。 7. either…or…连接两个相同成分的词、短语或句子,选择关系,表示“不是……就是……”“或者……或者……”。在本句中连接两个并列的谓语动词。 8. both…and…在句中连接两个并列的主语,表“两者都”。 9. so表示因果,连接两个并列分句,so意为“因此”,其后的分句表示结果。 10. or/otherwise 在“祈使句,or/otherwise+主谓”结构中,祈使句表条件,or/otherwise后的句子表相反的结果。 11. not…but…意思为“不是……而是……”。 12. when表示一件事情正在发生或就要发生,突然发生了另一件事,只能用when。固定搭配was/were about to do或was /were doing…when…(刚要做/正在做某事突然就……)。 13. neither…nor…连接两个并列成分,表“既不……也不……”。 从篇章来看,英语句子之间常用并列连词进行连接和过渡;从现象看,似乎千变万化,难以捉摸,但从实质看(注意蓝色字体),可以探究出其共同规律。 一、并列连词和并列句定义 并列连词连接并列关系的词、短语或分句。当并列连词连接两个或两个以上的并列分句,就构成了并列句。 二、并列连词 1.并列连词的分类 表示转折和对比关系 but,yet,however,while 表示因果关系 for,?so,?therefore 表示承接、选择、递进等关系 ?and,?or,?either…or,?neither…nor,?both…?and,?as?well?as, ? not?only…but also… 2.并列连词的用法 注意并列连词连接词、短语或分句。 如 His?parents?will?travel?today?or?tomorrow. 连接词 His?parents?will?travel?either?this?week?or?next?week. 连接短语 His?mother?will?travel?and?his?father?will?also?travel.连接分句 三、并列句 基本结构为:分句+并列连词+分句。 在并列句中,除了使用并列连词外,还可使用并列连词词组或连接副词来连接分句,有时甚至不用并列连词,只用逗号、分号、冒号等把分句隔开。 根据在句中所起的作用可以分为: 1. 表示联合关系 常用连词:and,neither…nor,not only…but also等. There?was?a?big?storm?after?midnight?and?the?rain?poured?down. (外研M3) Pip?is?not only?a?character,?he?also?tells?the?story?of?Great?Expectations. (译林U1) 2.表示选择关系 常用连词:or,?either…or等。例如: We?cook?dinner?together,?or?we?go?for?a?long?walk. (译林U2) …either one of his daughters replaces him?as?a?prisoner?in?the?castle,?or?he?will?die…… (北师大U18) 3.表示转折和对比关系 常用连词或连接副词:but, yet, however, while等 (1) while,but表示完全的转折,语气较强, while主要表示对比。 如: He is a good composer,but he has taught me nothing。(外研②M3) Some sports are usually done indoors, while others are done outdoors. (译林①D3) (2)however however在使用时必须与句子的其他成分用逗号分隔开。 如: We cannot feel air , however, it does exist. I'd like to help you to carry the heavy bag; my hands, however, are full of my baggage. Your composition is good; some words could be replaced, however. (3)yet既可以用作并列连词,也可以用作连接副词。 如: John plays basketball well,yet his favorite is badminton. (2009北京)(并列连词) It is surprising, and yet it has happened. (连接副词) 4.表示因果关系 常用连词或连接副词so,for, therefore等。 如: I didn' t get enough sleep so I didn' t feel very well this morning. (译林①U2) It has been separated from other continents for millions of years,so it has many plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. (2017·东城期中) He found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail.(2008山东) 5.表示条件或结果 常用and,or等连词。在这类并列句中,and意为“(只要)…就”,or意为“否则”。 如: Simply raise your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. (外研M2) Stand over there,and you'll be able to see the oil painting better。(2008全国改) You have to move out of the way,or the truck cannot get past you。(2012全国改) 6.表示递进关系 常用连接副词 besides, furthermore, moreover等。 如: Television is entertaining; besides/ furthermore/moreover; it is instructive. 一、并列连词的常用句式 1.祈使句+and/or/otherwise句式 ①Work hard and you will succeed. =If you work hard, you will succeed. 努力学习,你就会成功。 ②Hurry up or we will be late. =If you don’t hurry up, we will be late. 快点儿,否则我们就迟到了。 ③A few more efforts and you will succeed. =If you make a few more efforts, you will succeed. 再努力些,你会成功的。 ①祈使句+and+陈述句=If ...,+主句。 ②祈使句+or+陈述句=If ... not ...,+主句。 如: Choose to be happy, and we can have a lot of good and happy days continually. (2017·新余市模拟) 2. when“就在这时,突然”,常用以下句式 ?sb.be about to do/ be going to do /be on the point of doing sth.when...某人正要做某事,突然…… ?sb.be doing sth.when....某人正在做某事,突然…… ?sb.had(just)done sth.when...某人刚做完某事,突然…… 如: The air hostess was about to serve lunch when a small mouse stole out from the bag of a young man. (2017·遵义市模拟) I was wandering down the sidewalk when there went a loud crash. (2017·成都市模拟) 二、并列句和复合句的区别 1.并列句和定语从句的区别 并列句与定语从句的主要区别在于:并列句是由and, but等并列连词连接,这时就不能再用引导定语从句的关系词了。 ①They live in a small house, in front of ________ stands an orange tree. ②They live in a small house, and in front of ________ stands an orange tree. 分析:两句的区别是连词and,句①逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示物,故填which;句②and连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句中的small house,故填it。 ③The old man has three sons, none of ________ is a doctor. ④The old man has three sons, but none of ________ is a doctor. 分析:两句的区别是连词but,句③逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示人,故填whom;句④but连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句的three sons,故填them。 2.并列句和状语从句的区别 并列句是连词连接两个“互不依存的主谓结构”,两者之间是并列关系;而在状语从句中前后两个句子一个是主句,一个是从句,从句是用来修饰主句的。 ①______ you take the medicine, you will be all right. ②Take this medicine, ________ you will be all right. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句①空格处引导条件状语从句表示“如果”,故填If;句②中两个并列分句是顺承关系,故填and。 ③________ money is necessary for a happy life, it can’t buy happiness. ④Money is necessary for a happy life, ________ it can’t buy happiness. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句③空格所在句子是让步关系,故填Although/Though;句④前后是转折关系,故填but。 知识点一 承接还是转折的考查 例1.【2018· 全国1卷改错】At the end of the trip,I told my father that I planned to return every twp years,but he agreed. 【答案】but改为and 【解析】句意为:旅行结束时,“我”告诉我爸爸“我”计划每两年回去一次,他同意了。根据句意可知,该句最后一个逗号前后两句之间是顺承关系,应用并列连词and。故将but改为and 变式训练 1: They are warm, generous but ready to offer help. 【2017·潍坊实验中学模拟】 知识点二 转折还是对比的考查 例2.【2018·保定市质检】In hospitals,some patients need to be operated but some only need to give some medicine and have enough rest. 【答案】but 改为while 【解析】考查句子之间的关系。句意:在医院里,有些病人需要动手术而有一些只需要给与药物治疗和做好充分休息。两个句子为对比关系,故用while。 变式训练 2:【2017·西安市模拟语法填空】The winter in Beijing is very cold that of Kunming is warm. 知识点三 并列连词还是从属连词的考查 例4.【2017·河南六市联考改编改错】Sun Yao was on his way up on Tuesday evening after school before the lift suddenly came to a stop. 【答案】before改为when 【解析】句意:周二晚上放学后,孙瑶正在回家上楼的路上,电梯突然停了下来。分析结构可知,此处为when引导的并列句“be doing+when+一般过去时”,故before改为when。     变式训练 3: (改错)There is no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery as another man,also intelligent,fails. 知识点四 习惯句式的考查 例3.【2018·广东化州月考改错】One Sunday morning,she was about to do her lessons while her father came up and advised her to take a break. 【答案】while改为when 【解析】句意:一个星期天的早晨,她正要去上课,她父亲过来劝她休息一下。此句为“be abou to do +when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when.。 变式训练 4: 【2017·福建师大附中模拟】One day, some children were playing hide?and?seek while they heard a boy names Tate shouting: “Help!”。 变式训练 5 Help others whenever you can you will make the world a nice place to live in. 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. (2018全国卷3)  2. Her goal was delayed, _ she didn’t give it up completely. (2018郑州高三摸底) 3. ?First?of?all,??as?studentswe?should?manage?our?own?behaviors?but?help?people?around?you?form?good?habits. (2018广东中山二次统考改错) 4. As a result, I suggest we are given less homework or more time for out-of-class activities. (2018莆田一中统考改错) 5. Besides,it’s common that the young or middle-aged sit on the bus when the elderly have to stand. (2018广东中山二统改错) 二、单句语法填空 1.(2017·长春市调研测试)We learn words not by ourselves, in sentences. 2.(2017·淮北市模拟)Avoid eating drinking things like chocolates, coffee, tea or energy drinks. 3.(2017·曲师大模拟)Give them a Chinese lunar calendar and they will know what the wea 4.(2017·潍坊中学模拟) Then I was about to leave all of a sudden, I thought of something. 5.(2017·淮北市模拟)Well, I wish I could agree with you. I do think Samantha was the best. 1 第 13 讲 并列复合句(解析版) 2018年高考英语考试大纲对语言知识的考查中明确规定:要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录1至附录5),其中附录2语法项目表第18个条目就是并列复合句。通过对近几年全国课标卷的研究发现,语篇型填空和短文改错中体现了对并列连词和并列句的考查。其中在语篇型填空中对其考查形式都为无提示词型填空。这就要求教师在学生备考阶段做出科学有效的指导,抓住考点、难点、易错点,有的放矢,针对性精讲精练。 Not only had Niu Lang lost his parents, but (also) [1]he was often bullied by his elder brother. What he only had was an old and weak cattle, but[2] he took good care of it. Other men at his age had children already, while[3] Niu Lang didn’t get married yet. One day, the cattle said unexpectedly, “I’d like to help you, for[4]you have attended me so carefully. Follow me, and[5]you will get a wife!” So Niu Lang went to the bank while several beautiful fairies were bathing in the river. Then he did as the animal told him, hiding the youngest fairy’s clothes away and[6] telling her, “I am afraid that you will either lose your clothes or[7]marry me.” As a result, the youngest fairy Zhinv became his wife. Both Niu Lang and[8]Zhinv lived happily. However, the Goddess of Heaven was angry with her granddaughter marrying a human, so[9]she said to Zhinv, “Go back to heaven, otherwise[10]I will punish you!” Hearing this, Zhinv was not delighted but[11]worried. Niu Lang was about to run after them anxiously when[12]the Goddess of Heaven was making the Milky Way with her hair adornment (发簪) to stop him. Neither Zhinv nor[13]Niu Lang was happy, as they missed each other so much. Seeing this, the Goddess of Heaven let them cross the Milky Way to meet once a year with the help of magpies. 【深思熟虑】 1. not only…but also表示“不但……而且……”,用于连接两个性质相同的词、短语或句子。为了强调,可将not only置于句首,此时其后的句子通常要用部分倒装。 2. but表示转折关系的并列连词,此处连接两个句子。 3. while表示对比,意为“而”。 4. for用作并列连词,表示“因为”。 5. and在“祈使句,and+主谓结构”中,祈使句表示一个条件,and后的句子表示结果。意为“那么”(暗示一种条件)。 6. and用于连接两个并列的现在分词短语。 7. either…or…连接两个相同成分的词、短语或句子,选择关系,表示“不是……就是……”“或者……或者……”。在本句中连接两个并列的谓语动词。 8. both…and…在句中连接两个并列的主语,表“两者都”。 9. so表示因果,连接两个并列分句,so意为“因此”,其后的分句表示结果。 10. or/otherwise 在“祈使句,or/otherwise+主谓”结构中,祈使句表条件,or/otherwise后的句子表相反的结果。 11. not…but…意思为“不是……而是……”。 12. when表示一件事情正在发生或就要发生,突然发生了另一件事,只能用when。固定搭配was/were about to do或was /were doing…when…(刚要做/正在做某事突然就……)。 13. neither…nor…连接两个并列成分,表“既不……也不……”。 从篇章来看,英语句子之间常用并列连词进行连接和过渡;从现象看,似乎千变万化,难以捉摸,但从实质看(注意蓝色字体),可以探究出其共同规律。 一、并列连词和并列句定义 并列连词连接并列关系的词、短语或分句。当并列连词连接两个或两个以上的并列分句,就构成了并列句。 二、并列连词 1.并列连词的分类 表示转折和对比关系 but,yet,however,while 表示因果关系 for,?so,?therefore 表示承接、选择、递进等关系 ?and,?or,?either…or,?neither…nor,?both…?and,?as?well?as, ? not?only…but also… 2.并列连词的用法 注意并列连词连接词、短语或分句。 如 His?parents?will?travel?today?or?tomorrow. 连接词 His?parents?will?travel?either?this?week?or?next?week. 连接短语 His?mother?will?travel?and?his?father?will?also?travel.连接分句 三、并列句 基本结构为:分句+并列连词+分句。 在并列句中,除了使用并列连词外,还可使用并列连词词组或连接副词来连接分句,有时甚至不用并列连词,只用逗号、分号、冒号等把分句隔开。 根据在句中所起的作用可以分为: 1. 表示联合关系 常用连词:and,neither…nor,not only…but also等. There?was?a?big?storm?after?midnight?and?the?rain?poured?down. (外研M3) Pip?is?not only?a?character,?he?also?tells?the?story?of?Great?Expectations. (译林U1) 2.表示选择关系 常用连词:or,?either…or等。例如: We?cook?dinner?together,?or?we?go?for?a?long?walk. (译林U2) …either one of his daughters replaces him?as?a?prisoner?in?the?castle,?or?he?will?die…… (北师大U18) 3.表示转折和对比关系 常用连词或连接副词:but, yet, however, while等 (1) while,but表示完全的转折,语气较强, while主要表示对比。 如: He is a good composer,but he has taught me nothing。(外研②M3) Some sports are usually done indoors, while others are done outdoors. (译林①D3) (2)however however在使用时必须与句子的其他成分用逗号分隔开。 如: We cannot feel air , however, it does exist. I'd like to help you to carry the heavy bag; my hands, however, are full of my baggage. Your composition is good; some words could be replaced, however. (3)yet既可以用作并列连词,也可以用作连接副词。 如: John plays basketball well,yet his favorite is badminton. (2009北京)(并列连词) It is surprising, and yet it has happened. (连接副词) 4.表示因果关系 常用连词或连接副词so,for, therefore等。 如: I didn' t get enough sleep so I didn' t feel very well this morning. (译林①U2) It has been separated from other continents for millions of years,so it has many plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. (2017·东城期中) He found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail.(2008山东) 5.表示条件或结果 常用and,or等连词。在这类并列句中,and意为“(只要)…就”,or意为“否则”。 如: Simply raise your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. (外研M2) Stand over there,and you'll be able to see the oil painting better。(2008全国改) You have to move out of the way,or the truck cannot get past you。(2012全国改) 6.表示递进关系 常用连接副词 besides, furthermore, moreover等。 如: Television is entertaining; besides/ furthermore/moreover; it is instructive. 一、并列连词的常用句式 1.祈使句+and/or/otherwise句式 ①Work hard and you will succeed. =If you work hard, you will succeed. 努力学习,你就会成功。 ②Hurry up or we will be late. =If you don’t hurry up, we will be late. 快点儿,否则我们就迟到了。 ③A few more efforts and you will succeed. =If you make a few more efforts, you will succeed. 再努力些,你会成功的。 ①祈使句+and+陈述句=If ...,+主句。 ②祈使句+or+陈述句=If ... not ...,+主句。 如: Choose to be happy, and we can have a lot of good and happy days continually. (2017·新余市模拟) 2. when“就在这时,突然”,常用以下句式 ?sb.be about to do/ be going to do /be on the point of doing sth.when...某人正要做某事,突然…… ?sb.be doing sth.when....某人正在做某事,突然…… ?sb.had(just)done sth.when...某人刚做完某事,突然…… 如: The air hostess was about to serve lunch when a small mouse stole out from the bag of a young man. (2017·遵义市模拟) I was wandering down the sidewalk when there went a loud crash. (2017·成都市模拟) 二、并列句和复合句的区别 1.并列句和定语从句的区别 并列句与定语从句的主要区别在于:并列句是由and, but等并列连词连接,这时就不能再用引导定语从句的关系词了。 ①They live in a small house, in front of ________ stands an orange tree. ②They live in a small house, and in front of ________ stands an orange tree. 分析:两句的区别是连词and,句①逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示物,故填which;句②and连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句中的small house,故填it。 ③The old man has three sons, none of ________ is a doctor. ④The old man has three sons, but none of ________ is a doctor. 分析:两句的区别是连词but,句③逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示人,故填whom;句④but连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句的three sons,故填them。 2.并列句和状语从句的区别 并列句是连词连接两个“互不依存的主谓结构”,两者之间是并列关系;而在状语从句中前后两个句子一个是主句,一个是从句,从句是用来修饰主句的。 ①______ you take the medicine, you will be all right. ②Take this medicine, ________ you will be all right. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句①空格处引导条件状语从句表示“如果”,故填If;句②中两个并列分句是顺承关系,故填and。 ③________ money is necessary for a happy life, it can’t buy happiness. ④Money is necessary for a happy life, ________ it can’t buy happiness. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句③空格所在句子是让步关系,故填Although/Though;句④前后是转折关系,故填but。 知识点一 承接还是转折的考查 例1.【2018· 全国1卷改错】At the end of the trip,I told my father that I planned to return every twp years,but he agreed. 【答案】but改为and 【解析】句意为:旅行结束时,“我”告诉我爸爸“我”计划每两年回去一次,他同意了。根据句意可知,该句最后一个逗号前后两句之间是顺承关系,应用并列连词and。故将but改为and 变式训练 1: They are warm, generous but ready to offer help. 【2017·潍坊实验中学模拟】 【答案】but→and 【解析】分析句子结构可知,warm, generous , ready为并列关系,此处应为and。 知识点二 转折还是对比的考查 例2.【2018·保定市质检】In hospitals,some patients need to be operated but some only need to give some medicine and have enough rest. 【答案】but 改为while 【解析】考查句子之间的关系。句意:在医院里,有些病人需要动手术而有一些只需要给与药物治疗和做好充分休息。两个句子为对比关系,故用while。 变式训练 2:【2017·西安市模拟语法填空】The winter in Beijing is very cold that of Kunming is warm. 【答案】while  【解析】句意:北京的冬天很冷而昆明的冬天很温暖。两个句子为对比关系,故用while. 知识点三 并列连词还是从属连词的考查 例4.【2017·河南六市联考改编改错】Sun Yao was on his way up on Tuesday evening after school before the lift suddenly came to a stop. 【答案】before改为when 【解析】句意:周二晚上放学后,孙瑶正在回家上楼的路上,电梯突然停了下来。分析结构可知,此处为when引导的并列句“be doing+when+一般过去时”,故before改为when。     变式训练 3: (改错)There is no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery as another man,also intelligent,fails. 【答案】as改为while  【解析】句意:没有办法知道为什么一个人做出了重要的发现,而另一个同样聪明的人却失败了。根据句意为对比含义,故用while。 知识点四 习惯句式的考查 例3.【2018·广东化州月考改错】One Sunday morning,she was about to do her lessons while her father came up and advised her to take a break. 【答案】while改为when 【解析】句意:一个星期天的早晨,她正要去上课,她父亲过来劝她休息一下。此句为“be abou to do +when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when.。 变式训练 4: 【2017·福建师大附中模拟】One day, some children were playing hide?and?seek while they heard a boy names Tate shouting: “Help!”。 【答案】while改为when 【解析】分析句子结构可知,为“be doing+when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when。 变式训练 5 Help others whenever you can you will make the world a nice place to live in. 【答案】and  【解析】该句为“祈使句+and/or一般将来时”结构,根据前半句时态可知用后面为顺其自然的结果,故用and。 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. (2018全国卷3)  【答案】 and 改成or 【解析】句意为:每个人都沉默着,等着看是谁将被点名去大声读他/她的文章。此处表示选择关系,应用or。故将and改为or第四处:第三句,take前加to。考查固定短语 2. Her goal was delayed, _ she didn’t give it up completely. (2018郑州高三摸底) 【答案】but 【解析】考查并列连词。根据句意:她的目标被耽搁了,但她没有完全放弃。转折关系,所以为but。 3. ?First?of?all,??as?studentswe?should?manage?our?own?behaviors?but?help?people?around?you?form?good?habits. (2018广东中山二次统考改错) 【答案】but改为and. 【解析】考查并列连词。句意:首先,作为学生,我们应该管理自己的行为,并且帮助周围的人形成良好的习惯。应为承接关系,故用and。 4. As a result, I suggest we are given less homework or more time for out-of-class activities. (2018莆田一中统考改错) 【答案】 or改为and. 【解析】考查并列连词。根据句意:因此,我建议我们少做作业,并且多做课外活动。 应为并列关系,故用and。 5. Besides,it’s common that the young or middle-aged sit on the bus when the elderly have to stand. (2018广东中山二统改错) 【答案】 when改为while. 【解析】考查并列连词。根据句意:此外,常见的是年轻或中年坐在公共汽车当老人不得不站。句子为对比关系,所以用while。 二、单句语法填空 1.(2017·长春市调研测试)We learn words not by ourselves, in sentences. 【答案】but 【解析】句意:我们学语言不是靠自己而是靠句子。“not…but…不是….而是…”故用but。 2.(2017·淮北市模拟)Avoid eating drinking things like chocolates, coffee, tea or energy drinks. 【答案】or/and 【解析】根据句意:避免吃或者喝巧克力、咖啡、茶或能量饮料。eating 与drinking并列或选择关系。 3.(2017·曲师大模拟)Give them a Chinese lunar calendar and they will know what the weather will be like days or even months later. 【答案】 or改为and. 【解析】根据句意:给他们一个中国农历,他们就会知道几天甚至几个月后天气会怎样。很明显此处为“祈使句+and/or一般将来时”句式考查,又为顺其自然的结果,故为and。 4.(2017·潍坊中学模拟) Then I was about to leave all of a sudden, I thought of something. 【答案】when. 【解析】分析句子结构可知,为“be about to do +when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when。 5.(2017·淮北市模拟)Well, I wish I could agree with you. I do think Samantha was the best. 【答案】But 【解析】句意:我希望我能同意你的观点。但是我的确认为萨曼莎是最棒的。两个句子为转折关系,用but合适。 4

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  • ID:4-4874515 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试 (共22套)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

    2019届高考英语一轮复习综合测试(10) A There’s no better way to experience Santa Monica than on the beach. Learn to ride the waves on the Santa Monica Beach! Surf lessons with professional, expert instructors equal an unforgettable adventure in California. Highlights (最精彩的部分) Enjoy a day away from the noise of the city Close contact with friendly dolphins See native wildlife in their natural environment Informative, friendly and professional guide Perfect introductions for first-time visitors All necessary equipment included Schedule Details You may schedule surf lesson times from 6 am to 6pm every day all year round, with a duration of 1.5 hours. You will meet your instructors at Lifeguard Tower 28 on the Santa Monica Beach. Instructors are equipped to teach beginning, intermediate and advanced levels, and all children over 4 years of age are encouraged to participate. Your instructors also encourage siblings, friends, couples and families to attend together. Please contact the surf instructor after booking to confirm the specific lesson time. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(10).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(11).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(12).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(13).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(14).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(15).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(16).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(17).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(18).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(19).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(1).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(20).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(21).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(22).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(2).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(3).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(4).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(5).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(6).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(7).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(8).doc 2019届 英语一轮复习 综合模拟测试:(9).doc

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  • ID:4-4868533 [精]高考一轮复习学案 第12讲 主谓一致(解析版+原卷版)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

    第 11 讲 主谓一致(原卷版) 主谓一致是历年高考试题中的考查内容之一,单纯考查主谓一致的情况较少,更多时候与动词的时态、语态结合考查,它主要以语法填空和短文改错的形式来呈现,包括语法一致、意义一致和就近一致等。考生在掌握主谓一致的基本原则的同时,要特别注意意义一致原则,具体为:分数、百分数、不定式、动名词、从句等用作主语时的主谓一致和定语从句中的主谓一致情况。 一、定义 在英语句子里,谓语受主语支配,其动词必须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,这就叫主谓一致。 二、三个原则 主谓一致坚持三个原则:语法一致、逻辑意义一致和就近一致原则。 三、分类讲解 (一)语法一致原则: 语法上一致就是谓语动词和主语在单、复数形式上保持一致。 1、以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式;主语为复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。 如: Most Londoners are not happy with the idea. (外研M2) Giving up using the Net is the best decision I' ve ever made. (北师大U4) What attracts people to California is its pleasant climate and relaxed lifestyle. (人教U1) Bushwalking,fishing,horse riding, tennis, golf and sailing are all popular. (北师大U12) 2、主语为单数名词或代词,尽管后面跟有with, together with, except, but, like, as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, besides, including,in addition to;such as等引起的短语,谓语动词仍用单数形式;若主语为复数,谓语用复数形式。 如: The students, together with their teacher, are going to have a picnic this weekend. Prounctation, as well as grammar and vocabu lary, changes very quickly from one area to another. (外研M4) 3、不定代词作主语 主语为 one, another, the other, either, each, somebody, anybody, everybody, nobody, someone,anyone,everyone, no one, something, anything, everything, nothing等不定代词时,谓语用单数形式。 如: London knows exactly how many species of plants and animals there are on Earth. (北师大U22) Everyone was calm. (北师大⑧U23) One is from the USA and the other two are from the UK.(译林⑥U3) Another is to ensure all children complete primary education.(译林⑥U4) 4、定语从句中关系代词作主语 在定语从句关系代词that, who, which等作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。 如:We saw abadoned?farms?which?were?built?more?than?a?hundred?years?ago. (外研社M3) I turned?around?and?glared?at?the?person?who?was?humming.(北师大U13) 5、以s结尾的名词作主语 1 trousers, glasses, clothes, shoes, 等词作主语时,谓语用复数,但如果这些名词前有a (the) pair of等量词修饰时,谓语动词用单数。 如:My glasses are broken. The pair of shoes under the bed is his. 2 一些学科名词是以 –ics 结尾,如:mathematics, politics, physics 以及news, works等,都属于形式上是复数的名词,实际意义为单数名词,它们作主语时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 如:The paper works was built in 1990. I think physics isn’t easy to study. 6、在倒装句中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。 如:There comes the bus. On the wall are many pictures. Such is the result. Such are the facts. (二)逻辑意义一致原则: 逻辑意义一致就是谓语动词的数必须和主语的意义一致;因为有时主语形式为单数,但意义为复数;有时主语形式为复数,但意义为单数。 1、what, who, which, any, more, all等代词可以是单数,也可是复数,主要靠意思来决定。如:Which is your bag? Which are your bags? All is going well. All have gone to Beijing. 2、表示“时间、重量、长度、价值”等的名词的复数作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式, 这是由于作主语的名词在概念上是一个整体, 如:Thirty minutes is enough for the work. 3、集体名词作主语 1 如果集体名词指的是整个集体,它的谓语动词用单数;如果它指集体的成员,其谓语动词就用复数形式。这些词有family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience等。 如:Class Four is on the third floor. Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor. 2 people, police, cattle等名词一般都用作复数。 如:The police are looking for the lost child. 4、分数百分数作主语 由“a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, the majority of + 名词”构成的短语以及由“分数或百分数+名词”构成的短语作主语,其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词的数而定。 如:There are a lot of people in the classroom . The rest of the lecture is wonderful. 50% of the students in our class are girls. 5、“定冠词the + 形容词或分词”,表示某一类人时,动词用复数。 (三)就近一致原则: 在英语句子中,有时谓语动词的人称和数与最近的主语保持一致。 1、当两个主语由either … or, neither … nor, whether … or …, not only … but also连接时,谓语动词和邻近的主语一致。 如:Either the teacher or the students are our friends. / Neither they nor he is wholly right. / Is neither he nor they wholly right? 2、there be句型be动词单复数取决于其后的主语。如果其后是由and连接的两个主语,则应与靠近的那个主语保持一致。 如:There are two chairs and a desk in the room.. 注意:Here引导的句子用法同上。 1、 语法一致中的易错点 1.由what引导的主语从句,后面的谓语动词多数情况用单数形式,但若表语是复数或what从句是一个带有复数意义的并列结构时,主句的谓语动词用复数形式。 如:What I bought were three English books. What I say and do is (are) helpful to you. 2、由连接词and或both … and连接起来的合成主语后面,要用复数形式的谓语动词。 如:Lucy and Lily are twins. She and I are classmates. The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. Both she and he are Young Pioneers. 注意: 1 若and所连接的两个词是指同一个人或物时,它后面的谓语动词就应用单数形式。 如:The writer and artist has come. 2 由and连接的并列单数主语前如果分别有no, each, every more than a (an) , many a (an)修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 如:Every student and every teacher was in the room.. No boy and no girl likes it. 3.either, neither, each, every 或no +单数名词和由some, any, no, every构成的复合不定代词,都作单数看待。 如:Each of us has a new book. Everything around us is matter. 注意:① 在口语中当either或neither后跟有“of+复数名词(或代词)”作主语时,其谓语动词也可用复数。如:Neither of the texts is (are) interesting. ② 若none of后面的名词是不可数名词,它的谓语动词就要用单数;若它后面的名词是复数,它的谓语动词用单数或复数都可以。如:None of us has (have) been to America. 二、意义一致中的易错点 1、算式中表示数目(字)的主语通常作单数看待,其谓语动词采用单数形式。 如:Twelve plus eight is twenty. / Fifty-six divided by eight is seven. 2、若英语是书名、片名、格言、剧名、报名、国名等的复数形式,其谓语动词通常用单数形式。 如: “The Arabian Nights”is an interesting story-book. 3、表数量的短语“one and a half”后接复数名词作主语时,其谓语动词可用单数形式(也可用复数。 如:One and a half apples is (are) left on the table. 4、两组形近词组区别 1 a number of 与the number of 作主语 a number of“许多”,作定语修饰复数名词,谓语用复数; the number of“…的数量”,主语是number,谓语用单数。 2 “a quantity of+名词”与“ quantities of+名词”作主语 “a quantity of+不可数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 “ a quantity of+可数名词复数”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 “ quantities of+不可数名词/可数名词复数”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 如: A large quantiry of milk was reported not to reach the standard. A large quantity of drugs were found in his room. Quantities of nuts are on the table. 三、就近一致中的易错点 1." more than one+单数名词”与“ many a+单数名词”作主语 “more than one +单数名词”与“ many a+单数名词”作主语时,在意义上都是复数。但谓语动词要用单数,这是由与其邻近的单数名词所决定的。例如: More than one worker has been employed. Many a player has succeeded in the competition. 知识点一 主谓一致与定语从句结合的考查 例1.【2017· 江苏】24.The publication of Great Expectations, which _______ both widely reviewed and highly praised, strengthened Dickens’ status as a leading novelist. A. is B. are C. was D. were 【答案】C 【解析】考查主谓一致。先行词是Great Expectations,“Great Expectations”是书名,看做单数,所以定语从句的谓语也要使用单数形式;根据“strengthened”可知,说的是过去,故选C。句意:《远大前程》的出版获得了广泛的认可和高度的赞扬,这坐实了狄更斯作为前沿小说家的地位。 变式训练 1: Their chidren could become (addict) to video games during the July-August holiday. (2018年9月河北质量检测语法填空)  知识点二 主谓一致与动词时态语态结合的考查 例2.【2017·天津卷】 Nowadays, cycling, along with jogging and swimming, _______ as one of the best all-round forms of exercise. A. regard B. is regarded C. are regarded D. regards 【答案】B 【解析】根据动词短语regard…as…把….看作…和句意确定应该用被动语态,排除A和D,再根据主语部分是由介词短语along with连接的三个动名词作主语,该谓语动词应该就前一致,要用单数,排除C,故选B。 变式训练 2:【2017·南京市、盐城市高三模拟】 If people outside China learned a bit about jasmine tea culture,they would realize there ________ a lot of enjoyment in it. 知识点三 主谓一致和倒装句结合的考查 例3.【2018·东北三省三校模拟】Airports have doors. So do a helicopter. 【答案】do改为does 【解析】分析句子结构可知,句子为“倒装句”结构,a helicopter为主语,又根据前一句时态,故用does形式。 变式训练 3: 【2018.石家庄9月检测】Between the two buildings ________(stand)our library which is my favorite place on campus. 知识点四 主谓一致和主语从句结合的考查 例4.【2017·江西余江二模】How close teachers and friends are to the kids________(have)a strong influence on the development of their characters. 【答案】has 【解析】句意:老师和朋友对孩子的亲密程度对孩子性格的形成有很强烈的影响。分析结构可知,此处为主语从句How close teachers and friends are to the kids作主语,谓语动词用第三人称单数,故has正确。     知识点五 主谓一致和特殊句式结合的考查 例5.【2017·浙江高考】—The movie starts at 8:30,and we can have a quick bite before we go. —__________(sound)great.See you at 8:10. 【答案】Sounds 【解析】句意:——电影在八点半开始,我们走之前可以迅速吃点东西。——听起来很棒。此处为省略句, That sounds great.为其完整形式。 变式训练 5 【2017·浙江高考】The more embarrassing or shameful the secret is,the juicier the gossip it________ (make). 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Tea,a popular drink in China and many other countries, (be)carefully prepared according to local customs.(2018陕西质量检测65) 2. With the freedom (come)strong privacy protection. (2018吉林实验中学第六次考试63)  3. The atmosphere there were very lively and pleasant. (2018唐山市高三检测短文改错) 4. Second,seeing a flim,listening to music or hanging out with our friends are exicting. (2018湖北八校联考改错改编) 5. Now the city wants larger lorries that cause more pollution to use biofuel, which are produced from waste. (2018安徽六校高三二联改错) 二、阅读下面材料,在空白处填入括号内单词的适当形式填空 Many people in the cities of Los Angeles, Miami, and New York (enjoy)several kinds of popular music. Many a music lover, whether young or old, (like) jazz and blues. Many Americans, as well as people from around the world , (dance) to the loud music known as salsa. The syncopated rhythms of calypso music (be) popular among people who like the steel drum. Very popular in some communities (be) Mexican folk songs called rancheras. From the recording studios (come) one new popular hit afteranother. Usually thousands of dollars (be) the sum needed to record a new song. In many American cities, neither the Motown tunes of the 1960s nor rock-and-roll (have) gone out of style. Ask whether your family or friends enjoy a special kind of music. 1 第 11 讲 主谓一致(解析版) 主谓一致是历年高考试题中的考查内容之一,单纯考查主谓一致的情况较少,更多时候与动词的时态、语态结合考查,它主要以语法填空和短文改错的形式来呈现,包括语法一致、意义一致和就近一致等。考生在掌握主谓一致的基本原则的同时,要特别注意意义一致原则,具体为:分数、百分数、不定式、动名词、从句等用作主语时的主谓一致和定语从句中的主谓一致情况。 一、定义 在英语句子里,谓语受主语支配,其动词必须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,这就叫主谓一致。 二、三个原则 主谓一致坚持三个原则:语法一致、逻辑意义一致和就近一致原则。 三、分类讲解 (一)语法一致原则: 语法上一致就是谓语动词和主语在单、复数形式上保持一致。 1、以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式;主语为复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。 如: Most Londoners are not happy with the idea. (外研M2) Giving up using the Net is the best decision I' ve ever made. (北师大U4) What attracts people to California is its pleasant climate and relaxed lifestyle. (人教U1) Bushwalking,fishing,horse riding, tennis, golf and sailing are all popular. (北师大U12) 2、主语为单数名词或代词,尽管后面跟有with, together with, except, but, like, as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, besides, including,in addition to;such as等引起的短语,谓语动词仍用单数形式;若主语为复数,谓语用复数形式。 如: The students, together with their teacher, are going to have a picnic this weekend. Prounctation, as well as grammar and vocabu lary, changes very quickly from one area to another. (外研M4) 3、不定代词作主语 主语为 one, another, the other, either, each, somebody, anybody, everybody, nobody, someone,anyone,everyone, no one, something, anything, everything, nothing等不定代词时,谓语用单数形式。 如: London knows exactly how many species of plants and animals there are on Earth. (北师大U22) Everyone was calm. (北师大⑧U23) One is from the USA and the other two are from the UK.(译林⑥U3) Another is to ensure all children complete primary education.(译林⑥U4) 4、定语从句中关系代词作主语 在定语从句关系代词that, who, which等作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。 如:We saw abadoned?farms?which?were?built?more?than?a?hundred?years?ago. (外研社M3) I turned?around?and?glared?at?the?person?who?was?humming.(北师大U13) 5、以s结尾的名词作主语 1 trousers, glasses, clothes, shoes, 等词作主语时,谓语用复数,但如果这些名词前有a (the) pair of等量词修饰时,谓语动词用单数。 如:My glasses are broken. The pair of shoes under the bed is his. 2 一些学科名词是以 –ics 结尾,如:mathematics, politics, physics 以及news, works等,都属于形式上是复数的名词,实际意义为单数名词,它们作主语时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 如:The paper works was built in 1990. I think physics isn’t easy to study. 6、在倒装句中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。 如:There comes the bus. On the wall are many pictures. Such is the result. Such are the facts. (二)逻辑意义一致原则: 逻辑意义一致就是谓语动词的数必须和主语的意义一致;因为有时主语形式为单数,但意义为复数;有时主语形式为复数,但意义为单数。 1、what, who, which, any, more, all等代词可以是单数,也可是复数,主要靠意思来决定。如:Which is your bag? Which are your bags? All is going well. All have gone to Beijing. 2、表示“时间、重量、长度、价值”等的名词的复数作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式, 这是由于作主语的名词在概念上是一个整体, 如:Thirty minutes is enough for the work. 3、集体名词作主语 1 如果集体名词指的是整个集体,它的谓语动词用单数;如果它指集体的成员,其谓语动词就用复数形式。这些词有family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience等。 如:Class Four is on the third floor. Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor. 2 people, police, cattle等名词一般都用作复数。 如:The police are looking for the lost child. 4、分数百分数作主语 由“a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, the majority of + 名词”构成的短语以及由“分数或百分数+名词”构成的短语作主语,其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词的数而定。 如:There are a lot of people in the classroom . The rest of the lecture is wonderful. 50% of the students in our class are girls. 5、“定冠词the + 形容词或分词”,表示某一类人时,动词用复数。 (三)就近一致原则: 在英语句子中,有时谓语动词的人称和数与最近的主语保持一致。 1、当两个主语由either … or, neither … nor, whether … or …, not only … but also连接时,谓语动词和邻近的主语一致。 如:Either the teacher or the students are our friends. / Neither they nor he is wholly right. / Is neither he nor they wholly right? 2、there be句型be动词单复数取决于其后的主语。如果其后是由and连接的两个主语,则应与靠近的那个主语保持一致。 如:There are two chairs and a desk in the room.. 注意:Here引导的句子用法同上。 1、 语法一致中的易错点 1.由what引导的主语从句,后面的谓语动词多数情况用单数形式,但若表语是复数或what从句是一个带有复数意义的并列结构时,主句的谓语动词用复数形式。 如:What I bought were three English books. What I say and do is (are) helpful to you. 2、由连接词and或both … and连接起来的合成主语后面,要用复数形式的谓语动词。 如:Lucy and Lily are twins. She and I are classmates. The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. Both she and he are Young Pioneers. 注意: 1 若and所连接的两个词是指同一个人或物时,它后面的谓语动词就应用单数形式。 如:The writer and artist has come. 2 由and连接的并列单数主语前如果分别有no, each, every more than a (an) , many a (an)修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 如:Every student and every teacher was in the room.. No boy and no girl likes it. 3.either, neither, each, every 或no +单数名词和由some, any, no, every构成的复合不定代词,都作单数看待。 如:Each of us has a new book. Everything around us is matter. 注意:① 在口语中当either或neither后跟有“of+复数名词(或代词)”作主语时,其谓语动词也可用复数。如:Neither of the texts is (are) interesting. ② 若none of后面的名词是不可数名词,它的谓语动词就要用单数;若它后面的名词是复数,它的谓语动词用单数或复数都可以。如:None of us has (have) been to America. 二、意义一致中的易错点 1、算式中表示数目(字)的主语通常作单数看待,其谓语动词采用单数形式。 如:Twelve plus eight is twenty. / Fifty-six divided by eight is seven. 2、若英语是书名、片名、格言、剧名、报名、国名等的复数形式,其谓语动词通常用单数形式。 如: “The Arabian Nights”is an interesting story-book. 3、表数量的短语“one and a half”后接复数名词作主语时,其谓语动词可用单数形式(也可用复数。 如:One and a half apples is (are) left on the table. 4、两组形近词组区别 1 a number of 与the number of 作主语 a number of“许多”,作定语修饰复数名词,谓语用复数; the number of“…的数量”,主语是number,谓语用单数。 2 “a quantity of+名词”与“ quantities of+名词”作主语 “a quantity of+不可数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 “ a quantity of+可数名词复数”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 “ quantities of+不可数名词/可数名词复数”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 如: A large quantiry of milk was reported not to reach the standard. A large quantity of drugs were found in his room. Quantities of nuts are on the table. 三、就近一致中的易错点 1." more than one+单数名词”与“ many a+单数名词”作主语 “more than one +单数名词”与“ many a+单数名词”作主语时,在意义上都是复数。但谓语动词要用单数,这是由与其邻近的单数名词所决定的。例如: More than one worker has been employed. Many a player has succeeded in the competition. 知识点一 主谓一致与定语从句结合的考查 例1.【2017· 江苏】24.The publication of Great Expectations, which _______ both widely reviewed and highly praised, strengthened Dickens’ status as a leading novelist. A. is B. are C. was D. were 【答案】C 【解析】考查主谓一致。先行词是Great Expectations,“Great Expectations”是书名,看做单数,所以定语从句的谓语也要使用单数形式;根据“strengthened”可知,说的是过去,故选C。句意:《远大前程》的出版获得了广泛的认可和高度的赞扬,这坐实了狄更斯作为前沿小说家的地位。 变式训练 1: Their chidren could become (addict) to video games during the July-August holiday. (2018年9月河北质量检测语法填空)  【答案】addicted   【解析】分析句子结构可知,become为系动词,此处应是填形容词形式作表语addicted。 知识点二 主谓一致与动词时态语态结合的考查 例2.【2017·天津卷】 Nowadays, cycling, along with jogging and swimming, _______ as one of the best all-round forms of exercise. A. regard B. is regarded C. are regarded D. regards 【答案】B 【解析】根据动词短语regard…as…把….看作…和句意确定应该用被动语态,排除A和D,再根据主语部分是由介词短语along with连接的三个动名词作主语,该谓语动词应该就前一致,要用单数,排除C,故选B。 变式训练 2:【2017·南京市、盐城市高三模拟】 If people outside China learned a bit about jasmine tea culture,they would realize there ________ a lot of enjoyment in it. 【答案】is  【解析】句意:如果国外的人们学一点关于茉莉花茶的文化,他们将会意识到它里面有许多乐趣。主句和从句都是与现在事实相反的虚拟语气,但realize的宾语从句说的是客观事实,应用一般现在时。 知识点三 主谓一致和倒装句结合的考查 例3.【2018·东北三省三校模拟】Airports have doors. So do a helicopter. 【答案】do改为does 【解析】分析句子结构可知,句子为“倒装句”结构,a helicopter为主语,又根据前一句时态,故用does形式。 变式训练 3: 【2018.石家庄9月检测】Between the two buildings ________(stand)our library which is my favorite place on campus. 【答案】stands  【解析】句意:在这两栋建筑之间,矗立着我们的图书馆,这是校园里我最喜欢的地方。表示地点的介词短语位于句首时,句子使用完全倒装语序,再根据主谓一致的原则可知要用stands。 知识点四 主谓一致和主语从句结合的考查 例4.【2017·江西余江二模】How close teachers and friends are to the kids________(have)a strong influence on the development of their characters. 【答案】has 【解析】句意:老师和朋友对孩子的亲密程度对孩子性格的形成有很强烈的影响。分析结构可知,此处为主语从句How close teachers and friends are to the kids作主语,谓语动词用第三人称单数,故has正确。     变式训练 4: What we need ________some land where we can plant various kinds of fruit trees throughout the growing seasons of the year. 【答案】is  【解析】句意:我们需要的所有是一些土地,在那上面我们可以在这一年的种植季节里种植各种果树。根据表语some land可知谓语用单数,而根据从句的时态可知所填词用一般现在时。 知识点五 主谓一致和特殊句式结合的考查 例5.【2017·浙江高考】—The movie starts at 8:30,and we can have a quick bite before we go. —__________(sound)great.See you at 8:10. 【答案】Sounds 【解析】句意:——电影在八点半开始,我们走之前可以迅速吃点东西。——听起来很棒。此处为省略句, That sounds great.为其完整形式。 变式训练 5 【2017·浙江高考】The more embarrassing or shameful the secret is,the juicier the gossip it________ (make). 【答案】makes  【解析】该句为“The 比较级+主语,the 比较级+主语”结构,根据前半句时态可知用makes。 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Tea,a popular drink in China and many other countries, (be)carefully prepared according to local customs.(2018陕西质量检测65) 【答案】 is 【解析】该句主语为tea, a popular drink in China and many other countries为同位语,故谓语动词用单数;又陈述一般现象故用一般现在时。 2. With the freedom (come)strong privacy protection. (2018吉林实验中学第六次考试63)  【答案】 comes 【解析】考查时态及主谓一致。本句是倒装句,主语是strong privacy?protection,故谓语动词用单数形式;该句陈述的是一般事实,故用一般现在时,填comes。 3. The atmosphere there were very lively and pleasant. (2018唐山市高三检测短文改错) 【答案】 were改为was. 【解析】The atmosphere为不可数名词,作主语谓语动词用单数。 4. Second,seeing a flim,listening to music or hanging out with our friends are exicting. (2018湖北八校联考改错改编) 【答案】 are改为is. 【解析】seeing a flim,listening to music or hanging out with our friends作主语,谓语动词采用就近原则,hanging out with our friends属于动名词形式做主语,故用is。 5. Now the city wants larger lorries that cause more pollution to use biofuel, which are produced from waste. (2018安徽六校高三二联改错) 【答案】 are改为is . 【解析】which 为关系代词,指代前面的biofuel(不可数名词),根据主谓一致,谓动用单三is。 二、阅读下面材料,在空白处填入括号内单词的适当形式填空 Many people in the cities of Los Angeles, Miami, and New York (enjoy)several kinds of popular music. Many a music lover, whether young or old, (like) jazz and blues. Many Americans, as well as people from around the world , (dance) to the loud music known as salsa. The syncopated rhythms of calypso music (be) popular among people who like the steel drum. Very popular in some communities (be) Mexican folk songs called rancheras. From the recording studios (come) one new popular hit after another. Usually thousands of dollars (be) the sum needed to record a new song. In many American cities, neither the Motown tunes of the 1960s nor rock-and-roll (have) gone out of style. Ask whether your family or friends enjoy a special kind of music. 【答案】1.enjoy 2.likes 3.dance 4. are 5. are 6. comes 7. is 8.has 【解析】 1.enjoy 主语为Many people in the cities of Los Angeles, Miami, and New York,中心词为Many people,客观事实用一般现在时。 2.likes 主语为Many a+n,谓语动词用单数。 3.dance A as well as B作主语,谓语动词由A决定。 4. are 主语中心词为rhythms,谓语动词用复数。 5. are 此句为倒装句,主语为Mexican folk songs。 6. comes此句为倒装句,主语为one new popular hit after another,谓语动词为单数。 7. is thousands of dollars是表示金钱的短语做主语,谓语动词用单数。 8. has neither…nor…作主语,谓语动词采用就近原则,与rock-and-roll一致用单数。 9

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  • ID:4-4867134 高中英语语法专题虚拟语气课件(107张PPT)

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/虚拟语气

    GRAMMER 语法 陈述语气 I went to the theatre yesterday. Jack hadn’t come back home yet. 祈使语气 Let’s go. Don’t touch anything on the table until the bell rings. 一. 语气的分类 英语的动词一般可带三种不同的语气: 陈述语气, 祈使语气和虚拟语气。不同的语气用动词的不同形式来表示。 虚拟语气 If I were you, I would not leave her alone. Our teacher suggested that we go to the library this afternoon. 虚拟语气(The Subjunctive Mood)是一种特殊的动词形式. 一是用来表示说话人所说的话不是一个事实,而是一种假设、猜测、怀疑等; 一是表示说话人的愿望、要求、命令、建议等 虚拟语气主要用于if条件状语从句, 也可用于主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句等。 * 条件句表示主句的条件, 分真实条件句和虚拟条件句两种。 a. 真实条件句 表示条件是真的或有可能实现的, 采用陈述语气。 b. 虚拟条件句表示条件是无法实现或几乎无法实现的, 采用虚拟语气。 Subjective mood If 型 Should +v型 类似if型 。。。 。。。 。。。 混杂条件句(各自为准) Were, had ,should提前,省略if 1. 一个坚持,两个命令, 三个建议,四个要求。 2. It is(necessary,strange…)+that… wish/as if Would rather/ if only It is (high) time that… But for/otherwise/ without 1.过去式 2.过去完成 3.could、would、might +v 1.过去式 2.过去完成 Should(不省) +v/ 过去式 1.Would,could,should,might+v 2.would,could,should,might +have done insist suggest 虚拟语气 Types if引导的虚拟条件句 由 ‘if’ 引导的虚拟条件句叫作 ‘if’虚拟条件句 I could easily recognize if I had seen him before. a. 表示与现在事实相反的假设 b. 表示与过去事实相反的假设 c. 表示与将来事实相反的假设 过去式 (were) had done would/could/should/might +V. (原) would/could/should/might +have done 1.过去式 2. should+ V.(原) 3. were to do would/could/should/might +V. (原) 虚拟语气 1. If 型 条件从句 If 从句的谓语形式 主句的谓语形式 现在 过去 未来 1. 虚拟语气用于条件状语从句中 (1) 表示与现在事实相反的假设, 条件 状语从句中的谓语动词用“过去式(be 动词的过去式用were)”, 而主句中的谓语动词“would / should/ could / might + 动词原形”。 虚拟语气 If I were a boy, I would join the army. What would you do if you won the lottery? If I won the lottery, I would… If I won the lottery, I would buy an expensive car. If I had a lot of money now, I would travel around the world. If it were fine now, I would go shopping. a. If they ____ (be) here, they __________ (take) your advice. b. If the world-war _____ (burst) out again, what _____________ (happen) to our people on earth? were would take burst would happen PRACTICE 1: Fill in the blanks. c. If the policeman ________ (be not) in that room, it ________ (be) very dangerous. d. If I ____ (be) in your position, I _________ (ask) for teacher’s help. were not could be were would ask 1. You had a dream that you were a teacher. What would you do if you were a teacher? 2. Suppose you won a lot of money. What would you do with the money? If I ____ a teacher, I…. were 2. 与过去的事实相反 从句的谓语用had+过去分词, 构成If I (we, you, he, they)+had+过去分词的形式; 主句的谓语用should(第一人称)/would (第二、三人称) /could/might have +动词过去分词。 If he __________ more carefully, he _________________ the car accident yesterday. had driven would not have had I __________________ trapped in this island. had learnt would not have been the mall would not be on fire now. a. If Tom ________ (be) more careful in the exam, he ________________ (pass) it already. b. If you _______ (get) up earlier, you ________________ (catch) the first train. had been would have passed had got would have caught PRACTICE 2: Fill in the blanks. c. If I _______ (meet) you yesterday, we ______________ (go) to the concert together. had met would have gone If the parents ______at the hospital earlier after the accident, the child would have been saved. A. arrives B. arrive C. had arrived D. has arrived The students failed the English exam. Could you give him some suggestions? One of your friend got HN1 last year. He suffered a lot. What could you do help him? 3. 与将来事实相反 从句的谓语用If I (we, you, he, they) +动词过去式或 were to do 或should do 形式, 主句谓语用should(第一人称) /would (第二、三人称) /could/ might +动词原形。 If you succeeded, everything would be all right. If you should succeed, everything would be all right. If you were to succeed, everything would be all right. he would be on time. 假如他来了, 我们对他说什么呢? If he were to come, what should we say to him. 假如他看见我, 就会认识我。 If he should see me, he would know me. a. If there ________ (be) no natural resource any more, we ___________ (make) use of nuclear power. b. What ____________ (happen) if you ____________ (get up) too late tomorrow? should be should make would happen should get up PRACTICE 3: Fill in the blanks c. If Robots _____________ (control) the world some day, here ________ (be) no friendship. were to control would be If you __________tomorrow, you _________ find the new manager working in the office. A. should come; would B. would come; would C. will come; should D. comes; might If型虚拟特例 主句与从句的动作发生在不同的时间, 这时主从句位于动词的虚拟语气形式因时间不同而不同, 这叫做混合条件句。 例句中从句与过去事实相反, 主句与现在事实相反。 If you had asked him yesterday, you would know what to do now. If型特例1: 混杂条件句 虚拟语气 If型特例1:混杂条件句: 定义:从句与主句的动作发生的时间不同 If they had studied hard, they could do it easily now. 与过去相反 与现在相反 虚拟语气 If型特例2:省略 if 的条件从句: 用法:从句中有 were, had 或 should 时, 省略if ,而把它们放在句首。 3. If you had not helped me,I should have failed. 2. If he should fail in the experiment this time, he would try again. 1. If I were you, I would not do that. Were I you, I would not do that. Should he fail in the experiment this time, he would try again. Had you not helped me, I should have failed. Should + V. 型 +that…(should ) do 一个坚持?insist 两个命令?order command 三个建议 suggest advise recommend 四个要求 ask, demand, request, require (should ) do的运用 It is important (necessary, strange, natural) 在宾语从句,表语从句,同位语从句及主语从句中 2. Should + V 型 虚拟语气 句型 it is necessary/strange/…that +从句 三个建议 四个要求 insist order, command advise, suggest, propose demand, require, request, ask 其后的宾语从句及以其同根名词引导的主语,表语,同位语从句中。 虚拟语气 Should +v 型 两个命令 一个坚持 1.在宾语从句,表语从句,同位语从句,主语从句中。 这种用法的词有: 他建议我们早点回家。 He suggested that we (should) go home earlier. It was suggested that we (should) go home earlier. His suggestion was that we (should) go home earlier. He made an suggestion that we (should) go home earlier. 虚拟语气 宾语从句 主语从句 表语从句 同位语从句 T. or F. You pale face suggests that you (should) be ill. Your pale face suggests that you are ill. I insisted that you ( should) be wrong. I insisted that you were wrong. insist / suggest 各有两种意思,要用不同的语气 Insist 表示“坚决要求”时,用虚拟形式,即 should + do; Insist 表示“坚持认为,坚持说”时,用陈述语气,表示事实。 Suggest 表示“建议”时,用虚拟形式。 Suggest 表示“表明、暗示”时,用陈述语气。 F T F T 虚拟语气 虚拟语气 类似用法的词有:necessary,strange,natural,desired, a pity,  a shame,  no wonder 。。。 Should + V 型 2. It is important (necessary, strange,) that .... 我们有必要出去散散步。 她这样做是很自然的。 重要的是我们要照顾好病人。 Should + V 型 虚拟语气 Translation It’s necessary that we should have a walk . It’s natural that she should do so. It’s important that we should take good care of the patient. 1.?目的状语从句中的虚拟语气 (1) 在for fear that, in case, lest引导的目的状语从句中,若用虚拟语气时,从句谓语为: should + 动词原形。并且 should不能省略 She examined the door again for fear that a thief should come in. He started out earlier lest he should be late. (2) 在so that, in order that所引导的目的状语从句中,从句中的谓语为: can / may / could / might / will / would / should + 动词原形。 He goes closer to the speaker so that he can hear him clearer. He read the letter carefully in order that he should not miss a word. 2.?让步状语从句中的虚拟语气 (1) 在even if, even though 所引导的让步状语从句中,可用虚拟语气,主句、从句的结构与if所引导的条件从句结构相同。如: Even if he were here himself, he should not know what to do. Nobody could save him even though Hua Tuo should come here. Wish / As if (though) 3.类似 if 型 虚拟语气 Would rather/ If only But for +n/ Without +n It’s (high) time +that 类似If型 Wish/ As if / (though) +从句 现在: 过去时(were) 过去: 过去完成时(had done) 未来: would/could/might +V.(原) 类似 if 型(1) Wish引导的虚拟 wish 引导的虚拟句 wish 后面的宾语从句中,一般用虚拟语气,表 示一种不可能实现的愿望。 I wish (that) I were a bird. I wish (that) I had seen the film last night. I wish (that) I would/could go tomorrow. 用过去式(were) had done; could have done would/could/might+do 用法 谓语动词形式 与现在事实相反 与过去事实相反 与将来事实相反 虚拟语气 [例句] 1. I wish I were 30 years younger. 2. I wish (that) you would get a good job. 3. He wished he hadn‘t done it. 类似 if 型 1. I wish I _____(be) 30 years younger. 2. John wished he _________(take)my advice. 3. She wishes she ___________ (become) a bird tomorrow. were had taken would become as if / as though would Rather + that (从句) 宁愿。。。 If only + 要是。。。 过去时 过去完成时 现在 过去 过去时 过去完成时 现在/将来 过去 类似 if 型(2) 虚拟语气 if only 意为:若是...那该多好啊; 真希望...; 只要, 只要...就好 表示现在的情况,应用过去式; 如果是过去的情况,应用过去完成时态 If only I had arrived in time! If only she didn’t drive so fast. It’s (high) time +that 过去时(were)/ Should(不省) +V. 你该走了。 It’s high time that you went. It’s high time that you should go. 我们该去睡觉了。 It’s time that we went to bed. It’s time that we should go to bed. 类似 if 型(3) 类似 if 型(4) 虚拟语气 but for +n(要不是), without +n, otherwise(否则), or 一些短语相当于虚拟条件从句(if…), 其后的句子与虚拟条件主句用法一致。 +句子 would/could/should/might +V. (原) would/could/should/might +have done 现在/将来 过去 一些介词短语, 如:but for(要不是), without, otherwise(否则), 等表示含蓄的条件,这时主句要用虚拟语气 ① Without your help, we would not have made such rapid progress. ②But for my brother's help, I would not have finished it on time. ③I had to do sth more important, otherwise I might have been fired. 虚拟语气 1. But for your help, we (make) such rapid progress. 没有你的帮助,我们是不会取得这么快的进展的。 would not have made 虚拟语气 类似 if 型 2. Without air, there _________ (be) no living things. 如果没有空气,就不会有生物 would be 3. Thanks to the brave young man, otherwise, the boy ______________(die). would have died Subjective mood If 型 Should +v型 类似if型 。。。 。。。 。。。 混杂条件句(各自为准) Were, had ,should提前,省略if 1. 一个坚持,两个命令, 三个建议,四个要求。 2. It is(necessary,strange…)+that… wish/as if Would rather/ if only It is (high) time that… But for/otherwise/ without 1.过去式 2.过去完成 3.could、would、might +v 1.过去式 2.过去完成 Should(不省) +v/ 过去式 1.Would,could,should,might+v 2.would,could,should,might +have done insist suggest 虚拟语气 Alan ___ the party if he had gone to London. A. would have missed B. had missed C. would miss D. missed Exercises A 2. If I had known you were coming, I ___ you at the airport. A. had met B. met C. would meet D. would have met D 3. If only I ___ to my parents! (But I didn’t.) A. listened B. had listened C. should listen D. would listen B 4. Tom suggested that Ann ___ the house. A. sell B. sold C. shall sell D. would sell A 5. I wish this bus ___ to the university. A. go B. went C. has gone D. had gone B 虚拟语气 6. Simon looks as though he never ___ a square meal(吃得饱), though his parents feed him very well. A. get B. getting C. got D. should get C 7. He is talking so much about America as if he ___ there. A. had been B. were C. was D. been A 8. I ___ you some money, but I hadn’t got any then. A. would lend B. would have lent C. could lend D. may have lent B 9. – Have you ever been to Beijing? -- No, but I wish I ___. A. have B. will C. do D. had D 10. I don’t think it is the right time that you __. A. will go B. went C. go D. must go B 11. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it ____. A. breaks?? B. has broken?? C. were broken?? D. had been broken C 二. 虚拟语气在宾语从句中的用法 1. 在动词wish后的宾语从句中, 表示与现在或过去的事实相反, 或对将来的主观愿望, 从句通常省略连词that。 1) 表示对现在情况的虚拟: 从句动词用过去式或过去进行式 (be动词一般用were) 。 I wish I were a bird. I wish/wished I hadn’t eaten so much watermelon. (2) 表示对过去情况的虚拟:从句动词常用“had+过去分词”。 (3) 表示对将来的主观愿望: 从句动词形式为 “ would+动词原形”。 注意: 主句的主语与从句的主要不能相同, 因为主句的主语所期望的从句动作能否实现,取决于从句主语的态度或意愿(非动物名词除外)。 但愿你立刻来。 I wish you would come soon. 由as if (as though) 或even though (even though) 引导的状语从句表示比较或方式时, 从句谓语形式为动词的过去式 (be用were) 或 “had+过去分词”。 (But he doesn’t own it or probably doesn’t own it or we don’t know whether he owns it or not.) 他那样对待我, 好像我式陌生人似的。 He treats me as if I were a stranger. 注意: 如果表示的事情可能会发生, 那么方式状语从句中的谓语动词可用陈述语气。 Even if she were here, she could not solve the problem. 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. — Have you ever been to Beijing? — No, but I wish I ______. A. have????B. will? C. do??????D. had 2. If there were no water in the world, everything ______. A. will die  ???? ?B. would die  C. would have died?D. have died? 3. I wish that I ______ with you last night. A. could have gone? B. could go    C. have gone   ??D. went? 4. If I ______ you, I ______ more attention to English idioms and phrases. A. was; shall pay? ?B. am; will pay? C. would be; would pay ?? D. were; would pay? 5. I wish that you ______ such a bad headache because I’m sure that you would have enjoyed the concert. A. wouldn’t have  ? B. didn’t have C. hadn’t had    ? D. haven’t had? 1. 我要是你的话, 我就会把英语学好。 2. 如果你昨天来, 你就会看见他。 3. 万一明天下雨, 我们就不到那儿去。 4. 我希望我十年前认识他。 5. 他对待我就像对待他自己的儿子一样。 Homework 真实条件句? 真实条件句用于陈述语气, 假设的情况可能发生, 其中if是如果的意思。 时态关系 句型: 条件从句   主句    一般现在时 shall/will + 动词原形 If he comes, he will bring his violin. The volleyball match will be put off if it ___. A. will rain  B. rains C. rained D. is rained 答案B真实条件句主句为将来时, 从句用一般现在时。 注意: 在真实条件句中, 主句不能用be going to表示将来, 该用shall, will。 (错) If you leave now, you are never going to regret it. (对) If you leave now, you will never regret it. 2) 表示真理时, 主句谓语动词便不用shall (will) +动词原形, 而直接用一般现在时的动词形式。 What will you do if it rains tomorrow? I will stay at home if it rains tomorrow. 关于祈使语气 3 关于祈使语气 4

  • ID:4-4855424 甘肃静宁县第一中学2019届高三上学期第一次模拟考试英语试题 Word版含答案

    高中英语/高考专区/模拟试题


    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
    A
    About aspirin:
    Aspirin is a commonly used drug which can be taken to relieve discomfort caused by numerous medical problems including headaches, toothache, inflammation and infections. It is also suitable to treat colds and flu-like symptoms, and to reduce a high temperature.
    Who can take aspirin
    Adults and children over 16 years of age.
    Who should not take aspirin
    Women who are pregnant, or plan to become pregnant. Aspirin may harm your unborn baby.
    Women who are breast-feeding. Aspirin can pass into your breast milk and may harm your baby.
    People who have any problems with the way the liver works or with the way the kidneys work.
    How to take aspirin:
    Take aspirin after meals, with a full glass of water or milk.
    The recommended dose (剂量) ranges from two to three tablets at a time. Never take more than 4g 12 tablets) in any 24 -hour period.
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    甘肃静宁县第一中学2019届高三上学期第一次模拟考试英语试题 word版含答案.doc

  • ID:4-4855398 四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习


    四川2019高考英语一轮题型整合练(10)
    一、阅读理解。
    A
    When I was in the sixth grade, I became a big K-pop (Korean pop) fan. Almost half the students at my middle school were Korean and almost all of them listened to Korean music, especially K-pop. I had never been interested in it. It sounded too strange to me, but all changed in the sixth grade when the huge hit Gee came out. All my friends were singing the chorus and imitating the dance. Gee fever sucked me into K-pop. It became my life. I listened to K-pop non-stop and filled my iPod with it. In a month, I had memorized the names of countless members of boy and girl bands and stuck pictures of my singer "boyfriends" on my walls. I would ditch my weekend art and math classes and go to concerts with my friends. This would always result in my mom shouting that I was wasting my life. My mom thought K-pop was trash and wanted me to like classical music as she did. But classical music made me sleepy.
    Every day during middle school I went to a K-pop gossip and news site called allkpop.com. On this site I learned that I could audition(试音) to become a singer in a K-pop band. The shining clothes, thousands of screaming fans and hearing them chant my name seemed much more exciting than being a middle school student. Becoming a K-pop star was all I wanted.
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(10)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(11)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(1)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(2)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(3)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(4)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(5)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(6)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(7)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(8)(含解析).doc
    四川省2019高考英语一轮复习 题型整合练(9)(含解析).doc

  • ID:4-4855374 青海省西宁市第四高级中学2019届高三英语上学期第一次模拟考试试题

    高中英语/高考专区/模拟试题

    西宁市第四高级中学2019届高三第一次模拟试卷 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Everest 121min Adventure/Biography/Drama Storyline: A group of climbers start their final climb to the summit of Mount Everest,the highest point on Earth. With little warning,a violent storm strikes the mountain,swallowing the adventurers... Director: Baltasar Kormakur Stars:Jason Clarke, Ang Phula Sherpa, Thomas M.Wright Add to watchlist War Room 120min Drama Storyline: Tony and Elizabeth Jordan, seemingly have it all--great jobs, a beautiful daughter, their dream home. In reality, their marriage has been a war zone. With guidance from Miss Clara, an older, wiser woman, Elizabeth discovers she can start fighting for her family instead of against them. Director: Alex Kendrick Stars: Priscilla C. Shirer, T.C. Stalligs, Karen Abercrombie Add to watchlist Straight Outta Compton 147min Biography/Drama/Music Storyline: In 1987,five young men, using honest rhymes, put their frustration and anger about life into the most powerful weapon they had: their music. Straight Outta Compton tells the true story of how these cultural rebels(叛逆者)stood up to the authorities that meant to keep them down and formed the world’s most dangerous group N.W.A. Director: F. Gary Gray Stars: O’Shea Jackson Jr., Corey Hawkins, Jason Mitchell Add to watchlist A Walk In The Woods 104min Adventure/Biography/Comedy Storyline: After spending two decades in England, Bill Bryson returns to the US, where he decides the best way to connect with his homeland is to hike the Appalachian Trail. He travels with Katz, one of his oldest friends. The trouble is that the two have a completely different definition of the word, “adventure”. The real fun begins... ================================================ 压缩包内容: 青海省西宁市第四高级中学2019届高三英语上学期第一次模拟考试试题.doc

  • ID:4-4854140 河北省唐山市2019届高三上学期第一次摸底考试英语试题(WORD版)

    高中英语/高考专区/模拟试题

    第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题; 每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A If you want to stay in any of these luxurious hotel suites, you’d better get saving now, with a night’s stay topping the average annual salary. Royal Suite The Royal Suite at the Plaza Hotel in New York, which comes in at $40,000 a night, features three bedrooms, private elevator access, and large windows overlooking Fifth Avenue. Other features in the apartment include a grand piano, a dining room to seat 12, and a king-sized master bedroom. Royal Penthouse Suite A stay at the Royal Penthouse Suite at Hotel President Wilson in Geneva will make you shocked at the bill in the morning, which costs $80,000 a night. The 12-bedroom Royal Penthouse covers the entire eighth floor and shows amazing views of Lake Geneva through floor-to-ceiling bay windows. As guests walk in, they’re greeted by a light-filled living room with a grand piano and a collection of rare books. Penthouse The fashionable Penthouse at the Faena Hotel in Miami costs you $50,000 a night. The contemporary suite features two levels of spacious gathering areas and dining rooms. Each of the suite’s five bedrooms have furnished balconies, so guests can enjoy sunrise to sunset views over the coast. Princess Grace Suite Hotel de Paris in Monaco once hosted the wedding reception of Prince Rainier and Princess Grace, in whose honor the Princess Grace Suite was newly opened. In the sunny apartment, there are two bedrooms, a gym, an office, toilets on each floor, a living room, a dining room, a kitchen and luxury bathrooms. The price tag follows the royal theme, with stays coming in at $37,000 a night. 21. Which suite will you choose if you are a book lover A. Royal Suite. B. Royal Penthouse Suite. C. Penthouse. D. Princess Grace Suite. 22. What can you do at the Penthouse A. Enjoy the view of Fifth Avenue. B. Take a walk around Lake Geneva. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 河北省唐山市2019届高三上学期第一次摸底考试英语试题(word版).doc

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  • ID:4-4851528 [精]高考一轮复习学案 第七讲 感叹词,介词,介词短语 (原卷+解析卷)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习


    第七讲 感叹词、介词与介词短语(原卷版)
    黑龙江 哈尔滨 邱尚瑛
    
    感叹词不构成句子中的语法成分,但在意义上与其有关联,它是英语中最富裕表现力的词之一。学好感叹词对于提高英语的交际能力,表达复杂的思想起着举足轻重的作用。然而,英语感叹词是英语中的一个小词类,其重要性往往被忽视。英语中的感叹词很多,但目前对此进行比较全面归纳的比较少,所以,多数考生对含有感叹句的句子理解不透。
    介词又称作前置词,表示名词、代词等与句中其他词的关系,在句中不能单独作句子成分。介词一般用于名词或者代词前面,和介词宾语一起构成介词短语。介词用法多且复杂,相近的意思又可以有不同的介词表示,介词更着重与动词、形容词、从句等结合在一起进行考查,所以要根据语境和交际条件灵活运用介词;同时对常用的介词要重点进行区别,并加以整理。
    在一轮复习时,教师要注意引导学生把握感叹词的情感意义,以便在阅读理解中能够正确理解文章含义,在不同形式的试题中应用准确。教师要引导学生注意介词后面一般有名词、代词或相当于名词的其他词类、短语或从句作它的宾语,表示与其他成分的关系。要求教师引领学生首先进行知识梳理,并列出学生出容易出现错误的问题,通过典型例句的讲解和巩固训练提高学生的语言应用能力。
    
    I. Interjection(感叹词)
    感叹词(interjection)是用来表示说话时表达喜怒哀乐等情感的词,感叹词是一种虚词,不构成句子中的语法成分,但是在意义上与其有关联,其后的句子一般说明这种情绪的性质、原因;它是英语中最富裕表现力的词之一,对于表达复杂的思想起着举足轻重的作用。
    Oh, what a beautiful flower! 啊!多么漂亮的一朵花!
    Ah! I told you so! 唉!我早告诉过你了!
    1. 感叹词的位置
    感叹词通常位于句首,用逗号或感叹号隔开,意义较强时用感叹号,否则用逗号。感叹词间或也可放在句子中。
    Uoch! I’ve got a pain here. 哎哟!我这儿疼。
    Bravo! A strike! 好!好球!
    2. 感叹词的用法
    常见的感叹词可以表达多种情绪,需根据上下文来推测。
    (1) Oh/O 表示惊奇、恐惧、懊恼、高兴等。
    Oh! So you are here! 啊!你也在这儿!
    Oh! Please don’t ask me any more. 啊,求你别再问我了。
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    高考一轮复习学案 第七讲 感叹词,介词,介词短语 原卷+解析卷)
    高考一轮复习学案 第七讲 感叹词,介词,介词短语(原卷版).doc
    高考一轮复习学案 第七讲 感叹词,介词,介词短语(解析版).doc

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  • ID:4-4851358 上中老师推荐高分话题高中英语范文

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/各类题型专题/写作

    话题三: 社会现象 Writing 1目前越来越多的家长送孩子参加各种课外辅导班,就此现象发表你的看法。 高分范文 Should Parents Send Their Kids to After-school Class? It is widely seen that many parents send their children to after-school classes nowadays. Many people are in favor of this practice while others are opposed to it. As far as I am concerned,this trend should not be encouraged for the reasons as follows. The first priority is that after-school classes themselves are not proper places for learning. The institutions hosting these classes often lay more emphasis on making profit rather than their teaching quality. As the host institutions put profit in the first place, what children can actually learn from these classes remains a question. Besides, attending after-school class reduces children’s playing time, which may cause some problems. It is universally acknowledged that certain amount of playing time plays an important role in children’s growth. When children are deprived of their playing time because of various after-school classes, they may fail to enjoy a normal golden childhood. Moreover, the aim of sending children to after-school classes is questionable. Most parents want their children to acquire knowledge in advance so that their kids could be better in school. But parents should know that the scores are achieved at the cost of the children’s happiness, which is far more important than knowledge itself. In a nutshell, parents shouldn’t send children to after-school classes, and the whole society has the responsibility to stop the trend. Writing 2有人说中国学生学习很努负但是缺乏创造力,就此说法发表你的看法。 高分范文1 As people are paying more attention not only to a student’s scores but also to his abilities in all aspects, the concept that Chinese students are lacking in creativity has been accepted by the majority of people. In my opinion, there’s no denying that Chinese students do lack creativity. Though the policy that we should carry out quality-oriented education has been put out into practice for several years, the test-oriented education is so deep-rooted that students still focus on the knowledge on books. When we compare Chinese students with students in foreign countries, such as America, Britain and so on, it’s quite obvious that Chinese students lack creativity. Seldom do they consider inventing something with the knowledge they have obtained. We should face directly the problem we have, so it’s high time that we improved our creativity. As for us students, there’s no doubt that we should go deep into things in our life, try something new, and make full use of the knowledge. Moreover, schools should also provide students with equipment and encourage them to turn their ideas into reality. What’s more important is that the education system should be changed step by step,attach more importance to students’ creativity. Creativity is necessary to a student’s success as well as a country’s improvement. Though we Chinese students lack creativity for the time being,we can gain it with our efforts in the near future. 高分范文2 As a Senior Three student in China, during my twelve years’ study, I often hear such words like that Chinese students are lacking creativity, which is a popular concept around westerners. In their impressions, Chinese students just study from dawn till dusk and don’t have much time for creative thinking, and as a result of it, they are all dull and lacking in creativity. However, in my point of view, such concept is not so much a mistake as a misunderstanding. First of all,as the old saying goes, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,,,Chinese students also have time to do some interesting things with new ideas brought forth. Nowadays, many creativity competitions are held and thus a large number of creative ideas come into existence. What’s more, not only in leisure time but also during our study can we be full of creativity. Most Chinese students are not so talkative and open as students in western countries,and such shy students usually say nothing about their new ideas,which may mislead people to have the concept, mentioned above, that Chinese students are in great lack of creativity. Last but not the least,knowledge is the foundation of creativity. There is no denying that only with a large amount of knowledge from every aspect can we create practical ideas instead of a vain dream. So to some extent,we Chinese students are now accumulating knowledge and laying the foundation for a better creativity. To sum up, such concept comes into being because foreigners don’t know us very well, and what we need to do now is to pay much attention to it and show our creativity as much as possible so that we will have a bright new future. Writing 3 博物馆是否应免费向公众开放?人们对此有不同的看法,谈谈你的观点。 高分范文 Should Museums Be Open Free to the Public? Since the museum operation reform came out, argument over it has never really been settled. The supporters say that free museums benefit the ordinary people greatly, while the opponents condemn the act as a troublemaker. As a high school student, I’d choose to stand by the current policy. On one hand, free museums achieve the purpose of having museums, which is education, equality and enjoyment. In the past, museums are deliberately made “noble“ isolating the poor and depriving them of the chance to get a fair share of knowledge and wisdom handed down from our forefathers.. That was not right. On the other hand,the “troubles” as many opponents put it, are not real problems. Nor are these problems long lasting. They are just minor dispositions as over-crowded exhibition halls and buzz-filled escalators. In conclusion, I am strongly in favour of the practice that museums should be open to the public free. I hope more and more civilians can enjoy free tours around various museums, learning more and enriching their life. Writing 4 目前,许多名校开始向游客开放,对此谈谈你的看法。 高分范文 1 The campuses of some famous universities have now been referred to as new tourist attractions. People are divided on the question whether those campuses should be open to tourists, and to me, I’m on the cons side with the reasons as follows. First and foremost, tourist groups consist of people from different walks of life and thus, it’s hard to ensure that every one of them is of high quality, which may bring on unexpected crimes to the campuses purely for students. In the second place, just take a glance another hot tourist spots after national holidays and we may find litter all over, flowers picked, ridiculous words written on stones with a long history. To such a great extent was the environment damaged that local governments couldn’t but spend huge expenses to maintain the broken facilities. What’s more, well goes the saying, “Universities are monasteries for spirits. ” For most people who visit the campuses,they are curious to have a look at cultural atmosphere and soothing surroundings where college students study. As for us students, what we should do is spare no effort to work hard in order to become a part of it one day rather than simply buy a ticket and take photos around. Apart from what is mentioned above, if people still adhere to visiting campuses,there also exists something governments can do to lower the potential risk of damaging the environment. Determine certain “Campuses Open Day” so as to prevent the students from being disturbed, or develop a professional guide team to stop tourists,impolitedeeds. In a nutshell, campuses can’t deserve too much silence for those who are our country’s hope to focus on academy, thus being able to make contributions to society in the future. So,just leave the campuses peaceful places to think, to learn, and to create, rather than visit. 高分范文2 Nowadays there’s a tendency that the campuses of famous schools have become hot tourist attractions and many travel agencies plan the visit to famous schools as one of their profitable project. Thus there arises a heated discussion on whether the campuses should be open to the public and my opinion is that it really does good to society with my reasons as follows. To begin with, I think that the famous schools should not only educate students but also spread a kind of culture that encourages people in society to approach science and art. That is to say, if the campuses become certain places which people tend to visit frequently, people could be influenced by the academic atmosphere and become more willing to study, which will furthermore form a knowledge-oriented society. In the second place, opening campuses to the public also benefits the students and teachers in the schools themselves. They’ll find themselves set examples to younger children or respected as more knowledgeable people, which will greatly inspire them in doing their studies and researches and help them make more achievements. Last but not the least, a visit to key universities enables high school students who are preparing for their majors to get an idea of what they lack and to make progress purposefully. This experience can help them establish more realistic goals in order to get themselves improved afterwards. In a nutshell, opening the campuses of famous schools to the public is by all means more than a creative travelling program in that it advocates more academic social environment and benefits us individuals and even the whole society. 高分范文 3 With tourism flourishing, famous schools have enjoyed increasing popularity as tourist-attractions. However, people are divided on whether university campuses should be open to visitors. Some fully support this phenomenon, saying that it’s a good opportunity for tourists to have a better knowledge of higher education, while others are inclined to think that it arouses many safety-concerns and environment problems. Judging from both pros and cons of opening campuses to the public, I think its advantages outweigh the disadvantages. To begin with, if ordinary people may have access to the campus of universities, they will benefit a lot from the school’s excellent academic atmosphere. A famous school, often with a long history and a good reputation, represents the peak of its country’s higher education. Therefore, it should bear the responsibility to make the essence of education known to more people. In the second place, some children may follow their parents to visit the campus. Seeing the beautiful scenery and hearing the achievements made by the students of the university, the children are likely to develop a sense of respect and love for the school and then, strive to enter it when they grow up thus contributing to their brilliant future. This also enables the famous schools to attract top students. Last but not least, with many people visiting the campus,the university students can also have more exposure to society,which serves to help them accumulate social experience and improve communication skills. In conclusion, opening campus to tourists brings enormous benefits to both schools and tourists. As long as we take effective measures to ensure the security and protect the environment on campuses, this kind of tourism is prefect. I sincerely hope that even more people can pay a visit to the famous universities in the future. Writing 5网购成了我们生活中一种新的购物方式,人们对此现象有不同的看法,谈谈你的看法,并说明理由。 高分范文1 Online shopping is a new way of shopping that you can browse products and purchase them on the Internet. As it becomes more and more popular, people begin to split between the trend followers and the left-behinds. People who support the practice maintain that online shopping brings them convenience. Without leaving home, they can make the purchase from all over the country or even overseas with ease. In addition,they say lowerprices are also one of the advantages that online shopping has. Online shopping saves them money. Contrary to these people’s opinions, other people find flaws in online shopping. They are concerned about the liability and trust issues. Since people are dealing on the Internet without really having to see both the buyers and sellers, fraud occurs now and then.Besides, being unable to see the actual product, they may purchase a product different from the one displayed online in size or color, which they think is a fly in the ointment in online shopping. Personally,I prefer online shopping for a couple of reasons. Firstly, I love the quick and efficient way of shopping online. I don’t even need to travel to the shop,walk through the racks and browse the products manually. Instead,with online shopping, all I need to do is to type in the keywords to search on the website, check the price. And with clicks away, I purchase the products and have them delivered right in front of my door within few days. Online shopping saves me time and energy. Secondly, I enjoy the excitement that online shopping gives me. After I have made the purchase, I just can’t wait. My anticipation towards the arrival time of the product drives me crazy. In conclusion, even though flaws do exist in online shopping,it is a great tool. And I think with the development of Computer science, online shopping will be improved and more and more people will try this way of shopping to seek for a new adventure. 高分范文2 As the technology of Internet is rapidly developing and popularizing, many people prefer shopping online nowadays. Some people think that buyer is easily cheated because there is no way to confirm who the seller is and the product can be different from its picture in color and size. However, in my opinion, shopping online is one of the greatest achievements we can enjoy in the 21st century. First of all, shopping online provides us with a great variety of products. We can search for almost any product we want to buy. We can see all kinds of products at the same time. Then we can buy the most suitable product by comparing several products. Secondly, shopping online does not have any limit in place or time. Its easy-access is welcomed by people of all ages and is particularly welcomed by those busy people living in this rapidly developing society. We can even save our traffic expenses. In conclusion, shopping online is well received by people. And I believe that as a potential business, online shopping will greatly affect everyone’s life in the near future. 高分范文3 Nowadays, shopping online is getting more and more popular. I regard it as a must because online shopping indeed brings benefits to society. First of all, it is more convenient for customers to buy the goods they want. As an online shopper myself,I find the temptation to buy things which may even be thousands of miles away with only a slight click is hard to resist. As long as you have enough money in your credit card, you can behave like a king —no tiredness of carrying bags but the pleasure of having a “servant” send everything to your hand. Secondly, online shops enjoy low costs of labour, land and electricity. Only in a small dim garage can they pile up all their products instead of paying high renting fee for an attractive store every month. And with a single computer, a couple of people can handle most of their business. What’s more, online shopping promotes the industry of delivery. Especially in holidays, when sales grow rapidly,a large number of orders are placed and more deliveries are called for, thus providing more job opportunities. On the whole, shopping online is superior to shopping in real shops at many aspects. So I think the popularity of it will keep growing and it is a sign of the development of economy. writing6 根据所给信息写一篇关于Junk Message的短文:目前垃圾短信泛滥,给人们的生活带来困扰;分析这种现象产生的原因;谈谈如何解决这个问题。 高分范文 Junk messages are in the air. People are caught up in a constant rustle with them. you delete while they arrive. How unpleasant! Reasons for such inconvenience vary. Some may be caused by business battles where companies take advantage of leaked personal information and use text messages as a way of advertising while others may result from evil thoughts,including teasing ones or even blackmailing ones. Still others are perhaps due to ineffective administration or technological failures. Whatever the causes, they must be removed. The most direct solution is to turn to phone producers who may equipped each phone with a message filter so as to automatically abandon those junk messages. But it may not be the most far-reaching solution. To handle the problem thoroughly we may first set up a supervising network to detect the spread of junk messages. Secondly, laws for punishment shall follow to fight back these good-moods-spiders. Meanwhile, our personal information must get better protection to avoid being aimed at as potential customers. And finally, the public should be educated to respect others by stopping the spread of junk messages. Anti-junk-message war can be demanding, but it will be worth the efforts to free people from the constant assault presented by these unwelcomed visitors. writing 7 [2013届上海市高三英语一模(虹口区)]请认真观察下面的漫画,然后简要描述漫画内容,并根据你对该漫画的理解,炎谈自己的思考和看法。 高分范文1 As is vividly shown in the picture,four people are making an attempt to fill a vat with water. Two men are carrying the water while two others are pouring water into the vat. Never have they realized that with so many loopholes at the bottom of the vat, they will never succeed in storing any water unless they mend the loopholes first. Laughing at their useless efforts at first sight, the picture is bound to bring us some food for thought as we relate it to our own experience. In the process of study, many of us just tend to fill their minds with abundantknowledge, neglecting the mistakes we've made, let alone correct them.Therefore, the increasing holes will finally lead to the leaking out of the knowledge. There’s no doubt that it’s imperative to abandon poor study habits and develop good ones. Firstly, while we are under great pressure of obtaining new knowledge, we should correct the mistakes every day. Never should we have the thought that we will never meet with the same problem in the future. Instead, we ought to have a notebook to write down our mistakes. Secondly, only writing down mistakes is far from enough. As we don’t have strong memories, we should leaf through the notebook frequently in order to enhancing our master of certain problems. To put in a nutshell, we should pay attention to the mistakes we’ve made which are similar to the loopholes in the vat. Only in this way can we make progress in our study and have a good command of knowledge. 高分范文2 The picture above gives us some food for thought. In the middle of the picture stands a vat with some loopholes, through which the water leaks out. Two people are using buckets to carry the water poured out away while the other two are busy pouring into the vat, sweat streaming over their faces. The vat with many loopholes represents the difficulties we come across in our real life, which can be conquered only by finding the origin of the problem and solve it. None of the four people in the picture intend to repair the vat instead of doing useless work, which is why their diligence gets no fruit. As is often the case, we always get a closer idea of the situation and lack a detailed plan before we act, thus leading to the failure however many efforts we make. From my perspective, we can get rid of such trouble by acting on the steps as follows. First, it is imperative that you should think clearly and make out what the critical part of the problem is. If you fail to get clues, go to your friends or parents for suggestions. Only in this way can you find the loopholes in your vat. In the second place, spare no effort to block up the loopholes, which means that you must focus all your attention on the critical point instead of taking care of unimportant things. Last but not least, have the confidence in yourself that you’re bound to overcome the current difficulty and achieve success through your hard work. All in all, the key to success lies not only in diligence but also in wisdom and only by combining them together can you get achievements. writing 8 结合图片谈谈社会上吃饭浪费的现象。 高分范文1 A big feast or a big waste? This has long been a problem to be solved in China. In the picture, a waiter is dealing with a typical Chinese meal after it has been finished, wearing an embarrassed expression. A complete duck and fish are being dumped as leftovers. From my point of view, it is people’s attitude that results in the phenomenon. Saving resources should have been a traditional virtue of China. However, nowadays, having been spoiled, so many people are completely unconscious of how hard these resources come, and always take it for granted that as long as enough money is paid, it is up to them to decide how the resources should be used. Next, people’s wrong idea about self-dignity accounts for a large part of the problem. Chinese people would rather order more food than necessary to show generosity than be regarded as the opposite. Nevertheless, they don’t have such a good appetite for the food, thus leading to the waste. To ease the problem effectively, I suggest that official appeals for the awareness of saving food should be made at once to shift people’s inappropriate attitude towards money spending and wasting food. Another solution should come in the form of the law that puts a ban on such cases. Either fines or warnings can work. We are blocking the development of future generations unless we begin to save all these resources right now. 高分范文2 The picture above shows vividly what a Chinese Waste is. The waiter in the middle of the picture is pouring a whole dish of fish into a huge garbage bin with a sad expression and trembling arms. Behind him exists a well- decorated table with an uneaten duck and an unopened wine. With the guests gone,we are left with some food for thought. Such kind of waste does harm to Chinese people both economically and spiritually. Though some parts of our country have developed a lot, there still remain people who live under poverty line. How can we order much more food than we need regardless of the limited resources? Besides, wasting too much keeps us from a balanced spiritual standard as well. We should pass on the traditional moral practice like being hardworking and economical from generation to generation. Efforts from the government and the public are desperately needed to stop such a trend. As for the government, it should establish strict regulations to restrict waste or even fine those who waste food. As for the public, the restaurants may call on customers not to order so much and use some small gifts to cultivate a non-wasting atmosphere. In addition, it,s the customers’ own sense of saving resources that really works. I believe with combined efforts and everyone involved taking action right now, a more economical environment will be created and such a waste described in the above picture will never happen again. Writing 9 看图写作文:就此图片对公共道德发表看法。 高分范文 As we can see from the picture, a well-dressed lady has a dog in her arms on a bus. The little girl is so frightened by that fierce-barking dog that she can’t help crying. But the lady just smiles as if nothing happened. There’s no doubt that such behavior is indeed unpleasant and selfish, which is a typical example of unqualified public moral values. It is known to all that China is a nation that values public moral greatly. Our ancestors have set a series of moral standards. Therefore, being a Chinese, we should lay greatly. Our ancestors have set a series of moral standards. Therefore, being a Chinese, we should lay more emphasis on public moral. In addition, as the society is made up of people, an ideal harmonious society can’t be achieved without every one of us paying adequate attention to the interest of others. When we enjoy our life, we should consider other’s feelings and interests. We have to treat others the way we hoped to be treated. And as we criticize others for unacceptable behaviors against public moral varies, we should also see to what we are doing ourselves. What’s more,as Shanghai is a metropolis,every day it welcomes visitors at home and abroad. As citizens, we must make sure that all our improper behavior is eliminated so that we can have a good impression on people from all over the world. As our economy is rocketing, higher levels of public moral are required to build a harmonious society. We must all bear public moral in mind , and then, follow it! Writing 10结合图片谈谈养宠物的公共道德。 高分范文 As is vividly shown in the picture,a man was just back from work,with a bag in his hand and rushed towards home when he suddenly stepped onto something. As it turned out to be shit of a dog raised on the corridor, he couldn’t help but complain about the loss of public moral which could be reflected through this incident. This phenomenon of raising pets in public places isn’t rare these days,which leads to an increasing “danger” of coming across animal waste. Not only does it badly affects our living environment, but also it imposes a negative impression of our city on people from other places. From my point of view, every one of us should bear public moral in mind. We are now living in an open society, in which we frequently interact with each other. The harm that we do to others is bound to act on ourselves in turn eventually. Therefore, the care for others also means care for ourselves, especially when we are desperate in need. Public moral may be the simple change to keep one’s pets inside or clean their waste in public places,but it is the minor behavior which contributes to a harmonious world around. Just as the saying goes, “A beauty to share is a duty to care. ” Never should we forget to shoulder our responsibility when we enjoy our rights at the same time. Immediate action should be taken to make the construction of our spirit civilization keep pace with the development of the material civilization. It falls on us all to set some essential rules in public for the public to carry them out. With our joint efforts, I,m sure that the society will be a better place to live in as long as everyone follows public rules. ?10? \ 话题五: 科普知识与现代技术 Writing 1 手机已成为人们生活中不可缺少的交流工具,谈谈手机在我们生活中的优缺点。 高分范文1 As the life standard becomes higher and higher, mobile phones play an essential part in our own daily life now. Not only the adults but also many middle school students use them frequently. As far as I am concerned, using mobile phones is quite necessary in some way. The good or harm they will do to us all depends on how we use . There is no doubt that mobile phones h^/e many advantages. Since parents cannot be with their children all day long, mobile phones act as a communication tool between them. When the children and their parents have something special to tell each other, they can use mobile phones to communicate. As to the boarding students, mobile phones are much more necessary. They bring us a lot of convenience. What’s more, mobile phones can also help to promote friendship and provide us with a way to show love to our relatives. When it comes to a traditional festival, we can use mobile phones to send short messages. Mobiles phones can bring our wishes to the people around us and bring back their love and thankfulness. It’s quite enjoyable doing so. On the other hand, mobile phones also have disadvantages. Some students are keen on playing games and others spend too much time on sending short messages. In the course of doing so, both time and money are wasted. And sometimes it will influence our sleep and study. Thus we should keep in mind that our main responsibility is to study and we have no ability to afford the expenses as well. Mobile phones are communication tools but not our toys. All in all, everything has two sides. We should have a right attitude towards mobile phones and use them properly. Then they will do us good. Otherwise, they may cause disadvantages 高分范文2 It never occurred to many people that high school students can equip themselves with such modern devices as mobile phones, but it has really happened like a sudden storm. Contrary to the views of some people who are worried about fashions in our life, the storm can be very good. Time speaks first. Nowadays we are in the Information Age, in which quick communication is regarded as a basic element in everyone’s life. To be a student doesn’t mean to be isolated from the changing world;on the contrary, to keep in touch with the large amount of information shuttling in the world, help to make the student intelligent, open-minded and qualified for a citizen in a new age. Mobile phones are undoubtedly effective tools. Maybe Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) and laptop computers will soon become popular among students, but let the mobile phone play the role as a pioneer. Then we can consider the feasibility. With the technology advancing, and economy developing, mobile phones are now quite accessible to many people. They are no longer miraculous inventions but are approaching us and ready to serve us in our daily life. Considering this,a high school student’s possessing a mobile phone will not be a surprise or a show-off, but an action to meet the needs of the new age. In a word, mobile phones will do more good. Certainly, everything has a shadow behind its bright figure, but if we follow the trend properly, the storm will surely be beneficial. Writing 2根据所给的信息写一篇关于Junk Message的短文: >目前垃圾短信泛滥,给人们的生活带来闲扰; >谈谈垃圾短信泛滥的原因; >如何解决。 高分范文1 Nowadays, junk messages are increasing sharply in quantity. Many people are disturbed by their invasion, feeling annoyed yet helpless about uninvited useless advertisements or notices. From my perspective, several factors contribute to the overflow of junk messages personal information, including cell phone numbers. This hidden danger exposes more people to the harassment of junk messages. Secondly, fierce commercial competition propels people to advertise via text messages, which is a relatively low-cost method. Thirdly, the improvement of information technology adds to the convenience of sending huge quantities of text messages simultaneously, which indirectly leads to the growing number of junk messages. Although the problem causes concern, some feasible ways may offer a solution. For cell phone users, they should be more conscious about identity thefts and provide their phone numbers only to reliable sources. For telecommunication companies, they may design effective softwares to fend off unfriendly messages. For the government officials, they can launch propaganda campaigns to advocate for a junk-message-free society. Hopefully, with joint efforts, we can enjoy texting services without spam in the foreseeable future. 高分范文2 With the popularity of cell phones, people are more and more annoyed by the very phones that they have bought. Cell phones today are more a kind of automatic junk message receiver than a means of communication. Several factors contribute to this unpleasant situation. First of all,the nature of the messaging system determines that it is a cheap yet effective way of public propaganda. Small businesses which cannot afford a TV advertisement naturally turn their attention to message-advertising. And equally importantly, the mobile service providers, take China Mobile as an example, encourage such kind of advertising in secret since it can bring tremendous profit to the company. As a result, the advertisers and the providers form an evil partnership in this win-win situation,regardless of the helpless users. It won’t be easy to completely tackle the problem, but much can be done to improve the situation. On one hand,protocols and legislations are to be made to prohibit the telecom carriers from earning money through illegal messages. The making of junk messages should also be severely punished. On the other hand, we consumers should never believe or follow these messages so that the market may shrink and vanish finally. Technologies are not introduced to ruin our life. Let’s join efforts to resist the invasion of junk messages and restore the purity of technology. Writing 3请根据图表作简单描述与分析,并简要发表你的看法。 高分范文1 Recently, a survey has been conducted on the percentages of workers in different age groups who use the computer in their work places. As is shown in the chart, the percentages of such workers ranging in age from 18-29, 30-49,50 - 64 or above 65 were respectively 71. 00%, 70. 00%, 66. 00% and 54.00%. The results of the survey have revealed the trend that the younger the workers are,the more likely they are to use computers in work. Several factors may have contributed to this phenomenon. To begin with, with the rapid development of the computer, a lot of convenience is brought by the use of the computer. People do not need to calculate or write on paper themselves; instead, computers can do these tiring jobs efficiently, which saves both time and labor. Secondly, young people usually have more access to high-tech equipment and they are more interested in learning computer skills. That explains why they have better command of the computer than the elder people, which leads to a higher percentage of using computers at work. All in all,the computer is becoming more and more popular in our daily life. Since it makes jobs easier, there is no doubt that more and more people will use computers at job in the future. 高分范文2 It is the trend that computers are becoming a necessity in people’s work. From the figures shown in the data chart above, it is evident that over half of the workers use the computer at their jobs in all age groups, among which the workers ranging in age from 18 to 29 have a percentage of 71% while workers over 65 years old account for 54%. There’s no doubt that from the data, the percentages of the workers who use the computer at their jobs decline with the rise in age. The reasons for the phenomenon are obvious. First and foremost, younger people have a heavier burden of tasks than older people, thus resulting in their more frequent use of the computer. What’s more, with better eye-sights and swifter fingers, they are more likely to choose computers to accomplish their assignments. Last but not least, modern technology has changed younger people’s lifestyle more, which adapts them to the use of computers in the aspects of communication and information searches. In a nutshell, the computer is now having a greater and deeper influence on the way people do their jobs. Writing 4目前,每个城市每天都产生大量垃圾,垃圾分类刻不容缓。请根据要求,写一篇短文。 1. 严峻的形势:每天产生大量垃圾,已成为令每个城市头疼的问题; 2.垃圾分类的意义:减少垃圾量和垃圾对环境的污染;回收资源,有利于环境保护; 3.呼吁政府应采取有效措施,在公共场所放置具有不同颜色和标识的垃圾箱;市民自觉分类投放垃圾。 (参考词汇:垃圾分类garbage sorting; 废物回收 waste recycling) 高分范文 The amount of garbage produced daily keeps increasing with the rapid development of cities. How to deal with the garbage has become an urgent task for the disposing industry and the city’s authorities. In my eyes, garbage sorting should be introduced to relieve the burden. First and foremost, garbage sorting will lead to a decrease in the amount of daily waste, thus ensuring a lighter pollution to our living environment. In addition, with the garbage that has been classified, chances are that waste can be more easily recycled and more materials are sorted from garbage, which is definitely eco-friendly. Tough as it might be to completely tackle the problem, much can be done to make a difference. On one hand, protocols and legislations are to be made to encourage or even force the practice of garbage sorting. On the other hand, the authority should take measures to improve the situation. Various kinds of litter bins in different colors and with clear signs will be of great convenience to citizens. Of course, citizens,consciousness of sorting the garbage is sure to be more effective in solving the problem. Thus,more education and publicity will be necessary to drive garbage sorting forward. Better city, better life. If joint efforts are made to popularize garbage sorting, we’ll be sure to enjoy a better living environment. Writing 5 请根据以下“人类与环境”的关系图,写一篇英语短文。 高分范文1 The ecological environment where we live has long been thought of as an everlasting mine which has provided human beings with various kinds of resources for thousands of years. And how we make use of it remains a serious problem. Human beings have benefited from nature and its resources from generation to generation by using it very properly, which has led to not only the rapid development of a mature human society but also the improvement of the environment itself. To our disappointment, however, many people are making use of our environment improperly. As a result, environmental problems arise, such as the damage of ecological environment, more deserts and the loss of water and soil. More importantly, it is we humans that are the biggest victims. More and more natural disasters are coming to us as the punishment from nature. It is high time that we realized that we should remain a good relationship between humans and nature. Only in proper ways can we make everlasting use of our environment. First and foremost, laws and regulations should be enforced to make it obligations for everyone to protect the environment. Secondly, further improvements should be made in the field of science and technology to better use the resources and protect the environment. In addition, the application of new energy sources and low- carbon lifestyle should be promoted in no time. More significantly, every social member should raise their consciousness of using our environment properly,developing our society into an eco-friendly one. In general, we and our ecological environment do rely on each other and only through joint efforts are we able to live an eco-friendlier life. 高分范文2 It has been proved that close connection exists between human beings and the ecological environment,Man’s behavior, whether proper or not, can exert profound influence on nature. On one hand, If humans stick to environmental-friendly concepts and make proper use of natural resources, the environment will undoubtedly serve us well. Nature is always so generous and selfless that it never refuses to provide all the treasures it owns for humans. Taking full advantage of the natural resources wisely never fails to lead human’s life to break new grounds. On the other hand, things can be totally the opposite if humans abuse those precious resources. Improper use of natural resources can cause such severe problems as the loss of soil, the destruction of the environment, which not only upsets the natural balance, but also expose humans to great living threats. Considering the strong connection between humans and the environment, it goes without saying that we must use natural resources properly. As to us students, attention should be focused on daily habits. Avoid unnecessary wastes and try to recycle, and then small bits of efforts can result in a huge positive change. As to our city, our nation and the whole world, all countries must make joint efforts to make proper use of natural resources and improve the ecological environment. Our earth is the only home to every human being as well as every living creature. Every one of us should be responsible to be friendly to the environment and then, nature will reward us. ?1? 话题二:日常生活 Writing 1 请谈谈你在学习或生活中曾经遇到的难关和你从中吸取的经验教训。 高分范文1 Life is no plain sailing, nor is learning. I still clearly remember the hardship I’ve gone through before the graduation exam of junior high school. It was in a model test that I failed, which poured cold water on my ambition as the final examination was just around the corner. So discouraged was I when I got my low-scored test paper that I burst into tears. I thought it was the end of the my world and I was totally helpless since I couldn’t do well in such a simple math test. Fortunately, my class teacher noticed my bad mood and offered me a helping hand kindly. She helped me analyze all my strong points and weak points, as well as gave me the warm encouragement which I needed badly. I cheered up and spent double effort than before. In the end, my perseverance and diligence were rewarded with a success in the exam. The lesson I’ve learnt from this experience is rich and profound. On one hand, I've been taught never to give up in the process of pursuing your goal. As an old saying goes, “God helps those who help themselves. ” How can we expect the joy of success without making continuous efforts, working hard and improving ourselves? On the other hand, on no account should we lose confidence in ourselves. Failures and frustrations are unavoidable in our life, but they are only to make us stronger. Therefore, I’ll always begin my day with a confident smile and steer my ship with hope. 高分范文2 Life is like a fascinating voyage on the ocean, where huge waves and horrible storms always go hand in hand. It was a brand new start when I began my senior life 2 years ago. Packing my luggage and saying goodbye to my parents, I flew away from home and settled down to my new boarding school. As time went by, my great curiosity about the new lifestyle and strong passion for living independently all subsided easily. I began to feel homesick and got tired of daily routine. I couldn’t help missing my little warm bed at home while the dorm was absolutely far from satisfactory in terms of comfort and convenience. Expecting too much of the new life made it hard for me to escape disappointment. I was about to give up when my roommates warmed up my heart by celebrating my birthday together. They gave me such a big surprise that I felt as if I were at home and they were my family members. Thanks to the deep friendship, my ship of life got over considerable difficulties and went on and on. From this precious experience, I learnt a lesson that adaptation to a new environment is never a smooth course and one should always be prepared for the tough obstacles in front of you. Besides, it is friends that are the most precious treasure you own and that’s the source of power which is always on your side. I’ll always cherish that experience and face up to the challenges in the future. Writing 2 [2013届上海市高三英语二模(黄浦区)] 当你在生活中遇到问题或困难时'你会如何解决?请你就亲身经历的1至2件事具体介绍一下你解决问题的办法'并简要谈谈你对困境的态度。 高分范文 As a college student to be, I've gone through numerous difficulties in my course of learning and life. Among which I treasure an unforgettable experience in Senior One, which is and will remain the most vivid touch in my book of memory. Being a fresh senior student, I was at first curious about every single thing around me. But good dreams always break quickly, and soon the heavy burden' of homework and the fierce competition in academic performances knocked me down. My scores performed free falls as I was wandering aimlessly all day with no confidence in myself, just coping numbly with the assignments which seemed impossible to be finished on time. Just at this critical moment in my life, my class teacher sharply sensed my abnormal status and gave me a helping hand. Through a serious face-to-face conversation, she pointed out to me that no matter what we are doing, the true meaning of life is always “Keep Fighting”. “How can I give up so early as I still can struggle?” These forceful words kept flashing into my mind, and suddenly I realized how silly I was to surrender when facing such small difficulties. Life is struggle, and only by constantly fighting can we make it. He who gives up early will surely fail in studying, life* and so on. From then on, I kept pushing myself through the stream of school life, thus making us increasingly stronger when facing obstacles. Keep fighting and never give up, this is what I’ve learned through the above experience, and it always brings me up when I am in difficulties, ringing clearly deep in my mind like a wind bell in a gentle breeze. Writing 3 [2004年6月大学英语六级]你买了一本英文词典'发现有这样那样 的问题'书店的态度又不好'因此给报社编辑写信。信中必须包括以下内容:事 情的起因'与书店交涉的经过'呼吁服务行业必须提高服务质量。 高分范文 1 Dear Editor, I am writing to you about my experience of an unsatisfactory purchase. Last month, I bought an English dictionary at a bookstore. However, after using it, my disappointment was beyond description when I discovered several spelling mistakes and missing pages. In order to demand a refund, I sent a complaint letter to the store, but I haven’t received any reply so far. Last week, I paid a visit to the bookstore and pointed out the problems of the dictionary to the shopkeeper. Much to my frustration, he spoke in an impatient manner and refused to be responsible. I would appreciate it very much if you could kindly write something to the newspaper to call for better service quality. On one hand, by developing a greater sense of responsibility, the service industry will better cater to the consumers’ need. On the other hand, by better respecting the consumers' rights, the service industry will win the trust of the general public. This is a win-win situation for both sides. At last, thanks for your patience in reading. I'm looking forward to your good news. Sincerely yours, Mary 高分范文 2 Editor, I'm a loyal reader of your newspaper. Recently I have something necessary to complain about. I bought an English dictionary last week in a bookstore, but I disappointedly found that several pages were missing and the text was not clearly printed. So I went back to the bookstore, hoping to exchange it for a new one. To my surprise, the shop assistant refused my requirement saying that it was the publishing house that was to blame for the mistake. And when I asked to see their manager, they turned down my request again by giving an excuse that the manager was on vacation. I couldn’t but leave the bookstore in great anger and depression. Should cases of this kind happen again? Nowadays, more and more emphasis is laid on the quality of service, which can either build up or ruin a business reputation. Take bookstores as an example, if they have a check on books before they’re sold, improve the after sale service system and require their staff to be more polite, things will be totally different. I really hope your newspaper can make efforts to call on the service industry to improve their service quality. I'm looking forward to the change. Yours sincerely, Tom 高分范文 3 Dear Editor, I'm writing this letter to complain about the poor quality of the product and service of a book store near my school. I bought an English-Chinese dictionary at the book store which I used to consider good. Contrary to the situation before, the dictionary I bought this time had much trouble in its quality, and it was almost impossible for me to read and learn clearly and comfortably. As soon as I found the problem, I went to the bookstore to ask for a better dictionary. However, only caring about their own profits, the shopkeepers rudely refused my request and treated me badly as if I had been cheating. As a result, I finally had to leave the store without a dictionary of better quality. My experience is actually not a single case, though. I've heard many of my friends and family members complaining about the poor service of service industry, which has left a bad impression in many peoples' heart. With the 2010 World Expo drawing near, it is high time that the service industry tried its best to improve its service so that it can establish a good reputation among the citizens again. Besides, good service in public places is also a key element to foreigners’ attitude towards Shanghai. All in all, I’m writing this letter not only for the sake of myself, but also for the sake of my fellow citizens, who firmly hope that the service industry in our city will serve us well one day. Yours sincerely, Christina Writing 4 [2007年高考上海卷] 以“礼物”为题写一篇作文。该文章必须包括 以下内容: 1.你送礼物的对象及所送的礼物;该礼物对他(她)可能产生的影响或带来的变化。 高分范文1 Women’s Day is drawing near. It suddenly occurs to me that it is high time that I did something special for my mom. After taking a wide range of gifts into consideration, I have finally come to the idea of preparing a delicious dinner for her as a gift with my reasons as follows: To begin with, my mom always devotes herself to creating a comfortable family atmosphere for my dad and me. You just can’t imagine how busy she can be doing the heavy housework. Preparing a dinner for her as a gift not only helps her relieve some of her pressure but also shows my gratitude to her. Secondly, I used to live with my parents every day, but after I entered high school, I have less time to spend with them and take less care of Ihcm to show my love for them much than before. To make up for the loss of love between my parents and I'preparing a dinner all by myself will certainly make a difference. The relationship between mom and me will be strengthened again, I suppose. In addition to this, one day in the future I will have to live an independent life and take care of myself. If I can show my mom 1 have the ability to cook food myself and live a good life, she will have more confidence in me and won’t have to be worried about me all the time. Last but not the least, this gift will certainly leave a deep impression on both my mom and me, which is a unique treasure that no one else can have. It doesn’t matter what gift I have prepared. It is the care and love I put into the gift that really matters. Happy Women’s Day,my dear mom. 高分范文2 As my mother’s birthday is drawing near, I want to send her a gift. Since sunflowers are her favorite, I'm planning to send her a bunch of sunflowers as her birthday present. My mother is a sunflower-lover. You can see sunflowers everywhere in our apartment. The patterns on the curtains, the decorations on the wall and even the shape of the lights, they are all sunflowers. So maybe a bunch of real sunflowers will delight her. With the bunch of sunflowers, she can replace the fake ones in her bedroom with the real ones. With the pleasant smell in the air, she may be happier to begin her brand new day and may stay in good mood all day long. Seeing the flowers turning to the sun, she may be happier when doing housework and may be able to do a better job in her teaching career. My mother has devoted all she has to me and the home. I hope that the bunch of her favorite sunflowers will show my love and gratitude to her for having brought me up, shaped my personality and made me who I am now. The only thing I want to see with the present is her smiling face. I want to send my mother a bunch of sunflowers to wish her a happy birthday and a more delighted mood. Writing 5谈谈你是怎么使用零花钱的'并谈谈感想。 高分范文1 I get about 1,000 yuan as pocket money from my parents every month. Since we are students at school, pocket money is our only source of money and we should manage our parents’ hard-earned money properly. For my part, most of my pocket money goes to books. Some are for the relaxation of my mind and some are for information, understanding and knowledge. Sometimes I will spend some on magazines or CDs for entertainment. Only a small portion is spent on snacks and the rest on transportation. I think it is advisable for me to spend most of my pocket money on books, which can provide us with food for thought as well as a long time of pleasure. In this way, material wealth can contribute to the build-up of our minds and the money spent is worth its value. Besides, to make the most of the pocket money, I need to plan a budget and note down where my money goes to get a clear idea how my plan is going. By doing this, I can improve my ability to handle money and cultivate a sense of frugality and that paves the road for the start of our future career. To sum up, to spend pocket money properly and wisely is of great importance. We should deal with it with care. 话题四: 家庭教育与生活 Writing 1 假如你校最近就“家长应该如何对待孩子”的问题进行了调查,结果 如下:请根据表〗中的信息描述调查结果,并针对表2的其中一个数据所反映 的情况写出你的看法。 高分范文 1 Recently, a survey on how parents treat their children has been conducted in our school. According to the result, it’s not surprising to find that parents’ behavior students like best is trust with 33. 5%, followed by talking freely and praise with 31. 7% and 22. 7% respectively. On the contrary, students are not satisfied with their parents because they are over concerned about children, which ranks first with 37.6%. Always blaming the children and expecting too much of them are the other two main behaviors children dislike. From my perspective, I can understand youngsters’ feelings, especially when parents take charge of all things. Admittedly, parents are not willing to let us alone for fear that we are hurt or lost in trouble. However, as we can see from the data, what students want most is trust. If parents trust us completely, they won’t restrict our freedom to decide important matters. Therefore, we will pick up the courage to face various difficulties and be grateful to our parents’ faith in us. Furthermore, no matter How careful parents can be, little birds will fly independently one day. It is the repeated warnings and over concern that prevent us from growing mature. Last but not least, the fact that students under the charge of their parents may deepen the generation gap even if the original intention is not like this. Never will children understand parents’ love when they get tired of their unnecessary worries. In conclusion, I suggest that parents should spare some room for children, thus giving them opportunities to be independent and strengthening the relationship between them. 高分范文2 Recently, our school has conducted a survey among students about “how parents treat their children”. As is shown in Chart One, three kinds of behavior from parents are considered the most welcome. 33.5% of the students are content with their parents,trust, which ranks the highest, while 31. 7% of them favor the equality between their parents and them when they have a talk. Moreover, parents’ constant praise accounts for 22. 7%. In the meantime, parents’ behavior far from children’s satisfaction has also been recovered, one of which is the fact that parents always expect too much of them, sharing a proportion of 32%. As far as Vm concerned, it is understandable that every parent wishes his children a bright future but he should not go to extremes. First and foremost, parents’ expectations are not always in accordance with their children’s personal ideas so that conflicts frequently turn up, thus imposing a negative effect on family harmony. In the second place, drawing a unrealistic goals that prevent the children from tapping their potential, but instead, they have to stand on tiptoe to reach the high pole, blindly and desperately. So it is high time that parents changed their mind to set practical expectations. Have a talk with the children to take a closer look at what their children really manage to accomplish and then formulate a blueprint together with them. Parents should discover and develop their children’s born specific talents as well. A free, independent space for development is of the same importance. Parents, please don’t hold your breath! Let a thing slide and you may find your children make surprising achievements. Writing 2 请以标题“My Childhood”写篇文章描述你的童年。 高分范文1 When asked to use different colors to show my childhood, I think the painting of it will be the most colorful one in the world for there were so many memories adding to its beauty. For the happiness, I think warm colors wilt be the best. At an early age, just as a little child with no worries, I enjoyed the good time with my friends most. At that time I was living with my grandparents in the countryside, so we friends could have a lot of outdoor activities,such as flying kites in the field, feeding the sheep, searching for various kinds of plants and insects and so on. Until we were tired, we could just sit beside a small river nearby, dipping our feet into the water and getting a cool and pure feeling. Life was just so relaxing and comfortable then and every moment of it was of priceless value. On the other hand, cold colors representing sadness or regrets are also a part of the painting of my childhood. There were countless mistakes I made during my childhood, but each one of them was the symbol of growth. Sometimes I was criticized by the adults for being naughty, and sometimes I might regret having argued with my friends. But whatever they were,I was growing bit by bit, after gaining or understanding something from them. My childhood is so colorful and wonderful that the description of it is far beyond my words. It’s just a golden treasure which I can only experience once but keep forever. 高分范文2 Memories are like beautiful shells shining on the beach. I walk on the beach and pick one of the shells up which is called “childhood” and the memory of my young age starts flowing into my mind. When I was a little child, I always stayed with my grandparents because of my parents’ busy work. Never could I forget those happy time I spent together with my grandparents. I learned to ride a bicycle with the help of my grandfather. At first, a bike with four wheels was used so that I could keep balance easily. But grandpa thought it was not a real bike, so he took the two small wheels away and taught me to ride it. To my surprise, I wasn’t hurt during the process of learning and I thought it was grandpa that protected me all the time. He always gave me some sweets, the taste of which I could still remember, sweet, warm and satisfied. Grandma was good at cooking, especially making dumplings. I liked to play with flour and grandma smiled at me every time I mask my face covered with flour. My memory fixed on that moment when smile appeared on everyone’s face. I don’t think my childhood is more special or colorful than anyone else’s but it’s a great wealth to my whole life,beautifying my life like shells. It brings me a feeling of warmth, harmony and the most importantly, love. Writing 3 请描述下面的漫画,并根据内容写出自己的感想。 高分范文1 From the picture, we can see that when a boy intended to help the girl who fell to the ground, his mother stopped him. She told the boy that other people might think it was he who knocked down the girl,if he gave a helping hand to the girl. But it never occurred to the mother that her child should look on with folded arms when he saw the oil bottle fell down. The boy cried because he held the opinion that his mother would blame him for knocking the bottle over if he straightened the bottle up. Seeing the oil pouring out, the mother was shocked. In my opinion, it is the boy’s mother not the boy that is to blame for the fallen oil bottle, for the way that mother use to educate her son how to deal with the emergency is not proper. Although the mother cared about her son and didn’t want her son to be misunderstood, I think it is better to believe in others than to believe that people around you will always do you wrong. We should still be ready to help and support others. When we see someone is in trouble, we should do him a favour at once, regardless of whatever some people may think about us. In brief, we should take action to help others in emergency situations, for we may badly need others’ help sometime in the future. 高分范文2 As can be seen from the pictures, when the boy is on the point of lending a helping hand to the girl who has fallen on the ground, his mother is discouraging him, saying that the other people will think he is guilty if he helps the girl. However, the mother is astonished when she sees her son taking no notice of the fallen oil bottle and hears him explaining that he will be regarded as the one who’s knocked it down ff he supports the bottle with hand. Judging from the pictures, I,d like to express my point of view that what parents say and do really has a great impact on their children. Children tend to believe what their parents have taught them, and are quick to apply it to practice without much thinking. Just as is shown in the pictures, the boy has learnt from his mother’s words that helping makes trouble and has decided to stay indifferent to whatever happens. Perhaps, the boy might hold this belief all through his life. Such is the profound influence parents can exert on children. Parents are children’s first teachers, so they should properly behave themselves in front of their children. They ought to ensure that anything they intend to convey to their children will not cause a misleading aftermath. Besides, parents should help their children develop a positive attitude towards society and teach them to distinguish、between right and wrong. Never should they convert their children to their incorrect deeply- held notions. As you can see, parents should be more careful in educating their children. It is they who influence their children most in their life. 高分范文3 The above two pictures tell a satiric story. In the first one, a little boy acting to his nature was about to help out a fallen girl when his mother hurried over to stop him. According to her, doing so would give the impression that it was he who knocked down the girl. Thus,it’s safe to conclude that they walked away without doing anything and that the boy would bear in mind his mother’s teachings. The second scene is a follow-up in which the mother was wide-mouthed to find her son sit rooted to his chair leaving a tipped oil bottle to leak. The bigger shock, however, was when her son used her words as an excuse to justify his actions. Though simple, the comic expresses deep messages. At first glance, it mocks the role parents play in guiding children, but after some thinking,it’s easy to see that it discusses parents’ impact on shaping youngsters’ moral standards. In a sense, children can be compared to a blank piece of paper on which grown-ups are free to sketch. We have long heard tales of wolf children which exposes the tremendous role parents play. Children are quick learners who unconsciously pick up beliefs and behavior standards from all round; such characteristics can be both beneficial and harmful, and in the case of the comic, it’s the latter. Therefore, grown-ups have the responsibility to put careful thoughts into their words and actions in front of children. To a greater extent, our society grows with the accumulation of wisdom passed from generation to generation, so the responsible guidance of the young is a duty that mustn’t be neglected. All in all,the comic is wisdom dressed in humor. 高分范文4 The cartoon pictures tell a story that a little girl has tumbled and a boy intends to help her up. However, the boy’s mother discourages him that he shouldn’t offer his help, or people will think it was him who knocked her down. Then on another occasion, an oil bottle falls down and the oil spills onto the floor. To the mother’s great surprise, the boy takes little notice of the bottle and doesn’t straighten the bottle up, explaining that if he does so, the mother is sure to blame him for knocking over the bottle. Hearing her son’s words, the mother is left in great shock and can’t make any response. I assume that it’s high time such parents made self-criticism about the way they educate their children. It’s known to all that parents are the first and best tea