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  • ID:4-6214747 [精]高考一轮复习 第八讲 构词法 课件与学案 (考点精讲PPT+知识梳理+挑战真题+巩固训练)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习


    第八讲 构词法 (考点精讲):33张PPT
    第八讲 构词法(原卷版)
    (合成、派生法、转化、简写、缩写)
    黑龙江 哈尔滨 邱尚瑛
    
    在高考中,词义猜测题是高考阅读理解题中的一种常见的题型。词义猜测可以是对一个单词的意义推断,也可以是对一个短语或一个句子的意义推断,既可以是生词生义,也可以是熟词生义,还可以是对替代词所替代内容的判断。比如:构词法中的“缩略法”,其规律性虽然不强,但还是存在着一定规律性,熟悉这种构词方法,不但有助于考生更好地记忆词汇,还能对生词进行准确的猜测。所以,考生能否很好地掌握英语构词法对提高英语分数起着很重要的作用;能否准确把握高考阅读材料中单词、短语的含义是理解文意的重要环节。因此,历年高考英语将猜测词义列为考查阅读理解能力的一个重要方面。词义猜测包括对超纲词义的推断与熟词生义的猜测。事实上,阅读材料中的每个词与它前后的词语或句子甚至段落都有着紧密的关联,我们可以利用上下文中我们所熟悉的词汇和关系进行合乎逻辑的综合分析,推测相关生词的词义。考生在一轮复习时要注意认真复习并掌握构词法知识(如:合成法、转化法、派生法、简写和缩写等);要学会根据构词法推测词义。比如:大多数学生对于后缀比较熟悉,但是当前缀或者前后缀都有时,就感觉比较陌生,因而造成理解障碍。我们可以依靠构词法知识,通过生词的词形结构来猜测词义。因此,考生在复习过程中,要注意学会根据构词法推测词义。教师在辅导学生进行一轮复习的时候,必须注重正确引导,强调夯实基础的重要性。建议教师首先引导学生进行语言知识的梳理,把与构词法有关的内容从横向与纵向进行融会贯通,形成相应的网络构架,使学生熟练掌握相关表达方法,并列出学生出容易出现错误的问题,通过典型例句的讲解和巩固训练提高学生的语言应用能力。
    
    Word Formation(构词法)
    构词法:语言是随着人类社会的不断发展而发展的。一些旧词的过时意味着需要人们创造出一些新的词,而新词的产生,也大体上服从一定规则,有其规律可循。语言的这种不断完善和发展的过程体现出的就是一种规律,即:构词法。
    构词法主要有:合成法、转化法、派生法、简写法、缩写法等。
    I. 转化法
    转化法:英语中,有的名词可作动词,有的形容词可作副词或动词,这种把一种词性用作另一种词性而词义不变的方法称为转化法。
    1. 动词转化为名词:很多动词可以转化为名词,大多意思没有多大的变化。有时意思有一定变化;有的与一个动词和不定冠词构成短语,表示一个动作。
    ================================================
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    发-高考一轮复习 课件与学案 第八讲 构词法(考点精讲PPT+知识梳理+挑战真题+巩固训练)
    第八讲 构词法 (知识梳理+挑战真题+巩固训练) 原卷版.doc
    第八讲 构词法 (知识梳理+挑战真题+巩固训练) 解析版.doc
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  • ID:4-6208383 2019年9月5日南京市2020届高三零模英语学情调研考试卷(部分pdf版)

    高中英语/高考专区/模拟试题

    南 京 市 2 0 2 0 届 高 王 年 级 学 惰 调 研 考 试 欠 I d 2019.09 木试巧分选巧题和非边巧触阳郁分。视分 120分,々试川时120分例I。 注想巧项! 巧赃前,务必巧& 己的学校、姓名、考试巧写在笞赃纸上。考试结束后,化答腿纸交回。 第 一 部 分 听 力 (共巧节,满 分 2 0 分 ) 做题时. 先将答案标在试卷上。泉音内容结束后,你将巧两分钟的时间将试卷上的答第巧 涂到答尴巧上。 ' 巧一节(巧 5 小题:每小题1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B 、 C H 个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How much will the man pay? A, $150. B. $200. 2. When did the man decide to play professional tennis? A. When he was 3. B. When he was 9. 3. What is 化e man acUially in化i*ested in? A. Education. B. Medical care. 4. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Manager and seer別ary. B .民eceptionist and guest 5. Why does 化e man invi化化e woman to 化e Art Museum? A. She is fond of arts. B. He has never been there. C. It has various exhibitions. 第 二 节 (共 15小 風 每 小 题 1 分,满分 15分) ‘ 听下面5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B 、C 兰个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 W第 6 段材料,回答第6 至 7 题。 6. Why does the woman call? A. To change 化e hem. 7. When will the set of books iarrive? A, On October 5th. 听第 7 段材料,回答第8 至 9 题。 ? 8. What are the speakers probably doing? A. Taking a photo. B. Visiting a gallery. 9. How long 出d it 化ke 比e man 化 learn French? A. Several years. B. Three mon化s. 巧 玉 英 语 第 1 页 共 1 , $300. When he was CIo化es design. Saleswoman and customer. To check on a delivery. C. To order a set of books. On October 7th. C. On October 9th. Learning French. A couple of weeks. 听巧8 飯材料,回巧與 10巧 12题。 10. What is the man doing? A. Buying fruit. B. Sorting IVuit. IK What is the \voman*s attitude toward Ihc man? A. Forgiving. 13. Worried. 12. H〇、v can the man tell if the f’ruit is ripe, iiccordhi呂 to the woman? A. Have a taste. B. Pic巧 wi化 fingers. 听第9 段材料,回答第 13至 16? 。 II Why does the school make the change? A. To have the food machines repaired. B. To urge students to reduce the garbage. C. To encourage students to eat healthier food. 14. What is 化e man concerned about at first? A. What he can eat. B. Where he can get help. 15. What does the woman advise the man to do? A. Drink more water. B. Eat in 化e lunch room. 16. What do we know about the man? A. He needs 化 lose weight. B. He cares about heal化y food. C. He offei*s advice 化化e woman. 听第 10段材料,回笞第 17至 2 0题。 17. Why is 化e coast 呂uard bein呂 contac化d? A. The ship is sinking. 目. The ship is out of fuel. C. The ship is 200 miles off 化e coast. 18. What will happen in ten minutes? A. The coast guard will arrive. B. The ship will stop moving. C. Another announcement will be made. 19. What are 化e passengers asked 化 do? A. Stop using the gym. B- Ga化er in 化e dining hall C. Go on with 化eir enjoyment. 20. Whafs the purpose of this announcement? A. To indicate 化e potential risk. B. To com仿rt the passengers 0打 board, C. To 如 courage 化e mvolvem如 t in rescue. 民ating fruit. Impatient. , Judge by color and smell. How he can eat healthily. 艮 rin呂 food from home. 巧王英巧 第二部分巧巧知识运川(共两节,满 分 分 ) 巧 项 掛 々 (巧 15小脚I W小脚 1 分 . 视分 15分) W认 | \邮壬>'邮A贼’ 从J地|||所给的A、I!、C. D |"|个巧巧j中I 巧出W:化选项I 并在答 鸠纸上化斯 I;说照。 21- —'Artistic people can be VCI7 dilllcuU somclhucs. -Well, you._____ know—you married one, 八.Wiglit IJ. would C. shnil D. should Jim has liccn _____ with his boss since he drove away tlic company’s biggest customer. A. oiu of favor 日? 〇m of unJer C. out of hand D. out of place The lancHs known for a historic si化 whh beautiriilly colored walls,_____ arc painted the 巧 30 events 〇niic p化t. A. of which B. from where The award was established in 1902 as a special A. s化化merit B .山stinction on which D. about where — for outstanding people in (his field, r. commitment D. instruction They exchanged their contact forms with each other, likely______ they would get in touch. A. meant B. meaning C. being meant D. having meant These competitors are expected to push their own boundaries and______ world levels. A. watch out for Mo agreement___ A. reaching B. look up to C. set sights on __ , the representatives wanted another round of talk. B. reached C. to reach speed up, as the time______ for the project. B. has run out C. had run out Hie reminded us A. ran out — Will you go to the picnic tomorrow? —N ot______my dear dog is allowed to accompany me. A- if B. until C. unless , make up for to be reached , was when Anderson made the announcement at the conference A .化at B.when C ______the company would be closing. where D. whether Wi化仿wer dinei*s, whe化er we can stay in business i s ______ . —Couldn’t agree more. A. in the red B. over the moon C. a wet blanket D. anyone’s 呂uess 32. While applying for a job, you should highlight the parts of your experience that a re ______ to the job. A. specific B. superior C. remote D. convenient 33. To protect the rare birds better, scientists have been______ the changes in their number in the past decade. A. securing B. charting C. displaying D. undei*going some advice that 134. In my younger years, my fa化er 呂ave A. turned over C. had 化 med over 35. — She is a wonderful dancer. —:_____ . She is one o f my best students! A. You got me there C. You are telling me ‘ my mind ever since. B. was 化rning over D. have been turning over B. You are kidding me D. You have my word 王英语 第二节完形巧空(共 2 0小迎,f? ^小凹 1 分,满分 2 0分) 巧认巧阅议下而短文 . 从短义巧片刚所给的A, B 、C 、D 四个选项中,选 出環佳选项, 并巧巧陋纸上将该项涂朋。 n/ifli切 It / never /,(ive a c/ii/(!—ihen a i"ii.【,cla !i【,ppe"ed. When I was only 29, doctors snid I hnd too 36 challenges to have a child, me to buy a changing 化ble wi化 her. nc from my 37 ? In Uic shop, a 38 39 childhood memories of my _,化at crab would have made o f what I couldn’t have. M y husband, John, 43 ■ the arms o f a woman. On Meanwhile, my best friend Colleen was prcgnaiil and she asked Focusing on Colleen’s good Ibrti川c helped distract (化分也 ) I babysuit with a crab (蚁奶 ) caught my eyes. Tlic crab _ pretending to be Ariel from the Little Mermaid. If things were me laugh. Instead I said, "If I 40 had a son, I’d want him to have 化at- ? "Sarah, you have to get it," she said. I shook my head no. I didn't want a(n) _ and I had 化化ed abo山 42 . B山 I worried we would get ______ The next Sunday, we went 化 44 . There, 1 noticed a tiny baby his backside was 化e same 45 I had seen. My breath caught. I 46 化 John and whispered, "That’s the babysuit I was 化lling you abou t." H e cocked his eyebrows. Throughout 化e service, I was 化tally 47 by the baby. I 48 化 hold him. In 化e en d ,化e priest (牧师 ) made an announcement. "The baby needs a 49 . I f anyone is 侃nking about adoption, please see us afterwards. We 50 our phone numbers. That even in g ,化e young mother, carrying 化e b化乂 cam e 化 our home. B efore w e sat down, I held her baby. He fit 51 in my arms. Twelve families had volun化ered 化 adopt him. I f she picked us, all she ask ed w as that we let her be 52 in his U传 in some way. We agreed wholeheartedly. I never mentioned the crab babysuit. I wanted her to make her decision without being influenced by 化at 53 . The next morning my phone rang. "We picked you" was all I heard. Now our six-year-old son 'continues to be 化e be^ 54 化ing 化at will ever happen 化 me. And that crab babysuit remains 55 folded in one of my dresser drawers, where 1 plan to hold on 化 it—forever. 36. A .化 chnical 37. A. fear 38. A. led to 巧 ? A. clear 40. A. ever 41. A, image 42. A. application 43. A. permitted 44. A. work 45. A. toy 46. A. waved 47. A. moved B. medical B.sadness B. called up B. common B. still B. souvenir B. adjustment B. rejec化d B.school B. crab B, bent B. influenced 巧二英巧 C. academic C. satisfaction C. brought out C. serious C. ev州 C. njmindcr C. arrangement C. inspired C. church C.tabic C.turned C aUrac化d cco 打 omic amusement added 化 different then example adoption 化strtc化d hospital picture ran co n fu sed 48. A. longed 49. A. home 50. A. got 51. A. easily 52. A, attended 53. A. service 54. A. unexpected 55. A. partly managed room left perfectly di reded 化 quest qualified casually hesitated friend picked lightly involved consequence designed neatly D. 0爪 red D. brother D. dialed D. slightly D. in化res化d D. coincidence D. unnoticed D .loosely 第H 部 分 阅 读 理 解 (共 1 5小题;巧小题 2 分,满分 3 0分) 巧认巧阅煉下列短文,从短文后各晒所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选山愚佳选巧, 并在答跑纸上巧该项涂黑。 乂 WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW 乂BOUT C乂R RENTAL IN CANADA When you fly into Canada you don’t have many choices. A car is often 化c only way to reach the spectacular destinations which Canada is famous for. Most major car rental companies have offices at airports, towns and cities across the country. W hat do you need in order to rent a car in C anada? ? Valid Driver's license and International Driver’s Permit if your license is not in English or French, 參 When picking up your car, you may have to show your passport and a return airline ticket. ? Credit Card for 化e deposit— Rentin呂 a car in Canada without a credit card is impossible. Fly-Drive Packages from Home You may get the best deal on car rental if you book a fly-drive package from home or i f you book a long time in advance. Rental cost varies to a great extent, depending on the time o f year, type o f vehicle and length o f rental. Minimum Age The driver has to be at least 21 years old and have a minimum o f 12 months o f driving experience in order to rent a car in Canada. A "Young Renter Fee" will be applied to your car rental, i f you are between the ages o f 21 and 24 and will be charged on top o f the rental rate. Insurance Most car rental companies in Canada ofTer a collision damage waiver (CDW ) for an additional charge. Some credit q^rd companies include CDW insurance on car rentals when you u化 化 eir cards 化 pay for 化e ren化I. Check your credit card’s terms and conditions. Fuel and Service Stations Most rental cars use unleaded gas. Remember, driving distances in Canada are long and a large amount o f your vacation budget will go Awards gasoline. Filling up in larger cities is usually cheaper 化an in small 化wns. If you arc heading 叩 to 化c Northwest Territories, gas prices will be much higher than in the south. Cross-Border Travel Some rental companies don't allow their cars to drive across borders, like from Canada to the US or across provinces. If this is Ihc case, watch out; GPS may be used to track your route. 巧王英巧 共 56. You’ll have 化 pay extra fees for your car rental in Canucla if you A. book a fly-drive package from home C. use a credit card offering CDW insurance 57. What are you encouraged to do when you rent a A. Use GPS to find your way. C. Fill up the car in larger cities. ) . are 22 with one-year driving experience ) . have no passport or return airline ticket in Canada? J. Provide a license in English. ) . Drive across borders to America. By the time you read these words, winter should have gone within the Northern Hemisphere (4^ 球 ) . But at its w orst,化is winter was unusually cold. Here in New York City on January 31, the low 化mperature dropped to -17*C. In Chicago, it was also -17’C — b山化 at was 化c high. The low jumped 化 -29,C. And 化e wind chill within 化e Windy City was -44’C or -46’C, relying on which climate station was crying 〇山 in pain. As comic Lewis Black said, "That is not weather. That’s an em ergency condition." When 化e forecast warned us a few days earlier 化at Arctic air was looming (阴森地逼近 ), President Trump issued a sincere and helpful tweet, which ended wUh: "What 化e hell is goin邑 on with Global Warning [sic]? Please come back fast, we need you!" And being the most powerful man on Earth, he was successful in his polite request. On Fcbruai7 4 化己 Chica呂0 化mperature Hiached H °C. And 化e following d巧化 e Big.Apple was in a sunny 19°C. The Arctic is wanning at twice 化e speed as 化e global avenge. This heat might help disrupt 巧T 職 化 e polar vortex, a gradual wind pattern 化at usually stays 化cused on circling 化e North Pole. A shaky je t stream (高速气流)比en runs ri呂ht into a brick wall of that Arctic air, which continues to be 化irly cold by human s化ndards, and bo化 wind up lots of mUes 杞rther sou化化an 化ey usually belong. And 'for a 拓w days we'in 化 e Deep Sou 比一 by which! mean Chicago or New York compared with the Arctic— freeze our butts off. But less than a week later, thanks to some warm air coming up from 出e real So山h, I was wa化ing outside witho山 a coat on a date when 化e 化mperature in Chica呂0 reached' 1 r e on February 4. Like so much else we are currently living through, this experience is not normal. Or it didn't used to be, anyway. After all, scientists have been warning— sorry, warning— that warming can have these very 仿suits. Climate change deniers may sneer (冷笑 ) , "So when it’s warmer 化an usual,化at’s because of global warming. And when it’s co ld er,化at’s also because of global warming?" Well, yes. And anybody who just, can't accept these kinds of seemingly paradoxical conditions needs to reflect on 化e expression "freezer bum." 58. B y mentioning Lewis Black's words in Paragraph 1, the author intends to ________ ? A . indicate how unusual 化e win化r ,s wca化er was B . suggest the north isn't a suitable place to live C. remind people never 化 forgeUhe past wirUcr D . urge people to take action against the emergency 59, What led to the sudden increase in 山〇 alien邮 e川pm Ul化 on Fc A. The cold Arctic air. B . ‘【,riimp,ssinccrclw-c—cU C. Wami air from the real South. D. Disruption o f polar vortex. 60. Why does the author use the expression "freezer bum,’? A. lb sliow readers liis concerns about llic extreme weather. B. To prove global warming to be the cause of the extreme wca化化 C. To cast doubt about scientists' study on the paradoxical conditions. D. To express his disapproval of the result of the paradoxical conditions. C Ronald 民eagan ever said, "U’s true hard woric never killed anybody, but 1 figure, why take 化c chance?" To some extent, exti^a effort seems to b t self-defeating. SUidics suggest that, a行er 50 hours a week, em ploye productivhy falls sharply. But 化at doesn’t s化p some managers 行om demanding 化at workers stay chained 化化eir desk for long periods. Jack M a ,化e founder of Alibaba, recently praised 化e "996 " model, where ? ? employees work 行om 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., 6 days a week, as a "huge blessin呂 Apparemly, presenteeism (出勤主义 ) is 化e curse of modern ofTice workejr. There will be days when you do not have much to do: perhaps because you are waiting for someone else in 过 different department, or a difibrent company, to respond to a request. As the clock ticks past 5 pm, there may be no purpose in slayin呂 at your desk. But you can see your boss hard at work and, more importantly, they can sec you. So you make an effort to look busy. Some o f 化is may be a self-continumg cycle. If bos化s do not like to go home before 化eir employees, and employees fear leaving before their bosses, everyone is trapped. Staff may feel 化扣 化ey will not get a pay rise, or a promotion, if ^ ey aire not seen to be putting in maximum e航It This is easily confused wi化 long hours. Managers, who are often no good at judging employees’ performance, u巧 time in 化e office as a measure. The con化quence is often wasted e航 rt. \Ve pre化打d 化 work and managers p化tend to believe u s .民ather 化an work hard, you try to make bosses think that you are. Leaving a jacket on your office chair, w alking aroimd purposefully with a notebook and sending out em ails at odd hours are 化ree o f the best-know a tricks. After a while this can result in collective self-delusion that this pretence is actual work. But p化senteeism has more serious consequences. It is perhaps most common in Japan, where people attend the office even when they arc in discomfort. In doing so, they are doi打g neither 化emseWes noMheir employe巧 any favours. As well as reducing producUvUy,化is can mcreasc medical expe打ses for the employer. According to a study in /片e Journ幻/ 〇/ Occi皆口/ion 幻,id 幻/ M ec/fem e,化ese costs can be six times higher for employers than 化e cos巧 of absenteeism among workers. Those workers were more likely to experience gica化r pain amHo suffer 行 om depre 巧 ion. In 化 e evolution o f humanity, p化 sen化eism is 幻 recent phenomenon. In 化 e industrial era, 王芙语. workers were paid not 化r dicir output Init r〇r their time, and were required U) clock in and out. But modem like sm山‘tphoncs and Knplops is portage. Ttiniing an 〇rfice into, a,pnson, with prisoners allowed home 化r die evenings, docs no化in呂 fcJr 化e creativity that is increasingly dcnianded of office worke巧 as roiiUnc tasks arc automa化cl. To be productive you need pre化nee of niind, not being present in the flesh. 61. Whal can \ve learn from Para呂raph 2 and Paragraph 3? A. Employees often Iiave to work extra hours. B. Extra effort improves employees' productivity. C. "996” mode] is well received around the world. D. Both bosses and employees are devoted to their jobs. 62. What does 化 e underlined word "T his" in Paragi*aph 4 r e fe r s ? A. Hopin呂化呂et a pay rise. B. Coin呂 home after 化e boss. C. Puttin呂 in maximum effort. D, Judging employees’ performance. 63. Which o f 化e following is one o f 化e results o f long-time pre巧ntccism? A. Reducing medical costs o f employees. B. Making employees moi*e hard-working. C IncreasingAecompetitionamongemployecs. D. Worsening em ployees, physical and mental condition. 64. What does 化e a山hor want 化化 11 us in 化c last paragraph? A. Employees should be trea化d as prisoners. B . Productivitycan’tbem easuredbyprescntccism now . C. Office tasks usually can’t be carried out automatically. D. O巧ce workers should be allowed 化 be absent-minded. D If spending is a measure o f what matters, the打 the people o f the developing world place a high value on brains. While private spending on education has not changed much in the rich world in the pa^t 化n yeai"s, in China and India it has more 化an doubled. Since bi*ampo\vcr is 化e primary generator of progress,化is burst o f enthusiasm fbr investing in priva巧 education is excellent news for die world? 目ut not everybody is delighted. .Because pdvatc education increases inequality, some governments are trying to stop its advance, T h afs wrong: they should w elcom e it, and spread its b 如 efits moK widely. ① —- Education listed t'o be p化vided by religious institutions or entrepreneurs. But when governmehts, s化rting"m Pm巧ia in the 18化 century, got in!o 化e busine巧 b f nation-building,化巧 realized &ey could use education to shape young minds. A s state sy s化m s grew, private schooling .W21S leftto the elite and the pious (虔诚的 )? y 〇w it is enjoying popularity again ’ .for.sevqral reasons. Incomes are r isin g ,的pecially amon呂化e better off, at 化6 巧me time 化 birtl}' ra化s are fallin臣. In China 化e former one-child policy means that six p e o p le ~ tw o parerUs and fou r grandparents— can 王 芙 巧 巧 8 .巧 共 ourmon巧 inU) educatm色 a single child. ③ All over the developing world, people want more belter education than governments provide. Where cities arc growing at unmanageable speed, the private education is takin巴 jljck. In India the private education now educates nearly half o f all children, in Pakistan more than a third, and in both countries the stale education is shrinking. Even where the stale docs pretty well, as in East Asia, richer people still want belter schooling for their children than the m asses get. Thus Vietnam, which has an outstanding sla化-school sysUim for a poor countr乂 measured by Us perfonnance in the O ECD ’s PISA 化St, also has 化e fastest-growing priva化 education. ③ In most ways, this is an excellent thing, because the world is getting more and belter schooling. In rich countries, once the background and ability of the children who attend private 託liools are taken into account,化eir exam results are abouUhc same as 化ose in the sta化 education. 目山 in developing countries private schools are better— and much more efficient?八 sUidy o f eight Indian 巧ates found that, in terms o f learning outcom己s per rupee, private schools were between 1.5 times and 29 times more cost-effective 化an state schools. j ④ They 化nd 化 sort children by income, herding richer ones aw ard s beUer schools 化at will enhance 化eir already superior life chances. That is one reason why many governments 过re troubled by 化eir rise. Governments are ri呂ht to worry about private education’s contribution to inequality, but they are wrong to discourage its growth. Governments should instead focus on improving the public ? ■ f .. education by mimicking ( 模 仿 )化e priva化 education’s virUies. Freedom IVom mdependent ? I - - ? ? * ; ?■, management is at the root o f Us superior pcrfonnancc and 呂I?己atcr efficiency. Governments should 化erefore do 化eir be别 化 give school principals more 行cedom to innovate and t6’ . fire -? ; ■ ■ ■ I - * undeiper 仿rming teacher's. ■ ■ To spread 化e benefits o f private schools more widely, governments sho山d work with' th-em, paying for education 化rough vouchers (代金券 ) which children can spend in private schools. A nd . . . vouchers should be limited to s化dents in non-selective schools that do not charge top-up fees; otherwise governments will find themselves helping the better o ff and increasing inequality. The world faces plenty o f problems. Governments should stop behaving as though private education were one o f them. It will, rather, increase the chances o f finding solutions. 65. What do we know about private education? A. More developed countries enjoy it. B. It attracts more and .mow investment. ? r C. Public education will K place.it in 化e figure. . .1 . . D. It has helped governments to remove inequality. , , . . . I f r . 、 ,' I . r、f f 始 What does 化e underlined phrase " ta k m g up 化 c s lack ,, in Paragraph 3 probably m eah? A .巧Uinjg the gap. , B. Settin臣化e pace. ' ' ' C. Breaking 化 e balance. D. Avoiding 化 c r'础 . ........... 禹 互 芙 巧 第 9 巧 共 1 2 巧 67. Why has priviUc education been dcvcIopingTapidly in Vietnam? A. The population in Vietnam is shrinking dramatically. 日. Its sta化 education is worse than other developing counUics. C. Some people want better education for Ihcir children than others. D. The government intends private education to shape young minds. 68. The serUence " 度 订 /e jc/joo/j 口/so !V!c化 aye can be put ir D. 69. What does the au化or advise governments 化 do? A. Train school principals. B.Sellvoucherslochildi*cn. C. Learn from private education. D .巧rc undcrpcrfbrming 化achers. 70. What’s 化e a山hor,s opinion about private education? A. Private education should be based on state education. B. Private education should be targeted at weH-off families. C. Governments should prevent the spread of private education. ‘ D. Governments should celebrate the popularity of private education, 第四部分任务型阅读(共 10小题;每小题1分,满分 10分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只巧一个i词。 If you said you were suffering from '^burnout"' in the early 1970s, you might have raised some eyebrows. At the time, the term was informally lo describe the side cfTccls that heavy drug users experienced. However, in 1974, a Gennan-American psychologist Herbert Freudenberger found the volun化ers at his cHnic were struggling, too: their work was tiough, and many were lacking in motivation. Freudenberger defined this condkion as a state o f extreme tiredness caused by constant overwork_ and borrowed 化e term "burnout” to describe it. Late last month,化e World Heal化 Oi"ganization (WHO) announced 化at 化e problem will be Kcogni之ed as a 巧ndrome (综合症) "resulting 行om woi*kplace sti*css 化at has not been succe巧flilly managed,’. Feeling the burn c So how can you tell if you’re almost burned out? "A lot o f 化e signs and symp化ms o f pre-burnout would be very similar to depre巧ion,,、 says Siobhan Murray, a psycho化erapist. She sug呂csts lookin呂 out for bad habits, such as increased alcohol consumption and relying on sugar to get you through the day. Also watch out for feelings o f tiredness that won^t go away or not having the energy to exercise or go for a walk. A s soon as you begin to feel this way, Murray advises going to sec your doctor. "Depression and pre-burnout are very similar? 目ut it is still classified as an occupational phenomenon which is sliH best tackled by 兰英巧 making lif?ty lc changes." And how do you know if you’re really on Ihc edge orbumcnil? Stress is really important, and anxkly is whaniiotiva化s us to do well," says Murray. "H’s when we’ re conUnually exposed to stress and anxiety that it starts to turn into biimout." You're pre-burnout: Whafs next? ''Sometimes they feel the need to be too perfect so they're having to work very hard to cover up that they're not quite as good as everyone thinks." Another therapist Walker says. However, sometimes the work environment is the problem. According to a 2018 study o f 7,500 US workers, burnout comes from unfair treatm己nt at \voi.k, an unmanageable workload and not knowin呂 what a person’s role should involve. \Vorkei.s were also stressed out by a lack o f support from their manager and unreasonable time pressure. Whatever the cause o f your burnout, Murray's top tip is to be kind to yourself. In Murray’s experience, a k巧 driver o f burnout is today’s c山山re of wanting it all. Often it’s just not possible 化 have a heakhy social life and compleU; a bi呂 project at 山e same time. She says it's vital to prioritize and not expect too much of yourself; when others seem like the perfect boss, parent and friend all at the same time, they're probably misleading us. I f you feel 化at you might be d o se 化 joining 化c burnout c lu b ,化ke a st:ep back,巧呂ure out w hat's going wrong— and let yourself ofTthe hook. Outline Details (71) ▲ in 化e explanation o f burnout ? ? In the early 1970s、iU-cfciTcd to 化c side effbets o f drug (72) 乂 . ? Freudenbcrccr used it to describe the state of those (13) ▲ volunteers under overworking conditions. ? WHO will rcco巴nizc it as a sYndi.omc arisins from the (74) ▲ to manage stress. Symptoms o f burnout \ ? It shares some (15) A with depression, such as tiredness and (16) A of encr狂乂 due to people’s continual exposure lo stress and 过 nxicty. Causes of burnout ? People are unwilling 化 admit 化at 化cv arc (77) A . . ? Companies can,U78) ▲ 估vorable working conditions. Approaches to (79) ▲ burnout ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ----- ------ - ? Be C80) ▲ to voursclf: accent what vou arc: step awav from it. 1 X 莫巧 第 五 部 分 书 丽 ? 装 化 c满 分 2 5 分 ) 错 阅 读 下 丽 短 文 , 井 巧 !W把 求 m 英 V!巧 一 抑 1 5 0 例 化 胤 1;1义 巧 。 P r e s id e n t X i J in p in g has caUcd for g打rbay^c cU、ssinciUmn U) be accelcriUcd naUonwiclc to hc\p s a v e r e s o u r c e s and protect U、c environ…e n l . 八U major cUics arc cxpcc化d lo s化rt garage c l a s s i f i c a t i o n th is y e ar , and the syslcm should be complcUid and runcUon wd\ by 化c end of 2025. Y e t th e reaU ty se c u is rem ote from the vision. Take an early bird in g arage sortm良, as an e x a m p l e . E v e n i f the c a p ita r s residents sort Ihcir garbage at home and throw them into different t r a s h c a n s a s req u ired , alm ost all h o u sd io l过臣arbage, including kitchen was化, is mixed up and t r a n s p o r t e d a w a y b y the sam e rubbish truck. N o w It i s th e tim e fo r the governm ent to refor们化s garbage disposal (处理)poUc’ics 化 ensure 化c fo r m a t io n o f a c o m p le te industrial chain on garba这c coUccUon and rccydmg. For example,化c h o u s e h o ld g a r b a g e d isp o sa l fee should be charged according to the total weight of the garbage each h o m e p r o d u c e s in o n e yean I f th e p o l ic y is ca rr ie d on, resources can be saved and 化e environment improved. 【写 作 内 容 】 1 . 用 约 3 0 个单词写出上文概耍; 2 . 用 约 1 2 0 个词发 表 你 的观点 ,内容包括: ( 1 ) 谈 谈 垃 圾 分 类 的 意 义 (至少两点); ( 2 ) 请举例说明在实际生活中你能为垃圾分类做些什么。 【写 作 要 求 】 1 . 写 作 过 程 中 不 能 直 接 引 用 原 文 语 句 ; 2 . 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3 . 不 必 写 柄 题 。 【评 分 标 准 】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 南乏英巧 -35DABDC 46-加 CAA邮 51?巧 BCDAC 巧巧 21-25 DACBB 26-30 CBDBA 完形巧巧 36-40 邮 DA 41-45 CDBCC 約读巧解 56-巧 BC 巧-60 ACD 61-64 ACDB 65-70BACDDD 巧务型閱巧 71. d iffe巧nces 72.overu说 73.tired 74.workplace 76.lack 77-imperferct 78.provide 化 ffer 75.simWahties SO.kind B

  • ID:4-6204145 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编阅读理解专题 说明文

    高中英语/高考专区/真题分类汇编

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编 阅读理解专题专题 说明文 高考真题 1. 【2019·全国卷I,C】 As data and identity theft becomes more and more common, the market is growing for biometric(生物测量)technologies—like fingerprint scans—to keep others out of private e-spaces. At present, these technologies are still expensive, though. Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up with a low-cost device(装置)that gets around this problem: a smart keyboard. This smart keyboard precisely measures the cadence(节奏)with which one types and the pressure fingers apply to each key. The keyboard could offer a strong layer of security by analyzing things like the force of a user's typing and the time between key presses. These patterns are unique to each person. Thus, the keyboard can determine people's identities, and by extension, whether they should be given access to the computer it's connected to—regardless of whether someone gets the password right. It also doesn't require a new type of technology that people aren't already familiar with. Everybody uses a keyboard and everybody types differently. In a study describing the technology, the researchers had 100 volunteers type the word “touch”four times using the smart keyboard. Data collected from the device could be used to recognize different participants based on how they typed, with very low error rates. The researchers say that the keyboard should be pretty straightforward to commercialize and is mostly made of inexpensive, plastic-like parts. The team hopes to make it to market in the near future. 28. Why do the researchers develop the smart keyboard? A. To reduce pressure on keys. B. To improve accuracy in typing C. To replace the password system. D. To cut the cost of e-space protection. 29. What makes the invention of the smart keyboard possible? A. Computers are much easier to operate. B. Fingerprint scanning techniques develop fast. C. Typing patterns vary from person to person. D. Data security measures are guaranteed. 30. What do the researchers expect of the smart keyboard?all 1o soisgitieoco oll. A. It'll be environment-friendly. B. It'll reach consumers soon. C. It'll be made of plastics. D. It'll help speed up typing. 31. Where is this text most likely from? A. A diary. B. A guidebook C. A novel. D. A magazine. 2. 【2019·全国卷I,D】 During the rosy years of elementary school(小学), I enjoyed sharing my dolls and jokes, which allowed me to keep my high social status. I was the queen of the playground. Then came my tweens and teens, and mean girls and cool kids. They rose in the ranks not by being friendly but by smoking cigarettes, breaking rules and playing jokes on others, among whom I soon found myself. Popularity is a well-explored subject in social psychology. Mitch Prinstein, a professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories: the likable and the status seekers. The likables’ plays-well-with-others qualities strengthen schoolyard friendships, jump-start interpersonal skills and, when tapped early, are employed ever after in life and work. Then there’s the kind of popularity that appears in adolescence: status born of power and even dishonorable behavior. Enviable as the cool kids may have seemed, Dr. Prinstein’s studies show unpleasant consequences. Those who were highest in status in high school, as well as those least liked in elementary school, are “most likely to engage(从事)in dangerous and risky behavior.” In one study, Dr. Prinstein examined the two types of popularity in 235 adolescents, scoring the least liked, the most liked and the highest in status based on student surveys(调查研究). “We found that the least well-liked teens had become more aggressive over time toward their classmates. But so had those who were high in status. It clearly showed that while likability can lead to healthy adjustment, high status has just the opposite effect on us." Dr. Prinstein has also found that the qualities that made the neighbors want you on a play date-sharing, kindness, openness — carry over to later years and make you better able to relate and connect with others. In analyzing his and other research,Dr. Prinstein came to another conclusion: Not only is likability related to positive life outcomes, but it is also responsible for those outcomes, too. "Being liked creates opportunities for learning and for new kinds of life experiences that help somebody gain an advantage, ” he said. 32. What sort of girl was the author in her early years of elementary school? A. Unkind. B. Lonely. C. Generous. D. Cool. 33. What is the second paragraph mainly about? A. The classification of the popular. B. The characteristics of adolescents. C. The importance of interpersonal skills. D. The causes of dishonorable behavior 34. What did Dr. Prinstein’s study find about the most liked kids? A. They appeared to be aggressive. B. They tended to be more adaptable. C. They enjoyed the highest status. D. They performed well academically. 35. What is the best title for the text? A. Be Nice-You Won’t Finish Last B. The Higher the Status, the Beer C. Be the Best-You Can Make It D. More Self-Control, Less Aggressiveness 3. 【2019·全国卷II,D】 Bacteria are an annoying problem for astronauts. The microorganisms(微生物) from our bodies grow uncontrollably on surfaces of the International Space Station, so astronauts spend hours cleaning them up each week. How is NASA overcoming this very tiny big problem? It’s turning to a bunch of high school kids. But not just any kids. It depending on NASA HUNCH high school class, like the one science teachers Gene Gordon and Donna Himmelberg lead at Fairport High School in Fairport, New York. HUNCH is designed to connect high school classrooms with NASA engineers. For the past two years, Gordon’s students have been studying ways to kill bacteria in zero gravity, and they think they’re close to a solution(解决方案). “We don’t give the students any breaks. They have to do it just like NASA engineers,” says Florence Gold, a project manager. “There are no tests,” Gordon says. “There is no graded homework. There almost are no grades, other than‘Are you working towards your goal?’ Basically, it’s ‘I’ve got to produce this product and then, at the end of year, present it to NASA.’ Engineers come and really do an in-person review, and…it’s not a very nice thing at time. It’s a hard business review of your product.” Gordon says the HUNCH program has an impact(影响) on college admissions and practical life skills. “These kids are so absorbed in their studies that I just sit back. I don’t teach.” And that annoying bacteria? Gordon says his students are emailing daily with NASA engineers about the problem, readying a workable solution to test in space. 32. What do we know about the bacteria in the International Space Station? A. They are hard to get rid of. B. They lead to air pollution. C. They appear different forms. D. They damage the instruments. 33. What is the purpose of the HUNCH program? A. To strengthen teacher-student relationships. B. To sharpen students’ communication skills. C. To allow students to experience zero gravity. D. To link space technology with school education 34. What do the NASA engineers do for the students in the program? A. Check their product. B. Guide project designs C. Adjust work schedules. D. Grade their homework. 35. What is the best title for the text? A. NASA: The Home of Astronauts. B. Space: The Final Homework Frontier. C. Nature: An Outdoor Classroom. D. HUNCH:A College Admission Reform. 4. 【2019·江苏卷,B】 In the 1960s,while studying the volcanic history of Yellowstone National Park,Bob Christiansen became puzzled about something that,oddly,had not troubled anyone before:he couldn't find the park's volcano. It had been known for a long time that Yellowstone was volcanic in nature — that's what accounted for all its hot springs and other steamy features. But Christiansen couldn't find the Yellowstone volcano anywhere. Most of us,when we talk about volcanoes,think of the classic cone(圆锥体)shapes of a Fuji or Kilimanjaro,which are created when erupting magma(岩浆)piles up. These can form remarkably quickly. In 1943,a Mexican farmer was surprised to see smoke rising from a small part of his land. In one week he was the confused owner of a cone five hundred feet high. Within two years it had topped out at almost fourteen hundred feet and was more than half a mile across. Altogether there are some ten thousand of these volcanoes on Earth,all but a few hundred of them extinct. There is,however,a second les known type of volcano that doesn't involve mountain building. These are volcanoes so explosive that they burst open in a single big crack,leaving behind a vast hole,the caldera. Yellowstone obviously was of this second type,but Christiansen couldn't find the caldera anywhere. Just at this time NASA decided to test some new high-altitude cameras by taking photographs of Yellowstone. A thoughtful official passed on some of the copies to the park authorities on the assumption that they might make a nice blow-up for one of the visitors' centers. As soon as Christiansen saw the photos,he realized why he had failed to spot the caldera; almost the whole park-2.2 million acres—was caldera. The explosion had left a hole more than forty miles across—much too huge to be seen from anywhere at ground level. At some time in the past Yellowstone must have blown up with a violence far beyond the scale of anything known to humans. 58. What puzzled Christiansen when he was studying Yellowstone? A. Its complicated geographical features. B. Its ever-lasting influence on tourism. C. The mysterious history of the park. D. The exact location of the volcano. 59. What does the second-paragraph mainly talk about? A. The shapes of volcanoes. B. The impacts of volcanoes. C. The activities of volcanoes. D. The heights of volcanoes. 60. What does the underlined word "blow-up" in the last paragraph most probably mean? A. Hot-air balloon. B. Digital camera. C. Big photograph. D. Bird's view. 5. 【2019·浙江卷,C】 California has lost half its big trees since the 1930s, according to a study to be published Tuesday and climate change seems to be a major factor(因素). The number of trees larger than two feet across has declined by 50 percent on more than 46, 000 square miles of California forests, the new study finds. No area was spared or unaffected, from the foggy northern coast to the Sierra Nevada Mountains to the San Gabriels above Los Angeles. In the Sierra high country, the number of big trees has fallen by more than 55 percent; in parts of southern California the decline was nearly 75 percent. Many factors contributed to the decline, said Patrick Mclntyre, an ecologist who was the lead author of the study. Woodcutters targeted big trees. Housing development pushed into the woods. Aggressive wildfire control has left California forests crowded with small trees that compete with big trees for resources(资源). But in comparing a study of California forests done in the 1920s and 1930s with another one between 2001 and 2010, Mclntyre and his colleagues documented a widespread death of big trees that was evident even in wildlands protected from woodcutting or development. The loss of big trees was greatest in areas where trees had suffered the greatest water shortage. The researchers figured out water stress with a computer model that calculated how much water trees were getting in comparison with how much they needed, taking into account such things as rainfall, air temperature, dampness of soil, and the timing of snowmelt(融雪). Since the 1930s, Mclntyre said, the biggest factors driving up water stress in the state have been rising temperatures, which cause trees to lose more water to the air, and earlier snowmelt, which reduces the water supply available to trees during the dry season. 27. What is the second paragraph mainly about? A. The seriousness of big-tree loss in California. B. The increasing variety of California big trees. C. The distribution of big trees in California forests. D. The influence of farming on big trees in California. 28. Which of the following is well-intentioned but may be bad for big trees? A. Ecological studies of forests. B. Banning woodcutting. C. Limiting housing development. D. Fire control measures. 29. What is a major cause of the water shortage according to Mclntyre? A. Inadequate snowmelt. B. A longer dry season. C. A warmer climate. D. Dampness of the air. 30. What can be a suitable title for the text? A. California's Forests: Where Have All the Big Trees Gone? B. Cutting of Big Trees to Be Prohibited in California Soon C. Why Are the Big Trees Important to California Forests? D. Patrick Mclntyre: Grow More Big Trees in California 模拟题 1.河南省实验中学2019届高考全真模拟 最后一卷 Solar energy systems & power plants do not produce air pollution, water pollution, or greenhouse gases. Using solar energy can have a positive, indirect effect on the environment, when solar energy replaces or reduces the use of other energy sources that have larger effects on the environment. However, some poisonous materials and chemicals are used to make the photovoltaic ( 光电池的) cells that convert sunlight into electricity. Some solar thermal (保热的) systems use potentially hazardous liquids to transfer heat. Leaks of these materials could be harmful to the environment. U. S. environmental laws regulate the use and settlement of these types of materials. As with any type of power plant, large solar power plants can affect the environment near their locations. The placement of the power plant may have long-term effects on the habitats of native plants and animals. Some solar power plants may require water for cleaning solar collectors and concentrators or for cooling turbine generators. Using large volumes of ground water or surface water in some dry locations may affect the ecosystems that depend on these water resources. In addition, the beam of concentrated sunlight a solar power tower creates can kill birds and insects that fly into the beam. The amount of solar energy that the earth receives each day is many times greater than the total amount of all energy that people consume each day. However, on the surface of the earth, solar energy is a variable and irregular energy source. The amount of sunlight and the intensity of sunlight varies by time of day and location. Weather and climate conditions affect the availability of sunlight daily and on a seasonal basis. The type and size of a solar energy collection and conversion system determines how much of the available solar energy we can convert into useful energy. 1. Which of the following best explains "hazardous" underlined in paragraph 2? A. inexpensive B. dangerous C. ineffective D. abnormal 2. What influence can large solar power plants have on the locations? A. Polluting the ground water. B. Protecting the habitats of plants and animals. C. Damaging the local natural balance. D. Attracting birds and insects to the area. 3. What does the last paragraph mainly tell us? A. Different areas receive different amount of solar energy. B. How to convert solar energy into useful energy. C. The relationship between solar energy collection and the sunlight. D. Some factors that influence the amount of solar energy collection. 2.山东省潍坊市2019届高三上学期期中考试 Digital grounding is when parents or caregivers limit or completely take away access to technology from children. According to a study conducted by Pew Research,65%of parents have digitally grounded their teen by taking away their teen’s cellphone or internet access as punishment. Because children are so connected with their technologies, digital grounding may seem like a logical step for parents. Take away a child’s most cherished item and they will quickly learn from their behavior. But the idea of digital grounding isn’t as clear—cut as that. Instead, it may be a lose-lose situation for parents and kids, alike. For most parents, the goal of grounding isn’t to make their children unhappy or sad. It is to teach a lesson in the hope that they won’t engage in whatever behavior got them in trouble in the first place. Unfortunately, though, digital grounding is often just punishment, not discipline. If a child stays out past curfew(约定的最晚回家时间), a punishment would be hitting or yelling at them. Discipline would be not letting them go out the next weekend because they failed to follow rules. We’ve all been there—we’ve caught our child doing something wrong and in the heat of the moment laid out a strict punishment. We may have been feeling hot—headed, embarrassed, or upset. Often, though, these punishments don’t align with the bad behavior. While digital grounding may solve the problem temporarily, it won’t provide children with the guidance they need to act appropriately in the future. Instead of grounding, show your child what they did wrong and give them the chance to act differently. This way, they will learn from their mistakes in a practical manner and figure out ways to be safe and smart with technology. There’s no denying it:technology is here for the long-haul. This is why some parenting experts don’t recommend digitally grounding your children. It doesn’t focus on the end goal of safe behavior. They recommend teaching them good habits as soon as possible, rather than taking away their technology. By digitally grounding them, you are putting a bandage over the wound, rather than treating it. Now, when we say that digital grounding is a lose-lose situation, we’re not saying that disciplining your children in general is a lose—lose situation. Discipline is a great way to teach children lessons, when used appropriately. 1. Which of the following is a form of discipline? A. Hitting or yelling at children. B. Laying out a strict punishment in the heat of the moment. C. Taking away access to cellphones from children completely. D. Forbidding kids to go out the next weekend if they stay out past curfew. 2. What does the author think of digital grounding? A. It benefits children greatly. B. It is no better than disciplining. C. Parents can use it to correct kids’behavior. D. Neither parents nor children gain benefits from it. 3. What does the author suggest parents do instead of grounding? A. Give kids more free time. B. Act appropriately in public. C. Help kids form good habits. D. Put a bandage over the wound. 4. What’s the purpose of the text? A. To inform us of ways of punishing kids. B. To explain what digital grounding means. C. To show how to parent children in digital times. D. To prove digital grounding is not a good parenting way. 3.江西省名校(临川一中、南昌二中)2019届高三联合考试 Have you ever spent an afternoon in the backyard, maybe grilling or enjoying a basketball game, when suddenly you notice that everything goes quiet? There is an old phrase “calm before the storm”, often used in a situation---a quiet period just before a great activity or excitement. According to our own experience, we know there is actually calm before the storm. But what causes this calm? And is it always calm before the storm? A period of calm happens in a particular kind of storm, the simplest kind of storm---a single-cell thunderstorm. In this type of thunderstorm, there is usually only one main stream of current, which is warm, damp air and drawn from places near the ground. Storms need warm and damp air as fuel, so they typically draw that air in from surrounding environment. Storms can draw in the air that fit their need from all directions—even from the direction in which the storm is traveling. As the warm, damp air is pulled into a storm system, it leaves a low-pressure vacuum(真空) coming after. The rising air meets the cold dry air that has already existed in the storm clouds, thus the temperature of the warm, damp air drops, and the water vapor in it changes into tiny drops that are a precondition of rain. These drops accumulate and build on larger particles(颗粒) like dust, until they grow large enough to form raindrops. This warm, damp air keeps moving upwards, but it becomes cooler and drier during its trip through cloud. When it reaches the top of the cloud, the air is squeezed out at the top. This air is sent rolling out over the big thunderclouds. From there, the air goes down. Warm and dry air is relatively stable, and once it covers a region, that air, in turn, causes the calm before a storm. Most thunderstorms, though, don't start with calm. That's because most are actually groups of storms with complex wind patterns. There's so much air moving up and down storm groups that the calm before the storm never happens. Instead, before the storm, it might be really windy! 1. Which best fits the description of a particular kind of storm? A. A thunderstorm with a single shape. B. A thunderstorm without strong winds. C. A storm with air drawn from every direction. D. A storm fueled by moving air from the ground. 2. What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 3 refer to? A. Warm and wet air. B. Warm and dry air. C. Cold and wet air. D. Cold and dry air. 3. Which does the writer most likely agree to? A. Presence of the calm relies on stable air. B. All thunderstorms don’t start with the calm. C. The drier the air is, the bigger the storm will be. D. Storm happens without air moving up and down. 4. What is the passage mainly about? A. A brief introduction of a peaceful storm. B. A personal experience of a heavy storm. C. An explanation of the calm before a storm. D. An analysis of causes and effects of a storm. 4.江西省名校(临川一中、南昌二中)2019届高三联考 As the international demand for narrative(叙事的) film/TV content continues to increase with popular streaming services like Netflix and others the two questions then come: will the coming generations receive most of their entertainment through visual means rather than through the written word and will such an increase of narrative film/ TV reduce the importance of reading? Growing examples of this trend include the diminishment(减少) of fiction in the common core (核心的)curriculum, the ever-rising culture of computer games, the wave of streaming services of wide international reach, and movies filled with special effects made for children and teenagers. Nor must we ignore the economic dangers that lie ahead for the written word. The narrative film industry is a moneymaker that dwarfs(使相形见绌) the publishing industry. The other underlying question, of course, is “does it really matter if the written word bows to the world of film/TV?” From my point of view, any diminishment of fiction delivered by words is a loss for mankind. There is no greater human feature than the imagination. It lies at the very soul of the human species. It is the brain’s most powerful engine. It is the essential muscle of life and like all muscles it must be exercised and strengthened. Writing and reading are the principal tools that inspire, create and empower our imagination. Anything that diminishes that power is the enemy of mankind. It should be known that I am not opposed to new media and technological advances. Instead, I have always felt it necessary to adapt to advancing technology. In fact, a number of my novels are in various stages of development for film, TV, and live stage productions. My hope is that the written word will only stand to be complemented(补充)by its visual counterparts(对应物), not pushed to the edge of extinction. Of course, there are those who will present arguments for the superiority of the moving image over the written word. Each has its place. My argument is for finding the right balance between it and the moving image. 1. In what way does narrative film/TV embarrass the written word? A. Economic benefits B. International reach C. Cultural influence D. Educational importance 2. Why does the author value the role of the written word? A. It strengthens our muscles. B. It helps sharpen imagination. C. It distinguishes man from each other. D. It paves the way for narrative film/TV. 3. What is the author’s attitude towards technology? A. Cautious B. Skeptical C. Positive D. Critical 4. What’s the author concerned about? A. The fate of reading. B. The extinction of fiction. 5.湖南省长沙市雅礼中学2019届高三模拟 Sally Dawly is a woman from Auburn, California. Over the last three and a half years, the anti-littering woman has spent most of her free time picking up cigarette butts (烟头) from the streets of her home city. Called the “Butt Lady” by her local community, Dawly began her mission to rid the streets of her city of cigarette butts in October, 2014. The woman looked for cigarette butts, picked them up and threw them in the trash. To keep a count of how many butts she picks up, the Butt Lady has been using a tablet, and earlier this month, she hit a historic milestone—one million cigarette butts. “I got tired of going on my walks and seeing cigarette butts everywhere,” Sally Dawly said. “I’m just shocked that I had to pick up so many. I’ve ever picked up 3,000 butts in one day,” she said. “Don’t throw away your butts; better yet, stop smoking.” With so many cigarette butts littering the streets, can one person’s efforts really make a difference? Surprisingly, the answer seems to be yes. Soon after the Butt Lady of Auburn started her mission and word of her efforts spread, cigarette cans started appearing around bars and restaurants in the city. Members of the local community even came out to cheer her on as she approached her one-million-butt milestone. Sally knows her city’s cigarette butt littering problem won’t be solved anytime soon, but she hopes her work will inspire people to at least think twice before dropping cigarette butts in the streets. She has decided to continue cleaning up after irresponsible smokers, and already has a new milestone in her sights—two million cigarette butts. Word of the Butt Lady’s efforts to keep the streets cigarette butt-free has reached neighboring communities as well, and CBS Sacramento reports that other cities have started seeking her help as well. 1. Why does Sally Dawly carry an iPad with her while picking up the butts? A. To entertain the crowds. B. To monitor the smokers. C. To attract people’s attention. D. To record the number of butts. 2. How did Sally Dawly feel when picking up cigarette butts? A. Excited but upset. B. Shocked and sorry C. Frightened but content. D. Astonished and desperate. 3. From the text. what can be inferred about Sally Dawly? A. She picks up nearly 3,000 cigarette butts every day. B. She will work in other cities in California in the future. C. She has set a new goal of picking up two million cigarette butts. D. She picked up one million cigarette butts with members of her community. 4. What is the text mainly about? A. California’s “Butt Lady”. B. Fighting against smoking. C. Californians health problems. D. Smoking problems in California. 6.东北三省四市2019届高三二模联考英语试题 You can’t see your sleeping pets brain waves, but its behavior can tell you when your cat might be dreaming. If you watch closely, you’ll see that as she falls asleep, her breathing becomes slow and regular with her body still. She has entered the first stage of sleep, called slow-wave sleep. After about 15 minutes you’ll notice a change in her breathing. Her eyes move under her closed lids, her paws twitch (抽动) and she flicks (尤指用手指或手快速地轻抚) an ear. She has entered dreaming. Although she twitches and makes little grunting (嘟嘟) noises, messages from her brain to the large muscles in her legs are blocked, so she can’t run about. She is in a state of “sleep paralysis (麻痹)”. Michel Jouvet, a French scientist, interrupted their sleep paralysis. Even though they were completely asleep, the dreaming cats began to run for balls that Jouvet couldn’t see and arched (弓起) their backs at unseen enemies. He figures he was watching them act out their dreams! Obviously, the dreaming cats seemed to be practising important cat skills: following, pouncing (猛扑), and fighting. In another study, Matt Wilson recorded rats brain waves while they learned mazes (迷宫). One day, he left the brain-wave-recording machine on while the rats fell asleep. The pattern of brain waves in the sleeping rats matched the pattern from the maze so closely that Wilson could figure out exactly which part of the maze each rat was dreaming about! Many researchers now think that in both people and animals, one purpose of dreams is to practise important skills and figure out recent caning. This may explain why so many people dream about fighting and escaping, skills that were probably important to our ancestors, and why dreaming affects our ability to learn. Do all animals dream? From looking at the brain waves of sleeping animals. How often animals dream seems to be tied to body size. Cats dream about every 15 minutes, mice every 9 minutes, and elephants every 2 hours. And though cows and horses usually sleep standing up, they only dream when lying down. 1. What does Michel Jouvet find in his study? A. The dreaming cats are in a state of body paralysis. B. The dreaming cats often practise their important skills. C. The eyes of dreaming cats moved while bodies are still. D. The muscles of the dreaming cats are blocked to move. 2. What can you know about dreaming from the passage? A. Dreaming a lot can help humans learn more. B. Learning mazes is the basic skill for cats to learn. C. Rats often dreams to make certain their recent learning D. Fighting and escaping are not important skills for ancestors. 3. Which animal may dream most frequently? A. Rats. B. Dogs. C. Cows. D. Elephants 4. How does the author develop his passage? A. By making comparisons. B. By using figures C. By telling stories D. By showing facts 7.湖南省长沙市雅礼中学2019届高三下学期模拟 A team of international scientists is due to set off for the world’s biggest iceberg in a mission aiming to answer fundamental questions about the impact of climate change in the polar regions. The scientists, led by he British Antarctic Survey( BAS), are trying to reach a newly revealed ecosystem that had been hidden for 120,000 years below the Larsen C ice shelf. Last year, part of the Larsen C ice shelf calved (崩解) away, forming a huge iceberg-A68--which is four times bigger than London, and revealing life beneath for the first time. Now scientists say it is a race against time to explore these new ecosystems before they are transformed to the light. Marine biologist Dr Katrin Linse from the BAS is leading the mission. “The calving of A68 provides us with a unique opportunity to study marine life as it responds to a huge environment change,” she said. “It is important that we get there quickly before the undersea environment changes as sunlight enters the water.” Professor David Vaughan, science director at the BAs, said, “We need to be bold (大胆的) on this one. Larsen C is a long way south and there’s lots of sea ice in the area, but this is important science, so we will try our best to get the team where they need to be. He said climate change had already affected the sea around Antarctica and is warming some coastal waters. “Future warming may make some habitats warm. Where these habitats support unique species that are adapted to love the cold and not the warm, those species are going to either move or die.” There is growing concern about the possible impact of climate change in the Antarctic. Earlier this month, a report revealed that melting ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica are speeding up the already fast pace of the sea level rise. The research, published by the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, said, “At the current rate, the world’s ocean will be, on average, at least 60cm higher by the end of the century.” However, it found that the process is accelerating, and more than three quarters of the acceleration since 1993 is due to melting ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica, the study shows. 1. Why are the scientists eager to go to the iceberg? A. To study how the iceberg was formed. B. To study a newly discovered ecosystem. C. To explore a new way to prevent climate change. D. To explore the geography of the Larsen C ice shelf. 2. What do the underlined words “this one” in the fourth paragraph refer to? A. The Larsen C ice shelf. B. Climate change in Antarctica. C. The A68 iceberg with the ecosystem beneath it. D. The condition of animal species in Antarctica. 3. What can we learn about the A68 iceberg from the text? A. It is as big as London. B. It is part of an ice shelf in the Arctic. C. It will disappear in a very short time. D. It has uncovered an unknown ecosystem in Antarctica. 4. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A. There is no need to worry about climate change in Antarctica. B. The ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica are melting at a steady rate. C. Many creatures living in deep water will die out due to climate change. D. By 2100, the sea level will have risen to a much higher level than now. 答案解析 说明文 1、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。数据和身份盗窃变得越来越普遍,目前,向指纹扫描等这些技术仍然是昂贵的。本文介绍了一种新的科技——智能键盘,它能给e-space用户带来安全,而且这项技术也不贵。 28.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段的At present, these technologies are still expensive, though.和第二段的Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up with a low-cost device that gets around this problem: a smart key board.可知,研究者们开发智能键盘是为了降低e-space保护的成本。故选D。 29.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段的The key board could offer a strong layer of security by analyzing things like the force of a user’s typing and the time between key presses. These patterns are unique to each person. Thus,the keyboard can determine people’s identities可知,因为每个人的打字方式不同,使智能键盘能够识别人的身份。故选C。 30.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段的The team hopes to make it to market in the near future.可知,研究者们希望智能键盘能早日面世。故选B。 31.D 【解析】推理判断题。本文介绍了一种新的科技——智能键盘,它能给e-space用户带来安全,由此可知,本文是关于科技,结合所给选项可知,本文可能来自于一本杂志。故选D。 2、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。文章主要讲到研究表明,对别人好,讨人喜欢对人生活的各个方面有深远的有益影响。 32.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据第一段During the rosy years of elementary school, I enjoyed sharing my dolls and jokes, which allowed me to keep my high social status(在美好的小学时光里,我喜欢分享我的娃娃和笑话,这让我保持了高高的社会地位。)由此推断出,作者在小学早期时,是一个慷慨的女孩。unkind不友善的;lonely寂寞的;generous慷慨的;cool冷静的,故选C。 33.A 【解析】主旨大意题。第二段Mitch Prinstein, a professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories: the likable and the status seekers.(临床心理学教授Mitch Prinstein将受欢迎的人分为两类:讨人喜欢的人和追求地位的人。)是段落主题句,本段内容分别对the likable 和the status seekers 做了解释,所以本段主要介绍了两种受欢迎的分类,故选A。 34.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段It clearly showed that while likability can lead to healthy adjustment (它清楚地表明,可爱可以促使健全的调整),由此推断出,心理学教授Mitch Prinstein的研究表明,最有人望的孩子适应性更强,故选B。 35.A 【解析】主旨大意题。通过阅读全文内容,尤其是最后一段,可知这篇文章主要讲了受欢迎,讨人喜欢对人生活的各个方面有深远的有益影响。与选项A“对别人好——最终,你的收获无穷无尽”一致,故选A。 3、【语篇解读】本文为说明文。本文介绍了HUNCH项目就是通过Gordon的学生找到如何杀死空间站的细菌这一技术,把空间技术与带进课堂,与学校教育相结合,从而最终影响到大学入 的数学模型,科学家们发现了一些在食物网运营的关键原则。科学家们说;因为一个生态系统越过了它的临界点,它们很难再回来。该系统将告诉我们何时适应人类活动,这些活动正将生态系统推向崩溃,或者甚至允许我们将生态系统从边缘拉回来,预防是关键。 46.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段的With such models, scientists have found out some key principles operating in food webs.可知,借助食物网的数学模型,科中的一些关键原则。故选B。 47. C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段的When a predator(掠食动物) always eats huge numbers of a single prey(猎物),the two species are strongly linked可知,当捕食者总是吃大量的单一猎物,这两个物种是紧密相连的。故选C。 48. D 【解析】推理判断题。根据第二段的In the 1960s, scientists proposed that predators at the top of a food web had, a surprising amount of control over the size of populations of other species they did not directly attack可知,处于食物网顶端的食肉动物对它们没有直接攻击的其他物种的种群数量有着惊人的控制,由此可推断出,如果食物链顶级食肉动物的数量大大下降,其他物种的种群将经历意想不到的变化。故选D。 49.A 【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段的Ideally the system would tell us when to adapt human activities that are pushing an ecosystem toward a breakdown or would even allow us to pull an ecosystem back from the borderline可知,人类过度的活动会将生态系统推向崩溃,由此可推断出,不受控制的人类活动极大地破坏了生态系统。故选A。 50. D 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段的Scientists have built an early-warning system based on mathematical models. Ideally the system would tell us when to adapt human activities that are pushing an ecosystem toward a breakdown or would even allow us to pull an ecosystem back from the borderline.可知,早期变暖系统发出紧急需要采取预防行动的信号帮助我们维持生态平衡。故选D。 4、【语篇解读】本文为说明文。讲述了二十世纪六十年代Bob Christiansen在研究黄石公园的火山历史时,奇怪地发现到处看不到火山的影子,原来,这儿的火山并不是像我们大部分人想象的那种圆锥体形状的高耸的样子,而是一个巨大的洞,这个洞太大了以至于从地面上的任何地方都看不见。 58.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句But Christiansen couldn’t find the Yellowstone volcano anywhere.可知,他困惑的是到处看不到火山。故选D。 59.A 【解析】主旨大意题。本段讲述了两种形状的火山,一种是通常人们所理解的由火山岩浆堆积形成的圆锥体,还有一种极具爆发力的火山,它们会在一个大裂缝中爆裂,留下一个巨大的洞,故选A。 60.C 【解析】词义猜测题。根据第三段第一句Just at this time NASA decided to test some new high-altitude cameras by taking photographs of Yellowstone. A thoughtful official passed on some of the copies to the park authorities on the assumption that they might make a nice blow-up for one of the visitors’ centers.可知,美国国家航空和宇宙航行局为测试一些新的高海拔照相机而拍摄了黄石公园的照片。一位深思熟虑的官员把其中的一些照片副本转交给了公园管理部门,认为他们可能会将其放大以供一个游客中心展示。故可知,此处意为将照片放大,选C。 5、【语篇解读】本文为说明文,根据一项研究表明,自20世纪30年代以来,加州已经失去了一半的大树,气候变化似乎是其主要因素。 27.A 主旨大意题。在第二段中,作者用具体数据说明了大树损失在各个地区的严重程度,没有任何地区幸免或不受影响,故选A。 28. D 【解析】推理判断题。根据第三段最后一句Aggressive wildfire control has left California forests crowded with small trees that compete with big trees for resources(资源).可知,野火控制在控制了森林大火的同时,使得加利福尼亚的森林里挤满了小树,它们与大树争夺资源,这对大树产生了不利的影响,故选D。 29.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段the biggest factors driving up water stress in the state have been rising temperatures, …, and earlier snowmelt, …可知,造成加州水资源短缺的最大因素是气温的上升,以及较早的融雪,故选C。 30.A 【解析】主旨大意题。通读全文可知,自20世纪30年代以来,加州已经失去了一半的大树,文章分析了引起该现象的几个主要因素。全文围绕“加州森林的大树都去哪儿了”话题展开,故选项A符合题意。 模拟题答案 1、【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了太阳能发电的潜在弊端以及影响太阳能收集量的几个因素。 1.B 【解析】词义猜测题。根据画线词前的“However, some poisonous materials and chemicals are used to make the photovoltaic ( 光电池的) cells that convert sunlight into electricity.”可知,然而,一些有毒的材料和化学物质被用来制造将阳光转化为电能的光伏电池,一些太阳能保温系统使用潜在危险的液体来传递热量,由此可知画线词词义为“危险的”,故B项正确。 2. C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段中的“The placement of the power plant may have long-term effects on the habitats of native plants and animals.”可知,大型太阳能发电厂的选址可能会对当地动植物的栖息地产生长期的影响,也就是会破坏当地自然平衡,故C项正确。 3.D 【解析】主旨大意题。根据最后一段中的“However, on the surface of the earth, solar energy is a variable and irregular energy source. The amount of sunlight and the intensity of sunlight varies by time of day and location. Weather and climate conditions affect the availability of sunlight daily and on a seasonal basis.”可知,在地球表面,太阳能是一种可变的和不规则的能源,阳光的数量和强度随着一天的时间和地点而变化,天气和气候条件影响每日和季节性的阳光供应,由此可知,本段主要介绍的是影响太阳能收集量的几个因素,故D项正确。 2、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。介绍了“数码囚禁”并不是教养孩子的好方法。 1.D 【解析】细节理解题。由第三段“ a child stays out past curfew(约定的最晚回家时间), a punishment would be hitting or yelling at them. Discipline would be not letting them go out the next weekend because they failed to follow rules. ”可知,一个孩子超过约定的最晚回家时间,惩罚就是打他们或对他们大喊大叫。纪律不会让他们下周末出去,因为他们没有遵守规则。故D选项正确。 2.D 【解析】细节理解题。由第二段“Instead, it may be a lose-lose situation for parents and kids, alike. ”可知,相反,这对父母和孩子来说可能是一种两败俱伤的局面。故D选项正确。 3.C 【解析】推理判断题。由倒数第二段“They recommend teaching them good habits as soon as possible,rather than taking away their technology”可知,他们建议尽快教他们好习惯,而不是拿走他们的科技。故C选项正确。 4.D 【解析】推理判断题。由第二段“Instead, it may be a lose-lose situation for parents and kids, alike. ”第三段“For most parents, the goal of grounding isn’t to make their children unhappy or sad. 第五段“while digital grounding may solve the problem temporarily it won’t provide children with the guidance they need to act appropriately in the future. ”第六段“This is why some parenting experts don’t recommend digitally grounding your children”可知,“数码囚禁”并不是教养孩子的好方法。故D选项正确。 3、【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文,解释了暴风雨来临前的平静的原因,并指出并非所有的暴风雨都始于平静。 1.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段中的“In this type of thunderstorm, there is usually only one main stream of current, which is warm, damp air and drawn from places near the ground.”可知,在这种类型的雷暴中,通常只有一股主要气流,那就是来自地面附近温暖潮湿的空气,由此可知,特殊的雷暴是指由地面移动的空气推动的风暴,故D项正确。 2.A 词义猜测题。根据画线词前的“The rising air meets the cold dry air that has already existed in the storm clouds, thus the temperature of the warm, damp air drops”可知,上升的空气与干冷空气相遇,因此温暖潮湿的空气的温度下降,其中的水蒸气变成微小的水滴,这是下雨的先决条件,由此可知画线词指的是前面提到的温暖潮湿的空气,故A项正确。 3.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“Most thunderstorms, though, don't start with calm.”可知,然而,大多数雷暴并非始于平静,由此可知,并非所有的暴风雨都始于平静,故B项正确。 4.C 【解析】主旨大意题。根据第一段中的“But what causes this calm? And is it always calm before the storm?”可知,本文主要解释了暴风雨来临前的平静的原因,故C项正确。 【点睛】 解答代词指代类的词义猜测题的关键在于对画线词前的内容的理解,特别要注意出现的名词,例如本篇第2题,根据画线词前的“The rising air meets the cold dry air that has already existed in the storm clouds, thus the temperature of the warm, damp air drops”可知,上升的空气与干冷空气相遇,因此温暖潮湿的空气的温度下降,温暖潮湿的空气中的水蒸气变成微小的水滴,这是下雨的先决条件,由此可知画线词指的是前面提到的“the warm, damp air”,即温暖潮湿的空气。 4、【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了叙事电影行业的发展让文字变得相形见绌,作者认为文字是激发和增强我们想象力的重要工具,同时表达了对阅读的命运的担心。 1.A 【解析】推理判断题。根据第二段中的“The narrative film industry is a moneymaker that dwarfs(使相形见绌) the publishing industry.”可知,叙事电影行业是一个令出版行业相形见绌的赚钱行业,由此可知,叙事电影行业在经济利益方面使文字变得尴尬,故A项正确。 2.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据第五段中的“Writing and reading are the principal tools that inspire, create and empower our imagination.”可知,写作和阅读是激发、创造和增强我们想象力的主要工具,由此可知,作者重视文字的作用是因为它能提高我们的想象力,故B项正确。 3.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据倒数第二段中的“I have always felt it necessary to adapt to advancing technology.”可知,作者觉得有必要适应先进的技术,由此可知,作者对技术持积极的态度,故C项正确。 4.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中的“My hope is that the written word will only stand to be complemented(补充)by its visual counterparts(对应物), not pushed to the edge of extinction.”可知,作者希望书面文字会得到视觉文字的补充,而不是被推到灭绝的边缘,由此可知,作者担心的是阅读的命运,故A项正确。 5、【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文。众所周知,吸烟有害健康,有时候让人更加烦恼的是随处可见的烟头。在美国加利福尼亚有这样一位“烟头女士(她利用业余时间捡拾烟头,并在最近捡到了第100万个烟头! 1.D 【解析】事实细节题。由第二段中To keep a count of how many butts she picks up, the Butt Lady has been using a tablet(平板电脑)一句可知为了记录自己捡到的烟头数量, the Butt Lady带了平板电脑。故选D。 2.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第三段内容可知Sally很厌烦看到这么多烟头,她对捡起来这么多数量的烟头感到震惊,并且劝告大家最好不要吸烟。因此她的感受应该是“震惊和难过的”。故B项最恰当。 3. C 【解析】细节理解题。根据倒数第二段and already has a new milestone in her sights—two million cigarette butts可知C项正确。根据第三段…I’ve ever picked up 3,000 butts in one day…可知A项错误;根据最后一段可知Sally的行动影响了邻近的城市,但并不是她要去邻近的城市工作,故B项错误;根据倒数第三段Members of the local community even came out to cheer可知D项错误。故选C。 4.A 【解析】主旨大意题。本文讲了来自加利福尼亚州的一位女士在业余时间捡起了一百万个烟头,并且获得了“烟头女士”的称号的故事,故A项最恰当。 6、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。研究表明对人和动物来说,做梦的一个目的是练习重要的技能,弄清楚最近所学的东西。 1.B 【解析】细节理解题。由第二段“Obviously, the dreaming cats seemed to be practising important cat skills: following, pouncing (猛扑), and fighting.”可知,显然,做梦的猫似乎在练习重要的猫技能:跟随、猛扑,还有打架。所以Michel Jouvet在他的研究中发现,做梦的猫经常会练习它们所学的重要技能。故B选项正确。 2.C 【解析】推理判断题。由第四段“Many researchers now think that in both people and animals, one purpose of dreams is to practise important skills and figure out recent learning”许多研究人员现在认为,对人和动物来说,做梦的一个目的是练习重要的技能,弄清楚最近所学的东西。老鼠是动物的一种,所以判断出,老鼠经常做梦目的是清楚它们最近所学的东西。故C选项正确。 3.A 【解析】细节理解题。由第五段“Cats dream about every 15 minutes, mice every 9 minutes, and elephants every 2 hours”可知,猫每15分钟做梦一次,老鼠每9分钟做梦一次,大象每2小时做梦一次。通过对动物做梦频率的对比,可以看出老鼠做梦最频繁。故A选项正确。 4.D 【解析】推理判断题。由第二段“Michel Jouvet, a French scientist, interrupted their sleep paralysis. Even though they were completely asleep, the dreaming cats began to run for balls that Jouvet couldn’t see and arched (弓起) their backs at unseen enemies. He figures he was watching them act out their dreams! Obviously, the dreaming cats seemed to be practising important cat skills: following, pouncing (猛扑), and fighting.”第三段“In another study, Matt Wilson recorded rats brain waves while they learned mazes (迷宫). One day, he left the brain-wave-recording machine on while the rats fell asleep. The pattern of brain waves in the sleeping rats matched the pattern from the maze so closely that Wilson could figure out exactly which part of the maze each rat was dreaming about!以及最后段“. Cats dream about every 15 minutes, mice every 9 minutes, and elephants every 2 hours. ”可知,法国科学家米歇尔·茹维特打断了他们的睡眠瘫痪。即使它们完全睡着了,做梦的猫也开始跑向朱维特所看不见的球,并拱起他们的背对着看不见的敌人。他想他是在看它们表演他们的梦!显然,做梦的猫似乎在练习重要的猫技能:跟随、扑向,还有打架。在另一项研究中,马特·威尔逊记录了老鼠学习迷宫时的脑电波。一天,当老鼠睡着的时候,他把脑波记录仪开着。睡眠中老鼠的脑电波模式与迷宫中的模式非常接近,以至于威尔逊能够准确地找出每只老鼠梦到了迷宫的哪个部分。猫每15分钟做梦一次,老鼠每9分钟做梦一次,大象每2小时做梦一次!。所以每个研究所得出的结论,以及对问题的回答都是基于事实。故判断出作者通过展示事实来展开短文的。故D选项正确。 7、【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文。南极地区的拉森C冰架崩解形成了一座巨大的冰山A68 iceberg。冰山下面显现的新的海洋生态系统为科学家提供了研究未知的海洋生物的机会。 1.B 【解析】细节理解题。由第二段Now scientists say it is a race against time to explore these new ecosystems before they are transformed to the light.可知,科学家着急赶去世界最大的冰山是为了在其受到光照影响之前研究这座冰山下面的海洋生态系统。故选B。 2.C 词义猜测题。由第三段The calving of A68 provides us with a unique opportunity to study marine life...可知A68冰山的形成为科学家提供了研究海洋生物的独一无二的机会,所以Professor David Vaughan认为科学家要果敢地抓住这次机会,故this one指的是A68冰山和它下面的生态系统。故选C。 3.D 【解析】细节理解题。由第二段…which is four times bigger than London…可知A选项错误。由第四段Larsen C is a long way south and there’s lots of sea ice in the area…可知拉森C冰架位于南极地区,B选项错误。由第一段to reach a newly revealed ecosystem that had been hidden for 120,000 years below the Larsen C ice shelf.可知D选项正确。C选项在文中没有提到。 4.D 【解析】推理判断题。由最后一段…At the current rate, the world’s oceans will be, on average, at least 60cm higher by the end of the century.可推测D选项正确。 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

  • ID:4-6204142 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编 阅读专题 议论文

    高中英语/高考专区/真题分类汇编

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编 阅读理解专题 议论文 高考真题 1. 【2019·全国卷II,C】 Marian Bechtel sits at West Palm Beach’s Bar Louie counter by herself, quietly reading her e-book as she waits for her salad. What is she reading? None of your business! Lunch is Bechtel’s “me” time. And like more Americans, she’s not alone. A new report found 46 percent of meals are eaten alone in America. More than half(53 percent)have breakfast alone and nearly half(46 percent)have lunch by themselves. Only at dinnertime are we eating together anymore,74 percent,according to statistics from the report. “I prefer to go out and be out. Alone,but together,you know?”Bechtel said,looking up from her book. Bechtel,who works in downtown West Palm Beach,has lunch with coworkers sometimes,but like many of us,too often works through lunch at her desk. A lunchtime escape allows her to keep a boss from tapping her on the shoulder. She returns to work feeling energized. “Today,I just wanted some time to myself,”she said. Just two seats over,Andrew Mazoleny,a local videographer,is finishing his lunch at the bar. He likes that he can sit and check his phone in peace or chat up the barkeeper with whom he's on a first-name basis if he wants to have a little interaction(交流). “I reflect on how my day's gone and think about the rest of the week,” he said. “It's a chance for self-reflection, You return to work recharged and with a plan.” That freedom to choose is one reason more people like to eat alone. There was a time when people may have felt awkward about asking for a table for one,but those days are over. Now,we have our smartphones to keep us company at the table. “It doesn't feel as alone as it may have before al the advances in technology,” said Laurie Demerit, whose company provided the statistics for the report. 28. What are the statistics in paragraph 2 about? A. Food variety B. Eating habits. C. Table manners. D. Restaurant service. 29. Why does Bechtel prefer to go out for lunch? A. To meet with her coworkers. B. To catch up with her work. C. To have some time on her own. D. To collect data for her report. 30. What do we know about Mazoleny? A. He makes videos for the bar. B. He’s fond of the food at the bar. C. He interviews customers at the bar. D. He’s familiar with the barkeeper. 31. What is the text mainly about? A. The trend of having meals alone. B. The importance of self-reflection. C. The stress from working overtime. D. The advantage of wireless technology. 2. 【2019·全国卷III,B】 For Western designers, China and its rich culture have long been an inspiration for Western creative. "It's no secret that China has always been a source(来源)of inspiration for designers," says Amanda Hill, chief creative officer at A+E Networks, a global media company and home to some of the biggest fashion(时尚)shows. Earlier this year, the China Through A Looking Glass exhibition in New York exhibited 140 pieces of China-inspired fashionable clothing alongside Chinese works of art, with the aim of exploring the influence of Chinese aesthetics(美学)on Western fashion and how China has fueled the fashionable imagination for centuries. The exhibition had record attendance, showing that there is huge interest in Chinese influences. "China is impossible to overlook," says Hill. "Chinese models are the faces of beauty and fashion campaigns that sell dreams to women all over the world, which means Chinese women are not just consumers of fashion — they are central to its movement. "Of course, only are today's top Western designers being influenced by China-some of the best designers of contemporary fashion are themselves Chinese." Vera Wang, Alexander Wang, Jason Wu are taking on Galiano, Albaz, Marc Jacobs-and beating them hands down in design and sales," adds Hil. For Hill, it is impossible not to talk about China as the leading player when discussing fashion. "The most famous designers are Chinese, so are the models, and so are the consumers," she says. "China is no longer just another market; in many senses it has become the market. If you talk about fashion today, you are talking about China-its influences, its direction, its breathtaking clothes, and how young designers and models are finally acknowledging that in many ways." 24. What can we learn about the exhibition in New York? A. It promoted the sales of artworks. B. It attracted a large number of visitors. C. It showed ancient Chinese clothes. D. It aimed to introduce Chinese models. 25. What does Hill say about Chinese women? A. They are setting the fashion. B. They start many fashion campaigns. C. They admire super models. D. They do business all over the world. 26. What do the underlined words "taking on" in paragraph 4 mean? A. learning from B. looking down on C. working with D. competing against 27. What can be a suitable title for the text? A. Young Models Selling Dreams to the World B. A Chinese Art Exhibition Held in New York C. Differences Between Eastern and Western Aesthetics D. Chinese Culture Fueling International Fashion Trends 3. 【2019·天津卷,D】 Would you BET on the future of this man?He is 53 years old. Most of his adult life has been a losing struggle against debt and misfortune. A war injury has made his left hand stop functioning,and he has often been in prison. Driven by heaven-knows-what motives,he determines to write a book. The book turns out to be one that has appealed to the world for more than 350 years. That former prisoner was Cervantes,and the book was Don Quixote(《堂吉诃德》). And the story poses an interesting question: why do some people discover new vitality and creativity to the end of their days,while others go to seed long before? We've all known people who run out of steam before they reach life's halfway mark. I'm not talking about those who fail to get to the top. We can't all get there. I'm talking about people who have stopped learning on growing because they have adopted the fixed attitudes and opinions that all too often come with passing years. Most of us,in fact,progressively narrow the variety of our lives. We succeed in our field of specialization and then become trapped in it. Nothing surprises us. We lose our sense of wonder. But,if we are willing to lean,the opportunities are everywhere. The things we learn in maturity seldom involve information and skills. We learn to bear with the things we can't change. We learn to avoid self-pity. We learn that however much we try to please,some people are never going to love us-an idea that troubles at first but is eventually relaxing. With high motivation and enthusiasm,we can keep on learning. Then we will know how important it is to have meaning in our life. However,we can achieve meaning only if we have made a commitment to something larger than our own little egos(自我),whether to loved ones,to fellow humans,to work,or to some moral concept. Many of us equate(视……等同于)“commitment” with such “caring” occupations as teaching and nursing. But doing any ordinary job as well as one can is in itself an admirable commitment. People who work toward such excellence whether they are driving a truck,or running a store-make the world better just by being the kind of people they are. They've learned life's most valuable lesson. 51. The passage starts with the story of Cervantes to show that_________. A. loss of freedom stimulates one's creativity B. age is not a barrier to achieving one's goal C. misery inspires a man to fight against his fate D. disability cannot stop a man's pursuit of success 52. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 3 probably mean? A. End one's struggle for liberty. B. Waste one's energy taking risks. C. Miss the opportunity to succeed. D. Lose the interest to continue learning. 53. What could be inferred from Paragraph 4? A. Those who dare to try often get themselves trapped. B. Those who tend to think back can hardly go ahead. C. Opportunity favors those with a curious mind. D. Opportunity awaits those with a cautious mind. 54. What does the author intend to tell us in Paragraph 5? A. A tough man can tolerate suffering. B. A wise man can live without self-pity C. A man should try to satisfy people around him. D. A man should learn suitable ways to deal with life 55. What is the author's purpose in writing the passage? A. To provide guidance on leading a meaningful adult life. B. To stress the need of shouldering responsibilities at work. C. To state the importance of generating motivation for learning. D. To suggest a way of pursuing excellence in our lifelong career. 4、 【2019·江苏卷,C】 Who cares if people think wrongly that the Internet has had more important influences than the washing machine? Why does it matter that people are more impressed by the most recent changes? It would not matter if these misjudgments were just a matter of people's opinions. However, they have real impacts, as they result in misguided use of scarce resources. The fascination with the ICT(Information and Communication Technology) revolution, represented by the Internet, has made some rich countries wrongly conclude that making things is so "yesterday" that they should try to live on ideas. This belief in "post-industrial society" has led those countries to neglect their manufacturing sector(制造业) with negative consequences for their economies. Even more worryingly, the fascination with the Internet by people in rich countries has moved the international community to worry about the "digital divide" between the rich countries and the poor countries. This has led companies and individuals to donate money to developing countries to buy computer equipment and Internet facilities. The question, however, is whether this is what the developing countries need the most. Perhaps giving money for those less fashionable things such as digging wells, extending electricity networks and making more affordable washing machines would have improved people's lives more than giving every child a laptop computer or setting up Internet centres in rural villages, I am not saying that those things are necessarily more important, but many donators have rushed into fancy programmes without carefully assessing the relative long-term costs and benefits of alternative uses of their money. In yet another example, a fascination with the new has led people to believe that the recent changes in the technologies of communications and transportation are so revolutionary that now we live in a "borderless world". As a result, in the last twenty years or so, many people have come to believe that whatever change is happening today is the result of great technological progress, going against which will be like trying to turn the clock back. Believing in such a world, many governments have put an end to some of the very necessary regulations on cross-border flows of capital, labour and goods, with poor results. Understanding technological trends is very important for correctly designing economic policies, both at the national and the international levels, and for making the right career choices at the individual level. However, our fascination with the latest, and our under valuation of what has already become common, can, and has, led us in all sorts of wrong directions. 61. Misjudgments on the influences of new technology can lead to __________. A. a lack of confidence in technology B. a slow progress in technology C. a conflict of public opinions D. a waste of limited resources 62. The example in Paragraph 4 suggests that donators should __________. A. take people's essential needs into account B. make their programmes attractive to people C. ensure that each child gets financial support D. provide more affordable internet facilities 63. What has led many governments to remove necessary regulations? A. Neglecting the impacts of technological advances. B. Believing that the world has become borderless. C. Ignoring the power of economic development. D. Over-emphasizing the role of international communication. 64. What can we learn from the passage? A. People should be encouraged to make more donations. B. Traditional technology still has a place nowadays. C. Making right career choices is crucial to personal success. D. Economic policies should follow technological trends. 模拟题 1.湖南省长沙市雅礼中学2019届高三一模英语试题 Laughter is part of the universal human vocabulary. All members of the human species understand it. Unlike English or French or Swahili, we don’t have to learn to speak it. We re born with the capacity to laugh. Very little is known about the specific brain mechanisms responsible for laughter. Contrary to folk wisdom, most laughter is not about humor; it is about relationships. To find out when and why people laugh, I went with several assistants to local malls and recorded what happened just before people laughed. Over a 10-year period, we studied over 2,000 cases of naturally occurring laughter. We found that most laughter does not necessarily follow jokes. People may laugh after a variety of statements, such as, “Here comes Mary,” “How did you do on the test?” or “Do you have a rubber band?” These certainly aren’t jokes. We believe laughter evolved from the panting (喘气的) behavior of our ancient ancestors. Today, if we tickle (使发痒) chimps, they don’t laugh. But, instead, they produce a panting sound. That’s the sound of ape laughter, and it’s the root of human laughter. Apes laugh in the kinds of situations that lead to human laughter, like games that involve chasing. Other animals produce sounds during play, but they are so different from laughter. Rats, for example, produce high sounds during play and when tickled, but these are very different in sound from human laughter. Laughter is often positive, but it can be negative too. There’s a difference between “laughing with” and “laughing at”. People who laugh at others may be trying to drive them out of the group. No one has actually counted how much people of different ages laugh, but young children probably laugh the most. At ages 5 and 6 we probably laugh more than at any other times. Adults laugh less than children, probably because they play less. Work now underway will tell us more about the brain mechanisms behind laughter, how it has evolved, and why we’re so susceptible to tickling. 1. What was the purpose of the decade’s research? A. To prove that people laugh because of humour. B. To find out the real reason for people s laughter. C. To research people s different reaction on jokes. D. To record conversations among shoppers in malls. 2. What can we learn from the text? A. People who play more tend to laugh more. B. Apes produce high sounds when tickled. C. Scientists know the brain mechanisms responsible for laughter well. D. The situations in which apes laugh are very different from those in which humans laugh. 3. What does the underlined word “susceptible” in the last paragraph probably mean? A. Sensitive. B. Flexible. C. Addictive. D. Reliable. 4. Which of the following might be the best title for the text? A. The Impact of Laughter B. The Meaning of Laughter C. A Big Mystery: Why Do We Laugh? D. Laughter: The Most Beautiful Words 2.东北三省四市2019届高三二模联考英语试题 Connecting with people has become so much easier with advancing technology. Tasks that once required a postage stamp or carrier pigeon are now as simple as tapping a name or even a face on your screen, and you’re connected. But also easier is unconsciously getting caught up in a dilemma by violating certain new rules for communicating. A big one for some: Don’t call until you’ve texted to confirm it’s OK to call. But that’s just the beginning. “I’m usually pretty mild and not much bothers me,” said Mark Angielle, a 29-year-old office manager from White Plains, New York. But the one thing that he hates more than anything else in life is the terrible one-word message — “K.” “At the very least reply with, Got it.” he said “At least give me a few words here. You’re not that busy.” There are hundreds, perhaps even thousands, of others who have taken Lo social media to express their distaste for people who don’t follow the unwritten rules of digital communication. “These rules are simply a new display of a phenomenon we’ve seen in the past,” said James Ivory, professor of communication a Virginia Tech. In the same way that generations and small groups of friends have their own slang and customs, internet culture has given birth to technology-dependent beings that have their own unique set of routine. But not everyone gets the point. Unlike language, digital communication can be filled with ambiguous clues (线索、迹象) that the person on the other end of the call, text or email may or may not easily understand. “As soon as people aren’t talking face to face, the first thing that gets lost is some of the richness of the body language,” Ivory said, “People immediately fill that gap by using emoji (表情符号) to sum up a feeling in seconds. “There's great potential for danger,” Ivory warned. “What's considered polite in one form might be inappropriate or rude in another occasion.” 1. What can you infer about Mark from Paragraph 2? A. He is a businessman with a bad temper. B. He complains about social manners. C. He can’t bear one- word messages. D. He dislike a busy business life. 2. According to the text, which of the following breaks the rules for communicating? A. John says “I got it.” to his boss face to face. B. Jim calls Bill without confirming in advance. C. Mary texts Lily to make sure if she can call her. D. Jack sends “Thanks a lot” to his business friends. 3. Why may people misunderstand each other during digital communication? A. Emoji cannot sum up feelings. B. People use their own slang and customs. C. There are large quantities of written rules. D. People gets wrong messages without clear clues. 4. What are people expected to do after reading tie passage? A. To obey their own digital communication rules. B. To be aware of rules during digital communication. C. To use advancing technology even with disadvantages. D. To keep pace with digital communication development. 3.山东省临沂市2019届高三三模考试 Scientists in Western Australia claim to have made a new discovery—they have found gold in the leaves and twigs of trees. The researchers believe that the trees suck up the gold from deep underground,over 30 metres down. The discovery has been described as the first of its kind in the world. Australian gold exploration companies are pleased because it will make finding gold cheaper. Rather than drilling deep holes to find gold,they have more ways to examine tree leaves and branches. There is only a tiny amount of gold in the leaves. It would take 500 trees to make one gold ring. The gold is found using a special X—ray machine owned by an Australian government agency. A pure X-ray and a powerful microscope scan the leaves and branches. The claim that this is the first time that gold particles(微粒)have been found in living material might not be true,though. Ancient Chinese wisdom understood the connection between plants and the precious stones and minerals underneath them. They used plant life to find minerals and that was thousands of years ago. In the Zhou Dynasty,it was written in a book that a certain plant grew only near deposits of gold. Over the next 2,000 years,Chinese people wrote about different plants and how they grew,showed where minerals and precious stones such as jade,copper,lead,silver and gold were. Even more importantly,in the 1 000s,Su Song described how copper,gold,silver,lead and tin were observed and taken from certain plants. These were amazing scientific discoveries. Meanwhile,this knowledge was unknown in the rest of the world until about 1 600.This was when a British man realised that oak trees grew larger and greener where there was alum(明矾)in the ground. Maybe ancient Chinese has more knowledge to teach modern scientists. 1. What can we know from Paragraph 1 ? A. 500 dead trees can make one gold ring. B. The trees can absorb the gold from deep underground. C. Scientist have found gold 30 meters below underground. D. The companies find it hard to find gold. 2. How do scientists find gold in the leaves? A. By observing the leaves carefully. B. By drilling deep holes. C. By using a special x—ray. D. By referring to ancient books. 3. Who first discovered that there was connection between plants and minerals? A. Ancient Chinese people. B. Su Song. C. Australian scientists. D. A British man. 4. What is the purpose of the last paragraph? A. To introduce two great scientists in ancient times. B. To provide more evidence to support the writer’s opinion. C. To show how ancient people got gold from certain plants. D. To prove that ancient Chinese has more knowledge than modern scientists. 4.江西师范大学附属中学2019届高三三模 A large body of research has been developed in recent years to explain many aspects of willpower. Most of the researchers exploring self-control do so with an obvious goal in mind: How can willpower be strengthened? If willpower is truly a limited resource, as the research suggests, what can be done to make it stay strong? Avoiding temptation ( 诱惑) is an effective method for maintaining self-control, which is called the “out of sight, out of mind” principle. One recent study, for instance, found office workers less attracted to candy in the desk drawer than that on top of their desks, in plain sight. The research suggesting that we possess a limited reservoir of self-control raises a troubling question. When we face too many temptations, are we to fail? Not necessarily. Researchers don’t believe that one’s willpower is ever completely exhausted. Rather, people appear to hold some willpower in reserve, saved for future demands. The right motivation allows us to tap into those reserves, allowing us to carry on even when our self-control strength has been run down. High motivation might help overcome weakened willpower-at least to a point. Willpower may also be made less vulnerable(脆弱)to being exhausted in the first place. Researchers who study self-control often describe it as being like a muscle that gets tired with heavy use. But there is another aspect to the muscle comparison, they say. While muscles become exhausted by exercise in the short term, they are strengthened by regular exercise in the long term. Similarly, regular practices of self-control may improve willpower strength. The evidence from willpower-exhaustion studies also suggests that making a list of resolutions on New Year’s Eve is the worst possible approach. Being exhausted in one area can reduce willpower in other areas, so it makes more sense to focus on a single goal at a time. In other words, don’t try to quit smoking, adopt a healthy diet and start a new exercise plan at the same time. Taking goals one by one is a better approach. Once a good habit is in place, Baumeister says, you’ll no longer need to draw on your willpower to maintain the behavior. Eventually healthy habits will become routine, and won’t require making decisions at all. 1. From the studies in the passage we learn that . A. people have unlimited self-control B. high motivation ensures one’s success C. willpower is hardly completely exhausted D. too many temptations often lead to failure 2. The underlined phrase “tap into” in Paragraph 3 most probably means . A. make use of B. run out of C. build D. increase 3. The author compares self –control to muscles . A. to prove the long-term effect of willpower B. to show the significance of regular exercise C. to argue that self-control can he easily used up D. to explain the benefits of practicing self-control 4. To develop a good habit, which of the following does the author prefer? A. “I will give up dessert and do exercise.” B. “I will set three goals this new semester.” C. “I will read an English novel every month.” D. “I will keep myself from any temptation.” 5.河南省开封市2019届高三第三次模拟考试 Squirrels aren’t natural city dwellers(居民). In 1986 the sight of one in a tree near New York’s city hall so surprised passers-by that a newspaper published a report about the “unusual visitor”. Around that time, the tree-dwelling animals were being set free in America’s urban areas to “create pockets of peace and calm like the countryside,” says University of Pennsylvania historian Etienne Benson, who studied our relationship to squirrels over the course of five years. First, they were introduced to Philadelphia, then to New Haven, Boston, and New York City. Park visitors were encouraged to feed them, and security guards ensured their safety. In the 1910s a leader of the Boy Scouts of America(an organization teaching boys practical skills)said that teaching children to feed squirrels could show the rewards of treating a weaker creature with sympathy, says Benson. By the early 20th century, though, America began to regret the friendliness it had shown squirrels. Cities had once been filled with animals—from horses pulling goods to dairy cows. By the 1950s those working animals had been moved to the countryside. Pets and wild animals such as birds and squirrels were all that remained of the urban animal kingdom. Before long, people’s enthusiasm for squirrels wore off, and they started to see them as annoyances. By the 1970s many parks banned feeding the creatures. Today, it is rare to find kids with their parents offering food to squirrels under a tree. And, unfortunately, with more and more buildings being constructed in the city, fewer inhabitable(适宜栖息的)areas are left for the little tree-dwelling animals. What would be lost if the last of these city dwellers were forced to leave? “I think there’s something constructive to have other living creatures in the city that are not humans and not pets but share the land with us,” says Benson. “It’s a good thing to live in a landscape where you see other creatures going around making lunch. It’s good for the soul.” 1. What’s the purpose of introducing squirrels to Philadelphia? A. To entertain park visitors. B. To keep the natural balance. C. To encourage kids to protect animals. D. To make the urban life more peaceful. 2. What was the Boy Scouts leader’s attitude towards feeding squirrels? A. Disagreeable. B. Doubtful. C. Supportive. D. Uncaring. 3. What might have happened to squirrels in cities around the 1960s? A. They might have inhabited more homes. B. They might have begun to go out of favor. C. They might have been introduced to more cities. D. They might have been moved to the countryside. 4. What does Benson suggest in the last paragraph? A. Squirrels living in cities are annoying. B. Feeding squirrels should be discouraged. C. Squirrels should be allowed to live in cities. D. It is possible for people to keep squirrels as pets. 答案解析 1、【语篇解读】本文通过一份调查结果显示,很大比例的人选择独自用餐,原因很多,比如逃离工作氛围,或者反思自己,但是独自用餐正慢慢成为一种趋势。 28.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第二段可知,在美国,约有46%的人们独自用餐,53%的人们独自吃早餐,46%的人们独自吃午餐,只有74%的人们晚餐不是独自享用,故可知本段的数据是关于用餐习惯,故选B。 29.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段A lunchtime escape allows her to keep a boss from tapping her on the shoulder. Today, I just wanted some time to myself.可知,Bechtel一个人吃午饭可以让她逃离老板的关注,给自己留一些自由时间,故选C。 30.D 【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段he likes that he can sit and check his phone in peace or chat up the barkeeper with whom he’s on a first-name basis if he wants to have a little interaction.可知Mazoleny喜欢这样的气氛,因为可以坐在那里,查看手机信息,或者想聊天了,可以直呼吧台服务员名字和他聊天,故可知,他与服务员很熟悉,可以直呼对方名字,故选D。 31.A 【解析】主旨大意题。本文通过一份调查结果显示,很大比例的人选择独自用餐,原因很多,比如逃离工作氛围,或者反思自己,但是独自用餐正慢慢成为一种趋势,故选A。 2、【语篇解读】这是一篇议论文。文章主要讲了中国文化对世界时尚届的影响,中国年轻的设计师和模特如何最终在许多方面被认可。中国成了世界时尚的风向标。 24.B 【解析】细节理解题。答案定位在第三段The exhibition had record attendance, showing that there is huge interest in Chinese influences.(此次展览吸引的参观者人数创下了记录,显示出人们对中国影响的浓厚兴趣。)由此可知,纽约的展览吸引了许多参观者,故选B。 25.A 【解析】细节理解题。答案定位在第四段Chinese models are the faces of beauty and fashion campaigns that sell dreams to women all over the world, which means Chinese women are not just consumers of fashion-they are central to its movement . (中国模特是向全世界女性推销梦想的美和时尚活动的代言人,这意味着中国女性不仅仅是时尚的消费者——她们是这场运动的核心。)由此可知,Hill说中国女性开创了新时尚,故选A。 26.D 【解析】词义猜测题。下文and beating them hands down in design and sales说并在设计和销售上击败他们。由此推断出上文Vera Wang, Alexander Wang, Jason Wu are taking on Galliano, Albaz, Mare Jacobs的意思是Vera Wang、Alexander Wang和Jason Wu正在与Galliano、Albaz和 Mare Jacobs竞争。taking on意思是“竞争”,故选D。 27.D 【解析】主旨大意题。根据文章第一段china and its culture have long been an inspiration for western creations.以及最后一段If you talk about fashion today , you are talking about China - its influences , its direction, its breathtaking clothes, and how young designers and models are finally acknowledging that in many ways."(如果你今天谈论时尚,你谈论的是中国——它的影响,它的方向,它令人惊叹的服装,以及年轻的设计师和模特如何最终在许多方面被认可。),结合全文内容,可知这篇文章最恰当的题目是“中国文化助力国际时尚潮流”,故选D。 3、【语篇解读】本文属于议论文,讲述要成功,就需要不断的学习,这样的生活才会有意义。 51.B 【解析】推理判断题。第一段讲述塞万提斯一生不幸,负债累累,因为战争受伤左手残疾,同时还身陷囹圄,在53岁的时候决定写书,最终写出成名作《唐吉柯德》,根据后文可知,所有的困境都没有阻挡他的成功,年龄也是如此,故选B。 52.D 【解析】词义猜测题。根据第三段I’m talking about people who have stopped learning on growing because they have adopted the fixed attitudes and opinions that all too often come with passing years.故可知,作者谈论的不是那些没有到达巅峰的人,而是谈论那些不再学习成长的人,故可知run out of steam可知,停止学习,故选D。 53.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段we lose the sense of wonder. But, if we are willing to learn, the opportunities are everywhere.可知,我们失去了好奇感,但是如果我们愿意学习,机会无处不在,故可知,机会总是留给那些好奇心的人,故选C。 54. D 【解析】推理判断题。根据第五段we learn to bear with the things we can’t change. We learn to avoid self-pity. We learn that however much we try to please, some people are never going to love us—an idea that troubles at first but is eventually relaxing.可知,我们学会承受那些无法改变的事情,学会避免自怜,也学会了无论我们怎么去取悦别人,有些人是无法喜欢我们的,这个观点起初让我们苦恼,但是之后会让我们释怀,故可知,本段作者告诉我们要学会使用恰当的方式来对待生活,故选D。 55.A 【解析】主旨大意题。本文讲述要成功,就需要不断的学习,这样的生活才会有意义,故本文作者的目的是为了指导我们过一个有意义的成年人生活,故选A。 4、【语篇解读】本文属于议论文,讲述对信息技术的过分迷恋对国家,对个人,对慈善事业都会有不利的影响。 61.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段However, they have reak impacts, as they result in misguided use of scarce resources. 可知,对信息技术的错误判断会导致有限资源的错误使用,也就是资源的浪费,故选D。 62.A 【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段Perhaps giving money for those less fashionable things such as digging wells, extending electricity networks and making more affordable washing machines would have improved people's lives more than giving every child a laptop computer or setting up Internet centres in rural villages, I am not saying that those things are necessarily more important, but many donators have rushed into fancy programmes without carefully assessing the relative long-term costs and benefits of alternative uses of their money.可知,与其给那些贫困地区孩子笔记本电脑或者建网络中心,还不如给钱打井,铺电网或者生产他们买得起的洗衣机,这些东西更能改善他们的生活。作者不是说这些东西一定更重要,但是很多捐赠者没有仔细考虑捐赠的东西的长期成本,因此作者建议捐赠者要考虑接受捐赠的人的实际情况,而不是一味地追求信息化,故选A。 63.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第五段In yet another example, a fascination with the new has led people to believe that the recent changes in the technologies of communications and transportation are so revolutionary that now we live in a "borderless world". 以及Believing in such a world, many governments have put an end to some of the very necessary regulations on cross-border flows of capital, labour and goods, with poor results.可知,对新东西的迷恋让人们认为如今通讯技术和交通的变革让我们生活在一个无国界的世界。正是认为我们生活在这样一个世界,很多政府取消了关于跨国界的资本、劳动力以及商品流动的法律法规,故选B。 64.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第三段The fascination with the ICT(Information and Communication Technology) revolution, represented by the Internet, has made some rich countries wrongly conclude that making things is so "yesterday" that they should try to live on ideas. This belief in "post-industrial society" has led those countries to neglect their manufacturing sector(制造业) with negative consequences for their economies.可知,对互联网呈现的通讯技术变革的迷恋让很多富裕国家做出一个错误的结论,制造产品已经过时了,他们应该靠创意生活,因而忽略了制造业,从而对经济造成不利影响,故可知传统的技术依然传统的技术依然有它的地位,不能新兴的信息技术取代,故选B。 模拟题答案 1、【语篇解读】本文是一篇议论文。笑容是世上最通用的语言,笑容是世上最温暖的语言。本文探讨了人类为什么笑这个话题。 1.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据文章第二段的To find out when and why people laugh可知本文写作目的是弄清楚人类什么时候以及为什么会笑。故B项正确。 2.A 【解析】推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段的At ages 5 and 6 we probably laugh more than at any other times. Adults laugh less than children, probably because they play less.可知,玩得多的人笑得多。A项正确。 3.A 词义猜测题。联系上下文可知susceptible(易受……影响的)与sensitive的意思最为接近。故选A。 4.C 【解析】主旨大意题。笑容是世上最通用的语言,笑容是世上最温暖的语言,本文探讨了人类为什么而笑这个问题。故C项为最佳标题。 2、【语篇解读】这是一篇议论文。随着技术的进步,人与人之间的联系变得越来越容易,但在数字通信中更容易违反某些新的交流规则而无意识地陷入两难境地。对此许多人对这种现象表达了忧虑。 1.C 【解析】推理判断题。由第二段“But the one thing that he hates more than anything else in life is the terrible one-word message”可知,在生活中他最痛恨的一件事就是一个字的信息。所以通过关键词“hate, terrible”可以判断出,马克不能忍受一个字的信息。故C选项正确。 2.B 【解析】推理判断题。由第一段“Don’t call until you’ve texted to confirm it’s OK to call”可知,在你发短信确认可以打电话之前不要打电话。很多人都违反了这个交流规则。所以B选项“吉姆没有事先确认就打电话给比尔”违反了沟通交流的规则。故B选项正确。 3.D 【解析】细节理解题。由第五段“Unlike language, digital communication can be filled with ambiguous clues (线索、迹象) that the person on the other end of the call, text or email may or may not easily understand.”可知,与语言不同的是,数字通信可以充满模糊的线索。电话、文本或电子邮件另一端的人可能很容易理解什么意思,也可能不容易理解是什么意思。所以为什么人们在数字通信中会产生误解是因为人们在没有明确线索的情况下会收到错误的信息。故D选项正确。 4.B 【解析】推理判断题。通读全文可知,随着技术的进步,人与人之间的联系变得越来越容易,但更容易违反某些新的交流规则而无意识地陷入两难境地。对此许多人对这种现象表达了忧虑。所以判断出短文目的就是期望人们能够在数字通信过程中要注意规则。所以读了这篇文章后,人们被期望能够在数字通信过程中要注意规则。故B选项正确。 3、【语篇解读】这是一篇议论文。澳大利亚西部的科学家们声称有了一项新发现——他们在树叶和树枝中发现了金子,这一发现被描述为世界上第一个类似的发现。但作者认为第一次在生命物质中发现金子微粒的说法可能是不正确的,并证实了这种观点。 1.B 【解析】细节理解题。由第一段“The researchers believe that the trees suck up the gold from deep underground,over 30 metres down.”可知,研究人员相信这些树能从30米以下的地下深处吸收黄金。所以从第一段我们可以知道树木能从地下深处吸收金子。故B选项正确。 2.C 【解析】细节理解题。由第一段“The gold is found using a special X—ray machine owned by an Australian government agency”可知,黄金是用澳大利亚政府机构拥有的一台特殊的X光机来发现的。所以科学家用特殊的x射线来寻找树叶中的金子。故C选项正确。 3.A 【解析】细节理解题。由第二段“Ancient Chinese wisdom understood the connection between plants and the precious stones and minerals underneath them. They used plant life to find minerals and that was thousands of years ago.”可知,中国古代的智慧了解植物和其下面的宝石和矿物之间的联系。他们用植物来寻找矿物,那是几千年前的事了。所以中国古代人民首先发现植物和矿物之间有联系。故A选项正确。 4.B 【解析】推理判断题。由最后一段可知,重要的是,在11世纪,苏松描述了铜、金、银、铅和锡是如何被观察到并从某些植物中被提取出来。这些都是令人惊奇的科学发现。同时,直到1600年左右,世界其他地方都不知道这一知识。这时一个英国人意识到橡树变得更大更绿。在其下面发现了明矾,也许古代中国人有更多的知识来传授给现代科学家。所以最后一段,仍然在说明在生命物质中发现金子微粒很早就已经存在了。所以第一次在生命物质中发现金子微粒的说法是不正确的。故最后一段的目的是提供更多的证据来支持作者的观点。故B选项正确。 4、【语篇解读】这是一篇议论文。短文列举了关于意志力的几种研究和观点,作者认为有了明确的目标,良好的自我监督和练习,就可以在面对诱惑时使意志力保持坚强。 1.C 【解析】细节推理题。根据第三段Researchers don’t believe that one’s willpower is ever completely exhausted. Rather, people appear to hold some willpower in reserve, saved for future demands.可知,研究人员不相信人的意志力会完全耗尽,他们还有备用的和为将来需求节省的意志力。所以从文章中的研究我们了解到意志力几乎没有完全丧失。故C选项正确。 2.A 【解析】猜测词义题。由第三段“The right motivation allows us to tap into those reserves, allowing us to carry on even when our self-control strength has been run down.”可知,正确的动机使我们能够利用这些储备,即使我们的自我控制能力已经被消耗殆尽,我们仍然可以继续前进。所以通过上下文的语境,判断出“tap into”指利用,与make use of同义。故A选项正确。 3.D 【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段While muscles become exhausted by exercise in the short term, they are strengthened by regular exercise in the long term. Similarly, regular practices of self-control may improve willpower strength.可知,虽然肌肉在短期内会因运动而疲惫不堪,但长期而言,它们会通过经常锻炼而增强。同样规律的自我控制可以提高意志力。两者相比是为了说明同一个道理:长期的锻炼和自我控制的好处。所以作者把自我控制比作肌肉是为了解释自我控制的好处。故D选项正确。 4.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据倒数第二段Taking goals one by one is a better approach. Once a good habit is in place, you’ll no longer need to draw on your willpower to maintain the behavior. Eventually healthy habits will become routine, and won’t require making decisions at all.可知,作者认为一个接一个的制定目标是一个更好的方法。一旦养成好习惯,你就不再需要依靠意志力来维持自己的行为。最终健康的习惯将成为惯例,而且不需要做任何决定。所以C项“I will read an English novel every month.”是先设立目标,然后成为好习惯,作者更喜欢这种目标。故C选项正确。 5、【语篇解读】这是一篇议论文。文章主要讨论了松鼠是否应该留在城市生活的问题。 1.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段中的Around that time, the tree-dwelling animals were being set free in America’s urban areas to “create pockets of peace and calm like the countryside,”可知,松鼠被引进费城是为了让城市生活变得更宁静,故选D。 2.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据第三段中的In the 1910s a leader of the Boy Scouts of America(an organization teaching boys practical skills)said that teaching children to feed squirrels could show the rewards of treating a weaker creature with sympathy, says Benson. (Benson说,20世纪10年代,美国童子军的一位领导人说,教孩子喂松鼠可以显示出同情地对待弱小动物的回报。)可知,这名童子军领导支持喂养松鼠的行为,故选C。 3.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段中的By the 1950s those working animals had been moved to the countryside(到20世纪50年代,这些动物已经被转移到农村)和第五段中的Before long, people s enthusiasm forsquirrels wore off, and they started to see them as annoyances. By the 1970s many parks banned feeding the creatures(不久,人们对松鼠的热情就消退了,他们开始把松鼠视为讨厌的东西。到20世纪70年代,许多公园禁止给这些动物喂食。)由此推断出,在20世纪60年代左右,城市松鼠开始失宠,故选B。 4.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段中的constructive和 a good thing等关键词,以及 It’s good for the soul可判断Benson认为松鼠应该被允许留在城市里,故选C。 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

  • ID:4-6204134 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编 阅读理解专题1应用文

    高中英语/高考专区/真题分类汇编

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编 阅读理解专题 .应用文 高考真题 1. 【2019·全国卷I,A】 Need a Job This Summer? The provincial government and its partners offer many programs to help students find summer jobs. The deadlines and what you need to apply depend on the program. Not a student? Go to the government website to learn about programs and online tools available to help people under 30 build skills, find a job or start businesses all year round. Jobs for Youth If you are a teenager living in certain parts of the province, you could be eligible(符合条件)for this program. Which provides eight weeks of paid employment along with training. Who is eligible: Youth 15-18 years old in select communities(社区). Summer Company Summer Company provides students with hands-on business training and awards of up to $3,000 to start and run their own summer businesses. Who is eligible: Students aged 15-29, returning to school in the fall. Stewardship Youth Ranger Program You could apply to be a Stewardship Youth Ranger and work on local natural resource management projects for eight weeks this summer. Who is eligible: Students aged 16 or 17 at time of hire, but not turning 18 before December 31 this year. Summer Employment Opportunities(机会) Through the Summer Employment Opportunities program, students are hired each year in a variety of summer positions across the Provincial Public Service, its related agencies and community groups. Who is eligible: Students aged 15 or older. Some positions require students to be 15 to 24 or up to 29 for persons with a disability. 21. What is special about Summer Company? A. It requires no training before employment. B. It provides awards for running new businesses. C. It allows one to work in the natural environment. D. It offers more summer job opportunities. 22. What is the age range required by Stewardship Youth Ranger Program? A. 15-18. B. 15-24. C. 15-29. D. 16-17. 23. Which program favors the disabled? A. Jobs for Youth. B. Summer Company. C. Stewardship Youth Ranger Program. D. Summer Employment Opportunities. 2. 【2019·全国卷II,A】 My Favourite Books Jo Usmar is a writer for Cosmopolitan and co-author of the This Book Will series(系列)of lifestyle books. Here she picks her top reads. Matilda Roald Dahl I once wrote a paper on the influence of fairy tales on Roald Dahl's writing and it gave me a new appreciation for his strange and delightful words. Matilda's battles with her cruel me parents and the bossy headmisres,Miss Trunchbull,are equally fumy and frightening,but they're also aspirational. After Dark Haruki Murakami It’s about two sisters-Eri,a model who either won’t or can’t stop sleeping,and Mari, a young student . In trying to connect to her sister. Mari starts changing her life and discovers a world of diverse ”night people” who are hiding secrets. Gone Girl Gillian Fynn There was a bit of me that didn't want to love this when everyone else on the planet did but the horror story is brilliant. There's tension and anxiety from the beginning as Nick and Amy battle for your trust. It's a real whodunit and the frustration when you realise what's going on is horribly enjoyable The Stand Stephen King This is an excellent fantasy novel from one of the best storytellers around. After a serious flu outbreak wipes out 99.4% of the world's population, a battle unfolds between good and evil among those let. Randall Flagg is one of the scariest characters ever. 21. Who does "I" refer to in the text? A. Stephen King. B. Gillian Flynn. C. Jo Usmar. D. Roald Dahl 22. Which of the following tells about Mari and Eri? A. Cosmopolitan. B. Matilda. C. After Dark. D. The Stand. 23. What kind of book is Gone Girl?) A. A folk tale. B. A biography. C. A love story. D. A horror story. 3. 【2019·浙江卷,B】 Money with no strings attached. It’s not something you see every day. But at Union Station in Los Angeles last month, a board went up with dollar bills attached to it with pins and a sign that read, "Give What You Can, Take What You Need." People quickly caught on. And while many took dollars, many others pinned their own cash to the board. “People of all ages, races, and socio-economic(社会经济的)backgrounds gave and took, ”said Tyler Bridges of The Toolbox, which created the project. "We even had a bride in her wedding dress come up to the board and take a few dollars." Most of the bills on the board were singles, but a few people left fives, tens and even twenties. The video clip(片段)shows one man who had found a $ 20 bill pinning it to the board. “What I can say for the folks that gave the most, is that they were full of smiles,” Bridges said. “There’s a certain feeling that giving can do for you and that was apparent in those that gave the most." Most people who took dollars took only a few, but Bridges said a very small number took as much as they could. While the clip might look like part of a new ad campaign, Bridges said the only goal was to show generosity and sympathy. He added that he hopes people in other cities might try similar projects and post their own videos on the Internet. “After all, everyone has bad days and good days," he said. “Some days you need a helping hand and some days you can be the one giving the helping hand.” 24. What does the expression "money with no strings attached" in paragraph 1 mean? A. Money spent without hesitation. B. Money not legally made. C. Money offered without conditions. D. Money not tied together. 25. What did Bridges want to show by mentioning the bride? A. Women tended to be more sociable. B. The activity attracted various people. C. Economic problems were getting worse. D. Young couples needed financial assistance. 26. Why did Bridges carry out the project? A. To do a test on people’s morals. B. To raise money for his company. C. To earn himself a good reputation. D. To promote kindness and sympathy. 二、2019届模拟题 I.应用文 1.武汉第二中学2019届高三五月全仿真模拟考试 The Visitor Oyster card A Visitor Oyster card is the cheapest way to pay for a single adult journeyin London. It’s a plastic smartcard. You can use it on the bus, tube, tram, DLR,London Overground and most National Rail services. It’s much cheaper thanbuying individual tickets, in some cases costing 50% less than the price of a regularpaper ticket. How to get a Visitor Oyster card You can buy a Visitor Oyster card online. Your card will be delivered by post.The card costs ?5 and you choose how much money you want to add to the card.This means you can start using the card the moment you arrive in Central London. How does the Visitor Oyster card work? The Oyster card works on a pay-as-you-go system. You start by adding money to the card. Then you travel, the cost of the fare will automatically bededucted from your Visitor Oyster card. For example, if you add ?20 to thecard and make a tube journey of ?2.30, you will have ?17.70 left on the card. A few more points: ·A child under the age of 11 travels free when accompanied by an adult. ·You’ll save more money if you use the tube several times. The Visitor Oyster cardis “capped (给……定上限)” at ?6.80 per day. ·You’ll pay more during peak times. Peak fares apply from Monday to Friday (6:30am—9:30 am; 4:00 pm —7:00 pm), except for public holidays. ·Reuse the Oyster card by adding credit at a tube station, Oyster ticket shop orVisitor Centre. ·Receive a discount on the Thames Clippers River Bus services. 1. What can we learn about the Visitor Oyster card? A. You can’t use it during public holidays. B. You can have it mailed directly to your home. C. You can get a free Oyster card if you order online. D. You can receive a 50% discount at any shop in London. 2. How much money will be deducted if you take the tube four times in a day witha Visitor Oyster card? A. ?2.30. B. ?3.40. C. ?6.80. D. ?9.20. 3. Where can you add credit to your Visitor Oyster card? A. On the Internet. B. At a bus station. C. At a tube station. D. In convenience stores. 2.山东省潍坊市2019届高三高考模拟(5月三模)考试 Hot Spots for Retirees to Start Their Encore Career Encore Career: Vocational School Instructor Retire in: Los Angeles, CA Ever since IBM CEO Ginni Rometty coined the term “new collar” to describe well-paid jobs that require specific skills but not necessarily a degree, vocational schools have made a serious comeback. Apparently instructors are in short supply in sunny L.A., where there are 13 jobs at vocational schools for every applicant on the market. This is a great opportunity for skilled retirees since, unlike teaching at a public school that requires a state certificate, the only requirement here is that you be a seasoned expert in your field. Encore Career: Business Consultant Retire in : Miami, FL Consulting is a great option for a retired business professional looking to make their own hours, be their own boss, and earn as much or as little as needed to maintain their standard of living. For every consultant in Miami right now there are 13 businesses hoping to hire them. There's even greater demand here than in Washington D.C., which is typically considered the consulting capital of the world. Encore Career: Tourist Wrangler Retire in :Austin , TX As the economy continues to boom and more Americans have extra income to spend, the tourism industry has taken off. This is particularly true in Austin, TX, where there were astonishing 36 tourism jobs for every applicant in July. Between four-star hotels, the noisy rock n' roll scene, and a new food culture, Austin is the place to be if you want to work in service industry. Encore Career: Supporter of the Arts Retire in: Charleston, SC If you're a Baby Boomer with a degree in the arts, now could be the perfect time to revisit your passion for creativity., especially if you also want to live in the center of southern charm. Between the 14 art galleries on King Street in Old Town, an abundance of acting companies and theaters, and music festivals, it's not surprising there were 25 jobs for every arty applicant iii Charleston. 1. Which career focuses on an applicant's skills instead of a diploma? A. Vocational School Instructor. B. Business Consultant. C. Tourist Wrangler. D. Supporter of the Arts. 2 Which city offers an applicant more job options than the others? A. Los Angeles. B. Miami. C. Austin. D. Charleston. 3. Who is the text intended for? A. Children. B. Graduates. C. Retirees. D. Tourists. 3. 河北省石家庄市高三模拟试卷 Dreaming of summer picnics filled with family and fun? We’ve come up with 4 of the top picnic areas across the US. Cumberland Islands, Georgia Just a few hours south of Savannah, this national seashore is a picnic paradise. It’s an unspoiled place in the Deep South with over 50 miles of hiking trails (小径). Covered in Spanish moss, the trails are lined with trees and since it’s still a rural area, the stars line up for a spectacular show at night and create the perfect evening starlit picnic opportunity. Grant Park, Chicago If you are looking for delicious food in Chicago, go for a taste of a 20-day, lake-front, foodie festival that happens in October each year. Grab a spot near the fountain to enjoy your picnic, appreciate the city scenery and lake views and relax with family and friends. If you are there on July 4th, be sure to plan the day to include the fireworks display at the Navy Pier. Cranberry Islands, Maine Here, you’ll enjoy natural picnics with island views. The islands are a delightful group of islands about 20 minutes offshore from Acadia National Park. You can visit the islands by private boat or ferry (渡船) service. Bring a picnic basket along for the ride as it’s a romantic picnic area to take your special someone or go for a family outing to visit the islands. Big Sur, California The Point Lobos State Reserve is a small gem. Besides the coastal wildlife there are rare plant communities, and unique geological formations. It’s good to have a picnic there. We recommend bringing a telescope, because much of the wildlife can be seen only at a distance. 1. What are Cumberland Islands like? A. They are just next to Savannah. B. They haven’t lost their naturalness. C. They are almost covered in Spanish moss. D. They have a spectacular show every night. 2. Where can you enjoy observing wildlife with a telescope? A. At the Navy Pier. B. In the Deep South. C. At Acadia National Park. D. At the Point Lobos State Reserve. 3. Why does the author write this passage? A. To introduce some picnic areas. B. To share personal stories about picnics. C. To tell readers some good ways to relax. D. To offer readers tips for winter holiday. 4. Where can we most probably read this passage? A. In a personal dairy. B . In a science report. C. In a travel magazine. D. In a geography textbook. 4. 山东省潍坊市2019届高三高考模拟(5月三模)考试 Hot Spots for Retirees to Start Their Encore Career Encore Career: Vocational School Instructor Retire in: Los Angeles, CA Ever since IBM CEO Ginni Rometty coined the term “new collar” to describe well-paid jobs that require specific skills but not necessarily a degree, vocational schools have made a serious comeback. Apparently instructors are in short supply in sunny L.A., where there are 13 jobs at vocational schools for every applicant on the market. This is a great opportunity for skilled retirees since, unlike teaching at a public school that requires a state certificate, the only requirement here is that you be a seasoned expert in your field. Encore Career: Business Consultant Retire in : Miami, FL Consulting is a great option for a retired business professional looking to make their own hours, be their own boss, and earn as much or as little as needed to maintain their standard of living. For every consultant in Miami right now there are 13 businesses hoping to hire them. There's even greater demand here than in Washington D.C., which is typically considered the consulting capital of the world. Encore Career: Tourist Wrangler Retire in :Austin , TX As the economy continues to boom and more Americans have extra income to spend, the tourism industry has taken off. This is particularly true in Austin, TX, where there were astonishing 36 tourism jobs for every applicant in July. Between four-star hotels, the noisy rock n' roll scene, and a new food culture, Austin is the place to be if you want to work in service industry. Encore Career: Supporter of the Arts Retire in: Charleston, SC If you're a Baby Boomer with a degree in the arts, now could be the perfect time to revisit your passion for creativity., especially if you also want to live in the center of southern charm. Between the 14 art galleries on King Street in Old Town, an abundance of acting companies and theaters, and music festivals, it's not surprising there were 25 jobs for every arty applicant iii Charleston. 1. Which career focuses on an applicant's skills instead of a diploma? A. Vocational School Instructor. B. Business Consultant. C. Tourist Wrangler. D. Supporter of the Arts. 2. Which city offers an applicant more job options than the others? A. Los Angeles. B. Miami. C. Austin. D. Charleston. 7. Who is the text intended for? A. Children. B. Graduates. C. Retirees. D. Tourists. 5. 山东省菏泽市第一中学2019届高三最后一模 Every man dreams of having a good car. With luxury cars, like Bentley, Lamborghini and Rolls-Royce, going into the world of SUVs, if you have deep pockets, you will be spoilt for choice. ◆Lamborghini Aventador SVJ Using a new aerodynamic system allows it to set a car lap record of 6: 44 97 at Nurburgring, one of the longest and most challenging circuits in the world. Plus, carbon fiber can be seen everywhere, which makes the car strong and lightweight. There’re only 900 being built and you’11need to cough up $517, 770 to buy one. ◆Aston Martin DBX The DBX is Aston Martin’s maiden SUV product. It features a choice of two gas engines—a 4.0-liter V8 from Mercedes and a 5.2-liter V12 from its own. The price is predicted to be around $250, 000. ◆Audi E-tron Being an eco-friendly motoring. it is an all-electric SUV that makes up for its rather ordinary appearance with design, luxury and technology. At the front and back are electric motors which insure progress is rapid. In addition to plenty of storage space, the Audi E-tron provides side cameras instead of side mirrors and air suspension that adapts to the terrain (地 形). Hand over $74, 800 and it’s yours. ◆Tesla Roadster Tesla Roadster will turn most heads, Zero to 60 in 1.9 seconds means it will leave most cars for dust. The top speed is 250 mph, which is also unheard of for most cars—let alone an a11-electric one. Having advanced autonomous driving systems and a huge touchscreen for surfing the Internet, it won’t make you regret for paying $200, 000. 1. What’s special about Lamborghini Aventador SVJ? A. It offers two gas engines. B. It is an all-electric SUV. C. It uses lightweight materials. D. It has the most challenging circuit. 2. Which car is suitable if you want one with adaptable air suspension? A. Lamborghini Aventador SVJ. B. Aston Martin DBX. C. Audi E-tron. D. Tesla Roadster 3. Which of the following does Tesla Roadster provide? A. Self-driving systems. B. A gas-saving engine. C. Side cameras. D. Much storage space. 6. 山西省2019届高三第一次模拟考试 British Museum Located in Great Russell Street, London WC1B 3DG, the British Museum houses a vast collection of world art and artifacts and is free to all visitors. The British Museum’s remarkable collection spans over two million years of human history and culture, and it has more than 7 million objects, so it would probably take a week to see everything. Over 6 million visitors every year experience the collection, including world-famous objects such as the Rosetta Stone and Egyptian mummies. Admission and opening times Free, open daily 10:00 to 17:30. Open until 20:30 on Fridays, except Good Friday. Closed on 24, 25 and 26 December and 1 January. Large luggage, suitcases and cabin baggage For everyone’s safety, all bags, packages and personal items may be searched before entry. Wheeled cases and large items of luggage are not allowed in the British Museum for safety and security reasons. Storage for luggage is available at major rail stations, including Euston, King’s Cross and Charing Cross. Membership Membership allows you to discover 2 million years of human history with free unlimited entry to special exhibitions, an exclusive discount offer on magazine subscription and many more benefits. Individual membership:£74 Under 26 membership:£54 Young friends (aged 8---15):£25 Shops The museum has four shops where you can buy books, souvenirs, and family gifts. 1. When can you visit the British Museum? A. At 9:00 on Friday. B. At 12:00 on Monday. C. On Christmas Day. D. On Good Friday. 2. Where can visitors store their large luggage? A. At major train stations. B. At some crossings. C. In the hall of the Museum. D. At the entrance to the Museum. 3. If two friends aged 14 and 18 apply for membership of the Museum, how much should they pay? A. £25. B. £79. C. £50. D. £148. 7. 2019届山东师范大学附属中学高三最后打靶题 Police Force presents Community Roadshow 2019 Want to find out more about police work? Come and visit us at the various locations across Singapore. Enjoy the performances by the friendly dogs from the Police K9 Unit and the Police Band. Come with your family and take part in the fun activities. Details of Roadshow Date: 16-17 June 2019 Time: 10am-7pm Venues: Punggol Arcade Serangoon Centre Tam pines Hub Shuttle bus services will be available to and from the nearest MRT stations. Each can be promised a fun pack which consists of: ·miniature police car ·keychain ·note pad ·pen Performances ·K9 Show at 11am and 3pm ·Police Band at 6pm Activities ·Rock Climbing · Bouncy Castle (for children below the age of 12 years) ·Art Competition To take part in the Art Competition, participants must register online at www.policeort.com by 12 June 2019. This event is sponsored by: ·Art for Us ·Dally Minl Mart ·Rock Climb Company Lucky Draw Timings: 1pm and 5pm (daily) 1st prize: $ 300 voucher (购物券) 2nd prize: $ 150 voucher 3rd prize: $ 100 voucher 10 consolation prizes of $ 20 each Winners who are not present during the draw will be notified via email by 19 June 2019. Organized by the Singapore Police Force 1. What shall each participant get in Community Roadshow 2019? A. A fun pack. B. Some prize. C. Some Voucher. D. Bouncy Castle. 15. How should a person sign up for Art Competition? A. On site. B. By email. C. By phone. D. Through the Internet. 16. Which of the following organized the activity? A. Serangoon Centre. B. Rock Climb Company. C. Singapore Police Force. D. Policeort Company. 8.福建省厦门市2018-2019学年高三第二次质量检测考试 Many of the most striking beasts on the planet come in only two colors: black and white. These high-contrast markings represent some of the nature's most diverse evolutionary choices. For some animals, black -and- white coloring is a way to warn off natural enemies. For others, to keep insects away. For still others, it creates a clever cover. Spend some time exploring what science has discovered about these animals’ appearances, and you will see that basic black and white isn't so basic after all. Skunk Depending on the species, black skunks may wear white spots that act as a cover or white stripes(条纹)that signal enemies to watch out for their smelly spray. Giant Panda Resent insights into panda coloring have come from studying each body part separately. Black ears indicate fierceness, and distinct eye patches aid in individual recognition. The panda in white body hides it against snow, white its dark limbs(四肢) keep it from being spotted in forests, a compromise developed from its poor bamboo diet:Bamboo doesn’t let pandas build up enough fat to hibernate(冬眠), forcing them to spend winters in the snow. Badger Even when a badger is in its cave, its facial stripes can be seen, Zoologists say the warning coloration helps the small animal prevent natural enemies. Blackbuck(male) In bright sun, the buck’s white stomach reduces the effect of the shadow cast by his back, allowing him to appear one color and two dimensional---especially hiding from natural enemies in his own shadown. 1. Which animals can use their color to warn off natural enemies? A. Skunk and Badger B. Giant panda and Zebra C. Badger and Blackbuck D. Zebra and Blackbuck 2. White body and dark limbs help the giant panda to ________. A. show fierceness B. store fat C. recognize individuals D. take cover 3. What can be a suitable title for the text? A. Which animals have black- and- white color? B. How some animals protect themselves from harm. C. Why so many animals wear black- and- white coats? D. What science has discovered about different colors. 答案解析 高考真题 1、【语篇解读】本文为应用文。本文叙述了省政府及其合作伙伴提供了许多项目来帮助学生暑期在找到工作。 21.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据Summer Company部分中的“Summer Company provides students with ...awards of up to $3,000 to start and run their own summer businesses” 可知“Summer Company为学生提供高达3000美元的奖励,来开始和经营他们自己的暑期业务”。“start and run their own summer businesses”即“为开办新的业务”,这对应B项中的“runn new businesses”,二者是词义之间的转述关系。故选B。 22.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据Stewardship Youth Ranger Program部分中的第二段“Who is eligible: Students aged 16 or 17 at time of hire, but not turning 18 before December 31 this year.”可知“符合条件的学生:16岁或17岁的学生,但在今年12月31日之前未满18岁”。由此得出,这个项目要求年龄在16-17岁之间。分析选项可知D项符合题意,故选D。 23.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据Summer Employment Opportunities部分中的最后一段最后一句“Who is eligible: ...Some positions require students to be 15to 24 or up to 29 for persons with a disability”,可知Summer Employment Opportunities有些职位是给残疾人的。分析选项可知,D项符合题意,故选D。 2、【语篇解读】 这是一篇应用文。短文介绍了作家Jo Usmar最喜欢的书籍。 21.C 【解析】细节理解题。由Matilda中的“I once wrote a paper on the influence of fairy tales on Roald Dahl’s writing and it gave me a new appreciation for his strange and delightful words”可知,我曾经写过一篇关于童话故事对罗尔德·达尔写作有影响的论文,这篇论文让我对他奇怪而有趣的文字有了新的认识。所以Jo Usmar在介绍Matilda这本书,用第一人称“I”口吻来说明自己曾经写过一篇关于童话故事对罗尔德·达尔写作有影响的论文。所以“I”指的是Jo Usmar。故C选项正确。 22.C 【解析】细节理解题。由After Dark中的“It’s about two sister-Eri,a model who either won’t or can’t stop sleeping, and Mari,a young student”可知,故事讲的是两个姐妹---Eri是一个突然一觉不醒的模特。玛丽,是一个充满青春活力的 上和古董店里寻找旧的军队勋章,然后将这些勋章归还它们的合法主人。文章主要叙述了他这一爱好的起源。 21.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段中的“Zac knows the meaning of a Purple Heart—he earned one himself in a war as a soldier”可知,当Zac还是一名士兵的时候,在一次战争中他获得了一枚Purple Heart。故A选项正确。 22.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第三段中的“To drive eight hours to come to see me”可以推知,Adeline为了那枚Purple Heart开车八个小时来见Zac,由此可知,她对于这件事是认真地。因此,At that point, I knew she meant business应该指的是Zac意识到Adeline对这枚勋章是认真的。故B选项正确。 23.D 【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段中的“Corrado, a translator…was killed in action in Europe”和倒数第三段中的“as I grew older…and missed my brother more and more, I realized that was the only thing we had left ”这枚勋章寄托了Adeline对于去世的哥哥Corrado的回忆和思念,这是他们家留下的唯一关于哥哥的东西了。因此她很珍惜这枚勋章。故D选项正确。 3、【语篇解读】这是一篇新闻报道。短文报道了上个月在洛杉矶的联合车站,一块牌子上别针别满了美元,上面写着“给予你所能给与的,拿走你所需要的”。这样的活动吸引了各种各样的人,组织者希望通过这样的活动来提倡仁慈和同情。 24.C 【解析】词义猜测题。由第一段“But at Union Station in Los Angeles last month, a board went up with dollar bills attached to it with pins and a sign that read, "Give What You Can, Take What You Need.”可知,但是上个月在洛杉矶的联合车站,一块牌子上别针别满了美元,上面写着“给予你所能给与的,拿走你所需要的”。所以通过下文的语境,判断出第1段中的money with no strings attached是“无条件提供的钱”的意思。故B选项正确。 25.B 【解析】推理判断题。由第二段““People of all ages, races, and socio-economic(社会经济的)backgrounds gave and took, ”said Tyler Bridges of The Toolbox, which created the project. "We even had a bride in her wedding dress come up to the board and take a few dollars.”可知,发起该项活动的泰勒·布里奇斯说:“所有年龄、种族和社会经济背景的人都会付出和索取。”甚至有一位穿着婚纱的新娘来到了牌子前,拿走了一些钱。所以通过泰勒·布里奇斯所说的,可以判断出,他提到新娘就是想说明这项活动吸引了各种各样的人。故B选项正确。 26.D 【解析】细节理解题。由倒数第二段“While the clip might look like part of a new ad campaign, Bridges said the only goal was to show generosity and sympathy”可知,尽管这段视频看起来像是一项新的广告活动的一部分,但是布里奇斯说这次活动唯一的目标是表现出慷慨和同情。所以布里奇斯实施这个活动是为了提倡仁慈和同情。故D选项正确。 模拟题 1、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。文章介绍了游览伦敦使用Visitor Oyster Card的好处,如何购买及如何充值。 1.B 【解析】细节理解题。第二段第二句Your card will be delivered by post.可知Visitor Oyster card可以直接寄到你家。故选B。 2.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据A few more points部分You’ll save more money if you use the tube several times. The Visitor Oyster card is “capped (给……定上限)” at ?6.80 per day.可知如果你乘几次地铁,你会节省更多的钱。Visitor Oyster卡的“上限”是每天6.8英镑。故选C。 3.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据A few more points部分倒数第二段Reuse the Oyster card by adding credit at a tube station, Oyster ticket shop or Visitor Centre.可知可以在地铁站添加,故选C。 2、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。文章介绍了四个退休人员可以重新开始职业生涯的热门地点,以及这些地点的详细情况和职业的要求。 1.A 【解析】细节理解题。第一段最后一句This is a great opportunity for skilled retirees since, unlike teaching at a public school that requires a state certificate, the only requirement here is that you be a seasoned expert in your field.可知Vocational School Instructor岗位对有技能的退休人员来说是一个很好的机会,因为不像在公立学校教书需要国家证书,这里唯一的要求是你在你的领域里是一个经验丰富的专家。即注重申请人的技能而不是文凭,故选A。 2.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据倒数第三段第一、二句As the economy continues to boom and more Americans have extra income to spend, the tourism industry has taken off. This is particularly true in Austin, TX, where there were astonishing 36 tourism jobs for every applicant in July.可知随着经济持续繁荣,越来越多的美国人有额外的收入可以消费,旅游业也开始腾飞。德克萨斯州奥斯汀的情况尤其如此,今年7月,该州旅游业的就业岗位达到了惊人的36个。可知Austin给求职者提供的工作选择比其他城市多。故选C。 3.C 【解析】主旨大意题。根据文章的标题Hot Spots for Retirees to Start Their Encore Career以及文章主要介绍了两个退休人员可以重新开始职业生涯的热门地方,故文章是针对退休人员的。故选C。 3、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。介绍了美国的4个顶级野餐区的相关信息。 1.B 【解析】细节理解题。由Cumberland Islands, Georgia中的“It’s an unspoiled place ...” 可知,这是一个未遭破坏的地方。所以Cumberland Islands并没有丧失它的自然风光。故B选项正确。 2.D 【解析】细节理解题。由Big Sur, California中“The Point Lobos State Reserve is a small gem。We recommend bringing a telescope, because much of the wildlife can be seen only at a distance.”可知,Point Lobos是评价很高的国家保护区。我们建议带上望远镜,因为大部分野生动物只能在远处看到。所以在Point Lobos国家保护区可以享受用望远镜观察野生动物的乐趣。故D选项正确 3.A 【解析】推理判断题。由“Dreaming of summer picnics filled with family and fun? We’ve come up with 4 of the top picnic areas across the US.”可知,梦想着充满家庭和乐趣的夏季野餐?我们想到了美国四大顶级野餐区,以及下文对于野餐区的详细说明。所以判断出作者写这篇短文的目的就是要介绍一些野餐区。故A选项正确。 4.C 【解析】推理判断题。通读全文可知,短文介绍了美国的4个顶级野餐区的相关信息。所以这篇短文是写给那些要去旅游的游客的,希望他们在读到这篇短文之后,获得更多关于去哪里旅游和野餐的信息。所以判断最有可能在旅游杂志上读到这篇文章。故C选项正确。 4、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。文章介绍了四个退休人员可以重新开始职业生涯的热门地点,以及这些地点的详细情况和职业的要求。 1.A 【解析】细节理解题。第一段最后一句This is a great opportunity for skilled retirees since, unlike teaching at a public school that requires a state certificate, the only requirement here is that you be a seasoned expert in your field.可知Vocational School Instructor岗位对有技能的退休人员来说是一个很好的机会,因为不像在公立学校教书需要国家证书,这里唯一的要求是你在你的领域里是一个经验丰富的专家。即注重申请人的技能而不是文凭,故选A。 2.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据倒数第三段第一、二句As the economy continues to boom and more Americans have extra income to spend, the tourism industry has taken off. This is particularly true in Austin, TX, where there were astonishing 36 tourism jobs for every applicant in July.可知随着经济持续繁荣,越来越多的美国人有额外的收入可以消费,旅游业也开始腾飞。德克萨斯州奥斯汀的情况尤其如此,今年7月,该州旅游业的就业岗位达到了惊人的36个。可知Austin给求职者提供的工作选择比其他城市多。故选C。 3.C 【解析】主旨大意题。根据文章的标题Hot Spots for Retirees to Start Their Encore Career以及文章主要介绍了两个退休人员可以重新开始职业生涯的热门地方,故文章是针对退休人员的。故选C。 5、【语篇解读】这是一篇应用文。文章介绍了四款豪华汽车的卖点以及价格。 1.C 【解析】细节理解题。由问题中的“Lamborghini Aventador SVJ”将答案定位在第一个小标题下。由段落中的“Plus,carbon fiber can be seen everywhere,which makes the car strong and lightweight. ”可知,碳纤维是这种车使用的主要材料,这使得这种车很结实而且重量轻。 也就是说车使用的是轻型材料。故选C。 2.C 【解析】细节理解题。由第三个小标题下的“In addition to plenty of storage space, the Audi E-tron provides side cameras instead of side mirrors and air suspension that adapts to the terrain (地形)”可知,奥迪e-tron不仅有足够大的存储空间,还有侧边摄像机和适应地形的可调节的空气悬挂。且“air suspension”只在第三个小标题下出现,其它三个小标下均没有出现空气悬挂。故选C。 3.A 【解析】细节理解题。 由问题中的“Tesla Roadster”将答案定位在第四个小标题下。由本段中的“Having advanced autonomous driving systems and …”可知,特斯拉 Roadste 拥有高端的自动驾驶系统。故选A。 6、【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文。介绍了大英博物馆的藏品,开放时间和行李寄存办法。 1.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据Admission and opening times部分提到的Free, open daily 10:00 to 17:30. 可知,你可以在星期一中午12点去参观。故选B。 2.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据Large luggage, suitcases and cabin baggage部分最后一句Storage for luggage is available at major rail stations, including Euston, King’s Cross and Charing Cross.可知,游客可以在主要的铁路站寄存行李。故选A。 3.A 【解析】数字计算题。根据Membership部分的Individual membership: ?74Under 26 membership: ?54Young friends (ages 8-15): ?25可知,他们申请会员证需要25+54=79英镑。故选B。 7、【语篇解读】本文是一则广告,这则广告的目的是推销警察社区的循环演出。 1.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据表格Each can be promised a fun pack which consists of:·miniature police car,·keychain ,·note pad,·pen可知,每个参赛者可以获得一个有趣的包裹,里面包含警车模型,钥匙串,笔记本以及笔,故选A。 2.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据To take part in the Art Competition, participants must register online at www.policeort.com by 12 June 2019.可知,要参加Art Competition活动,必须网上报名,故选D。 3.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后Organized by the Singapore Police Force可知,这些活动的主办方是新加坡警方,故选C。 8、【语篇解读】这是一篇应用文。自然多样性进化选择的一种结果是世界上很多引人注目的野兽都只有黑白两种颜色。这两个颜色帮助一些动物吓走天敌,帮助一些动物远离昆虫,还可以帮助一些动物隐藏。以臭鼬、大熊猫、獾、雄性的印度羚四种动物为例,进一步证明了黑白色不是那么简单。 1.A 【解析】细节理解题。由Skunk小标题下的内容可知,臭鼬身上白色的条纹是用来暗示敌人小心它喷出恶臭的液体。由Badger小标题下的内容可知,獾脸上的条纹可以帮助这些小动物远离天敌。故A选项正确。 2.D 【解析】细节理解题。由Giant Panda小标题下的“The panda in white body hides it against snow, white its dark limbs(四肢)keep it from being spotted in forests”可知,熊猫白色的身体帮它在雪地里隐藏起来,而深色的四肢帮它在森林里不被发现。A. show fierceness展现凶猛;B. store fat储存脂肪;C. recognize individuals识别个体;D. take cover躲藏,隐蔽。故D选项正确。 3.C 主旨大意题。由文章第一段最后一句“Spend some time exploring what science has discovered about these animals’ appearances, and you will see that basic black and white isn't so basic after all.”可知,作者想和大家一起分享科学家们对这些动物外观的研究成果,让大家明白黑白色并不是那么简单的。也就是说让大家知道为什么那么多动物只是黑白色?故C选项正确。 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

  • ID:4-6204126 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编 阅读理解专题 记叙文

    高中英语/高考专区/真题分类汇编

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编 阅读理解专题 记叙文 1. 上海市长宁区2019届高三二模 The bus screamed to a stop in Nazareth, Israel. Five Australian backpackers boarded and struck up a conversation with me. They asked typical travelers’ questions—where was I going and why was I traveling alone? My plan was to travel with a friend of a friend, I explained, but when I called her that morning, she didn’t pick up and I had no other way to reach her. My stomach was in knots, but I decided to head out anyway, thinking I might run into her if I traveled to Tiberius, where we had planned to go together. “Why don’t you travel with us?” one of the backpackers offered. They were experienced adventurers who would work for a few months, save, then travel for as long as they could. Their current plan was to explore the Middle East and Europe in three months while working in London. It seemed risky to travel with strangers, but my instinct said yes. For the next two weeks, I explored Israel with the backpackers and learned to trust my instincts in all types of new and interesting situations. When they hook a ride, I took the bus, but when they wanted to steal into the King David Hotel’s swimming pool, I led the way. The world opened up to me because I chose to travel alone. I joined complete strangers, who become close friends. Years later, one couple from the backpacking group even flew from Sydney to Phoenix to be in my wedding. The trip was such a special experience that it gave me confidence in all areas of my life. Since then, I’ve backpacked alone across South Africa, sky-dived from 12,000 feet in New Zealand and even moved across the U.S. with no job lined up. On my third day wandering in Israel with my new friends, I bumped into the woman I was supposed to meet. Though I was happy she was all right, I was grateful she hadn’t picked up the phone. 1. By “My stomach was in knots” (in paragraph 1), the author most likely means that she was ______. A. sick of riding on a bumpy bus B. nervous of meeting strangers C. upset about the sudden change D. sorry about the impractical plan 2. Which of the following best describes the backpackers the author met? A. Courageous but disrespectful. B. Jobless and poorly educated. C. Warmhearted and trustworthy. D. Homeless but lighthearted. 3. The author’s sixth sense told her that ______. A. she would get along with the backpackers B. it might cause trouble to have a swim C. she ought to stay away from the backpackers D. it could add excitement to get a free ride 4. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Most of the backpackers became the author’s lifelong friends. B. The author gathered the courage to be a fulltime backpack traveler. C. The woman missed the phone call with the purpose of traveling alone. D. The author considered it the best decision of her life to travel on her own. 2. 山东省潍坊市2019届高三高考模拟(5月三模)考试 When Randy Heiss went hiking behind his Patagonia, Ariz. farm, the last thing he expected to find was a Christmas list from a little girl across the US-Mexico border. “I found this balloon on my morning walk near Patagonia on Sunday. Attached to it was a piece of paper with the Christmas wishes from a little girl,” Heiss wrote on his Facebook page. When he brought the list home to his wife, who speaks fluent Spanish, they determined that the little girl had asked for Enchantimals toys, clothes, art supplies and various other gifts. That's when Heiss set out to make the little girl's Christmas dreams come true. Heiss said he had attempted to send Christmas letters to Santa Claus via balloon when he was a kid but never received a response. Heiss sent a Facebook message on Wednesday to XENY, a radio station in Nogales, to see if it could help him track down the girl or her family. He later received a response from the station, which had determined the author of the letter was an 8-year-old girl named Dayami, and the station wanted to set up a meeting between the two on Thursday. “It just changed my entire day,” Heiss told the Washington Post. “Instead of going back to my office in Bisbee, I went with my wife to Walmart. “ The couple bought almost everything on Dayami's list. They also brought a few gifts for Dayami's little sister, Ximena. They told the children they were “ ayudantes de Santa,” or Santa's helpers. Heiss,60, said the experience was very healing for him and his wife. Nine years ago,the couple's only son died. “ Being around children at Christmas time has been absent in our lives,” Heiss said. We now have friends for life. For a day, that border fence with its concertina wire melted away. 1. How did Dayami send out her Christmas wishes? A. By calling Heiss. B. By attaching them to a balloon. C. By writing to a radio station. D. By sending a Facebook message. 2. When did Heiss know what the girl exactly wanted? A. After the help of his wife. B. When he found the balloon. C. After their meeting in America. D. When he got a response from the radio station. 3. What might make Heiss decide to fulfill the little girl's Christmas wishes? A. His son's will. B. The girls request for help. C. His similar unsuccessful experience. D. His desire to make friends with the girl. 4. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A. The couple got out of the pain completely. B. The experience was a great relief to the couple. C. The couple would help more children from Mexico. D. There will be no border between countries one day. 3. 福建省漳州市第一中学2019届高三5月模拟考试 At seventy-three, Marcia Pollock’s father was a man of great independence and pride. The kids called him “Poppy”, a name that everybody used. Poppy lived in his old neighborhood and he had a part-time job at a local pharmacy(药房). After Marcia’s mother died, Poppy firmly refused Marcia and Jack’s invitation to come and live with them. He was stubborn about not crowding their little house, about not becoming a burden. In fact, he was always helpful. The kids loved him because he listened to them and because he always brought them something. He also brought special gifts to Marcia and Jack, never arriving empty-handed. And so it was with shock and bewilderment(迷惑)that Marcia went to see Poppy in the hospital that summer after he had fallen down in the street. The doctor said that Poppy had been living on coffee and doughnuts. Later that day, the pharmacist told Marcia, “He has practically no money at all—just the government cheque and what little he makes here. Yet I myself saw him spend most of his last cheque on your little boy’s bicycle.” She became stern with Poppy.“You’re foolish, Poppy,” she said. “I have my pride,” Poppy answered. “False pride,” she hurled(斥责)back at him. During autumn, Poppy didn’t come around as often as he had in the past, but when he did, he would still arrive with little gifts in hand. Then, just before the holidays, Poppy told Marcia that he couldn’t visit them on Christmas Day because he would watch the store, but Marcia knew the shop was not open on Christmas. She felt worried and called Poppy, telling him that he was one of them and that they all loved him. Half an hour before the turkey went on the table on Christmas, Poppy came. The kids rushed to him and gave him more hugs and kisses than he had ever had before. Poppy held out his arms to Marcia, and his hands were empty — yet never had they been more filled. 1. Which is Poppy’s reason for not living with his daughter? A. He had a part-time job. B. He was stubborn sometimes. C. He liked living independently. D. He didn’t want to become a burden to her . 2. Why was Marcia puzzled after hearing the doctor’s words? A. She didn’t know who had knocked Poppy down. B. She thought Poppy had enough money for living. C. She wondered how to take care of him later. D. She thought the doctor didn’t know his living condition. 3. Which is closest in meaning to the underlined word “stern” in paragraph 5? A. patient B. angry C. respectful D. afraid. 4. Why does the author say that Poppy’s hands were filled at last? A. Poppy learned that he was loved. B. Poppy had brought enough gifts before. C. Poppy still held his independence and pride. D. Poppy had found reasons for Marcia’s rudeness. 4.湖北省黄冈中学2019届高三第三次模拟考试英语 A South Korean man and the 21 ducklings he has been raising as his children ever since they hatched have been breaking the internet with their amazing bond. A video that recently went viral in the western world shows the cute birds following their “mother” on a mountain hike and listening to his every command. The middle-aged man, whose name is not revealed in the video, has been taking care of his 21 ducklings ever since they were eggs, making sure the incubation( 孵 化 ) period went smoothly, and even helping the tiny birds break through their shell when it came time to hatch. He was the first thing they laid eyes on in this world, and he has remained the most important figure in their lives since. Ducklings naturally follow their mother around, and since the man was the one who acted as their mother, these birds follow him everywhere, even up a mountain. To them it’s only natural, but the middle-aged man considers it training and conditioning for the time when he finally releases them into the wild. He would love to raise them all as pets, but knows that wouldn’t be ideal for him or the birds, so he’s making sure that they are strong enough to survive in the wild. The video shows the ducks following the middle-aged man as he hikes up a mountain outside Seoul, stopping whenever he does and refusing to follow anyone else, even if they give the same “let’s go” command their human mother does. Unless they hear his voice and see him moving, they don’t budge. It’s actually quite remarkable. I mean, it’s one thing to see dogs acting like this, but ducklings? That’s something else. While it’s not clear what the man does for a living, I’m pretty sure he has a lot of experience with ducks, as at one point he reveals a certificate for “father of ducklings” dated 2005. 1. What can we learn from the video? A. The ducklings just broke through their shells. B. The man accidentally saved some ducklings. C. The ducklings just obeyed the man naturally. D. The man took pride in his ducklings. 2. What’s the man’s purpose of raising the ducklings? A. To make a living by performing. B. To film a video to attract attention. C. To free them into the wild one day. D. To make a contribution to a bird reserve. 3. Which of the following can best replace the underlined word “budge” in Paragraph 4? A. Attack. B. Move. C. End. D. Struggle. 4. What can be the best title for the text? A. “Father” and “mother” of cute pets B. Man raises ducklings as his “children” C. Ducklings also regarded as good pets D. Amazing bond between man and animals 5. 山西省太原市第五中学2019届高三下学期阶段性考试 Friends always ask why I, a middle-aged woman with no athletic talent, travel to perilous places — the jungles of Thailand or Borneo, for example, where the water is often unsafe and the food risky; places with infectious diseases, poisonous snakes and the wildest animals; some places where the locals are just a few generations past headhunting. I never know how to answer. My travel decisions assumed a new gravity nine years ago after I suffered a stroke. To prevent another stroke, my doctors told me, I’d have to take dangerously high levels of blood thinner (血液稀释剂) for the rest of my life and any travel would be risky. I had to think about what was important to me: family, of course, and friends. But then what? No matter how many times I thought about it, no bucket list was complete without travel. Then I had to decide how I might manage the risk. I had to decide how lucky I felt. My return to travel after my stroke came in baby steps. The first real test of my travel courage came nine months after my stroke when I joined my husband, Jack, on a business trip to China. After we’d toured the remains of a Tang dynasty temple on a high mountain, Jack wanted to ride down on a toboggan (长雪橇). Before the stroke it would’ve seemed like fun. But now? I hesitated. My mental klaxon (高音喇叭) screamed warnings about the consequences of a cut, a fall, and a crash. Then, gaining confidence from who knows where, I lowered myself carefully into the toboggan, which marked my adventure travel comeback. In the years since then, I’ve traveled about twenty-five percent of the time. Through it all, my lucks held out — no deadly falls, no car accidents or serious infections. For me, adventure travel is a risk worth taking. Travel broadens my world and keeps me connected to nature. What’s more, saying “yes” to travel keeps me connected to myself. 1. What does the underlined word “perilous” in Paragraph 1 probably mean? A. Unique. B. Dangerous. C. Historical. D. Famous. 2. What did the doctors advise the author to do? A. Do proper exercise. B. Enjoy the rest of her life. C. Keep away from traveling. D. Spend more time with her family. 3. Why did the author mention her travel to China? A. It was her last adventure. B. She recovered her courage through it. C. She liked the beautiful scenery in China. D. It was the most dangerous experience in her life. 4. What is the best title for the text? A. A business trip to China B. Unique travel experiences C. Why I still travel to the wild D. How I overcame the fear of disease 6. 河南省八市重点高中联盟“领军考试”2019届高三第五次测评 It was rush hour on the morning of June 1 in the West Texas city of San Angelo. Heather Santellano, 36, was driving her white 2012 Mazda on Houston、 Harte Frontage Road with her nine-year-old daughter and ten-year- old son in the back. Suddenly, a red pickup truck cut them off. Santellano turned the wheel hard to the right, sending the Mazda skidding off the road and down an embankment(堤)that ended in a drop-off after about 50 feet. If the car didn't stop, it would go airborne and plunge onto the road some 20 feet below. Then a bit of luck: As the car raced toward the edge, its undercarriage got stuck on the cement lip of the embankment ledge, stopping it cold. The occupants, however, were far from safe. The car had come to rest on top of a retaining wall, literally teetering(摇摇欲坠)on the edge of disaster. One sudden move by anyone inside could send it over. Jacob Rodriguez watched the scene unfold from the 'T'ruck Repair Plant where he works. Then he and four other men ran to the car. They leaped onto the trunk to balance the weight as the terrified kids in the back seat watched. Meanwhile, Julio Vasquez and his nephew, Marco Vasquez, were driving to their jabs at nearby Premier Automotive. Julio jumped out of the car to help while Marco went to the shop, grabbed a heavy-duty strap(皮带),and returned to the swinging car. He fastened the Mazda to an P-350 truck that had been driven over by one of the other rescuers. With the car secured, the group carefully opened the back doors and helped the children out. But their departure shifted the car's weight, causing it to lean forward. The men, still on-the trunk, asked Santellano to jump into the back seat to rebalance the weight. She did and then inched out the back door. Finally, the men carefully got off the trunk. Everyone was safe. 1. What do we know about Heather Santellano? A. She was a careless driver. B. She drove her twins to school. C. She ran into a pickup truck. D. She made a sharp turn to avoid the truck. 2. What does the author intend to do in paragraph 2? A. Stress the coming of good fortune. B. Describe the car's dangerous situation. C. Add some background information. D. Explain why people came to the rescue. 3. What is the most critical in the rescue process? A. Balance. B. Cooperation. C. Calmness. D. Gravity. 4. Which of the following statements is consistent with the theme of the passage? A. Persistence will pay off. . B. One in trouble, all to help.、 C. Many hands make light work. D. Love makes the world go round. 7. 江西师范大学附属中学2019届高三三模 At the age of 14, James Harrison had a major chest operation and he required 13 units (3.4 gallons) of blood afterwards. The blood donations saved his life, and he decided that once he turned 18, he would begin donating blood as regularly as he could. More than 60 years and almost 1,200 donations later, Harrison, whose blood contains an antibody(抗体) that has saved the lives of 2.4 million babies from miscarriages (流产), retired as a blood donor on May 11. Harrison’s blood is valuable because he naturally produces Rh-negative blood, which contains Rh-positive antibodies. His blood has been used to create anti-D in Australia since 1967. “Every bottle of anti-D ever made in Australia has James in it,” Robyn Barlow, the Rh program director told the Sydney Morning Herald. “It’s an amazing thing. He has saved millions of babies. I cry just thinking about it.” Since then, Harrison has donated between 500 and 800 milliliters of blood almost every week. He’s made 1,162 donations from his right arm and 10 from his left. “I’d keep going if they let me,” Harrison told the Herald. His doctors said it was time to stop the donations — and they certainly don’t take them lightly. They had already extended the age limit for blood donations for him, and they’re cutting him off now to protect his health. He made his final donation surrounded by some of the mothers and babies who his blood helped save. Harrison’s retirement is a blow to the Rh treatment program in Australia. Only 160 donors support the program, and finding new donors has proven to be difficult. But Harrison’s retirement from giving blood doesn’t mean he’s completely out of the game. Scientists are collecting and cataloging his DNA to create a library of antibodies and white blood cells that could be the future of the anti-D program in Australia. 1. What do we know about James Harrison? A. He saved 2.4 million poor people. B. He is to retire as a blood donor. C. He is a very grateful blood donor. D. He donates blood nearly every day. 2. What is the author’s purpose of writing Paragraph 4? A. To state Harrison’s decision to continue donating blood. B. To describe how Harrison’s donations come to an end. C. To introduce some babies saved by Harrison’s blood. D. To praise Harrison for his cooperation with the doctors. 3. What can we infer from the passage about Harrison? A. After his retirement, the Rh program will fail. B. New donors are easy to find in a short time. C. He continues to contribute to the Rh program. D. His DNA is kept in a library for future study. 4. Which of the following can be the best title for the text? A. A Unique Man with a Rare Blood Type B. The Blood Saving Millions of Babies C. A Special Blood producer D. The Man with the Golden Arm 8. 晋冀鲁豫中原名校2019年高三第三次联考 Dutch designer Daan Roosegaarde has spent much of his time seeking artistic solutions(解决方案)to solve our environmental problems. His past projects include "Bioluminescent(生物发光)Trees" to light streets, a "Smog-Free Tower" to clean Beijing's polluted air. and "Gates of Light". which uses the headlamps of passing cars to light up the 60 floodgates of the Afsluitdijk, a major dam in the Netherlands. Now, he is hoping to use his skills to solve a pressing global problem-space junk! Scientists guess that there are over 500,000 bits of large rubbish. To deal with the problem, Roosegaarde intends to achieve his goal by educating the public about the need of the situation and coming up with possible solutions. The plan. called the Space Waste Lab. started in October 2018 with a laser(激光)show in the Netherlands. The unique outdoor artwork of LEDs used real-time tracking information to point at pieces of space junk floating at altitudes of 200 to 20,000 kilometers. The experience was designed to make the public know more about how much space junk there are. To find a solution, the designer has been thinking with experts. One of the projects being considered is "Shooting Stars",which attempts to reintroduce the trash to the atmosphere in a controlled way. Upon reentry. the waste would burn in the atmosphere like a shooting star. Roosegaarde envisages that if successful .burning space trash could someday replace fireworks at large public events! In September 2018。the RemoveDEBRIS satellite successfully sent a net to catch a target while orbiting at an altitude of about 300 kilometers(190 miles). Sometime this year. the capsule will set free a harpoon that has been designed to remove space trash. At the end of its task,RemoveDEBRIS will let go a sail to bring the satellite itself. and. hopefully some trash, back into the atmosphere. where it will burn up. 1. What can we infer about Daan Roosegaarde? A. He is too aggressive to put forward good plans. B. He is creative in solving environmental problems. C. He is fond of spending all of his time seeking art skills. D. He is sensitive to art reflected in environmental projects. 2. Why was a laser show held in October 2018? A. To confirm real-time information about space trash. B. To show the great beauty of LEDs to common people. C. To raise public awareness of the amount of space trash. D. To inspire people to consider the solution to space trash. 3. What does the underlined word "envisage" in paragraph 3 probably mean? A. Suspect. B. Demand. C. Advise. D. Imagine. 4. What is the function of a sail? A. Bringing the satellite to atmosphere to burn. B. Keeping trash traveling along its own orbit. C. Taking the satellite away from atmosphere. D. Removing space trash out of the capsule. 的作用是在任务结束时将卫星带入到大气层中自动焚毁,故A项正确。 答案解析 1、【语篇解读】这是一篇记叙文。作者原本与朋友约好去旅游,却被放了鸽子,她决定一个人去。途中她遇见了五个背包客,这些背包客邀请她一起去旅游,她和这些人一起经历了美好的几天,并和他们成了好朋友。 1.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据前文“My plan was to travel with a friend of a friend, I explained, but when I called her that morning, she didn’t pick up and I had no other way to reach her.”可知作者被朋友放鸽子了,被放鸽子肯定是失望的,C项(因为突然的变化而感到沮丧的)最符合作者此时的心情,所以选C。 2.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据““Why don’t you travel with us?” one of the backpackers offered”可知这些背包客邀请作者一起旅游,说明他们很热心;根据“ They were experienced adventurers who would work for a few months, save, then travel for as long as they could”可知这些背包客旅游经验很丰富,所以是值得信任的,综合选C。 3.A 【解析】推理判断题。根据“It seemed risky to travel with strangers, but my instinct said yes.”可知这些背包客邀请作者一起旅游时,她的本能(instinct)也就是第六感说了“好”,也就是说她的第六感让她相信她能和这些背包客相处的很好,才会答应他们的邀请,故选A。 4.D 【解析】推理判断题。根据“The world opened up to me because I chose to travel alone.”可知作者觉得自己选择一个人旅游让自己看到了更大的世界,再结合最后一句“Though I was happy she was all right, I was grateful she hadn’t picked up the phone.”可知作者庆幸她的朋友没有接她的电话。由此可以判断作者认为自己选择一个人去旅行是一个很好的决定,故选D。 2、【语篇解读】这是一篇记叙文。记叙了Randy Heiss在亚利桑那州巴塔哥尼亚徒步旅行时。在农场,他意外收到了来自美墨边境的一个小女孩的圣诞礼物清单。女孩通过气球来发送圣诞愿望。在妻子的帮助下,他们开始帮助女孩实现愿望。这次经历对这对九年前失去了唯一的儿子的夫妻也说也是很大的安慰。 1.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段I found this balloon on my morning walk near Patagonia on Sunday. Attached to it was a piece of paper with the Christmas wishes from a little girl.根据下文可知小女孩就是Dayami,她是通过把愿望绑在气球上发送圣诞愿望的。故选B。 2.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段第一句When he brought the list home to his wife, who speaks fluent Spanish, they determined that the little girl had asked for Enchantimals toys, clothes, art supplies and various other gifts.可知当他把单子带回家给能说一口流利西班牙语的妻子时,他们断定小女孩想要的是魔法师的玩具、衣服、美术用品和其他各种各样的礼物。即他是通过妻子的帮助知道女孩到底想要什么的。故选A。 3.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据第二段最后一句Heiss said he had attempted to send Christmas letters to Santa Claus via balloon when he was a kid but never received a response.可知当他还是个孩子的时候,他曾试图通过气球给圣诞老人寄圣诞信,但从未收到任何回复。可知他有和女孩相似的但不成功的经历,因此他决定帮助女孩实现愿望。故选C。 4.B 【解析】推理判断题。最后一段第一句Heiss,60, said the experience was very healing for him and his wife.可知这段经历Heiss说对他和他的妻子来说是非常治愈的。因为他们九年前失去了唯一的儿子,因此这次经历对他们来说是一种很大的安慰。故选B。 3、【语篇解读】这是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲了Marcia的母亲去世后,Poppy坚决拒绝女儿Marcia和女婿Jack的邀请,不和他们住在一起。他固执地不去挤他们的小房子,不想成为他们的负担。每次Poppy去看望女儿一家,都会给他们带礼物。所以,Marcia一直认为自己的父亲有足够的钱生活。一次意外发生,当医生告诉Marcia,他的父亲根本没有钱的时候,Marcia很困惑,没有钱还给孩子们买礼物。于是,Marcia和父亲吵了一架。后来,在圣诞节时,Marcia邀请父亲来家里,并且告诉他,他是他们中的一员,他们都爱他。这次Poppy终于空手来了,放下了他所谓的“骄傲”。 1.D 【解析】细节理解题。答案定位在第二段After Marcia’s mother died, Poppy firmly refused Marcia and Jack’s invitation to come and live with them. He was stubborn about not crowding their little house, about not becoming a burden.(Marcia的母亲去世后,Poppy坚决拒绝Marcia和Jack的邀请,不和他们住在一起。他固执地不去挤他们的小房子,不想成为他们的负担。)由此可知,Poppy不和他女儿住在一起的原因是他不想成为她的负担,故选D。 2.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第三段In fact, he was always helpful. The kids loved him because he listened to them and because he always brought them something. He also brought special gifts to Marcia and Jack, never arriving empty-handed.(事实上,他总是乐于助人。孩子们爱他,因为他听他们说话,因为他总是给他们带来一些东西。他还给Marcia和Jack带来了特别的礼物,从来没有空手而来。)和第四段The doctor said that Poppy had been living on coffee and doughnuts. Later that day, the pharmacist told Marcia, “He has practically no money at all—just the government cheque and what little he makes here. Yet I myself saw him spend most of his last cheque on your little boy’s bicycle.”( 医生说Poppy一直靠咖啡和甜甜圈生活。那天晚些时候,药剂师告诉Marcia,“他实际上什么钱也没有——只有一张政府支票和他在这里挣的一点点钱。可是我亲眼看见他把最后一张支票的大部分都花在你儿子的自行车上了。”)Marcia的父亲一直给他们买礼物,所以Marcia认为自己的父亲有足够的钱生活。当医生告诉Marcia,他的父亲根本没有钱的时候,Marcia很困惑,故选B。 3.B 【解析】词义猜测题。下文“You’re foolish, Poppy,” she said. “I have my pride,” Poppy answered. “False pride,” she hurled(斥责)back at him.意思是“你真傻,Poppy”她说。“我有我的骄傲,” Poppy回答。“错误的骄傲,”她狠狠地回击他。由此可知She became stern with Poppy.意思是她对Poppy很生气。“stern”意思是生气的,A. patient有耐心的;B. angry生气的;C. respectful尊敬的;D. afraid.害怕的,故选B。 4.A 【解析】推理判断题。答案定位在最后一段She felt worried and called Poppy, telling him that he was one of them and that they all loved him.(她很担心,给Poppy打了电话,告诉他,他是他们中的一员,他们都爱他。)由此推断出,作者说Poppy的手最后被填满了是因为Poppy知道他被家人爱着,故选A。 4、【语篇解读】这是一篇新闻报道类阅读。文章主要讲了韩国一位中年男子把小鸭子当“孩子”养,这些小鸭子把他当成了“妈妈”,到处跟着他,很自然地服从这个人的命令。 1.C 【解析】细节理解题。答案定位在第三段Ducklings naturally follow their mother around, and since the man was the one who acted as their mother, these birds follow him everywhere, even up a mountain.(小鸭子很自然地会跟着它们的妈妈到处走,因为这个人就是它们的妈妈,所以这些小鸭子到处跟着他,甚至上了山。)由此可知,我们能从这个视频中得知,小鸭们很自然地服从这个人,故选C。 2.C 【解析】细节理解题。答案定位在第三段To them it’s only natural, but the middle-aged man considers it training and conditioning for the time when he finally releases them into the wild.(对它们来说,这是很自然的,但是中年男人认为这是为它们最终被放归野外而进行的训练。)由此可知,这个男子养小鸭的目的是有一天把它们放归野外,故选C。 3.B 【解析】词义猜测题。上文The video shows the ducks following the middle-aged man as he hikes up a mountain outside Seoul, stopping whenever he does and refusing to follow anyone else, even if they give the same “let’s go” command their human mother does.意思是视频显示,当这名中年男子爬上首尔郊外的一座山时,鸭子们跟着他,无论他什么时候停下来,它们都不愿跟着任何人,即使给它们发出和人类母亲同样的“让我们走”命令。由此可知,Unless they hear his voice and see him moving, they don’t budge.意思是除非它们听到他的声音,看到他在动,否则它们不会动。“budge”意思是移动,A. Attack.攻击;B. Move.移动;C. End.结束;D. Struggle.努力,故选B。 4.B 【解析】主旨大意题。第一段A video that recently went viral in the western world shows the cute birds following their “mother” on a mountain hike and listening to his every command.(最近在西方世界走红的一段视频显示,这些可爱的小鸟跟随它们的“妈妈”爬山,听从他的每一个命令。)是全文的主题句,结合全文内容可知,这篇文章最好的题目是人类把小鸭子当“孩子”养,故选B。 5、【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述的是去中国的一次旅行。 1.B 【解析】词义猜测题。根据第一段中the jungles of Thailand or Borneo, for example, where the water is often unsafe and the food risky; places with infectious diseases, poisonous snakes and the wildest animals; some places where the locals are just a few generations past headhunting.“例如,泰国或婆罗洲的丛林,那里的水往往不安全,食物也很危险;有传染病、毒蛇和野生动物的场所;有些地方的本地人刚刚过了猎头的时代。”可推知划线词的意思是“危险的”。故选B。 2.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据第二段中To prevent another stroke, my doctors told me, I’d have to take dangerously high levels of blood thinner (血液稀释剂) for the rest of my life and any travel would be risky.“我的医生告诉我,为了防止再次中风,我的余生都必须服用高剂量的危险血液稀释剂,任何旅行都是有风险的。”可知,医生建议作者远离旅行。故选C。 3.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段中The first real test of my travel courage came nine months after my stroke when I joined my husband, Jack, on a business trip to China.“中风九个月后,我和丈夫杰克一起去中国出差,这是对我旅行勇气的第一次真正考验。”可知,作者之所以提到她的中国之行是因为她通过这件事恢复了勇气。故选B。 4.C 【解析】主旨大意题。根据最后一段中For me, adventure travel is a risk worth taking. Travel broadens my world and keeps me connected to nature. What’s more, saying “yes” to travel keeps me connected to myself.“对我来说,冒险旅行是值得冒险的。旅行开阔了我的世界,使我与大自然保持联系。更重要的是,对旅行说“是”让我和自己保持联系。”可知,本文讲述的是去中国的一次旅行。故选C。 6、【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文。文章描写了Heather Santellano驾车外出,遭遇皮卡抢道,致轿车于堤崖边,摇摇欲坠,危机四伏,周围及路过的陌生人慷慨施救,最终脱险。 1.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第一段Santellano turned the wheel hard to the right,sending the Mazda skidding off the road and down an embankment(堤)that ended in a drop-off after about 50 feet..可知,桑特拉诺把方向盘用力向右转,汽车在行驶50英尺后滑出公路,沿着一条堤岸滑下。所以说,她急转弯以避开卡车。故选D。 2.B 【解析】推理判断题。第二段讲到幸运的是,车子完全停住了。然而,后座的孩子们却并不安全,车子处于堤边,摇摇欲坠。特别最后一句One sudden move by anyone inside could send it over.更能判断出,此段描述一下这辆车的危险情况。故选B。 3.A 【解析】推理判断题。综合第三段They leaped onto the trunk to balance the weight..他们跳上后备箱来平衡重量,和最后一段. The men, still on-the trunk, asked Santellano to jump into the back seat to rebalance the weight.他们让桑特拉诺跳到汽车后座上来平衡重量,以及中间的描写可判断,救援过程中最关键的是平衡。故选A。 4.B 【解析】推理判断题。文章描写了Heather Santellano驾车外出,遭遇皮卡抢道,致轿车于堤崖边,摇摇欲坠,危机四伏,周围及路过的陌生人慷慨施救,最终脱险。故 One in trouble ,all to help一方有难,八方支援,符合文章主题。故选B。 7、【语篇解读】这是一篇记叙文。短文叙述了一位澳大利亚男子在他14岁时,因为他的病,急需要血液,别人帮他输血救了他的生命,他决定一旦年满18岁,就开始尽可能定期献血。他一直捐献自己极其罕见的血液来救别人,60多年里,献血将近1200次,救了240万婴儿的生命。 25.C 【解析】推理判断题。由第一段“he decided that once he turned 18, he would begin donating blood as regularly as he could.”以及第二段“More than 60 years and almost 1,200 donations later, Harrison, whose blood contains an antibody(抗体) that has saved the lives of 2.4 million babies from miscarriages ”可知,他决定一旦年满18岁,就开始尽可能定期献血。60多年内,他献血将近1200次。他的血液中含有一种抗体,这种抗体挽救了240万婴儿的生命。所以哈里森兑现了他14岁许下的诺言,60多年内,他献血将近1200次。挽救了240万婴儿的生命。故通过关键词“begin donating blood as regularly,60 years,1,200 donations,save”可以判断出,哈里森是个非常感恩的献血者。故C选项正确。 26.B 【解析】推理判断题。由第四段“His doctors said it was time to stop the donations — and they certainly don’t take them lightly. They had already extended the age limit for blood donations for him, and they’re cutting him off now to protect his health. He made his final donation surrounded by some of the mothers and babies who his blood helped save”可知,他的医生说,是时候停止捐赠了,他们当然不会轻易接受。他们已经延长了他献血的年龄限制,现在为了保护他的健康,他要停止献血。他做了最后一次捐赠,他的血液挽救了一些母亲和婴儿的生命。所以通过医生所说的话,可以判断出,第四段的目的是描述哈里森的献血是如何结束的。故B选项正确。 27.C 【解析】推理判断题。由最后一段“But Harrison’s retirement from giving blood doesn’t mean he’s completely out of the game. Scientists are collecting and cataloging his DNA to create a library of antibodies and white blood cells that could be the future of the anti-D program in Australia.”可知,但是,哈里森从献血退休并不意味着他完全退出了,科学家们正在收集和编目他的DNA,以建立一个抗体和白血球库,这可能是澳大利亚抗-D计划的未来。所以尽管哈里森已经退休,但他并不是完全退出,因为围绕着他血液的研究会一直进行下去,所以哈里森会继续为Rh项目做出贡献。故C选项正确。 28.D 【解析】主旨大意题。通读全文可知,短文叙述了一位澳大利亚男子在他14岁时,因为他的病,急需血液,别人帮他输血救了他的生命,他决定一旦年满18岁,就开始尽可能定期献血。他一直捐献自己极其罕见的血液来救别人,60多年里,献血将近1200次,救了超过二百万婴儿的故事。所以短文主要在叙述一位有极其珍贵的手臂的人,是这样的手臂输出的血液,救了这么多的人。故短文的最佳标题为“一位有极其珍贵的手臂的人”。故D选项正确。 8、【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了一位荷兰设计师试图通过艺术形式有创意地解决太空垃圾问题。 1.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第一段“His past projects include‘Bioluminescent(生物发光)Trees' to light streets, a ‘Smog Free Tower' to clean Beijing s polluted air, and ‘Gates of Light’, which uses the headlamps of passing cars to light up the floodgates of the Afsluitdijk, a major dam in the Netherlands”可知,他过去的项目包括点亮街道的生物发光树,净化北京污染空气的雾霾净化塔以及荷兰一座大坝的防洪闸,由此可知,丹·罗斯加德在解决环境问题上很有创造力,故B项正确。 2.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段“The unique outdoor artwork of LET used real-time tracking information to point at pieces of space junk floating at altitudes of 200 to 20,000 kilometers The experience was designed to make the public know more about how much space junk there are”可知,举办这个激光秀的目的是提高公众对太空垃圾数量的认识,故C项正确。 3.D 【解析】词义猜测题。根据画线词后的“...if successful, burning space trash could someday replace fireworks at large public events!”可知,丹·罗斯加德的设想,如果成功的话,焚烧太空垃圾有一天会取代大型活动中的烟火,由此可知画线词为“设想、想象”,故D项正确。 4.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段“At the end of its task, RemoveDEBRIS will let go a sail to bring the satellite itself, and, hopefully some trash, back into the atmosphere, where it will burn up.”可知,在帆 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

  • ID:4-6203473 河北省邢台市2020届高三上学期第一次摸底考试英语试题 扫描版(无听力音频及材料)

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    河北省邢台市2020届高三上学期第一次摸底考试英语试题 扫描版含答案.doc

  • ID:4-6199311 2020届高三金太阳八月全国大联考英语试卷及答案(含听力文字材料无音频)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

    高三英语试卷 (考试时间:120分钟试卷满分:150分) 注意事项: 1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号、考场号和座位号填写在答题卡上。 2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂 黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在 答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效 3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回 第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选 项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读 遍 B: How much is the shirt? A.£19.15 B.£9.18. C.£9.15 答案是C 1. What is Mike reading? A. A book B. A letter C. A notice 2. What does the woman want to do for vacation? A Go to the beach. B. Travel to Colorado. C. Learn to snowboard. 3. What will the man probably do? A. Take the job. B. Refuse the offer. C Change the working hours. 4. Why is the woman surprised? A. She lost her receipt. B. She broke the timing button. C. She has to pay for the repair. 5. What are the speakers talking about? A Organizing an activity. B Reading a book. 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  • ID:4-6197943 专题6 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编七选五(含解析)

    高中英语/高考专区/真题分类汇编

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编 专题6 七选五 一、2019年高考真题 1. 【2019·全国卷I】 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Is Fresh Air Really Good for You? We all grew up hearing people tell us to “go out and get some fresh air.” ____36____ According to recent studies,the answer is a big YES,if the air quality in your camping area is good. ___37___ If the air you’re breathing is clean-which it would be if you’re away from the smog of cities-then the air is filled with life-giving,energizing oxygen. If you exercise out of doors,your body will learn to breathe more deeply,allowing even more oxygen to get to your muscles(肌肉)and your brain. Recently,people have begun studying the connection between the natural world and healing(治愈). _____38_____ In these places patients can go to be near nature during their recovery. It turns out that just looking at green,growing things can reduce stress,lower blood pressure,and put people into a better mood(情绪).Greenery is good for us. Hospital patients Who see tree branches out their window are likely to recover at a faster rate than patients who see buildings or sky instead. ______39______ It gives us a great feeling of peace. ___40___While the sun's rays can age and harm our skin, they also give is beneficial Vitamin D. To make sure you get enough Vitamin D—but still protect your skin— put on sunscreen right as you head outside. It takes sunscreen about fifteen minutes to start working, and that's plenty of time for your skin to absorb a day's worth of Vitamin D. A. Fresh air cleans our lungs. B. So what are you waiting for? C. Being in nature refreshes us. D. Another side benefit of getting fresh air is sunlight. E. But is fresh air really as good for you as your mother always said? F. Just as importantly, we tend to associate air with health care. G. All across the country, recovery centers have begun building Healing Gardens. 2. 【2019·全国卷II】 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Imagine a child standing on a diving board four feet high and asking himself the question:“Should I jump? This is what motivation or the lack of it can do. Motivation and goal setting are the two sides of same coin. ___36___Like the child on the diving board, you will stay undecided. ___37___ More than that, how should you stay motivated to achieve the goal? First, you need to evaluate yourself , your values your strengths, your weaknesses, your achievements, your desires ,etc. Only then should your you’re your goals You also need to judge the quality and depth of your motivation. This is quite important, because it is directly related to your commitment. There are times when your heart is not in your work. ___38___ So, slow down and think what you really want to do at that moment. Clarity(清晰)of thoughts can help you move forward. Another way of setting realistic goals is to analyze your short and long term objectives, keeping in mind your beliefs, values and strengths. Remember that goals are flexible.____39____ They also need to be measurable. You must keep these points in mind while setting your goals. Your personal circumstances are equally important. For example, you may want to be a Pilot but can’t become one because your eyesight is not good enough.____40____You should reassess your goals, and motivate yourself to set a fresh goal. You will surely need to overcome some difficulties, some planned, but most unplanned. You cannot overcome them without ample motivation. Make sure that you plan for these difficulties at the time of setting your goals. A. This can affect your work. B. So how should you motivate yourself? C. However, this should not discourage you. D. So why should we try to set specific goals? E. They can change according to circumstances. F. Motivation is what you need most to do a good job. G. Without motivation you can neither set a goal nor reach it 3. 【2019·全国卷III】 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 In an online class, developing healthy patterns of communication with professors is very important. ___36___ While I have only listed two of each, there are obviously many other situations that can arise. Students should be able to extend the logic(逻辑)of each to their particular circumstance. Do's ? ___37___ Questions about subject content are generally welcomed. Before asking questions about the course design, read the syllabus(教学大纲)and learning management system information to be sure the answer isn't hiding in plain sight. ? Participate in discussion forums(论坛), blogs and other open-ended forums for dialogue. ___38___ Be sure to stay on topic and not offer irrelevant information. Make a point, and make it safe for others to do the same. Don'ts ? Don't share personal information or stories. Professors are not trained nurses, financial aid experts or your best friends. If you are in need of a deadline extension, simply explain the situation to the professor. ___39___ ? Don't openly express annoyance at a professor or class. ___40___ When a student attacks a professor on the social media, the language used actually says more about the student. If there is truly a concern about a professor's professionalism or ability, be sure to use online course evaluations to calmly offer your comments. A. That's what they are for. B. Turn to an online instructor for help. C. If more information is needed, they will ask. D. Remember that online professors get a lot of emails. E. Below are some common do's and don' ts for online learners. F. Everyone has taken a not-so-great class at one time or another. G. Ask questions, but make sure they are good, thoughtful questions. 4. 【2019·北京卷】 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Much of the work in today’s world is accomplished(完成)in teams. Most people believe the best way to build a great team is to gather a group of the most talented individuals._____46_____Companies spend millions hiring top business people. Is their money well spent? ___47___They focused on football,basketball and baseball. The results are mixed For football and basketball,adding talented players to a team proves a good method,but only up to the point where 70% of the players are top talent;above that level, the team’s performance begins to decline. Interestingly,this trend isn’t evident in baseball. where additional individual talent keeps improving the team’s performance. To explain this phenomenon,the researchers explored the degree to which a good performance by a team requires its members to coordinate(协调)their actions.______48______In baseball,the performance of individual players is less dependent on teammates. They conclude that when task interdependence is high,team performance will suffer when there is too much talent,while individual talent will have positive effects on team performance when task interdependence is lower. If a basketball star is. for example,trying to gain a high personal point total,he may take a shot himself when it would be better to pass the ball to a teammate,affecting the team's performance. Young children learning to play team sports are often told,“There is no I in TEAM.”___49___ Another possibility is that when there is a lot of talent on a team,some players may make less effort. Just as in a game of tug-of-war(拔河比赛),whenever a person is added,everyone else pulls the rope with less force. ___50___.An A-team may require a balance-not just A players,but a few generous B players as well. A. It's not a simple matter to determine the nature of talent. B. Sports team owners spend millions of dollars attracting top talent C. The group interaction and its effect drew the researchers' attention. D. Stars apparently do not follow this basic principle of sportsmanship. E. Several recent studies examined the role of talent in the sports world. F. Building up a dream team is more complex than simply hiring the best talent. G. This task interdependence distinguishes baseball from football and basketball. 5. 【2019·浙江卷】 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Rock music consists of many different styles. Even though there is a common spirit among all music groups, they make very different music. ___31___ At that time the Beatles entered the world of music from Liverpool. After they were given an invitation to appear live on BBC, the Beatles quickly became famous in Britain with nationwide tours. By mid-1963, the Beatles had been extremely popular in England. ___32___ They held large concerts and performed at clubs. They became the hottest thing on the pop music scene in England. They began as a modestly successful musician group and ended the year as show business legends(传说). John Lennon and Paul McCartney were named composers of the year. ___33___ They were not sure how the Americans would react to the new type of music. Beatlemania hit New York on February 7, 1964. Hundreds of fans jammed the airport to greet them. ___34___ The concert was broadcast live and attracted the largest one night audience in the history of television up to that time. The Beatles were described as a British invasion(入侵)by local and nationwide newspapers at that time. Their victory in America was still remembered as a major turning point in the history of rock and roll. Thanks to the Beatles, a lot of opportunities were opened up to new faces on the market. ___35___ A. They decided on a tour to the United States in 1964. B. Even their hairstyles became major trends at that time. C. Rock music developed in the 1950s and the early 1960s. D. However, their songs changed the lives of generations to come. E. Many rock bands were able to follow in the footsteps of the Beatles. F. They appeared in the films A Hard Day's Night(1964)and Help!(1965). G. They performed their first concert in America at CBS television's 53rd street studio. 二、2019届模拟题 1.山东省淄博市2019届高三部分学校5月阶段性诊断(二模)考试 Living to the ripe old age of 90 may depend on your body size—both height and weight—as well as your level of physical activity,and geeing to influence a woman’s lifespan more than it does a man’s. The study found women who lived to 90 were,on average,taller and had put on less weight since the age of 20 as compared to women who were shorter and heavier.1. However,men saw more benefit from physical activity than women. In 1986 researchers asked over 7,000 Norwegian men and women between age 55 and 69 about their height,current weight,and weight at age 20.Both genders also told researchers about their current physical activities.2. The men and women were then sorted into daily activity quotas:less than 30 minutes,30 to 60 minutes,and 90 minutes or more. Men and women in the study fared very differently when it came to the impact of body size and exercise. Women who weighed less at age 20 and put on less weight as they aged were more likely to live longer than heavier women.3. The study found women who were taller than 5 feet 9 inches were 31%more likely to live into their 90s than women who were less than 5 feet 3 inches. 4. Men who spent 90 minutes a day or more being active were 39%more likely to live to 90 than men who were physically active for less than 30 minutes. However,women who were physically active for more than 60 minutes a day were only 21%more likely to live to 90 than those who did 30 minutes or less.And unlike men,there was no bonus for increasing activity.5. A. Height played a major factor. B. No such association was seen for men. C. The study was observational and couldn’t establish cause. D. In fact,the study found that the optimal level of activity for women was 60 minutes a day. E. Neither height nor weight seemed to factor into whether the men reached their 90s,but activity level did. F. In addition,for each 30 minutes a day the men were active,they were 5%more likely to reach that age. G. And they included dog walking,gardening,home improvements,walking or biking to work and sports. 2.安徽师范大学附属中学2019届高三5月考前适应性检测 Competition is all around us and it makes the strong stronger and the weak weaker. It can also teach us how to survive in a fast-paced and stressful world. 1 . How many of us have seen young boys weeping because their teams didn’t win inter-school tournament? How many of us have seen young teenagers cheat just to win? 2 So it’s important to develop healthy competition among children. When it comes to encouraging healthy competition among children, the first thing to do is set goals for them to stick to. 3 Since children may be easily affected by wrong ideas from popular media and the Internet, it’s up to you to develop the right kind of spirit in them. Team spirit will help them grow into human beings who aren’t easily annoyed by small losses or too excited by victories. 4 So give them examples where family members refused to cheat to win. 5 . When they take an exam, don’t ask about how much they expect to score; instead, ask what they wrote about. If your son played a cricket match at school, don’t ask him whether his team won or lost; ask him how many runs he scored and encourage him to score higher next time instead. When you let your children know that you’re more interested in how they performed rather than whether they lost or won, they will surely try to better themselves. A. However, you mustn’t push them too hard and burden them with too high a goal B. We should also encourage healthy competition among children C. These are the effects of unhealthy competition D. In addition, they may also not want to adopt just any method to win, like cheating or lying E. Care more about children’s performance rather than the results in a sports match F. However, children can be hit by competition G. Sending your children the right signals is also important 3.湖北省黄冈市2019届高三模拟 If something that you’re doing doesn’t challenge you, then it doesn’t change you. We all need some normal stress in our lives, after all. 1 So challenge the following limits: 1. Figure out what you’re scared of and do it continuously. If you’re a salesman, and you’re scared of talking to people personally or over the phone now, instead of being scared and thinking you’ll fail, spend at least five minutes a day to pick up the phone and make a call. 2 But don’t stop on the first try! Eventually, you can look at fear in the eye and say, “Go on. I’m not scared!” 2. Take a class for a hobby you’ve been wanting to develop Make sure this hobby is not linked to your career; you have to relax and relieve your stress while performing this. 3 Apart from helping you challenge yourself, taking a class for your hobby may also give you extra income. 3. Set aside at least nine minutes a day for physical exercise. 4 A simple 9-minute run around your neighborhood can do wonders for yourself. Exercise can not only help you maintain your regular weight, but also make you feel better about yourself. 4. Travel and allow yourself to be interested in new people. Don’t just limit yourself to your fellow travelers—try to connect with the service staff. You never know what kind of people they’re going to be. Get out of your house or go online right now to book your class. 5 A. You should do it continuously. B. Someone may hang up on you. C. You don’t need to go to the gym. D. Running in the gym may be a better choice. E. Start to travel now and learn to challenge yourself. F. Some examples might be cooking, sewing, painting and so on. G. You can never see any improvement if you stick to your comfort zone. 4.湖南省五市十校教研教改共同体2018-2019学年联考 Helpful ways to deal with a know-it-all friend Sometimes having a friend who thinks she knows everything and always offers her unsolicited(主动提供的) advice can really make one upset. But with some ways to deal with know-it-all, you can easily cope with that friend. Also a know-it-all friend often acts as if she were the best. 1 Try to understand. There may be a reason why your know-it-all friend does so. Maybe she has low self-esteem(自尊),or she s not happy in her life. 2 This tip is very important, especially if the know-it-all is your best friend Give her a little attention, Giving a little attention is one of the best ways to deal with a know-it-all friend. Show some enthusiasm about what the know-it-all says to give her enough attention, 3 Or this can lead to her giving more unsolicited advice 4 Often the know-it-all friend can say some not-so-nice things, and these things are usually about you. Instead of thinking that something is not okay with you, never take her comments and advice personally. If you do so. you may really begin to become unnecessarily anxious. Have a talk with her. If you re sick and tired of all those unsolicited advice, come right out with it. Speak politely and don’t insult(辱骂)her. Try to find a good time to talk to her. 5 Tell your know-it-all friend how it makes you feel and maybe she will respond well A. Feel free to ignore her all the time. B. Don't take her comments personally. C. However, make sure you don’t overdo it D. Try not to go to those places where you think shell be D. Try not to go to those places where you think shell be E. If you have such a friend, here are a few tips on coping with her F. Try to understand her and understand why she acts the way that she does. G. You need to know what you’re going to say and be sure to use only kind words 5.广东省汕头市2019届高三第二次模拟 Rising through stages to realize ourselves Many modern people have the problem that they don’t know who they are and what their purpose is. 1 . Once high school seniors graduate, they seem to lose their identity. They once studied hard. But after they stop working, they begin to lose their way. In the theory of the Hierarchy of Needs(需求理论), Abraham Maslo, put forward a similar situation, which consists of the five levels of a person’s need. The fifth and final level is self-realization, which is where our final achievement lies. 2 I think self- realization has three major aspects. The first stage is acceptance, the second stage is discovery and the last stage is perseverance. Acceptance is the first stage. We should be reminded that we are all born unique, so we all have our own strengths and weaknesses. Only when we understand these, can we pursue them or change them. 3 Once we’ve accepted ourselves, we can discover what we are interested in and what we want to be. 4 but indeed we should live for ourselves. So before we start working towards a purpose, we should ask ourselves “Is this what we truly desire?” and “Is this going to change the situation we’re in?” The last stage is perseverance. 5 Those who can self-realize are people who focus on the things they want to change. Through the three stages, we could gain recognition of ourselves. And by this point, whatever our lives were like, we would be able to stand tall, confident of ourselves. A. It’s nothing to a man of perseverance B. Only by acceptance of the past can we change it C. This is especially common among college students D. Many people tend to go along with social expectations E. Being objective and yet tolerant is the key to acceptance F. It is the process of knowing ourselves and finding a purpose G. Exploring our potential isn’t going to be done in a short time 6.广东省深圳市高级中学2019届高三适应性考试 You forgot to set your wake-up alarm. As you slowly come to realize that you’re going to be extremely late for school or work, you begin to get into a panic. 1 . So you leave home stressed, hungry and thirsty. If you often start your day in such a stressed state, then you’ll be sure to benefit from the suggestions below. Wake up on time. Waking up on time (or even early) is necessary to start your day positively. 2 And you won’t need to rush around at the last minute. Make your bed. Making your bed is probably the last thing you think about when you are prepared in the morning. This habit may be okay for students, but if you want to increase your motivation and productivity, you should definitely make your bed. 3 . Take a 10-minute walk in the morning. If you have a dog, then this will be an easy task for you. However, even if you don’t own a dog, why not try walking for 10 minutes outside every morning? 4 . 5 Organized people tend to do this work. It helps them keep track of what needs doing at home, work and beyond. The morning time is perfect for checking your to-do list. You may also find that you can delete some items that you completed the previous day. A. Check your to-do list. B. There’s no time for any food or drink. C. Write down things you’re grateful for. D. Fresh air and exercise will make you feel more energetic. E. It will give you space and time to complete your morning routine. F. You’ll be rewarded by a tidy room, and a feeling of self-satisfaction. G. Each morning is the start of a new day, so why not learn something new? 7.湖北省黄冈中学2019届高三第三次模拟考试 During his 2009 TED Global talk, sound consultant Julian Treasure said there are four major ways that sound affects human. What do fire alarms, car noises and alarm clocks all have in common? Their sound affects us physiologically ( 生 理 上 地 ). 1 . Heart rate increases and breath quickens as the body prepares to fight a possible threat or run for survival. But a physiological response to sound isn't always upsetting. The rhythmic(有节奏 的 ) frequency of ocean waves roughly matches the rhythm of a sleeping person’s breathing . 2 . The second way sound affects us is psychological— it makes us feel. Have you ever heard a piece of music that makes you sad? Whether it’s a sad song that brings tears to your eyes or a funny song that makes you laugh, music can make us feel a range of emotions. 3 . When we hear the comforting singing of birds, we know things are good and safe. 4 . The brain tries to get meaning from the words and sentences we hear. When your mom, dad, and little brother are all talking at once at the dinner table, the competing voices make it hard to focus. Our brains have a very small bandwidth for processing auditory ( 听 觉 的 ) input, says Treasure. No wonder it's annoying when someone keeps talking during a movie! Finally, sound may cause behavioral changes. 5 . People tend to walk away from loud or annoying sounds and toward pleasant sounds. Next time a fire engine screams past, birds start singing or you hear a sorrowful pop song, stop, listen, and think about the many ways sound influences you. A. Also, sound affects how we think. B. Birdsong also affects us psychologically. C. In other words, they make our bodies react. D. Unpleasant sounds affect our physical health. E. In fact, some music can put you in a good mood . F. Drivers who listen to fat-paced music may speed up. G. When we hear the ocean rise and fall, the sound relaxes our bodies. 8.2019届山东师范大学附属中学高三最后打靶题 There have been a lot of comments recently surrounding 5G, the next generation of wireless technology. 1 .? How might it change our lives? 5G stands for fifth generation, meaning the next step in the progression of technology to replace the current 4G system. Earlier “G” systems were designed to improve mobile communication operations. Each new technology brought major improvements in speed and greatly increased network capacity (容量). 2 . It is expected to permit more users to do more things at a faster rate. However, technology experts say there is a major way that 5G is different from the earlier systems. 3 . It will affect many more devices and industries than other “G” versions. 5G will help fuel future “smart cities” by connecting sensor networks. 5G is also expected to connect self-driving cars and support new technologies involving virtual reality (虚拟现实). Higher 5G speeds could also permit doctors to commonly perform remote medical operations. Factories and businesses could use 5G technology to increase automation and improve the collection of information. 4 . The increased data flow across 5G networks would give Internet attackers a lot more possibilities to steal and misuse data. In addition, the wider use of a 5G wireless network means any breakdown of the system would have more widespread and severe results. Such difficulties could affect public safety. 5 , or a network breakdown could cause self-driving vehicles to crash. A. Why is 5G so popular B. What is this technology C. Every coin has two sides D. The new 5G system promises more of the same E. It will move beyond mobile network technology F. A breakdown of 5G networks may cause economic losses G. A failure during a doctor's remote operation could lead to death 答案解析 高考真题 1、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。文章介绍了新鲜空气的好处:新鲜空气中的氧气,阳光对人们的身心健康均有好处。人们已经开始利用大自然和治愈疾病的关系,建造“康复花园”,治疗病人了。 36.E 根据下一句中的“the answer is a big YES”可知,该空应该是一个一般疑问句,选项中只有E选项是一般疑问句。故选E:但是新鲜空气真得像你母亲说的那样对你有好处吗?空前的people tell us to “go out and get some fresh air”和选项中的“your mother always said”亦是呼应。 37.A 根据下一句中提到的“If the air you’re breathing is clean…the air is filled with life-giving, energizing oxygen”可知,新鲜空气充满赋予人生命的,充满活力的氧气。下文中“…breathe more deeply, allowing more oxygen to get to your muscles and your brain”是对前文的递进:在户外,更多的氧气进入你的肌肉和大脑。根据前面的分析可以推知,该空应该提到新鲜空气的基本作用,根据常识,我们知道吸入的空气首先进入的是肺部,然后才会使我们的肌肉和大脑受益,故该空应选A选项:新鲜空气清洁我们的肺部。 38.G 根据下一句中提到的“these places”可以推知,该空应该提到表示地点的复数名词。选项中只有G选项提到该类名词,故选项G:在全国,康复中心已经开始建造“康复花园”。these places就是指Healing Gardens。 39.C 前文介绍的是“康复花园”中的绿色植物对于病人康复的好的作用:绿色的正在成长的植物可以减轻压力,降低血压,使人情绪良好。空后提到“它给我们一种平和感”。该空起承上启下的作用,仍然要提到处于“康复花园”这种自然环境中的好处,空后的it也要指代这种情况。故C选项切题:身处大自然可以使人精神焕发。 40.D 根据下文中提到的“the sun’s rays…give us beneficial Vitamin D”可知,该段介绍的阳光的好处。故该选项应该提到阳光。选项中只有D选项涉及阳光。故选D:获得新鲜空气的另一个好处是阳光。 2、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。文章作者对于怎样设定具体目标,给出了一些方法。 36.G 上文说“动机和目标设定是同一枚硬币的两面”。下文说“就像孩子在跳水台,难以决定”。该空承上启下,G选项“没有目标,你就既不能设定目标,也无法实现它”切题,故选G。 37.B 下文说“不仅如此,你应该如何为实现你的目标保持积极性”。该空引出下文,B选项“那么你应该如何激励自己呢”切题,故选B。 38.A 上文说“有时候你的心不在工作上”,下文说“所以,减慢速度,想一想那时候,你到底想干什么”。该空承上启下,A选项“这会影响你的工作”切题,故选A。 39.E 上文说“记得,目标是灵活的”。该空承接上文,E选项“它们会根据环境的改变而改变”切题,故选E。 40.C 上文说“你可能想当一名飞行员,但是不能成为一名飞行员,因为你的视力不够好。”下文说“你应该重新评估你的目标,并且设定一个新的目标”。该空承上启下,C选项“然而,这也不要使你沮丧”切题,故选C。 3、【语篇解读】本文为说明文。在网络课堂上,与教授建立健康的交流模式是非常重要的,作者在文中列举了一些规矩与禁忌。 36.E 根据文章段落结构和本段首句In an online class, developing healthy patterns of communication with professors is very important,可知,在网络课堂上,与教授建立健康的交流模式是非常重要的,作者在下文中列举了一些规矩与禁忌,故选项E符合语境。 37.G 根据其后一句Questions about subject content are generally welcomed.(与课程内容相关的问题是受欢迎的),解释了什么样的问题是好问题,可知,与G项“make sure they are good, thoughtful questions”相呼应,要提一些好的令人深思的问题,故选G。 38.A 根据前一句 Participate in discussion forums(论坛), blogs and other open-ended forums for dialogue.可知,要参与论坛讨论、博客和其他开放式的对话论坛。而这正是网络课堂采用的交流的途径,故选A。 39.C 根据本段Professors are not trained nurses, financial aid experts or your best friends教授不是训练有素的护士,不是经济援助专家,也不是你最好的朋友,可知,不要分享个人信息或故事,如果他们需要更多信息的话,他们会主动问起的,故选项C符合语境。 40.F 通读本段,并根据本段主题句Don’t openly express annoyance at a professor or class.告诫读者,每个人都可能曾经上过不太好的课,不要在社交媒体上攻击教授,不要公开表达对教授或班级的不满,要利用课程评价冷静地提出你的意见。选项F符合上下文语境。 4、【语篇解读】这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。文章主要讲了建立一支最佳阵容球队比简单地雇佣最优秀的人才要复杂得多。一支一流球队可能需要一种平衡——不仅仅是最好球员,也需要一些优雅量的普通球员。 46.B 上文说“大多数人相信建立一个伟大团队的最好方法就是聚集一群最有天赋的人 个人”。下文说“公司花费数百万雇佣顶级商业人士。”该空承上启下,也是在举例,B选项“运动队老板花费数百万美元吸引顶尖人才。”切题,故选B。 47.E 下文说“他们专注于足球、篮球和篮球。结果有好有坏。”该空引出下文,E选项“最近的几项研究调查了体育世界中人才的作用。”切题,故选E。 48.G 上文说“为了解释这一现象,研究人员探索了一场好的表现要求队员们协调他们行动的程度”,下文说明了研究结果,该空承上启下,G选项“这项任务的相互依赖性使棒球区别于足球和篮球。”切题,故选G。 49.D 上文说了“一个球星为了个人得分,而影响团队的表现”,该空承接上文,D选项“球星显然没有遵守运动员精神的基本原则”切题,故选D。 50.F 下文说“一支一流球队可能需要一种平衡——不仅仅是最好球员,也需要一些优雅量的普通球员。”该空引出下文,F选项“建立一支最佳阵容球队比简单地雇佣最优秀的人才要复杂得多。”切题,故选F。 5、【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文。文中讲述了披头士的发展和影响,引领了一种潮流趋势。 31. C 第一段讲述摇滚音乐,根据空后的at that time可知前句提到了时间,而且与rock music有关,选项中只有C 项讲的是摇滚音乐,并且讲述了其发展的时间,故选C。 32. B 空前后都是讲述披头士的出名程度,根据空前extremely popular in England, 以及后文的they became the hottest thing可知此处描述了他们的影响,选项B (甚至他们的发型在那时也成为了一种潮流)符合文意,且关键词even是一个提示,故选B。 33.A 根据空后They were not sure how the Americans would react to the new type of music.(他们不确定美国人怎样反应),可知他们首次来美国演出,所以A项(决定首次到美国开巡回演出)符合文意,故选A。 34. G 根据空后The concert was broadcast live…可知前句中应该出现concert,选项G中的关键词their first concert 前后呼应。故选G。 35. E 根据空前(由于披头士,市场上出现了很多机会),E项(很多新乐队(新面孔)都是模仿披头士),符合逻辑。故选E。 模拟题 1、【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文。文章讲述的是人的寿命取决于哪些因素。活到90岁的高龄可能取决于你的身高和体重以及你的身体活动水平,并且鼓励会影响一个女人的寿命比影响一个男性的寿命更多。 1.B 上文提示“研究发现活到90岁的女性,平均而言,自从20岁就更高,更不易发胖,这是与更矮、更重的女性相比。”承接上文,B项No such association was seen for men.(没有见过有这样的男人协会。)切题。故选B。 2.G 上文提示“男女双方还告诉研究人员关于他们当前的体育活动。”承接上文,G项And they included dog walking,gardening,home improvements,walking or biking to work and sports.(他们包括遛狗、园艺、家庭环境的改善、走路或骑自行车去上班和运动。)切题。该项中的they指的就是上句中的activities。故选G。 3.A 下文提示“研究发现高度超过5英尺9英寸的女性与身高不到5英尺3英寸的女性相比,有31%更有可能活到90多。”承接下文,A项Height played a major factor.(高度扮演了一个主要因素。)故选A。 4.E 下文提示“一天花了90分钟或更多在运动上的男性与每天锻炼少于三十分钟的男性相比有39%更有可能活到90岁。”承接下文,E项Neither height nor weight seemed to factor into whether the men reached their 90s,but activity level did.(男性是否能活到90多岁,其因素似乎既不是身高也不是体重,而是活动标准。)切题。故选E。 5.D 上文提示“与男性不同,没有奖金增加活动。”承接上文,D项In fact,the study found that the optimal level of activity for women was 60 minutes a day.(事实上,研究发现,女性的最优水平的活动是每天60分钟。)切题。故选D。 2、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。文章介绍了如何培养孩子之间的健康竞争。 1.F 根据下文提到的两个问题:我们中有多少人见过年轻的男孩因为他们的球队没有赢得校际比赛而哭泣?我们中有多少人见过青少年为了赢而作弊?这两个问题是两个例子,证明竞争会让人受到打击。故F选项切题。 2.C 前面提到的两个问题折射出不健康竞争产生的影响。故C选项切题。同时,该选项又引出下文:所以培养孩子之间的健康竞争是很重要的。 3.A 上一句提到:当它来鼓励孩子们的健康竞争时,要做的第一件事就是设定他们的目标。该空承接上文,对设定目标这件事作进一步的说明。故A选项切题:然而,你不能把他们逼得太紧,让目标成为他们的负担。 4.D 下文提到:所以给他们举个家人为了赢而拒绝作弊的例子。根据下文中的so可知,该空和下文之间是因果关系。那么,该空应该提到作弊这样的话题。选项中只有D选项与此有关:此外,他们也可能不想采取任何手段来取胜,比如欺骗或撒谎。该空同时承接上文:团队精神将帮助他们成长为一个人,他们不会轻易被小损失所困扰,也不会因胜利而过于兴奋。该选项也体现了团队精神的作用。综上,D选项切题。 5.G 该段提到:当他们参加考试时,不要问他们期望多少分数,而是问问他们写了些什么。如果你的儿子在学校打板球,不要问他的球队是赢还是输;问他进了多少分,鼓励他下一次得分更高。当你让你的孩子知道你对他们的表现更感兴趣,而不是他们是输了还是赢了,他们肯定会努力让自己更好。通过该段内容可知,作者建议家长给孩子传递正确的信息:你关心的是他们的表现,而不是成绩。故G选项正确。 3、【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了如何走出自己的舒适区、挑战自己的几点建议。 1.G 根据本空前的“We all need some normal stress in our lives, after all.”可知,毕竟,我们的生活中需要一些压力,故G项(如果你坚持呆在自己的舒适区,你永远看不到任何进步)符合语境。 2.B 根据本空后的“But don’t stop on the first try!”可知,但不要打一次就停下来,故B项(有人可能会挂断你的电话)符合语境。 3.F 根据本空前的“Make sure this hobby is not linked to your career; you have to relax and relieve your stress while performing this.”可知,确保这个爱好与你的职业无关,做它的时候你必须感到放松和减轻压力,故F项(例如烹饪、缝纫、绘画等等)符合语境。 4.C 根据本空后的“A simple 9-minute run around your neighborhood can do wonders for yourself.”可知,在社区附近跑9分钟就可以为你自己创造奇迹,故C项(你不需要去健身房)符合语境。 5.E 根据本段小标题“Travel and allow yourself to be interested in new people.”可知,旅行并且敞开心胸去结识新朋友,此处讲的是关于旅行方面的内容,故E项(现在就开始旅行,学会挑战自己)符合语境。 4、【语篇解读】本文为议论文。有时,有一个朋友认为她什么都知道,总是主动提出建议,这真的会让人心烦意乱。作者给出了一些对付无所不知的方法,你可以很容易地对付那个朋友。 1.E 根据上文“有时,有一个朋友认为她什么都知道,总是主动提出建议,这真的会让人心烦意乱。”及下文对“对付无所不知的朋友的有效方法”的论述可知,E项“如果你有这样的朋友,这里有一些对付她的方法。”符合此处语境。故E选项正确。 2.F 根据上文“试着去理解。也许你那位无所不知的朋友这样做是有原因的。也许她自尊心不强,或者她的生活不快乐。”可知,F项“试着去理解她,理解她为什么这样做。”符合此处语境。故F选项正确。 3.C 根据上文“对无所不知的人所说的话表现出一些热情,给予她足够的关注”及下文“否则会导致她主动提出更多的建议”可知,C项“但是,确保不要过度。”符合此处语境。故C选项正确。 4.B 根据下文“不要认为你有什么问题,永远不要把她的意见和建议放在心上。”可知,B项“不要把她的话当真”符合此处语境。故B选项正确。 5.G 根据上文“说话要有礼貌,不要侮辱她。找个好时间和她谈谈。”可知,G项“你需要知道你要说什么,并且确保只说善意的话”符合此处语境。故G选项正确。 【点睛】 七选五题型主要考查上下文的理解与推断,虽然文章整体难度一般低于阅读理解,但是却给很多同学造成了很大的心理障碍。首先要克服心理障碍,同时要注意方式方法。注意设空前后的句子,因为这些句子之间是顺承和联系的,所有一定要联系和理解上下文的语境。例如第2小题,根据上文“试着去理解。也许你那位无所不知的朋友这样做是有原因的。也许她自尊心不强,或者她的生活不快乐。”可知,F项“试着去理解她,理解她为什么这样做。”符合此处语境。其中文章中的Try to understand与F选项中的Try to understand相对应,另外文章中的why your know-it-all friend does so与F选项中的why she acts the way that she does.相对应。由此确定正确答案是F选项。 5、【语篇解读】本文属于说明文,介绍要实现自我的三个方面。 1.C 根据后一句Once high school seniors graduate, they seem to lose their identity.可知,一旦高年级学生毕业,他们就似乎丧失了自我,C选项,这种情况在大学生中很常见,下文是对本句的具体阐述,切题,故选C。 2.F 根据前一句The fifth and final level is self-realization, which is where our final achievement lies.可知,根据马斯洛的理论,第五阶段也是最后阶段是自我实现,这就是我们最终成就的地方。F选项,这是一个了解我们自己,寻找目标的过程,是对上一句的具体阐述,切题,故选F。 3.E 根据前一句Only when we understand these, can we pursue them or change them.可知,只有当我们理解了这些,我们才能去追求他们或者改变他们。E选项,客观和包容是接受的关键,阐述接受的关键地方,切题,故选E。 4.D 根据前一句Once we’ve accepted ourselves, we can discover what we are interested in and what we want to be.以及后一句but indeed we should live for ourselves可知,只有接受了我们自己,才能发现自己感兴趣的东西,D选项,很多人跟着社会的要求行动,与后文,的确我们应该为自己生活,但是不一定都是自己真正想要的,连贯一致,切题,故选D。 5.G 根据后一句Those who can self-realize are people who focus on the things they want to change.可知,能够实现自我的人都是那些能够集中精力在自己想要改变的事情上,G选项,探索自己的潜能不是短时间就能完成的,故强调坚持的重要性,切题,故选G。 【点睛】 七选五题型看似简单,实际上有时完全作对并不容易,需要方法和分析能力及足够的耐力。这种题一般可从以下方面来做: (1)看首段,跳过空格快速通读全篇,了解文章大意。首段的末句一般是全文的主题所在,首段的末句对于快速掌握文章的主题具有重要意义。 (2)首先快速浏览一遍七个备选答案,先确定哪个选项适合放在文章的什么位置 (3)精读空格前后两句,利用各种衔接手段选择正确的选项填入空格。七选五空出的是整个句子,而这些句子与句子之间,必然有一种联系,因此我们可以通过选项中某个名词或动词跟空前或空后的一致性或者相关性来确定这两个句子之间有一种关联性,从而选择正确的答案。考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。比如小题4,根据前一句Once we’ve accepted ourselves, we can discover what we are interested in and what we want to be.以及后一句but indeed we should live for ourselves可知,只有接受了我们自己,才能发现自己感兴趣的东西,D选项,很多人跟着社会的要求行动,与后文,的确我们应该为自己生活,但是不一定都是自己真正想要的,连贯一致,切题,故选D。 6、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。假如你忘了设置闹钟,意识到上课或上班要迟到,你会又饿又渴带着压力离开家。如果你经常以这种压力状态开始你的一天,那么你一定会从本文的建议中受益。 1.B 下文提示“所以你带着压力离开家,又饿又渴。”承接下文,B项There’s no time for any food or drink.(没有时间吃东西或喝饮料。)切题。故选B。 2.E 上文提示“准时起床(甚至早起)是积极开始一天的必要条件。”承接上文,E项It will give you space and time to complete your morning routine.(它会给你空间和时间来完成你早上的例行公事。)切题。该项中的it指上文中的Waking up on time,故选E。 3.F 上文提示“这个习惯对学生来说可能是可以的,但是如果你想提高你的动力和效率,你绝对应该整理你的床。”承接上文,F项You’ll be rewarded by a tidy room, and a feeling of self-satisfaction.(你会得到一个整洁的房间和一种自我满足的感觉。)切题。故选F。 4.D 上文提示“然而,即使你没有养狗,为什么不试着每天早上在户外散步10分钟呢?”承接上文,D项 Fresh air and exercise will make you feel more energetic.(新鲜空气和锻炼会让你感觉更有活力。)切题。故选D。 5.A 此空是段落首句,用段小精悍的祈使句,应该在A/C中选。再根据空格下文“有条理的人倾向于做这项工作。”可知,A项 Check your to-do list.(检查你的待办事项清单。)切题。故选A。 7、【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文。文章主要讲了声音如何从生理上和心理上影响我们。 1.C 上文Their sound affects us physiologically ( 生 理 上 地 ). 说它们的声音影响我们的生理。下文 Heart rate increases and breath quickens as the body prepares to fight a possible threat or run for survival.说心跳加快,呼吸加快,因为身体准备对抗可能的威胁或为生存而奔跑。该空承上启下,C选项“换句话说,它们使我们的身体做出反应。”切题,故选C。 2.G 上文The rhythmic(有节奏 的 ) frequency of ocean waves roughly matches the rhythm of a sleeping person’s breathing .说海浪有节奏的频率大致与睡觉人的呼吸节奏相匹配。该空承接上文,G选项“当我们听到大海涨落的声音,我们的身体就会得到放松。”切题,故选G。 33.B 下文When we hear the comforting singing of birds, we know things are good and safe.说当我们听到鸟儿惬意的歌唱,我们知道事情是好的和安全的。该空引出下文,B选项“鸟儿的歌唱也影响我们的心理”切题,故选B。 4.A 这一段The brain tries to get meaning from the words and sentences we hear. When your mom, dad, and little brother are all talking at once at the dinner table, the competing voices make it hard to focus. Our brains have a very small bandwidth for processing auditory input, says Treasure. No wonder it's annoying when someone keeps talking during a movie!的意思是大脑试图从我们听到的单词和句子中获得意义。当你的妈妈、爸爸和弟弟在餐桌上同时说话时,相互竞争的声音让你很难集中注意力。Treasure说,我们的大脑处理听觉输入的带宽非常小。难怪有人在看电影时不停地说话很烦人!所以这一段的标题应该是“此外,声音影响我们的思维方式。”故选A。 5.F 上文Finally, sound may cause behavioral changes. 说最后,声音可能导致行为变化。下文 People tend to walk away from loud or annoying sounds and toward pleasant sounds.说人们倾向于远离嘈杂或恼人的声音,而转向悦耳的声音。该空承上启下,F选项“听高节奏音乐的司机可能会加快车速。”切题,故选F。 8、【语篇解读】本文属于说明文,介绍5G技术以及其优点,同时也存在安全风险。 1.B 分析文章结构可知,本文属于总分结构,文章主要就第一段的两个问题展开来写,根据第二段5G stands for fifth generation, meaning the next step in the progression of technology to replace the current 4G system.可知,第一个问题是关于5G概念,故选B。 2.D 根据前一句Each new technology brought major improvements in speed and greatly increased network capacity (容量).可知,每一项新的通信技术都会速度提升,容量扩大,讲述新技术的作用,D选项,而5G会带来更多的东西,本句中的of the same与前一句呼应,切题,故选D。 3.E 根据后一句It will affect many more devices and industries than other “G” versions.可知,与其他的四代通信产业相比,5G会影响更多的设备和产业,E选项,它的影响超过手机网络技术,后一句进一步说明该句,切题,故选E。 4C 根据后文The increased data flow across 5G networks would give Internet attackers a lot more possibilities to steal and misuse data.可知,本段主要讲述5G技术可能存在的风险,故选C。 5.G 根据后一句or a network breakdown could cause self-driving vehicles to crash.可知,网络故障可能会导致自动驾驶汽车出车祸,讲述5G技术对公共安全可能造成的不利作用,G选项,远程手术的失败可能造成病人死亡,本句是对前一句的具体阐述,切题,故选G。 【点睛】 七选五做题技巧。做题的时候边读边做。各个问题附近的句子都需要重点阅读,圈画一些线索,再从选项中寻找相关的特征词用来判断正确答案。带入排除法也是一种很好的方法。另外,如果发现有一题拿不准的,先跳过,先做容易的能做出的题,直到读完整篇文章。至此,文章的要点和主旨、各个段落之间的逻辑关系应该基本就能清楚了。然后再回过去做之前不确定的题目。 比如小题1,分析文章结构可知,本文属于总分结构,文章主要就第一段的两个问题展开来写,根据第二段5G stands for fifth generation, meaning the next step in the progression of technology to replace the current 4G system.可知,第一个问题是关于5G概念,故选B。 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

  • ID:4-6189396 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考英语试卷高清版(含听力音频及材料)

    高中英语/高考专区/模拟试题

    浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语试题卷 第1页(共 8 页) 绝密★考试结束前(高三暑假返校联考) 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20联盟)2020届第一次联考 英语试题卷 命题:德清高级中学 施勤敏、曹晓霞 审题:萧山中学 汪惟川 元济高级中学 吴国军 校对:李俊、陈星可 考生须知: 1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题),满分为 150 分,考试时间为 120 分钟 2.请用黑色签字笔将学校、班级、姓名、考号分别填写在答题卷和机读卡的相应位置上 第Ⅰ卷(选择题部分) 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30分) 第一节:(共 5 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题,每段对话仅读一遍, 例: How much is the shirt? A.£19.15 B.£9.15 C.£9.l8. 答案是 B 1. What is the woman planning to do? A.Search for the new tie B.Paint the shelf. C.Fix the shelf. 2. What can we learn from the conversation? A.The man can't drive well B.The car has broken down C.They are on the wrong way 3. When does the conversation take place? A.On Friday. B.On Saturday C.On Sunday 4. Who is the man? A.A teacher B.A doctor C.A patient 5. What does the man think about the price of the car? A.Acceptable B.Too high C.Unbelievable 第二节:(共 15 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒 钟:听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6-7 题。 6. What does the man think of his job? A. Tiring B. Boring. C. He doesn't like it 7. What is his job? A. A secretary. B. A clerk C. A manager 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8-10 题 8. Why was the woman on the underground train? A. She was going to work. B. She was coming home from work C. She was traveling to another city 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语试题卷 第2页(共 8 页) 9. What did the woman do when the robber pointed a knife at her? A. She held her handbag tightly B. She caught hold of his knife C. She asked the passengers for help 10. Who caught the robber when he was running away? A. Two policemen B. The woman herself. C. Two other passengers 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11~14 题。 11. Why didn't the woman buy the book? A. Because it's too expensive B. Because she can't buy it anywhere C. Because she has already got one 12. Why did the man suggest that the woman read the book? A. The professor has written it B. The professor uses it in his course C. It is about sociology 13. Why does the woman have problems getting the book from the library? A. It is in great demand B. It was sold out already C.It isn't owned by the library 14. How does the woman react to Tom' s idea? A. She thinks it ridiculous B. She wonders if she can afford it. C. She thinks it a good idea 听第 9 段材料,回答第 15~17 题。 15. Where will the man have Thanksgiving? A. At his own home. B. At the woman's home C. At his parents' home 16. What are the traditional dishes at the woman's home on Thanksgiving? A. Turkey, sweet potatoes and apple pie B. Turkey, salty potatoes and pumpkin pie C. Turkey, sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie 17. What are the men in the woman's family doing while the women are cooking? A. They are chatting in the room B. They are watching football games C. They are helping the women cook 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18~20 题。 18. what caused the traffic to stop? A. The storm B. The snow C. The wind 19. What will the weather be like on Saturday? A. It will probably be rainy in the evening. B. It will be fine all day C. It will be windy in the afternoon 20. What is the season now? A Summer. B Spring C. winter 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语试题卷 第3页(共 8 页) 第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 35分) 第一节:(共 10 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 25 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项 涂黑。 A I used to be crazy about the hunting season. The excitement of waiting for a prey(猎物) and the pride of showing off the kill fascinated me. However, everything changed after that cold morning. Early on that day of the late fall, I set off alone for the woods, packing a gun, a bottle of hot coffee and three thick sandwiches. After finding the fresh deer's tracks in the snow, I settled down behind a little bush. I sat there for about an hour. It was then that I saw him. a deer, a big beautiful deer! There was no cover nearer to him than 30 yards. Surely I couldn't miss! I waited for him to realize I was there. I waited for him to be shocked and run away. But he fooled me completely. He came towards me! He was curious, I suppose, or maybe he was stupid---how else can you explain it? Well, that deer walked right up to where was sitting. Then he stopped and looked at me! What happened next is hard to believe but it's true. And it all seemed quite natural. Just as when a friendly young deer comes near you, I reached up and scratched his head. And he liked to be scratched. In fact, he practically asked for more. Then, I fed him my sandwich! Yes, I know what a deer eats, but that deer ate my sandwich. Well, he finally went his way, down the hill and up the deer trail. Shoot him? Not me. You wouldn't have either, not after that. I just watched him go. When I was about half way back, I heard two shots, followed by a dull slam (撞击)a few seconds later. Those two shots usually mean a kill. I had forgotten there were other hunters that day. Those hunters would never know they could have scratched his head. 21. Why didn't the author kill the deer? A. He preferred to shoot a shy deer B. He was fooled by the tricky deer. C. He was sympathetic for the deer D. He was too shocked to shoot the deer 22. What most probably happened to the deer in the end? A. Other hunters shot the deer to death B. Other hunters scratched the deer's head too C. The deer managed to escape from being shot D. The deer would become friends with the author 23. what's the best title of this text? A. A Hunting in Late Fall B. A Lovely Deer. C. The Cruel Killing D. The Last hunting B People have grown taller over the last century, with South Korean women shooting up by more than 20cm on average, and Iranian men gaining 16.5cm. a global study looked at the average height or 18-year-olds in 200 countries 1914 and 2014. The results show that while Swedes were 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语试题卷 第4页(共 8 页) the tallest people in the world in 1914. Dutch men have risen from 12th place to claim top spot with an average height of 182.5cm.Larvian women, meanwhile, rose from 28th place in 1914 to become the tallest in the world a century later, with an average height of 169.8cm. James Bentham, a co-author of the research says the global trend is likely due to improvements in nutrition and healthcare. "An individual s genetics has a big influence on their height, but once you average over whole populations, genetics plays a less key role, he added. But while height has increased around the world, the trend in many countries of north and sub-Saharan Africa causes concern, says Elio Riboli of Imperial College. While height increased in Uganda and Niger during the early 20th century, the trend has reversed in recent years, with height decreasing among 18-year-olds. “One reason for these decreases in height is the economic situation in the 1980s,” said Professor Alexander. The nutritional and health problems that followed the policy of structural adjustment, he says, led to many children and teenagers failing to reach their full potential in terms of height. Bentham believes the global trend of increasing height has important implications. “How tall we are now is strongly influenced by the environment we grew up in,” he said. “If we give children the best possible start in life now, they will be healthier and more productive for decades to come.” 24. What can be learned from Paragraph 1? A. The increase in women's height is much bigger than men's in the last century B. The last century has seen a great increase in people's height in most countries C. Genetics plays a key role in the increase of people's height in the last century D. Dutch and Swedes are ranked first and second in height in the world nowadays 25. The underlined word "reversed" in Paragraph 2 can be replaced by A. slowed down B. gone upwards C. changed to the contrary. D. come to life again 26. According to the text James Bentham suggests that A. The economic situation of some countries should be improved B. Environment protection should be attached great importance to C. The global trend of increasing height should be closely watched D. Children's proper nutrition and healthcare should be guaranteed C Roughly the size of a soda can, sitting on a bookshelf, a relatively harmless device (设备)may be turning friends away from your home. The elephant in your living room Is your Internet- connected security camera, a device people are increasingly using for peace of mind in their homes. But few stop to think about the effect these devices may have on house guests. Should you tell your friends, for instance, that they're being recorded while you all watch the big game together? "It's certainly new territory, especially as home security cameras become easier to fix, "says lizzie Post, president of the Emily Post Institute, America's distinguished manners advisors. "I think it will be very interesting to see what manners appear in terms of whether you tell people you have a camera or not, and whether guests have a right to ask that it be turned off, if it's not a security issue. "Post wants to make clear that she's not talking about legal rights but rather personal preference. 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语试题卷 第5页(共 8 页) When it comes to security cameras, Post says it's a host's responsibility to make sure guests feel comfortable within their home. If the host casually acknowledges that there is a camera in the room by telling a story about it, that may be enough to provide an opening for a guest to say if they are uncomfortable. However if a contractor(合约工)is working in your home, you don't need to tell them that there are cameras watching. Then again, the camera can also work in contractors favor. "If anything does go wrong while they're in the house, they don t want to be blamed for it " she says. "In fact, the camera could be the thing that proves that they didn't steal the $20, or knock the vase off the table." 27. The visitors are concerned that the security camera may A. threaten their health B. spoil their peace of mind C. disturb their privacy D. affect their preference 28. What is a host's responsibility concerning the security camera? A. Indicating its position B. Making their guests feel at ease C. Turning it off in time D. Having a casual talk with guests 29. How can the home security camera benefit contractors working in your home? A. It can prevent the accidents happening B. It can prove their innocence. C. It can record their working progress D. It can make their work more enjoyable 30. What's the author's attitude towards the security camera? A. Negative B. Pessimistic C. Favorable D. Objective 第二节:(共 5 个小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 The world is a colorful landscape of different languages, skin colors, and different cultures. It's important to have a good understanding of different cultures in order to become a well-rounded person. _ 31 One way is to read books written by authors from a particular culture. Reading works by authors who have a close relationship with a particular culture allows people to gain an authentic glimpse into the food, music, language, religion, and way of a life of a particular group of people. 32 Another way to learn about different cultures is to try to learn a foreign language. _ 33 A person can choose a language she has always wanted to learn and locate learning programs to help her master the language. Besides, one can enroll in a foreign language class in order to learn in a more formal setting. One can also try to visit areas of the city to establish social connection with native speakers of the language 34 Seek out restaurants that feature authentic food from a variety of countries. Food is an important part of different cultures and allows people to gain deep understanding into a particular cultural group's way of life Communicating with people from other countries through email or snail mail is another useful way to become familiar with different cultures. 35 Various websites offer pen pal services, offering to connect individuals with pen friends around the world. A.Stories based on a local culture expose one to a different culture 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语试题卷 第6页(共 8 页) B.Trying authentic food from a specific cultural group is also a great idea C.There are several ways to become knowledgeable about different cultures D.A variety of language-learning books, software, and audio programs is available. E.The Internet has made it possible to communicate with others from different countries F.Making contact with native speakers of the language allows one to gain firsthand knowledge. G.One way to develop this appreciation is to try to learn about other cultures around the world 第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分 45分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空处的最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 I had reached the age of twenty-eight Still, I 36 whether the letter from my past would make it to me, all these years later. It was a 37 writing task from when I was eighteen. The teacher collected our letters to our 38 selves in self-addressed envelope with stamps and promised to 39 them ten years later. But since so much time had passed, would he even 40 ? Thinking back on the 41 , I recalled giving my future self some advice. When you're eighteen years old, twenty-eight seems like a 42_age, but I wasn't feeling as mature as I believed my younger self had 43 me to be. When the letter finally reached me, I opened it 44_. It began, "How much do you bet this letter will never get to you? "It continued to greet me casually 45 we were having an IM (instant messaging) chat. As a senior in high school, facing the_46_SATS and college application, my eighteen-year-old self was so 47 ! She was apparently not quite happy and hoped I wouldn't worry so much in the future, and that i wouldn't forget to be present and 48 _my life! 49 to my belief, my eighteen-year-old self did not have any demands of me, or expectations I might have 50 meet. Instead, she wrote, "…I'll 51 whatever you do. Even if you are not the one I'm Imagining now, I'll support you, because maybe 52 I'm imagining is someone else but you're not someone else, you're me. I was_53 , and tears welled up in my eyes at this 54 through time. I had put a lot of pressure on myself to be the best version of myself that I could be. 55 , I came to realize what I would have accomplished in ten years would pale in comparison(相形见绌) to how I'd feel and who I'd be. 36.A.believed B.bet C.doubted D.considered 37.A.hopeless B.creative C.urgent D.tough 38.A.inner B.happy C.future D.young 39.A.correct B.mail C.answer D.write 40.A.remember B.understand C.mind D.remain 41.A.application B.comment C.study D.letter 42.A.grown-up B.happy C.made-up D.promising 43.A.promised B.convince C.encouraged D.expected 44.A.calmly B.cautiously C.eagerl D.naturally 45.A.even if B.so that C.now that D.as if 46.A.appearing B.arriving C.approaching D.approving 47.A.depressed B.ambitious C.carefree D.stressed 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语试题卷 第7页(共 8 页) 48.A.enjoy B.value C.start D.earn 49.A.Contrary B.Honest C.Surprised D.Strange 50.A.tried to B.failed to C.managed to D.determined to 51.A.stand for B.stand with C.stand by D.stand out 52.A.what B.who C.which D.that 53.A.guilty B.touched C.embarrassed D.nervous 54.A.self-acceptance B.self-service C.self-defense D.self-concern 55.A.Besides B.Therefore C.Then D.However 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题部分) 第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分 45分) 第二节:(共 10 小题;每小题 15 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 You may not know the name John Smith Pemberton, but you must know the name of his 56 (invent): Coca-Cola. Pemberton was a US chemist. When he was wounded in the Civil War, he used medicine to ease the pain and gradually got 57 (addict) to It. To fight the addiction, he created his own drink by 58_(use)leaves of coca and nuts of kola. He named 59 "Pemberton's French Wine Coca". In the same year, the local government passed a ban on alcohol. Pemberton had to change the recipe to remove the alcohol In 1886, Pemberton invited Willis Venable to help him perfect his new recipe. They used carbonated water and finally invented a new drink. It had no alcohol 60 could still ease pain and clear the mind. Pemberton decided to sell it 61 a drink rather than a medicine. In 1887, Pemberton sold part of the stock of his company to Asa Candler, 62 later created the Coca-Cola Company. Nowadays, Coca-Cola has become one of the most popular 63_(drink) in the world. The company only offers semi-finished products to partners and won't sell the 64_(origin) ingredients (成分).Its secret recipe was kept in the SunTrust Bank in Atlanta for 86 years until the end of 2011. Since then, it 65_(keep)in the World of Coca-Cola center in Atlanta. 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 40分) 第一节:应用文写作(满分 15 分) 假如你是李华,学校最近要组织一次英语演讲比赛,主题为“垃圾分类益处多”。请你根据此话 题写一篇演讲稿。要点如下 1.你的观点; 2.你的建议。 参考词汇:垃圾分类 garbage classification 注意: 1.词数 80 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语试题卷 第8页(共 8 页) 第二节:概要写作(满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇 60 词左右的内容概要。 Although being famous might sound like a dream come true, today s stars, feeling like zoo animals, face pressures that few of us can imagine hey are at the center of much of the world's attention. Paparazzi(狗仔队)camp outside their homes, cameras ready. Tabloids(小报) publish thrilling stories about their personal lives. Just imagine not being able to do anything without being photographed or interrupted for a signature. According to the psychologists, celebrities(名人)worry constantly about their public appearance. Eventually, they start to lose track of who they really are, seeing themselves the way fans imagine them, not as the people they were before everyone knew their names. Over time, they feel separated and alone. The phenomenon of tracking celebrities has been around for ages. In the 4th century B C, painters followed Alexander the Great into battle, hoping to picture his victories for his admirers. When Charles Dickens visited America in the 19th century, his sold-out readings attracted thousands of fans, leading him to complain about his lack of privacy. Tabloids of the 1920s and 1930s ran articles about film-stars in much the same way that modern tabloids and websites do. Being a public figure today, however, is a lot more difficult than it used to be. Superstars cannot move about without worrying about photographers with modern cameras. When they say something silly or do something ridiculous, there is always the Internet to spread the news in minutes and keep their "story" alive forever. If fame is so troublesome, why aren't all celebrities running away from it?The answer is there are still ways to deal with it. Some stars stay calm by surrounding themselves with trusted friends and family or by escaping to remote places away from big cities. They focus not on how famous they are but on what they love to do or whatever made them famous in the first place. With these effective approaches, some celebrities relieve the stress and remain popular with fans. Consequently, though being famous is driving some stars crazy, some wise ones enjoy what reputation brings them. 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语参考答案 第 1 页 共 6 页 Z20 联盟(浙江省名校新高考研究联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语参考答案 第一部分:听力(满分 30 分,其中第一节 7.5 分,第二节 22.5 分) 第一节 1-5 BCABC 第二节 6-10 ACABC 11-15 ABACC 16-20 CBAAB 第二部分:阅读理解(满分 35 分, 其中第一节 25 分,第二节 10 分) 第一节 21-25 CADBC 26-30 DCBBD 第二节 31-35 CADBE 第三部分:语言运用(满分 45 分,其中第一节 30 分,第二节 15 分) 第一节 36-40 CBCBA 41-45 DADCD 46-50 CDAAB 51-55CBBAD 第二节 56. invention 57. addicted 58. using 59. it 60. but 61. as 62. who 63. drinks 64. original 65. has been kept 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:应用文写作(满分 15 分) 一、评分原则 1. 本题总分为 15 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2. 评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调 整档次,最后给分。 3. 词数少于 60 和多于 100 的,从总分中减去 2 分。 4. 评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文的连 贯性。 5. 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英美拼 写及词汇用法均可接受。 6. 如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。 二、各档次的给分范围和要求 档次 描述 第五档 (13~15 分) 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ?覆盖所有内容要点; ?应用了较多的语法结构和词汇; ?语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级 词汇所致;具备较强的语言应用能力; ?有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑; 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档 (10~12 分) 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ?虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容; ?应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求; 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语参考答案 第 2 页 共 6 页 ?语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语 法结构或词汇所致; ?应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文结构紧凑; 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档 (7~9 分) 基本完成了试题规定的部分任务。 ?虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖部分主要内容; ?应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求; ?有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解; ?应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文内容连贯; 整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档 (4~6 分) 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ?漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容; ?语法结构单调、词汇项目有限; ?有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解; ?较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性; 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档 (1~3 分) 未完成试题规定的任务。 ?明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求; ?语法结构单调、词汇项目有限; ?较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解; ?缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯; 信息未能传达给读者。 0 分 未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;写的内容均与所要 求内容无关或所写内容无法看清。 三、试题具体要求 (一)内容要点: 1. 对演讲主题的理解; 2. 提出建议和号召。 (二)应用词汇和语法结构的情况: 1. 使用与主题相关的词汇; 2. 能够使用恰当的语法结构。 (三)上下文的连贯性: 按照内容要点展开写作,使用恰当的连接词或表达法使文章内容连贯。 四、One possible version: Hello, everyone! I’m glad to have this chance to share some ideas about garbage classification with you. To my understanding, the earth is home to every individual, and it’s our duty to protect the environment voluntarily. By sorting the waste, we can not only reduce pollution but also conserve energy, which will pave the way for recycling of valuable recourses. For the sake of our environment and life, we are expected to learn to sort the rubbish and make it a habit. Every individual can make a difference and let’s bring a brighter future for the planet! Thank you! 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语参考答案 第 3 页 共 6 页 第二节: 概要写作(满分 25 分) 一、评分原则: 1. 本题总分为 25 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2. 评分时,先根据所写概要的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定 或调整档次,最后给分。 3. 词数少于 40 的和多于 80 的,从总分中减去 2 分。 4. 评分时,应主要从以下四个方面考虑: (1)对原文要点的理解和呈现情况; (2)应用语法结构和词汇的准确性; (3)上下文的连贯性; (4)对各要点表达的独立性情况。 5. 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个重要方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 6. 如书写较差以致影响交际,可将分数降低一个档次。 二、各档次的给分范围和要求 档次 描述 第五档 (21~25 分) 理解准确,涵盖全部要点。 能准确使用相应的语法结构和词汇。 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使所完成的概要结构紧凑。 完全使用自己的语言。 第四档 (16~20 分) 理解准确,涵盖绝大部分要点。 所使用语法结构和词汇方面可能有些许错误,但完全不影响意义表达。 比较有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使所完成的概要结构紧凑。 有个别整句抄自原文。 第三档 (11~15 分) 理解较为准确,涵盖大部分要点。 所使用语法结构和词汇方面可能有些许错误,但不影响意义表达。 应用简单的语句间连接成分,使上下文内容连贯。 出现两句以上整句抄自原文现象。 第二档 (6~10 分) 理解有些误差,仅涵盖半数要点。 有些语法结构和词汇方面的错误,影响了意义的表达。 较少使用语句间的连接成分。 出现两句以上整句抄自原文现象。 第一档 (1~5 分) 没有理解原文,造成概要内容与原文主题不符 有较多语法结构和词汇方面的错误,严重影响了意义的表达 缺乏语句间的连接成分,全文内容不连贯 多个句子抄自原文 0 分 白卷、内容太少无法评判或所写内容与所提供内容无关 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语参考答案 第 4 页 共 6 页 三、One possible version: Living in the public gaze, stars suffer from great pressure. (要点 1)What’s worse, anxiety over their public appearance robs them of the objective self-image, which leads to the feeling of isolation in the long term. (要点 2) While being tracked has been a headache to celebrities for centuries, modern cameras and the Internet make it harder to be famous nowadays. (要点 3. 4) However, by dealing with the stress wisely, stars still can stay popular and happy. (要点 5) 听力原文: Text 1 M: I can’t find my new tie. I need it for tonight’s party. W: Let’s look for it later. Right now, I need your help fixing this shelf before I paint it. Text 2 W: If you had listened to me, we’d be at the party. Move over. I’ll drive. M: I was sure I knew the way here. I’ll turn around. Text 3 W:Nick, why don’t you come and join us this afternoon? There’ll be a lot of fun. M:I’d love to, but I’ve got an exam. W: What about tomorrow afternoon? M: Saturday is OK. Text 4 M:Gary, will you please pick up little Tom from school. W:I’m sorry. I’m afraid not. M: Why? W:A patient has just arrived. He was badly hurt in a traffic accident, I’m going to operate on him at once. Text 5 W: David said he bought a new car with five thousand dollars. M: What kind is it? W: A BMW. I’m not sure what model. M: Are you sure? A BMW for five thousand? Sounds pretty cheap to me! Text 6 W: Martin, you look terrible. M: Yes, I feel terrible. I'm really tired. W: How come? M: It’s the job. I’m having a lot of problems. W: So you don’t like your job. M: No. I really like the work. It’s interesting and exciting and I make my own decisions. W:So, what’s the problem then? M: The hours, I suppose. You know, I like to run the office, but I don’t have anyone to help me take care of all the small problems. I have to do the typing, the paperwork, the advertising and other things. 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语参考答案 第 5 页 共 6 页 W: Why don’t you talk to your boss? M: Because he is never here. He spends most of his time in Hong Kong. W: Are you satisfied with your salary? M: It’s not too bad but the salary is not the problem. W: Well, you know, you are the manager of a new company, of course you’re busy. M: I just hope it’s not always this busy. Text 7 M: Wow, your coats got very dirty. Did you fall? W: Yes. I had a terrible experience on the underground train when I was on the way to work. I tell you, a man came up to me and pulled out a knife. He pointed it right at me. M: Oh, no! Are you all right? Did he hurt you? W: No, he didn't, but he took my handbag. M: Then what happened? What did you do? W: I caught hold of his knife, and he pushed me to the floor. M: Oh, no! Why did you catch hold of his knife! That's dangerous. W: I don't know. I didn't think. M: What did the other passengers do? Did they help you? W: Yes. Two men ran after the robber and held him. M: Did the police come? W: Yes. The police were called, and two policemen came and took the robber to the police station. M: What a story! Thank God you are all right. Text 8 M: What's the book you just picked up? W: The sociology Professor Smith uses in his course. M: You’d better read it if you want to pass the course. W: But it costs $ 40. I simply can’t afford it. M: Did you check the used book section here? Maybe they have it. W: No, they don’t. I’ve asked. M: Why don’t you get it from the library? W: Are you joking? I’ve been trying for months and it’s always out. There are more than 45 students in this course and every single one wants the book. M: Listen, you know my roommate Henry, don’t you? He took the same course last year and I believe he owns the book. I’ll ask him if he’ll lend it to you. W: Oh, Tom, that would solve everything. Text 9 W: Will you be having Thanksgiving at home or going to your mother’s place? M: Mum and Dad want to have all the family back home this year. So that’s where we’ll be. How about you? W: I plan to have everyone over to my place this year. It’s really a lot of work. But I love having my family all together. M: You are such a good cook. I bet your family love coming to your place too. 浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20 联盟)2020 届第一次联考 英语参考答案 第 6 页 共 6 页 W: I don’t do all the cooking myself. I think everyone will enjoy a little more, if they each bring something they’ve made. M: Do you have traditional dishes that you serve each year? I know our family does. W: Yes, we do. We always have turkey and dressing, and of course sweet potatoes. I think those are traditional dishes for most families. There is fruit salad we have every year and everyone looks forward to my pumpkin pie. M: What do the men do when you women are doing the cooking? W:It’s the same every year, football. They watch one game after another on Thanksgiving. I tell them that they ought to go out and get some exercise, but they just can’t. M: I know a lot of men are like that. Text 10 This is Ned Weatherbee, your weatherman. This afternoon heavy rain fell in our town. The big storm caused a lot of damage, and traffic came to a complete stop. The storm is now over and the clean-up can begin. Now let’s look at the weather report for tomorrow and the weekend. Friday will be warm and sunny during the day and cool at night. Temperatures will be in the sixties during the day and in the forties at night. You won’t need a heavy coat, but take a jacket to work. The weather on Saturday will be nice in the morning and cloudy in the afternoon. It’ll probably rain at night. These showers are quite normal during the spring. So you will have clear weather to do some gardening on Saturday morning. Sunday will be cold and windy, and maybe it will snow in the mountains. If you are planning to go there, don’t forget your boots and jackets. And now for sports, here is Matthew Delaney.